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Introduction to AWS Cloud Computing

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Amazon Web Services (AWS) provides on-demand computing resources and services in the cloud, with pay-as-you-go pricing. This session provides an overview and describes how using AWS resources instead of your own is like purchasing electricity from a power company instead of running your own generator. Using AWS resources provides many of the same benefits as a public utility: Capacity exactly matches your need, you pay only for what you use, economies of scale result in lower costs, and the service is provided by a vendor experienced in running large-scale networks. A high-level overview of AWS infrastructure (such as AWS Regions and Availability Zones) and AWS services is provided as part of this session.

Speaker: Tom Whateley, Solutions Architect and Stephanie Zieno, Account Manager, Amazon Web Services

Published in: Internet

Introduction to AWS Cloud Computing

  1. 1. © 2016, Amazon Web Services, Inc. or its Affiliates. All rights reserved. Tom Whateley, Solutions Architect, Amazon Web Services Joseph Abhayaratna , CTO, PSMA Australia Introduction to AWS Cloud Computing
  2. 2. How did amazon.com…
  3. 3. …get into cloud computing?
  4. 4. So what is Cloud Computing? The on-demand delivery of IT resources via the Internet, with pay-as-you-go pricing.
  5. 5. What sets AWS apart? Building and managing cloud since 2006 70+ services to support virtually any cloud workload History of rapid, customer-driven releases 13 regions, 35 availability zones, 56 edge locations 51 proactive price reductions to date Tens of thousands of partners; 2,500+ Marketplace products Experience Service breadth & depth Pace of innovation Global footprint Pricing philosophy Ecosystem
  6. 6. Global Footprint Over 1 million active customers per month across 190 countries 2,300 government agencies 7,000 educational institutions 13 regions 35 availability zones + 4 more coming soon 56 edge locations AWS is available today in the U.S., Brazil, Europe, Japan, Singapore, Australia, and China. Additional regions in the UK, Canada, China, and Ohio are expected to come online over the next 12 – 18 months.
  7. 7. Example AWS Region AZ AZ AZ AZ AZ Transit Transit • 1 of 13 AWS worldwide AWS regions • Redundant paths to transit centers • Transit centers connect to: – Private links to other AWS Regions – Private links to AWS Direct Connect customers – Internet through peering & paid transit • Metro-area DWDM links between AZs • 82,864 fiber strands in region • AZs <2 ms apart & usually <1 ms • 25 Tbps peak inter-AZs traffic
  8. 8. Why Availability Zones? Challenges with traditional asynchronous replication between distant data centers • Committing to an SSD order 1 to 2 ms • But Sydney to Melbourne is 20 ms • You can’t wait 20 ms to commit a transaction Traditional failure, difficult decision: • Failover & lose transactions, or • Or don’t failover & lose availability • Difficult choice AZs for no-admin failover • Sync works when < 2 ms • Combine with regional replication for very high availability (VHA) 20 ms
  9. 9. Region Redundant tier-1 region-to-region connectivity Transit Centers connect: • Private links to other regions • Private links to Direct Connect customers • Internet through peering & paid transit AZs on separate flood plains AZs fault separated (sub-stations) AZs TYPICALLY <1 ms separation 25 Tbps peak inter-AZ traffic 3 AZa AZc AZbDC DC DC DC DC DC DC DC DC DC DC DC TC TC
  10. 10. Example AWS Availability Zone AZ AZ AZ AZ AZ Transit Transit • 1 of 33 AZs worldwide • Each AZ is 1 or more DCs – No DC is in two AZs – Some AZs have as many as 6 DCs • All regions have 2 or more EC2 AZs • DCs in AZ less than ¼ ms apart – Don’t need inter-AZ independence – Do require low latency & full B/W
  11. 11. Example AWS Data Center • Single DC typically over 50,000 servers & often over 80,000 – Larger DCs undesirable (blast radius) • Up to 102 Tbps provisioned to a single DC • AWS custom network equipment: – Multi-ODM sourced – Amazon custom network protocol stack
  12. 12. Technical & Business Support Hybrid Architecture Application Marketplace Analytics Application Services Mobile Services Development & Operations Internet of Things Enterprise Applications Security & Compliance Core Services Infrastructure
  13. 13. ENTERPRISE APPS DEVELOPMENT & OPERATIONSMOBILE SERVICESAPP SERVICESANALYTICS Data Warehousing Hadoop/ Spark Streaming Data Collection Machine Learning Elastic Search Virtual Desktops Sharing & Collaboration Corporate Email Backup Queuing & Notifications Workflow Search Email Transcoding One-click App Deployment Identity Sync Single Integrated Console Push Notifications DevOps Resource Management Application Lifecycle Management Containers Triggers Resource Templates TECHNICAL & BUSINESS SUPPORT Account Management Support Professional Services Training & Certification Security & Pricing Reports Partner Ecosystem Solutions Architects MARKETPLACE Business Apps Business Intelligence Databases DevOps Tools NetworkingSecurity Storage Regions Availability Zones Points of Presence INFRASTRUCTURE CORE SERVICES Compute VMs, Auto-scaling, & Load Balancing Storage Object, Blocks, Archival, Import/Export Databases Relational, NoSQL, Caching, Migration Networking VPC, DX, DNS CDN Access Control Identity Management Key Management & Storage Monitoring & Logs Assessment and reporting Resource & Usage Auditing SECURITY & COMPLIANCE Configuration Compliance Web application firewall HYBRID ARCHITECTURE Data Backups Integrated App Deployments Direct Connect Identity Federation Integrated Resource Management Integrated Networking API Gateway IoT Rules Engine Device Shadows Device SDKs Registry Device Gateway Streaming Data Analysis Business Intelligence Mobile Analytics
  14. 14. Not just the expansive services… much deeper features Compute Storage Block storage: Magnetic General purpose SSD Provisioned IOPS Object storage: Life cycle management Event triggers Data locality control Elastic File System POSIX Compliant Relational databases RDS for MySQL RDS for SQL Server RDS for Oracle RDS for PostgreSQL RDS for Amazon Aurora Multi-AZ synchronous replication Read replica support Auditing, security & compliance Configuration history Usage audit logs Change notifications Dedicated HSMs Customer controlled keys General purpose (M4) Compute optimized (C4) GPU optimized (G2) Storage optimized (D2) IO optimized (I2) Low-cost, burstable performance (T2) Memory Optimized (R3, X1)
