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OphthalmologyOphthalmology
Eponyms!Eponyms!
By
Dr.Ahmed Alsherbiny
MSc. Ophth
For The Great
Ophthalmologists Whom
Paved The Way For Us , I
Dedicate This
Presentation :)
Vogt
Alfred Vogt
Swiss ophthalmologist, born 31st October, 1879, Menziken, Aargau; died 1943.
limbal girdle of Vogt
Corneal opacity that occurs in an arc concentric pattern and is
adjacent to the limbus within the pa...
Vogt's striae
Vertical stress lines seen deep in the affected
stroma of keratoconus
Vogt's anterior mosaic crocodile
shagreen
bilateral, polygonal, grayish-white opacities in the deep layers of the
epitheli...
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH)
syndrome
it is a systemic inflammatory condition involving the eye, as well as other organs
White lines of Vogt
Sheathed or sclerosed vessels seen in Lattice
degeneration
Palisades of Vogt
The stem cells of the corneal epithelium are situated at the limbus,
nestled within the undulating folds...
Fuchs
Ernst Fuchs
Austrian ophthalmologist, born 14th June, 1851, Vienna; died November
21, 1930, Vienna.
Fuchs' corneal dystrophy
seen more commonly in women, with clouding of the cornea
Fuchs' heterochromic cyclitis
An idiopathic disorder of the eye, with heterochromia, uveitis of the
lighter coloured eye, ...
Fuchs' spot
A small black spot on the fundus in high myopia, occurring after macular
haemorrhage
Dalen Fuchs Nodules
Clusters of epithelioid cells containing pigment lying between the RPE
and Bruchs membrane in VKH & Sy...
Bell
Sir Charles Bell
Scottish anatomist, surgeon, and physiologist, born November 1774; died 28th
April, 1842, North Hallow, W...
Bell's palsy
Peripheral, usually unilateral, idiopathic paralysis of facial nerve.
Bell's phenomenon
upturning of the globe on lid closure. 
Weber
Frederick Parkes Weber
English physician, born 8th May, 1863, London; died 1962.
Sturge-Weber syndrome
A congenital disorder involving the brain, skin and eyes
Rendu-Osler-Weber disease
A familial syndrome characterised by multiple telangiectasia of the
skin, and of the oral, nasal...
Henle
Friedrich Gustav Jacob Henle
German anatomist and pathologist, born 19th July, 1809, Fürth, near
Nuremberg, Bavaria; died ...
Henle's fibers
1.Outer plexiform layer makes synapses with dendrites of bipolar
cells In the macular region, this is known...
Hassle-Henle bodies
Small hyaline excrescences in the periphery of the Descemet
membrane.
Crypts of Henle
.microscopic pockets found in the conjunctiva They are responsible for
secreting mucin
Elschnig
Anton Elschnig
(August 22, 1863 – 1939) was an ophthalmologist born in Leibnitz, Austria.
Elschnig's pearls
Pearl-like clusters formed by growth of epithelial cells on the
posterior lens capsule
Elschnig's spots
black spots surrounded by bright yellow or red halos in patients
with advanced hypertensive retinopathy
Goldmann
Hans Goldmann
Swiss ophthalmologist born 1899 died 1991
Goldmann perimetry
Goldmann tonometer
Goldmann Goniolens
Goldmann Weekers
dark adaptometer
Goldmann-Favre disease
congenital retinoschisis with pigmentation in the fundus, complete
night blindness, or loss of the ...
Amsler
Marc Amsler
Swiss ophthalmologist, born 1891, died 1968.
Amsler grid
Chart used to detect or document macular diseases 
Amsler's sign
Haemorrhage caused by cataract surgery in Fuch's heterochromic
iridocyclitis (FHI(.
Leber
Theodor Leber
German ophthalmologist, born 29th February, 1840, Karlsruhe; died 1917
Leber's congenital amaurosis
Leber's optic atrophy
A rare hereditary form of optic atrophy that usually affects young males
Leber's miliary aneurysm
A form of unilateral exudative retinopathy occurring in
children before puberty, it is now consid...
von Graefe
Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Albrecht
von Graefe
German ophthalmologist, born 22nd May, 1828, Finkenheerd (Mark
Brandenburg) Be...
Graefe's sign
Failure of the upper lid to follow a downward movement of the eyeball
when the patient changes his or her vi...
Graefe's knife
knife designed for cataract extraction. Now of historical interest.
Cogan
David Glendenning Cogan
American ophthalmologist, born 1908, Fall River, Massachusets; died 9th
September, 1993, Bethesda.
