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apidays LIVE Paris - Deploy digital sobriety by Celine Lescop

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apidays LIVE Paris - Responding to the New Normal with APIs for Business, People and Society
December 8, 9 & 10, 2020

Deploy digital sobriety: guiding toward a sustainable information system
Celine Lescop, Lead Digital Sustainability & Data Architect at AXA & Shift Project Report Co-Author

Published in: Technology
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apidays LIVE Paris - Deploy digital sobriety by Celine Lescop

  1. 1. www.theshiftproject.org Deploy Digital Sobriety Guiding organizations toward a sustainable information system • 10 December 2020 lescop.celine@gmail.com @theShiftPR0JECT
  2. 2. Céline LESCOP – Lead Digital Sustainability & Data Architect (AXA Group Operations) The Shift Project – Chapter 2 pilot https://www.linkedin.com/in/celinelescop/
  3. 3. Internal The Shift Project a French think tank advocating the shift to a post-carbon economy • We establish working groups on the most sensitive and decisive issues of the transition to a post-carbon economy • We produce robust, and quantified statements on key aspects of the transition • We bring forward innovative proposals, and we pay particular attention to appropriately-scaled solutions INFORMING FIRST… • We engage in lobbying initiatives targeting political and economic decision-makers to promote the recommendations of our working groups • We host events designed to encourage discussion between stakeholders • We build partnerships with both professional organisations and academic players …THEN INFLUENCING
  4. 4. Agenda • The context of the climat / energy problem & the digital environmental impact – 15’ • Guide organizations toward a sustainable information system – 20’ • Q&A – 20’
  5. 5. Climate change : reducing CO2 emissions is urgent ! Opérer cette réduction est une transformation difficile !
  6. 6. Internal Digital, a tool or a challenge for the carbon transition ?
  7. 7. Internal Digital is a problem from Green house gas emissions point of view but also for rare earth requirements
  8. 8. Internal Production / Extraction
  9. 9. Internal Waste
  10. 10. Internal WHY IS SOBRIETY THE FIRST MANDATORY TARGET • 80% of electricity WW today is produced from fossil fuel • Buying electricity with most renewable guarantee of origin is not efficient to change the electricity mix of the location … but is allows to calculate zero emissions for electricity in carbon accounting • There is no clean energy…our economy is also addict to metals. We have to minimize consumption of any non renewable resource • Power Purchase Agreement as green power product generate better result as they allow a long term contract with the producer, guaranteed purchasing prices and a way to develop new renewable electricity capabilities productions that can change the emissions of the grid
  11. 11. Internal Our economy is energy and fossil fuels addict…
  12. 12. Internal Focus on green power products • Most of Green power products have little impact on electricity carbon emissions. A single company’s purchase via a supplier or through a direct contract may not itself change overall grid emissions at the time of purchase. This is because most green power products are based on instruments from existing energy generation facilities. • A market-based method reflects emissions from electricity that companies have purposefully chosen leveraging green power product (or their lack of choice). It allows decreasing the emissions of electricity in carbon accounting but the real impact on total emissions is not obvious. • A location-based method reflects the average emissions intensity of grids on which energy consumption occurs (using mostly grid-average emission factor data). With this method, only a reduction of electricity consumption or a change in the average emissions intensity of grids allows a reduction. • Companies with any operations in markets providing product or supplier-specific data in the form of contractual instruments shall report scope 2 emissions in two ways. • Reduction of required kWh is a mandatory target to be in line in Paris Agreement objectives • PPA (Power Purchase Agreement) as green power product generate better result as they allow a long term contract with the producer, guaranteed purchasing prices and a way to develop new renewable electricity capabilities productions that can change the emissions of the grid http://www.carbone4.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/Publication-Electricite-verte.pdf https://www.there100.org/sites/re100/files/2020-10/RE100%20Technical%20Criteria.pdf https://ghgprotocol.org/sites/default/files/ghgp/standards/Scope%202%20Guidance_Final_0.pdf
  13. 13. Internal Il n’existe par d’énergie « propre »…et il y a un risque de convertir le problème des énergies fossiles en un problème de métaux rares : l’usage de ressources non renouvelables doit être minimisé L’image de fond est la photo de la plus grande mine de cuivre à ciel ouvert 4km de diamètre, 1km de profondeur) Chuquicamata au Chili. Elle est extraite du documentaire « La Face cachée des énergies vertes ». Le tableau comparant les émissions selon les sources d’énergie vient de la base carbone de l’ADEME https://www.bilans-ges.ademe.fr/
  14. 14. Huge progress in energy efficiciency but slowing down Doubling every 2 years Processors energy efficiency : increasing number of executed instruction per kWh Mobile network efficiency : decreasing required kWh by Gbyte
  15. 15. Digital volumes have grown faster: need for sobriety X 10 in 8 years X 35 in 8 years Mobile traffic X 20 in 8 years