  15. 15. Build everything on a constantly improving security baseline GxP ISO 13485 AS9100 ISO/TS 16949 AWS Foundation Services Compute Storage Database Networking AWS Global Infrastructure Regions Availability Zones Edge Locations AWS is responsible for the security OF the Cloud
  16. 16. AWS Foundation Services Compute Storage Database Networking AWS Global Infrastructure Regions Availability Zones Edge Locations Client-side Data Encryption Server-side Data Encryption Network Traffic Protection Platform, Applications, Identity & Access Management Operating System, Network, & Firewall Configuration Customer applications & content Customers Customers have their choice of security configurations IN the Cloud AWS is responsible for the security OF the Cloud Security is shared between AWS and its customers
  17. 17. Strengthen your security posture Powerful native functionality and tools at no additional charge Over 30 global compliance certifications and accreditations Leverage security enhancements gleaned from 1 M+ customer experiences Benefit from AWS industry leading security teams 24/7, 365 days a year Security infrastructure built to satisfy military, global banks, and other high-sensitivity organizations “We work closely with AWS to develop a security model, which we believe enables us to operate more securely in the public cloud than we can in our own data centers.” Rob Alexander - CIO, Capital One
  18. 18. Access a deep set of cloud security tools Encryption AWS KMS AWS CloudHSM Server-side encryption Networking Amazon VPC AWS WAF Compliance AWS ConfigAWS CloudTrailAWS Service Catalog Identity AWS IAM Active Directory integration SAML-based federation
  19. 19. Gartner Magic Quadrant for Cloud Infrastructure as a Service, Worldwide (May 2015) Gartner “Magic Quadrant for Cloud Infrastructure as a Service, Worldwide,” Lydia Leong, Douglas Toombs, Bob Gill, May 18, 2015. This Magic Quadrant graphic was published by Gartner, Inc. as part of a larger research note and should be evaluated in the context of the entire report. The Gartner report is available at http://aws.amazon.com/resources/analyst-reports/. Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product or service depicted in its research publications, and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors with the highest ratings or other designation. Gartner research publications consist of the opinions of Gartner's research organization and should not be construed as statements of fact. Gartner disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, with respect to this research, including any warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. “AWS has a diverse customer base and the broadest range of use cases, including enterprise and mission-critical applications. It is the overwhelming market share leader, with over 10 times more cloud IaaS compute capacity in use than the aggregate total of the other 14 providers in this Magic Quadrant.”
  20. 20. Application hosting considerations @craw 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Changing face of Enterprise IT SaaS Public Cloud Private Cloud On Premise Indicative Only “By 2020, the distinction between public and private cloud disappears as self-built private clouds become extinct #idcgrac” Crawford Del Prete; EVP, Products and Chief Research Officer
  21. 21. Pricing Philosophy High volume / low margin businesses are in our core DNA Trade CapEX for variable expense Our economies of scale provide us with lower costs 51 price reductions since 2006 Pricing model choice to support variable and stable workloads On-demand Reserved Instances Spot Save more money as you grow bigger Tiered pricing Volume discounts Custom pricing
  22. 22. An expansive ecosystem Thousands of the world’s largest technology and consulting companies 31 Global Premier Consulting partners 8 Enterprise-focused competencies 2,500+ products available for 1-click deployment across 23 distinct product categories Customers run over 70 M hours of software per month
  23. 23. AWS Cloud Eliminate costly technical debt and reallocate resources so you can deliver high-value, revenue-generating projects faster. Innovate faster and solidify your competitive advantage by merging startup agility with enterprise experience and resources. Reduce risk by focusing resources dedicated to security, compliance and availability to the most important areas of your business. "AWS is our trusted partner that is going to run our company for the next 140 years.” Jim Fowler – CIO, General Electric
  24. 24. Joseph Abhayaratna CTO
  25. 25. It’s an ecosystem
  26. 26. Our datasets G-NAF Administrative Boundaries CadLite Features of Interest Transport & Topography Land Tenure Postcode Boundaries
  27. 27. NAMF Web Services (NWS) Address Verification Find Address by Attribute Batch Address Verification G-NAF G-NAF Live Australia Post PAF Web Feature Services (WFS) Find Containing Find by Attribute Administrative Boundaries CadLite Other Datasets (eg. ABS) Web Map Services (WMS) CadHighlight
  28. 28. You’ve used our data • … if you look at a map on a computer • … if you use satnav • ... if you order stuff on the internet
  29. 29. Today’s discussion Why AWS • Evolution, not cost cutting • Our technology canvas • Our challenge PSMA’s use cases • Implementation foundations • Storage • Web services • Visualisation Progress • So far, so good
  30. 30. AWS Training & Certification Intro Videos & Labs Free videos and labs to help you learn to work with 30+ AWS services – in minutes! Training Classes In-person and online courses to build technical skills – taught by accredited AWS instructors Online Labs Practice working with AWS services in live environment – Learn how related services work together AWS Certification Validate technical skills and expertise - identify qualified IT talent or show you are AWS cloud ready Learn more: aws.amazon.com/training

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