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Chemical Management System (CMS) in T&C

Chemical Management System in Textile Manufacturing and Processing is required to achieve the safe use of chemicals and to control the hazards that they present to workers, the community and the environment. It can take a lot of chemicals to make clothes. The apparel sector certainly is not as chemical intensive as other global industries, but its variety of chemical operations and materials does present a range of potential hazards to its workers and the surrounding communities and environment.

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Chemical Management System (CMS) in T&C

  1. 1. Presentation on Chemical Management European Textile Chemical Corporation Md. Azmeri Latif Beg M.Tech. (Textile Chemistry) European Textile Chemical Corporation
  2. 2. It can take a lot of chemicals to make clothes. However, hazardous chemicals can harm the global environment as well as the health of our customers, employees and workers throughout our value chain. ETCC ensure that our products are safe and to eliminate discharges to water, soil and air throughout the life cycle of all our products. European Textile Chemical Corporation The apparel sector certainly is not as chemical intensive as other global industries, but its variety of chemical operations and materials does present a range of potential hazards to its workers and the surrounding communities and environment.
  3. 3. European Textile Chemical Corporation To achieve the safe use of chemicals and to control the hazards that they present to workers, the community and the environment, a factory must be organized in its approach to the various aspects of chemical use. v Chemical management dealings with costs and environmental compliance. v Chemical inventory management procedures advises on how to comply with global chemical legislation, Retailer & Brand Restricted Substance Lists (RSL’s) and Manufacturing Restricted Substance Lists (MRSL’s), any other chemical requirements of the textile and apparel industry. v Chemical Management System (CMS) Guidance Manual focuses on the approach, structure and documentation needed to create and support a Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (ZDHC).
  4. 4. Why a Chemical Management System? European Textile Chemical Corporation To achieve the safe use of chemicals and to control the hazards that they present to workers, the community and the environment, a factory must be organized in its approach to the various aspects of chemical use. PLAN: Say what you should Do regarding CMS DO: Then Do what you Say CHECK: Prove it (RE)ACT: Are you satisfied? Can you improve? Fundamental Diagram of CMS for Apparel Industry
  5. 5. KEY OBJECTIVES OF CHEMICAL MANAGEMENT v  Understand the intrinsic hazards of chemicals stored in the facility and used in application processes or for other functions e.g. hygiene chemicals used in sanitary areas v  Ensure workers are given sufficient information, training and guidance on how to safely store, transport, use and dispose of chemicals in a safe and consistent manner v  Maintain an up-to-date inventory of all chemicals used in the facility v  Minimize adverse effects of chemicals on the health and safety of the workforce European Textile Chemical Corporation
  6. 6. LABELING European Textile Chemical Corporation v A guidance on labeling routine and labeling format should be developed and implemented in the units. v Chemical responsible should ensure all the label information is following the labeling routine. v Labels on chemical containers should include the chemical substance name, CAS/EC no. of the substance, supplier contact information, hazard pictogram risk and safety phrase, hazardous statement, batch info, purchase date and expiry date. All information should be provided by chemical manufacturer. v A clear label should be affixed to all chemical containers and bottles for easy identification.
  7. 7. STORAGE European Textile Chemical Corporation Chemical should be stored safety and properly to provide a safe work place. A standard operation procedure of storage of chemicals should be developed to ensure the chemicals are stored in proper way. The storage guideline should provide a clear instruction in local language on how and where chemicals should be stored. A warning notice, e.g. ‘’chemical Storage Area’’ should be visible in all storage areas. Chemical storage room should be in good ventilation to keep humidity and temperature at optimal levels. No direct sunlight on chemicals. All chemicals should be stored according to SDS (Safety Data Sheet) information.
  8. 8. STORAGE European Textile Chemical Corporation Abstracted/simplified SDS in local language should be available in storage room. Information includes: i. Chemical product identification & company name, ii. Hazards identification iii. First aid measures iv. Accidental release measures v. Personal protective equipment vi. Toxicological information All chemicals stored should be recorded in chemical inventory list (CIL) to avoid excessive storage of dangerous chemicals. The CIL should be updated and reviewed regularly.
