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Isl. lecture#11 ahadees

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Isl. lecture#11 ahadees

  1. 1. ALHADEES :Literal meaning New thing, information about .some thing and incident
  2. 2. Technical meaning Information about the sayings, deeds and silence (when some thing was happened in his presence) of the holy prophet (s.a.w.s.)
  3. 3. kinds of Hadees Hadees-e-Qauli: information about the .(sayings of the holy prophet (s.a.w.s Hadees-e-Faily: information about the .( deeds of the holy prophet (s.a.w.s
  4. 4. continued Hadees-e-taqreeri: information about the silence (on the deeds and sayings of his companions R.A.) of the holy prophet .((s.a.w.s
  5. 5. Difference between hadees-efaili and sunnah Sunnah is the life style of the holy .(prophet (s.a.w.s While Hadees-e-faili is the channal through which we know about the life .( style of the holy prophet (s.a.w.s
  6. 6. Science of Hadees It is the scince in which we know about the sanad , Matan and all the details .about Ahadees
  7. 7. ‫‪Sanad‬‬ ‫‪It is series of the narrators which are mentioned in the‬‬ ‫‪.beginning of the Hadees. E.g‬‬ ‫ اَ ثَّ اَ اَ ِدْ َمُ اَ ِدْ ّيِ ُّ اَ ِدْد ثَّ ِدْ َمُ ُّ اَ ِدْ ّيِ اَ اَ اَ ثَّ اَ اَ َمُ ِدْ اَ َمُ اَ اَ اَ ثَّ اَ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ ِدْ َمُ اَ ّيِ ٍ‬ ‫حدثن ا الحميدي عب َمُ الل بن الزبير ق ال حدثن ا سفي ان ق ال حدثن ا يحي ى بن سعيد‬ ‫ّيِ‬ ‫ اَِدْ ِدْ اَ ّيِ ُّ اَ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ اَ ّيِ َمُ اَ ثَّ َمُ ِدْ َمُ ّيِ ِدْ اَ ّيِ اَ ثَّ ِدْ ّيِ ُّ اَ ثَّ َمُ اَ ّيِ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ اَ ثَّ ٍ‬ ‫النص اري ق ال أخبرن ي محمد بن إبراهيم التيم ي أنه سمع علقمة بن وق اص‬ ‫ثَّ ِدْ ّيِ ثَّ اَ َمُ َمُ اَ ّيِ ِدْ َمُ َمُ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ ِدْ اَ ثَّ ّيِ اَ ّيِ اَ ثَّ اَ ِدْ َمُ ع اَ ِدْ ّيِ ِدْ اَ ّيِ اَ اَ اَ ّيِ ِدْ َمُ‬ ‫الليث ي يقلول سمعت عمر بن الخط اب رض ي الل عنه اَل ى المنبر ق ال سمعت‬ ‫َمُ‬ ‫رسلول الل صل ى ا ثَّ عليه وسلم يقلول إنم ا العم ال ب الني ات وإنم ا لكل امرئ م ا‬ ‫َمُ اَ اَ ِدْ ّيِ اَ اَثَّ اَ اَ َمُ َمُ ّيِ ثَّ اَ اَِدْ ِدْ اَ َمُ ّيِ ِّ ثَّ ّيِ اَّيِ ثَّ اَ ّيِ َمُ ِّ ِدْ ّيِ ٍ اَ‬ ‫ اَ َمُ اَ ثَّ اَثَّ لل‬ ‫ّيِ‬ ‫نلو ى فمن ك انت هجرته إل ى دني ا يصيبه ا أو إل ى امرأة ينكحه ا فهجرته إل ى م ا‬ ‫ اَ اَ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ اَ ِدْ ّيِ ِدْ اَ َمُ َمُ ّيِ اَ َمُ ِدْ اَ َمُ ّيِ َمُ اَ اَ ِدْ ّيِ اَ ِدْ اَ اَ ٍ اَ ِدْ ّيِ َمُ اَ اَ ّيِ ِدْ اَ َمُ َمُ ّيِ اَ اَ‬ ‫ اَ اَ اَ ّيِ اَ ِدْ ّيِ‬ ‫ه اجر إليه‬ ‫‪In this hadees the underlined portion shows the sanad‬‬ ‫.‪of Hadees‬‬
  8. 8. ‫‪Matan‬‬ ‫‪it is the text of Hadees which in mentioned after the‬‬ ‫‪.sanad e.g‬‬ ‫ اَ ثَّ اَ اَ ِدْ َمُ اَ ِدْ ّيِ ُّ اَ ِدْ َمُ ثَّ ِدْ َمُ ُّ اَ ِدْ ّيِ اَ اَ اَ ثَّ اَ اَ َمُ ِدْ اَ َمُ اَ اَ اَ ثَّ اَ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ ِدْ َمُ‬ ‫حدثن ا الحميدي عبد الل بن الزبير ق ال حدثن ا سفي ان ق ال حدثن ا يحي ى بن‬ ‫ّيِ‬ ‫ اَ ّيِ ٍ اَِدْ ِدْ اَ ّيِ ُّ اَ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ اَ ّيِ َمُ اَ ثَّ َمُ ِدْ َمُ ِدْ اَ ّيِ اَ ثَّ ِدْ ّيِ ُّ اَثَّ َمُ اَ ّيِ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ‬ ‫سعيد النص اري ق ال أخبرن ي محمد بن إّيِبراهيم التيم ي أنه سمع علقمة بن‬ ‫وق اص الليث ي يقلول سمعت عمر بن الخط اب رض اَ الل عنه عل ى المنبرق ال‬ ‫ اَ ثَّ ٍ ثَّ ِدْ ّيِ ثَّ اَ َمُ َمُ اَ ّيِ ِدْ َمُ َمُ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ ِدْ اَ ثَّ ّيِ اَ ّيِ ي ثَّ اَ ِدْ َمُ اَ اَ ِدْ ّيِ ِدْ اَ ّيِ اَ اَ‬ ‫َمُ‬ ‫ اَ ّيِ ِدْ َمُ اَ َمُ اَ ثَّ اَثَّ ثَّ اَ اَ ِدْ ّيِ اَ اَثَّ اَ اَ َمُ َمُ ّيِثَّ اَ ل ِدْ اَ َمُ ّيِ ِّ ثَّ ّيِ اَّيِثَّ اَ ّيِ َمُ ِّ‬ ‫سمعت رسلول الل صل ى الل عليه وسلم يقلول إنم ا ا اَِدْعم ال ب الني ات وإنم ا لكل‬ ‫َمُ‬ ‫ّيِ‬ ‫امرئ م ا نلو ى فمن ك انت هجرته إل ى دني ا يصيبه ا أو إل ى امرأ ٍ ينكحه ا‬ ‫ِدْ ّيِ ٍ اَ اَ اَ اَ اَ ِدْ اَ اَ ِدْ ّيِ ِدْ اََمُ َمُ ّيِ اَ َمُ ِدْ اَ َمُ ّيِ َمُ اَ اَ ِدْ ّيِ اَ ِدْ اَ اَة اَ ِدْ ّيِ َمُ اَ‬ ‫ اَ ّيِ ِدْ اََمُ َمُ ّيِ اَ اَ اَ اَ اَ ّيِ اَ ِدْ ّيِ‬ ‫فهجرته إل ى م ا ه اجر إليه‬ ‫‪The underlined potion of the hadees shows matan of Hadees‬‬