  16. 16. 17 Systemic applied to information system : an exponential growth to regulate Final Equipment Data Services Usages IT waste + + + + Business digitalization demand + + IT Cost + ++ Extracted raw materials Consumed Energy + + Technology potential (performance, storage capacity…) + CO2 / Pollution +++ + + + + + System Thinking applied to the Information System of an organization - inspired by Thinking in Systems by Donella Meadows
  17. 17. 18 Systemic applied to information system : an exponential growth to regulate Final Equipment Data Services Usages IT waste + + + + Business digitalization demand + + IT Cost + ++ Extracted raw materials Consumed Energy + + Technology potential (performance, storage capacity…) + CO2 / Pollution +++ + + + + + System Thinking applied to the Information System of an organization - inspired by Thinking in Systems by Donella Meadows Reduce, Reuse, Repair, Recycle Measure Optimize Concious, reduce, optimize Reduce, Optimize Reduce, Optimize
  18. 18. Checking relevance for energy transition Requires rigorous method Opportunity for transition Environnemental cost Direct economies Optimization Monitoring etc. Energy for production Energy for use Mined ressources etc.
  19. 19. Digital : a transition to think of « Do it because we can » « Do it because it is usefull Deployed solutions have to be chosen for their net positive impact ONLY Energy transition requires Digital solutions Any Digital Solution has an environmental impact CO 2
  20. 20. Agenda • The context of the climat / energy problem & the digital environmental impact – 15’ • Guide organizations toward a sustainable information system – 20’ • Q&A – 20’
  21. 21. Deploy Digital Sustainability • The chapter 2 « Guide organizations toward a sustainable information system » came from the acknowledgement by “enterprise architects” of Lean- ICT 2018 report that has stated the ICT worldwide environmental impact and its evolution • The purpose was to serve the sustainable information system target leveraging the enterprise architecture … as a systemic transformation approach for a systemic problem • Out of constraints the workgroup (10 persons more than half are enterprise architects) we have made a VISION in a “Target first” style • In parallel we are concretely deploying this approach across the group AXA • IT Professional role to guide the society will be key
  22. 22. Internal Build a Digital Sustainability Strategy • Strong sponsorship of general management is key • The « infobesity » : a risk of cost of non agility and a risk not to be able to adapt energy transition • The Digital side of the enterprises purpose PACTE law in France (2019) • A big transformation to be embodied by top management / management comitte
  23. 23. Internal Develop the IT sustainability culture • A transformation that has a powerful meaning and that allows corporate responsibility operational set-up • Develop awareness across all employees, train IT professionals, purchasing team or any other concerned employee • Communicate internally but also externally on the transformation : CR week, social network. • Frugal innovation : do it because it is useful and not because we can do it
  24. 24. Internal Measure information systems environmental footprint from craddle to crave
  25. 25. Internal Design & build a sustainable Information System Ex : Restreindre l’accès à certains sites (vidéos, streaming…), restreindre au strict nécessaire les utilisateurs autorisés à accéder à une application donnée
  26. 26. Internal Govern the transition toward a sustainable information system • Set-up guidelines, principles to support sustainable decision at all level of the organization • Evolve decisions bodies to align them with environmental objectives • Govern the architecture delivery and check its conformity with environmental objectives • Manage the environmental information system debtArchitecture Principles of a sustainable information system « Sustainable development starts with a business approach relying on principles » - United Nation Global Compact
  27. 27. Internal Collaborate with customers, providers, partners, authorities to provide sustainable solutions
  28. 28. • Février 2020 - L’Etat après la promulgation de la loi anti-gaspillage pour une économie circulaire, lance les travaux de méthodologie avec l’ADEME sur l’obligation de rendre disponible et public l’impact carbone de sa consommation numérique à chaque consommateur dès fin 2021 • Juillet 2020 - Le Conseil national du numérique publie une feuille de route sur l'environnement et le numérique réalisée en partenariat avec le Haut conseil pour le climat • Juin 2020 - Sénat - Mission d’information sur l’empreinte environnementale du numérique • Juin 2020 - France Stratégie –La consommation de métaux du numérique : un secteur loin d’être dématérialisé • Convention citoyenne pour le climat – Objectif « Accompagner l'évolution du numérique pour réduire ses impacts environnementaux »
  29. 29. The Information System fitness program
  30. 30. What needs to happen / is happening Enterprises ➢Create mindset ➢Integrated strategies ➢Adapted governance ➢Tooling Regulators ➢ Digital sector ➢ Carbon « tax » ➢ Data sobriety in sectorial requirements Vendors ➢Provide transparency ➢Change business models ➢New players Consumers ➢Informed ➢Sustainability in buying criteria
  31. 31. Agenda • The context of the climat / energy problem & the digital environmental impact – 15’ • Guide organizations toward a sustainable information system – 20’ • Q&A – 20’

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