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NEW DECENTRALIZATION OF COASTAL MANAGEMENT: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS

Paparan Ir. Arif Satria, MSc, PhD

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NEW DECENTRALIZATION OF COASTAL MANAGEMENT: ISSUES AND PROSPECTS

  1. 1. NEW DECENTRALIZATION OF COASTAL MANAGEMENT: ISSUESAND PROSPECTS Arif Satria Faculty of Human Ecology Bogor Agricultural University INDONESIA Presented at Workshop Organized by Ministry of Forestry and Environment November 2, 2015
  2. 2. Sumber : PEMSEA (2004)
  3. 3. ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT 1999-2014
  4. 4. Authorities of Local Government (1999-2014) Point 1 Exploration, exploitation, conservation, marine resources management Point 2 Zoning ; administration Point 3 Law Enforcement Point 4 Support to security and sovereignty Local Government Law 22/199 and No 32/2004
  5. 5. The Central Government (Beyond 12 miles) The District Government (0-4 miles) Marine Jurisdiction (1999-2014) The Provincial Government (4-12 miles)
  6. 6. Role of Local Government (1999-2014) Fisheries Management • Fisheries management plan • Licensing • Fisheries development • Fishers empowerment • Extension service • Monitoring, controlling, surveillance Coastal Management • Coastal Management Plan • Conservation • Rehabilitation • Reclamation • Disaster Mitigation • Coastal Spatial Permit • Community empowerment • Controlling/ surveillance 6 Coastal Management Law Fisheries Law 45/2009
  7. 7. PLANNING UTILIZATION SURVEILLANCE CONTROLLING Strategic Plan (20) Zoning Plan (20) Management Plan (5) Action Plan (1-3) Site Permit Rehabilitation Monitoring and Law Enforcement Accreditation Coastal Development Reclamation Conservation Use Permit  Local Government, business, local people  Participatory planning process PASAL 14 AYAT (1) dan (2) UU 1/ 2014 PS. 16 s.d. 22C UU 1/ 2014 Zoning: 1. Common Use Zone 2. Conservation Zone 3. Strategic Zone 4. Sea Lane
  8. 8. Pro Con • Lack of capacity  decentralization is partially done • Lack of provincial control • District is out of control • Good community engagement (community based coastal management) • Sense of belongings to coastal area District Government Role LOGO
  9. 9. NEW ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT Local Government Law (UU 23/2014)
  10. 10. New Marine Jurisdiction The Provincial Government (0-12 miles) The Central Government (Beyond 12 miles)
  11. 11. Authorities of Provincial Government (Since 2016) Point 1 Exploration, exploitation, conservation, marine resources management Point 2 Zoning ; administration Point 3 Law Enforcement Point 4 Support to security and sovereignty Local Government Law 23/2014
  12. 12. Declining Role of Local Government 1999-2014: Bundle of coastal & fisheries management Since 2015: ?
  13. 13. Pro Con • Span of control • Low stewardship of district govt. to the coastal resources • Low community engagement • Ecological boundary • Integrated management • Control of central & provincial govt. UU 23/2014 : Role of Provincial Government LOGO
  14. 14. Critical Issues • New role of district government?  extended arm of provincial government?
  15. 15. Local Conservation Area? Zoning System? Licensing System? Declining local revenue? Extension service? Community Empowerment? UU 23/2014 Challenges
  16. 16. 1. Reformulating decentralization model of coastal management and fisheries management 2. Revision of coastal regulations (Government Decree, Presidential decree, Ministerial Decree) 3. Capacity building of provincial government 4. Role of central government as facilitator & motivator Alternative Solutions 16
  17. 17. 5. Delegation of some authorities to district government 6. Crafting the model of harmonious relationship between provincial and district government 7. Alternative solution to respond decreasing of district revenue 8. Coastal Management Board (Stakeholder forum) Alternative Solutions 17
  18. 18. THANK YOU

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