3 levels of studying Quran:-
Read and goes through the translation in one flow. Understanding the
meaning of each ayaah and moving forward. Cover to cover Quran is
the first kind.
Thematic study of Quran. Looking at Quran focusing on especial topic
from the entire Quran. It is still not very detailed. However it provides us
with the overall message of the topic or surah.
One surah at a time. “Coherence”, i.e.
1st_ the relationship between the surah with surah before and after
2nd_ What is the structure of the surah (how many ayaat are in this
surah; what is the tone and ending notes/ words of the ayaat etc.)
3rd_ linguistics analysis using several sources.
Looking at Root words from the surah and understanding the reason for
its placement with relationship to it’s content. & (Aathaar) tafaseer
from sahabah and analysis from the sahabah of certain ayaat.
Approach of the Study
1. Flow between surahs (in particular the previous
surah), thematic links
2. Introductory comments about the surah
3. Structure of the surah
4. Ayah by ayah and also finding particular links
with previous surah
5. Bibliography- Ibn Ashur, Az Zamakhshari – Al
Kashshaaf, Ar Razi, An Nasafi, book name – Al
I’rab Al Mufassal, Al Farahidi. Sources that are
6. Linguistic approach to the text
7. Commentary by the Sahabah and the following
8. Root analysis of words
Our Heart is that Niche …
Same as a niche in a wall inside a house, our heart is the niche
of our body and soul.
Human beings have ribcage which protects our heart inside it.
The purpose of a niche is to further expand the light after
Just as a glass will reflect light when it is clean and free from
dirt, we need to keep our heart clean and protected with
beneficial and useful knowledge to shine bright.
When the glass is clean, it is like a shining brilliant star which
shows it’s brilliance during night time (transition from daytime
to night time)
Lamps are on at night time,
Ar Razi the people of the earth look up at the sky filled with
twinkling stars. The people of the sky (i.e. angels) look at the stars
of the earth.
6 PASSAGES ALL TOGETHER
PART 1( MISSION OF NUH ) ayah 1-4
Nuh (a) was given the mission to spread among his
nation. This was the commandment from Allah swt.
PART 2(1ST COMPLAIN OF NUH TO ALLAH) 5 – 12
Nuh (a) says to Allah swt that he tried his best to
convey His message but they were persistent not
to listen or rectification. Many of them disbelieved
except for a few. Nuh (a)‘s patiently and
consistently gave them logical, coherent, and
clarification as to why they should believe and
follow his message, yet they refused him.
Surah Nuh – 6 sections
PART 3 (Continuation of his 1st complain) ayah13-
THEY HAVE NO REASON TO DISBELIEVE IN THE MESS
AGE FROM ALLAH SWT
PART 4 ( 2ND COMPLAIN OF NUH TO ALLAH)
ayah 21 – 24
PART 5 ( ALLAH SWT RESPONSE TO NUH COMPLAIN)
DUA of NUH (a)
PART 6 ( NUH DUA) ayah 25-28
When a slave talks to Allah swt, it is in the form of
dua. Now, not only Allah swt is angry with the
disbelievers (from Nuh (a) nation) but Nuh (a) is
also angry with them for their consistent rejection
and misbehaving attitude. Now, Nuh (a) gives up
in any hope of his nation listening to the truth and
in obedience to Allah swt.
The word FORGIVENESS & INCREASE is repeated
multiple times in this surah.
Worshiper (’abid) Disbeliever (Kafir)
how bright the light shines
from within us
the lamp is fuelled by a tree (the tree is outside the
house), the thing that fuels the light in our hearts
comes from outside the heart.
Olive tree, blessed that it produces more than
expected. More benefit than expected. We have
something inside us that it would even surprise us.
The RuH inside of us has so much potential.
neither eastern nor western, maximum exposure to
the sun light which produces the most refined oil.
Light Upon Light
Purpose of this light:
It fuels us so that when we are in a dark or bad situation we can benefit
from it. We can find our way, and we may become carrier of the light.
“After all, the lamp is only beneficial in dark times”
We need refined oil that its almost about to catch on fire. So then when a lamp is
lit: It illuminate it’s surrounding. There is Light upon Light. Both source and the
A tree received light from both sides.
We know that The lamp is/gives light and the glass is like a light/ clear or
transparent so that the light can enter easily. And if this lamp is placed in a niche
it will glow and spread light.
Now IMAGINE …
When the Light inside (our heart) meets the Light from above,
It is Light upon Light.
PREP: glass has to be cleaned in order for the meeting of light [OUR GOAL]
Connection & Relationship
In Surah Ma’arij
punishment is given on
individual bases. It is
direct, up close and
personal. Some people
who continue to do
themselves and others
may not get punished
in dunya but they will
for their wrong doing in
Destruction/ punishment is brought
upon a nation in dunya and also in
Prophets care for their nation &
their people, feel responsible for
them, shed tears for them, selflessly
keep approaching people with
patience to bring them towards
guidance. They try their utmost till the
end to invite them to do good. This
great example is seen through
prophet Nuh (a) 950 years hard work
giving dawah to his nation subhaan
Allah. The nation of Nuh (a) received
great punishment in dunya and they
are sure to receive punishment in the
[Indeed, We sent Noah to his people,
[saying], "Warn your people before there
comes to them a painful punishment.“] ---
Arsal: to let out
Rasul: Sent (Nuh) 3rd
person aka Messenger
Mursal: Sent by Allah
chosen) Messenger are
Obligated to do
Mursil: Sender/ Munzil:
To appoint someone or
ٓۦِهِمْوَق = his people, (by
lineage or geography
Qaaim: standing for
Ummah: also small
group of people
Intifaaq- Transition in
direct to indirect
NUH - 71:1
Nuh (a) was sent by Allah swt to his people to warn them of a
painful punishment if they do not rectify their behavior and
understand what they are doing is harmful for them.
What were they doing?
They were the first nation who introduced shirk (worshiping
besides Allah swt). These people spread corruption and were unjust.
He (a) could have just warned them and his job would have been
But we find out that he (a) truly cared for his people and tried his
utmost for 950 years, approaching them gently and patiently to
teach them good and yet majority scoffed at him.
Sunnah of Nuh (a) is to try your best even if you have to go an extra
mile. Job Well Done accounts for:
Being Patient, caring, approach people with understanding and
gently (Communication 101)
Quality over Quantity
ْٓرِذنَأ“ = Warn
2nd person) i.e.
Implied- talk to ppl
AN (_): warn them
and do your best