  9. 9. GLOBAL HARMONIZATION SYSTEM (GHS) European Textile Chemical Corporation The Global Harmonization System (GHS) is the product of an effort by the United Nations to create a uniform system for the classification and ranking of chemical hazards and the methods by which hazard information will be communicated. The GHS hazard pictograms or symbols represent perhaps the most obvious means of hazard communication, and their recognition by personnel is important in any industry in which chemical materials are used. Explosives and extremely reactive chemicals, such as organic peroxides, water-reactive chemicals, and some self-reactive chemicals (unstable in heat) Flammable liquids, solids and gases; including pyrophorics (ignite on contact with air), some self-reactive chemicals and chemicals that release flammable gases (hydrogen)
  10. 10. GLOBAL HARMONIZATION SYSTEM (GHS) European Textile Chemical Corporation Gases under Pressure: compressed gases (cylinders) and liquefied gases (such as LNG fuel) Oxidizers: chemicals that are not necessarily combustible, but may, generally by yielding Oxygen during a fire, cause or contribute to the combustion of other materials Acute Toxicity: poisons by inhalation, ingestion or skin exposure; may be fatal or rapidly toxic Corrosive: to the skin (severe burns), to the eye (damage), and corrosive to metals
  11. 11. GLOBAL HARMONIZATION SYSTEM (GHS) European Textile Chemical Corporation Moderate Health Hazards: Irritation of the skin or eyes; skin sensitizer (allergic reaction); nervous system effects such as drowsiness or dizziness (generally: not severe and reversible) Serious Health Hazards: Cancer, Reproductive Toxicity, Respiratory Sensitization (Asthma), Target Organ Toxicity (Liver, Kidneys, Nervous System, Lungs), Aspiration Hazard Hazardous to the Aquatic Environment: to Fish, Plants and Organisms; or Bioaccumulative Recognition by management of the potential hazards created by the use of chemicals in the workplace, and awareness of these hazards by workers so that both management and workers can take appropriate steps to prevent and avoid potential harm, are essential to a safe workplace and environment.
  12. 12. European Textile Chemical Corporation R and S phrases Hazard classification should be indicated with hazard signs and hazard symbols and/or R phrases as well as S phrases. v R phrase and R number: phrases indicating the risks of hazardous preparations and substances, and their numbers respectively. v S phrase and S number: phrases related to the safe handling of hazardous preparations, and their numbers respectively. Risk Phrases (R) and Safety Phrases (S) also occurs in combinations (combined R and S phrases). R and S Phrases are separated with dashes or slashes which mean the following: dash: R Phrases and S Phrases are formulated separately slash : the possibility of formulating R Phrases or S Phrases in a single sentence (combined R or S Phrases)
  13. 13. RISK PHRASES (R) AND SAFETY PHRASES (S) European Textile Chemical Corporation It is a general rule that in case of preparations usually a maximum of 6 phrases are applied to inform about the risks; in this respect combined phrases are regarded as single phrases. The sentences that are applied should inform about all significant hazards of the preparation, therefore in some cases more than 6 R Phrases may be necessary. The R Phrases on the label as well as the method and aim of the preparation’s intended use should be taken into account in the final choice of S Phrases. As a general rule, a maximum of 6 sentences are used to inform about the most necessary precautions; in this respect combined phrases are regarded as single phrases. In some cases more than 6 S Phrases may be necessary.
  14. 14. STORAGE European Textile Chemical Corporation Chemical should be stored on impervious surfaces in a systematic way and easily identified by labels.
  15. 15. STORAGE v  Incompatible chemicals should be stored separately. E.g. potassium permanganate cannot be stored with strong bases and acids. i. Reactive chemicals should be stored away from possible reaction sources, such as the water, and should be stored in a low humidity environment. ii. Flammable or combustible chemicals should be stored away from sources of ignition in designated area. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  16. 16. STORAGE iii. The amount of flammable or combustible chemicals stored should fulfill fire safety requirements. iv. Acids and bases should be segregated from each other. v. Oxidizers should be kept away from chemicals, especially flammables or combustibles. vi. Corrosives should be kept away from substances that they may react with and release corrosive. v  Chemicals must be sealed when not In use. v  Containers should not be corroded, broken, rusted or leaking. Secondary containment is required for the storage of all regulated hazardous chemicals. v  Chemical drums should be placed on elevated racks and far away from drains. v  First in first out system should be implemented in the storage room to avoid chemical degradation. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  17. 17. STORAGE v  Expired chemicals should be removed from chemical storage room and recollected by chemical suppliers or qualified third party. v  Food, beverage and tobacco should not be allowed in chemical storage area. v  Chemical storage room is not allowed to enter without permission. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  18. 18. v  Chemicals should be stored higher than 1,5m. v  Chemicals are stored too high, posing risk for work accident. STORAGE European Textile Chemical Corporation
  19. 19. STORAGE v  First aid box, personal protective equipment (PPE) box, proper extinguisher, emergency shower/eye wash station spill kits, secondary containment should be placed in chemical storage area. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  20. 20. HANDLING v  Clear instruction and safety precaution (in local languages) on chemical handing should be clearly stated in the working area. European Textile Chemical Corporation v Chemical handling staffs should check the expiry date of chemicals before use. v Chemical handling staff should review SDS and understand the hazard before using a chemical. v Chemically hazard assessment should be done periodically.