Cogan’s Dystrophy
epithelial basement membrane dystrophy
Cogan's sign
Cogan's lid twitch, in patients with myasthenia. When the patient's
eyes are directed downward for 10 to 20 s...
Cogan-Reese disease
characterized by a matted or smudged appearance to the
surface of the iris, unilateral glaucoma in the...
Cogan's syndrome
Syndrome of interstitial keratitis characterized by abrupt onset of
vertigo, tinnitus, and usually rapid ...
Cogan’s rule
Testing for optokinetic nystagmus. Finding asymmetrical OKN ...the
lesion is more likely to reside in the par...
Marcus Gunn
Robert Marcus Gunn
Scottish ophthalmologist, born 1850, Dunnet – died on 29 November
1909, Hindhead
Marcus Gunn jaw-winking
phenomenon
unilateral eyelid movement with movement of the jaw
Marcus Gunn pupil
relative afferent pupillary defect caused by optic nerve lesion or
extensive retinal disease.
Gunn's dots
light reflectios from internal limiting membrane around
disc and macula
Gunn’s Sign
AV, or arteriovenous nicking is the phenomenon where a small
artery (arteriole) is seen crossing a small vein ...
Thank You
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Ophthalmology Eponyms !

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My Talk In National Eye Center , Cairo
On 31st January , 2016

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Ophthalmology Eponyms !

  1. 1. OphthalmologyOphthalmology Eponyms!Eponyms! By Dr.Ahmed Alsherbiny MSc. Ophth
  2. 2. For The Great Ophthalmologists Whom Paved The Way For Us , I Dedicate This Presentation :)
  3. 3. Vogt
  4. 4. Alfred Vogt Swiss ophthalmologist, born 31st October, 1879, Menziken, Aargau; died 1943.
  5. 5. limbal girdle of Vogt Corneal opacity that occurs in an arc concentric pattern and is adjacent to the limbus within the palpebral fissure at 3 and 9 o'clock. it is more common nasally than temporally, but it is frequently both. It is found in 60% of patients older than 40 years and occurs more frequently in women than in men
  6. 6. Vogt's striae Vertical stress lines seen deep in the affected stroma of keratoconus
  7. 7. Vogt's anterior mosaic crocodile shagreen bilateral, polygonal, grayish-white opacities in the deep layers of the epithelium and in Bowman's layer
  8. 8. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome it is a systemic inflammatory condition involving the eye, as well as other organs
  9. 9. White lines of Vogt Sheathed or sclerosed vessels seen in Lattice degeneration
  10. 10. Palisades of Vogt The stem cells of the corneal epithelium are situated at the limbus, nestled within the undulating folds of the Palisades of Vogt
  11. 11. Fuchs
  12. 12. Ernst Fuchs Austrian ophthalmologist, born 14th June, 1851, Vienna; died November 21, 1930, Vienna.
  13. 13. Fuchs' corneal dystrophy seen more commonly in women, with clouding of the cornea
  14. 14. Fuchs' heterochromic cyclitis An idiopathic disorder of the eye, with heterochromia, uveitis of the lighter coloured eye, iridocyclitis, keratitic precipitates and often cataract
  15. 15. Fuchs' spot A small black spot on the fundus in high myopia, occurring after macular haemorrhage
  16. 16. Dalen Fuchs Nodules Clusters of epithelioid cells containing pigment lying between the RPE and Bruchs membrane in VKH & Sympathetic Ophthalmia
  17. 17. Bell
  18. 18. Sir Charles Bell Scottish anatomist, surgeon, and physiologist, born November 1774; died 28th April, 1842, North Hallow, Worcestershire.
  19. 19. Bell's palsy Peripheral, usually unilateral, idiopathic paralysis of facial nerve.
  20. 20. Bell's phenomenon upturning of the globe on lid closure. 
  21. 21. Weber
  22. 22. Frederick Parkes Weber English physician, born 8th May, 1863, London; died 1962.
  23. 23. Sturge-Weber syndrome A congenital disorder involving the brain, skin and eyes
  24. 24. Rendu-Osler-Weber disease A familial syndrome characterised by multiple telangiectasia of the skin, and of the oral, nasal, conjunctival and gastrointestinal mucous membranes.
