Swiss ophthalmologist, born 31st October, 1879, Menziken, Aargau; died 1943.
limbal girdle of Vogt
Corneal opacity that occurs in an arc concentric pattern and is
adjacent to the limbus within the palpebral fissure at 3 and 9 o'clock.
it is more common nasally than temporally, but it is frequently both.
It is found in 60% of patients older than 40 years and occurs more
frequently in women than in men
Vertical stress lines seen deep in the affected
stroma of keratoconus
Vogt's anterior mosaic crocodile
bilateral, polygonal, grayish-white opacities in the deep layers of the
epithelium and in Bowman's layer
it is a systemic inflammatory condition involving the eye, as well as other organs
White lines of Vogt
Sheathed or sclerosed vessels seen in Lattice
Palisades of Vogt
The stem cells of the corneal epithelium are situated at the limbus,
nestled within the undulating folds of the Palisades of Vogt
congenital retinoschisis with pigmentation in the fundus, complete
night blindness, or loss of the scotopic b-wave of the ERG.
The disease is transmitted by autosomal recessive inheritance.
Cogan's lid twitch, in patients with myasthenia. When the patient's
eyes are directed downward for 10 to 20 seconds and the patient is
then instructed to make a vertical saccade back to primary position,
the upper eyelid elevates and either slowly begins to droop or else
twitches several times before settling into a stable position
characterized by a matted or smudged appearance to the
surface of the iris, unilateral glaucoma in the eyes with multiple
peripheral anterior synechiae, multiple nodules of the iris
Syndrome of interstitial keratitis characterized by abrupt onset of
vertigo, tinnitus, and usually rapid development of bilateral deafness
Testing for optokinetic nystagmus. Finding asymmetrical OKN ...the
lesion is more likely to reside in the parietal lobe, and more likely to be
nonvascular, that is a tumor (Cogan's rule(
Robert Marcus Gunn
Scottish ophthalmologist, born 1850, Dunnet – died on 29 November
Marcus Gunn jaw-winking
unilateral eyelid movement with movement of the jaw
Marcus Gunn pupil
relative afferent pupillary defect caused by optic nerve lesion or
extensive retinal disease.
light reflectios from internal limiting membrane around
disc and macula
AV, or arteriovenous nicking is the phenomenon where a small
artery (arteriole) is seen crossing a small vein (venule), which results
in the compression of the vein with bulging on either side of the
crossing. This is most commonly seen in eye disease caused by
high blood pressure