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Automotive Wheel Bearings & Wheel Hubs 101

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Wheel bearings and hubs are an important part of your vehicle's steering, suspension, and braking systems. In this guide, 1A Auto tells you everything you need to know about wheel hubs and bearings. Wheel hub and bearing assembly replacement is also discussed.

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Automotive Wheel Bearings & Wheel Hubs 101

  1. 1. Automotive Wheel Bearings & Wheel Hubs 101 An in-depth guide to automotive wheel bearing and hub assemblies, how they work together, why they fail, replacement tips and more. Quality Auto Part Fast Rated #1 by Customers Like You Source: http://www.1aauto.com/content/articles/hub-wheel-bearings
  2. 2. Wheel Bearings Have you ever turned the steering wheel of your car and heard that unmistakable whirring noise howl at you from a bad wheel bearing? Wheel bearings have been making this exact same noise for as long as they have existed. As they wear out, excess play develops in the bearing. This excess play, along with dastardly dust, dirt, and debris sneaking its way inside, will end up damaging the internal bearing surfaces. Once the wheel bearing surfaces are damaged, they have zero chance of survival. The wheel bearings condition will worsen, until it finally self destructs in spectacular fashion. As you can imagine, the ideal situation is to replace the wheel bearing long before it reaches the point of destruction. Quality Auto Part Fast Rated #1 by Customers Like You Source: http://www.1aauto.com/content/articles/hub-wheel-bearings
  3. 3. Wheel Hubs Once you pull the wheels off of a car, the first thing that you see is the wheel hub staring straight back into your eyes. That's because the hubs are the part that the wheels bolt on to. They are round, have wheel studs sticking out of them, and are designed to spin with heavy loads sitting on them at all times. Guess what else bolts onto the hub? Brake rotors of course! Wheel hubs can be driven by the axles, or just freewheeling. Every wheel hub is in some way connected to a wheel bearing. They are either pressed or bolted together, and they frequently come as one wheel hub and bearing assembly. This makes installation significantly easier and cheaper. Just pull the old hub and bearing assembly off, and throw the new one on. No heavy duty pressing or special tools are needed. Quality Auto Part Fast Rated #1 by Customers Like You Source: http://www.1aauto.com/content/articles/hub-wheel-bearings
  4. 4. ABS Sensors Wheel hubs have very intimate relationships with ABS sensors. That's because ABS sensors measure wheel speed. To do this accurately, they need to be close to the wheels without being in the way of all of the moving parts. Car manufacturers have several ways of handling this task. The first is with a tone ring, which attaches to the back of the wheel hub and it looks like a gear. With the ABS hub attached to a vehicle, there is an ABS sensor that sits next to the tone ring and measures wheel speed by watching how many teeth pass by the sensor within a certain length of time. Clever right? The other common method of measuring wheel speed is by adding the whole entire ABS sensor to the inside of the wheel hub itself. This can be a blessing and a curse. While it does simplify the ABS system, it also means that when an ABS sensor fails, the entire hub needs to be replaced with it. This is pretty wasteful if you have a perfectly good working hub. There is also another ABS system design that skips the hub connection altogether and places the tone ring on the axle instead of the wheel hub. All methods work great, you just need to make sure that you use the proper parts that are designed to work with ABS. Without that tone ring attached to the wheel hub or axle, the ABS light will turn on, and your vehicle won't stop as it was designed to. Quality Auto Part Fast Rated #1 by Customers Like You Source: http://www.1aauto.com/content/articles/hub-wheel-bearings
  5. 5. Hub and Wheel Bearing Replacement Hubs themselves rarely have issues because they are simple blocks of steel. The most common reason to replace a wheel hub is because the bearing that is attached to it has failed. Wheel bearings can fail because of age, dirt and water contamination, or improper installation. Most hubs that are driven by axles require a very specific torque when installing. If that torque is too tight or too loose, the life of the wheel bearing can become shortened. That said, most wheel hub and bearing assemblies are very do-it-yourself friendly. If you can replace brakes yourself, you probably won't have any trouble with a hub either. If you need to replace the wheel hub and bearing assembly on your automobile, check out our DIY Auto Repair Video Channel on YouTube to see if we have a video showing this repair for your specific vehicle! Quality Auto Part Fast Rated #1 by Customers Like You Source: http://www.1aauto.com/content/articles/hub-wheel-bearings
  6. 6. Thanks! Wheel bearings and hubs are an important part of your vehicle's steering, suspension, and braking systems. We hope that this presentation has helped you learn more about these parts and their replacement! If you are in need of a wheel bearing and hub assembly replacement for your vehicle you can:  Browse our large selection of both front and rear wheel bearings and hubs  Call our customer service toll free at 888-844-3393 to order via phone  Send us an email by visiting www.1aauto.com/about/contact_us. Quality Auto Part Fast Rated #1 by Customers Like You
  7. 7. Thanks! Wheel bearings and hubs are an important part of your vehicle's steering, suspension, and braking systems. We hope that this presentation has helped you learn more about these parts and their replacement! If you are in need of a wheel bearing and hub assembly replacement for your vehicle you can:  Browse our large selection of both front and rear wheel bearings and hubs  Call our customer service toll free at 888-844-3393 to order via phone  Send us an email by visiting www.1aauto.com/about/contact_us. Quality Auto Part Fast Rated #1 by Customers Like You

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