  25. 25. Henle
  26. 26. Friedrich Gustav Jacob Henle German anatomist and pathologist, born 19th July, 1809, Fürth, near Nuremberg, Bavaria; died 13th May, 1885, Göttingen
  27. 27. Henle's fibers 1.Outer plexiform layer makes synapses with dendrites of bipolar cells In the macular region, this is known as the Fiber layer of Henle
  28. 28. Hassle-Henle bodies Small hyaline excrescences in the periphery of the Descemet membrane.
  29. 29. Crypts of Henle .microscopic pockets found in the conjunctiva They are responsible for secreting mucin
  30. 30. Elschnig
  31. 31. Anton Elschnig (August 22, 1863 – 1939) was an ophthalmologist born in Leibnitz, Austria.
  32. 32. Elschnig's pearls Pearl-like clusters formed by growth of epithelial cells on the posterior lens capsule
  33. 33. Elschnig's spots black spots surrounded by bright yellow or red halos in patients with advanced hypertensive retinopathy
  34. 34. Goldmann
  35. 35. Hans Goldmann Swiss ophthalmologist born 1899 died 1991
  36. 36. Goldmann perimetry
  37. 37. Goldmann tonometer
  38. 38. Goldmann Goniolens
  39. 39. Goldmann Weekers dark adaptometer
  40. 40. Goldmann-Favre disease congenital retinoschisis with pigmentation in the fundus, complete night blindness, or loss of the scotopic b-wave of the ERG. The disease is transmitted by autosomal recessive inheritance. 
  41. 41. Amsler
  42. 42. Marc Amsler Swiss ophthalmologist, born 1891, died 1968.
  43. 43. Amsler grid Chart used to detect or document macular diseases 
  44. 44. Amsler's sign Haemorrhage caused by cataract surgery in Fuch's heterochromic iridocyclitis (FHI(.
  45. 45. Leber
  46. 46. Theodor Leber German ophthalmologist, born 29th February, 1840, Karlsruhe; died 1917
  47. 47. Leber's congenital amaurosis
  48. 48. Leber's optic atrophy A rare hereditary form of optic atrophy that usually affects young males
  49. 49. Leber's miliary aneurysm A form of unilateral exudative retinopathy occurring in children before puberty, it is now considered as a milder form of Coat's disease.
  50. 50. von Graefe
  51. 51. Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Albrecht von Graefe German ophthalmologist, born 22nd May, 1828, Finkenheerd (Mark Brandenburg) Berlin; died 20th July, 1870; Berlin
  52. 52. Graefe's sign Failure of the upper lid to follow a downward movement of the eyeball when the patient changes his or her vision from looking up to looking down. 
  53. 53. Graefe's knife knife designed for cataract extraction. Now of historical interest.
  54. 54. Cogan
  55. 55. David Glendenning Cogan American ophthalmologist, born 1908, Fall River, Massachusets; died 9th September, 1993, Bethesda.
  56. 56. Cogan’s Dystrophy epithelial basement membrane dystrophy
  57. 57. Cogan's sign Cogan's lid twitch, in patients with myasthenia. When the patient's eyes are directed downward for 10 to 20 seconds and the patient is then instructed to make a vertical saccade back to primary position, the upper eyelid elevates and either slowly begins to droop or else twitches several times before settling into a stable position
  58. 58. Cogan-Reese disease characterized by a matted or smudged appearance to the surface of the iris, unilateral glaucoma in the eyes with multiple peripheral anterior synechiae, multiple nodules of the iris
  59. 59. Cogan's syndrome Syndrome of interstitial keratitis characterized by abrupt onset of vertigo, tinnitus, and usually rapid development of bilateral deafness
  60. 60. Cogan’s rule Testing for optokinetic nystagmus. Finding asymmetrical OKN ...the lesion is more likely to reside in the parietal lobe, and more likely to be nonvascular, that is a tumor (Cogan's rule(
  61. 61. Marcus Gunn
  62. 62. Robert Marcus Gunn Scottish ophthalmologist, born 1850, Dunnet – died on 29 November 1909, Hindhead
  63. 63. Marcus Gunn jaw-winking phenomenon unilateral eyelid movement with movement of the jaw
  64. 64. Marcus Gunn pupil relative afferent pupillary defect caused by optic nerve lesion or extensive retinal disease.
  65. 65. Gunn's dots light reflectios from internal limiting membrane around disc and macula
  66. 66. Gunn’s Sign AV, or arteriovenous nicking is the phenomenon where a small artery (arteriole) is seen crossing a small vein (venule), which results in the compression of the vein with bulging on either side of the crossing. This is most commonly seen in eye disease caused by high blood pressure
  67. 67. Thank You

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