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Three ways for the preservation of
1. Hifz-e- riwaiat.
Memorizing of Ahadees by heart.
Taa’mul (practicing according to the
saying s and deeds of the prophet
Writing of Ahadees.
Extra ordinary memory of Arab.
Incident of Hazrat jafar and Ubaidullah.
With Hazrat Wahshi.
Hazrat wahshi recognized Hazrat
Narration of Hazrat Abu Huraira to
Marwan ibnul Hakam 100 Ahadees after a
Imam bukhari (r.a) was examined for 100
mixed Ahadees by 10 scholars.
Recognition of Imam tirmizi while he was
blind (r.a.) the place where he passed
through after a long when he was not
Incident of Abudarda’ when he caught a
.branch of a tree
.هكذا رأيت رسول ال صلى ال عليه وسلم يفعل
.هكذا سمعت رسول ال صلى ال عليه وسلم يقول
Writing (compilation)of Ahadees
Four ways of writing:
Personal scriptures of the companions.
Un-chapter wised books.
Chapter wised books.
The first and second ways were prevalent
in the time of the companion of the holy
Also memorizing and taa’mul was also
prevalent at that time.
A question from Munkireen-ehadees
Q.The holy prophet (s.a.w.s.) himself
restricted the companions to write only
.لكتكتبوا عنى غير القرآن ومن كتب عنى غير القرآن فليمحه
(do not write my words other than the holy
Qura’n and the person who wrote my
words other than the holy Qura’n, he
should delete it.
Answer the question
This restriction was in the early age of Islam
The companions were familiar with the
style of the holy Qura’n.
The revelation was not completed.
Then he allowed them.
.Arguments that he allowed
Sayings of the holy prophet.(s.a.w.s.)
( .استعن بيمينكget help of your right hand.)
(.اكتبوا لبى شاهwrite for Abushah)
(.قيدواالعلم قلت وما كتقييده قال كتابتهconfine your
knowledge (the narrator says) I said what is
meant by confinement? He said its writing.)
The compilations at that time:
Al-saheefa-Al-sadiqa by Abdullah bin Amar bin
As-Aas. 5300 Ahadees.
Saheefa Ali about blood money, revenge, zajat
and zimmies(protected non mulims in an
Kitab-ul-sadapa. Dictated by the prophet
(s.a.w.s.) about zakat, ushar and sadapat.
Suhuf-i-abi huraira 5364 ahadees.
.(Services of Hazrat Ali (r.a
Hazrat Ali and his students rarrated
many Ahadees to face the false
Ahadeed fabricated by Abdullah
bin saba and his followers.
First century of hijra
Before this time the writing was limited to
miscellaneously and personal scriptures.
Now Hazrat Umar bin AbdulAziz ordered
the justices to compile.
1. Kutub-i-Abibakar: he compiled but died
before he could send to Hazrat Umar
2. Kitab-ul-sunan li makhool.
3. Abwab-ul-sha’bi:by Aamir bin
Second century of hijra
In this time the book were chapterwised.
The compilations were more than twenty.
The famous books:
1. Kitab-ul-Aasar li Abi haneefa.Selection
from 40000 Ahadees.
2. Al-muatta li imam malik.
Third century of hijra
In this time the science of marrators got a
Compilations other than sihah-i-sitta:
1. Musnad-e- Abudaud taialisi.
2. Musnad-e- Ahmad: 40000 Ahadees
selected from 750000.
3. Musannaf ibn-e-Abi shaiba: by Abubakar
bin Abi shaiba. The teacher of imam
Bukhari and imam Muslim.
Brief introduction to sihah-e-sitta
The souvce of knowledge in the field of
Sihah means authentic and sitta means
It means that a person who reads these
books can gain a lot of authentic ahadees,
which are enough to know the religion of
Saheeh Bukhari and Muslim have only the
Other than these two hame authentic and
Authentic ahadees are not confined in
sahees bukhare and saheeh muslim.
Names of the books
Saheeh Bukhari: next to the Qura’n.
Saheeh Muslim: only authentic ahadees.
Sunan-e-nasai:(authentic & non-authentic)
Sunan-e- abi daud. (sajistani)
Jame tirmize: Ahadees and commentary.
Sunan-e- ibni maja.
The last four books have authentic& non-authentic