  9. 9. Kinds of science of Hadees Ilm-i-riwaiat-ul-Hadees :Science about the text of Hadees  meaning and explanation of Hadees.  injunctions derived from Hadees.  controversies among the scholars.  e.t.c.
  10. 10. Continued :Ilm-e-diraiat-ul-hadees :Science about the narrators of Hadees His memory.  his piety. Behavior with Hadees.  his students and teachers.  opinions of the critics about him. E.t.c.
  11. 11. The authenticity of Hadees Hadees is next of the Qura’n (consensus of (Ummah In the beginning of the 20th century denied .it In the beginning they denied only those which are not in the range of reason  afterwards they denied every Hadees.
  12. 12. Three theories of munkireen-iHadees The 1st theory: theory The duty of the holy prophet (s.a.w.s.) was confined to convey the massage of Allah, not to explain it.
  13. 13. Arguments for their first .theory :1st argument “‫”وك لقدك يس“رك ناك الق“رآنك للذك ك“رك فهلك منك مدك ك“ر‬ ّ‫رّ ر‬ Indeedd we have nade the Qura’n easy for ?advise. Is there any person who get advise They say : the Qura’n is easy; no need to be .explained
  14. 14. continued :Answer of the argument :Two subjects of the holy Qur’n Advises Injunctions The verse deals with the 1st one.
  15. 15. continued 2nd argument: “‫”إك نماك أناك بش“رك مثلكمك يوك حىك إك لي‬ ّ‫ر‬ Indeed I am a human like you I get revelation They say : he is a human, why should we ?follow a human like us
  16. 16. continued :Answer the argument It is the reply of those who demanded .miracles The second part of the hadees differentiated . him from the other ummah
  17. 17. Denial ‫ك‬of ‫ك‬this ‫ك‬theory :Our arguments 1. In the Quran there are allusions not the details they are explained in Ahadees .  Sending the angels in the battle of Bader ‫.وما جعله ال إىل بشرى لكم‬
  18. 18. .Cont  2. The promise that the enemies will be defeated ‫ .وإذيعدكم ال إحدى الطائفتين أنها لكم‬The promise is not mentioned in the Quran.It is in Ahadees. The holy Prophet (S.A.W.S) was to explain the Quran. ‫.ويعلمهم الكتاب والحكمة‬
  19. 19. 3. 4.   To obey Allah and His apposite is obligatory.‫وأطيعوالأو وأطيعوالرسول‬ Implementation of the injunctions given in the Quran is not possible without Ahadees. ‫.صلواكماأو رأيتمونىأو أصاى‬ ‫.خذواعنىأو مناسككم‬
  20. 20. 2 ‫أو أو‬theory ‫أو‬ end Only the companions were bound to follow Him.  They saw him.  We did not see him.
  21. 21. ‫أو‬Denial ‫أو‬of ‫أو‬the ‫أو‬theory 1. 2.  The Prophet hood is not confined to the time of companions. ‫.وماأو أرسلناكأو إلأو رحمةأو للعالمين‬ If the companions needed explanation why we should not need. They were the expert of the Arabic language even then they asked the explanation
  22. 22. 3rd ‫أو‬theory ‫أو‬ The Ahadees did not reach us through authentic medium.  Very long time bw narration and compilation.  Memorization was the only way for the preservation.  We have no confirmation whether the source is authentic or not.
  23. 23. ‫أو‬Denial ‫أو‬of ‫أو‬this ‫أو‬theory 1. 2. 3. The Quran reached us through the same medium. How can Allah make us bound to follow the thing which is not safeguarded. The science of narrators solved the problem

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