  21. 21. HANDLING v  Chemical handing staff should wear proper PPE, such as gloves, masks and safety glasses, when handling chemicals. The section of PPE should be based on potential hazard of chemicals handled by workers. v  Appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) should be provided to the workers. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  22. 22. WEIGHTING AND TRANSFERRING v  Chemical should be kept in clean and ventilated area which keeps away from sunlight. v  Chemical should be used according to first in first out basis v  Chemical handling staff should wash their hands after handling chemicals v  Chemicals should be transferred in a correct way to avoid contamination and ensure worker safety. v  Appropriate and clean tools should be used when measuring and weighting the chemicals to avoid the cross contamination of chemicals. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  23. 23. WEIGHTING AND TRANSFERRING v  Reactive and volatile chemicals should be transferred in a closed and well ventilated system to avoid spreading of chemical vapors and spillage. v  Equipment and apparatus used for dispensing chemicals must be clean, dried and working properly. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  24. 24. WEIGHTING AND TRANSFERRING v  Materials of containers used for dispensing must be compatible with the chemicals. v  Dispensed chemicals should not be returned to stock to reduce the risk of contamination. v  Transporting apparatus should be available to move chemical materials to ensure safety. v  The usage of chemical must be recorded in a chemical usage log book. The chemical usage log book should record the person using the chemicals, time of use of chemicals, used which product/process and the quantity of chemicals used. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  25. 25. APPLICATION OF CHEMICALS v  Production responsible and chemical handling staff should be well trained on how to handle and use of chemicals. v  Chemical handling staff should ensure best use of chemicals. The amount of chemicals used should be with reference to suggestions from chemical suppliers. Excessive use of chemicals should be avoided. v  The total amount of chemicals used in production should be calculated. v  The amount of chemicals that are contaminated, lost or wasted should be evaluated. v  Chemicals should not be pre mixed before use. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  26. 26. CHEMICAL WASTE v  Factories should set up a procedure to minimize the amount of chemical waste produced. v  Factories should develop a guideline on chemical waste disposal. v  Factories should appoint a responsible person for chemical waste disposal. v  Containers for chemical waste should be chemical compatible. v  All waste containers must be covered. v  Appropriate transporting apparatus, e.g. spring loaded funnels should be used for adding waste to waste containers. v  Containers should not be fully filled. Each container must have at least one inch of headspace above the waste. v  The waste container should be labeled with hazardous waste label. v  The waste should be stored in a safe area, and should be away from emergency equipment such as safety showers and emergency access panels. v  The waste container should not block exits of workplace. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  27. 27. CHEMICAL WASTE v  Empty chemical containers should be kept separate and store in designated area which not directly affected by direct sunlight, rain, fire. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  28. 28. CHEMICAL WASTE v  Empty chemical containers should be kept separate and store in designated area which not directly affected by direct sunlight, rain, fire. European Textile Chemical Corporation
  29. 29. European Textile Chemical Corporation v  Factories should develop a guideline on controlling the chemicals discharged through waste water. v  Factories should appoint a responsible person for controlling and monitoring waste water discharge. v  Factories should develop and implement environment impact evaluation on chemical discharge. v  Waste water should be treated by effluent treatment plant before discharge to open bodies. v  Quality and quantity of waste water discharged should be monitored and recorded periodically. v  Waste water should be tested and recorded must be kept future analyses. v  Containers for chemical waste should be chemical compatible. v  All waste containers must be covered. v  The amount of waste water discharged and goals on controlling of chemical discharge should be disclosed and transparent to public. v  Corrective action should be implemented when non conformities are found. CHEMICAL WASTE
  30. 30. European Textile Chemical Corporation

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