The Holy Quran
Meaning of the word Quran
This word is derived from the
The word (qiraah) is also derived from the
same roots. So the meaning of (qiraah) is
reading and recitation.
The word Qur’n in the tense of exaggeration.
So the literal meaning of the word Qura’n is
:the widely read book. So
.Qira’ah means: reading and recitation
. And Qura’n means the widely read book
No doubt that the holy Qura’n is recited
Technically it means
One of the holy books of Allah which has
been revealed to the holy prophet
Muhammad (s.a.w.s.) in 23 years.
History of revelation of the
Condition of the holy prophet
(s.a.w.s.)Little before the prophet hood
Cave of Hira and prophet’s meditation.
First verses of the holy Qur’n.
prophet’s condition after the first
revelation and his coming back.
Hazrat khadeeja and waraqa bin naufal.
“ it is the namoos which used to come to
Hazrat Moosa (A.s) and Hazrat Eisa (A.s)
and there will be a time when the people
of Makkah will compel him to migrate to
.Revelation gap of three years فترة الوحي
Gradual revelation the Holy
Two words used in the holy Qur’n in this
regard; Inzal and Tanzeel.
Inzal means: transmission in one ocassionانإنا
“أنزلناه فى ليلة القدرwhile Tanzeel means gradual
revelation .““ونزلناه تنزيل
;The holy Qura’n was transmitted twice
From lawh-e-mahfooz to bait-ulmamoor. (inzal)
From bait-ul-mamoor to the holy
prophet (s.a.w.s.) (tanzeel)
Philosophy behind the
(s.aw.s.) was ummy.
Difficult situation of revelation.
To console the prophet again and again.
To be according to the natural process.
Answers, predictions and incidetnts. They
happened again and again.
No philosophy can be quoted exactly. It is
a safe passage. It is called “tafweez” .
To show the angels the greatness of the
To show that it is preserved in many
The first revealed verses
The verses of Al- alaq.
Verses of Al- Mudassar.
the first opinion is authentic.
Forms of revelation
(a.s.) himself in his own appearance.
In the appearance of dihia kalbi . دحية كلبى
Only sounds.( صلصلة الجرسdifficult form)
Direct conversation.in dreams, Awakening
categories of revelation
the holy Qura’n.
hadees and hadees qudsi.
The Quranic order
The holy Qura’n was recorded only
according to Tarteeb-e- Tauqeefi not
Nuzooli. Because the compilation is
according to lawh-e-Mahfooz while the
Makki and Madni Surahs:
their definition. Before and after the
1. mostly brief
2. O people
4. Previous incidents.
Division of the holy Qura’n
Compilation of the holy Qura’n
In dauri nabvi. His instructions and katibeene-wahi.
In the time of AbuBakar siddeeq (r.a.)
back ground for the compilation: (Reason
for the compilation).
Yamama war and Hazrat Umar ‘s proposal.
Hazrat zaid bin sabit and the responsibility.
Steps taken for the compilation
Collection of the personal material.
Hazrat zaid’s verification and comparing
with the manuscript he had.
Hazrat Umar and Hazrat zaid were
The compiled manuscript was named as
umm , which means mother or original
Important features of Umm
According to tarteeb-e-tawqeefi.
Surahs were different units.
All the seven words were included.
None abolished recitations.
Revelation of the Quran in seven
Allah Taala allowed the Muslims to recite the
Quran in many ways.
.إنما أنزل هذاالقرآن على سبعة أحرف فاقرؤا ما تيسر منه
Meaning of the revelation in seven words:
In the accents of seven standard tribes.
In the accents of the seven standard reciters.
In the seven types of variations: