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Presentation 8


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Presentation 8

  1. 1. Ethnoichthyology of Southeast Alaska 2015 WAISC Presentation Andrew Thomason BLA Anthropology and Biology
  2. 2. "Ethnobiology and ethnomedicine are exciting and revolutionary multidisciplinary fields at the center of many current debates on culturally appropriate management of the biodiversity and the human and animal health." - Andrea Pieroni, Editor and Chief, Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
  3. 3. Methods Semi-directed interviews with commercial fishermen Selection for adults (>18 years old) with at least 3 years or seasons of experience 52 Interview Conducted in Juneau, Kodiak, and Sitka
  4. 4. Limitations Spatiotemporal Correlates Ensured Anonymity Willingness to Participate
  5. 5. Interview Topics Fishing Practices Home, Body, and Self Beliefs The Environment and Regulations
  6. 6. Results Body Art Termination Home/Office Art Policy Issue Deaths via Fishing MarMam 0% 25% 50% 75% 100%
  7. 7. Quantitative Analysis via Chi-squared Testing of Categorical Data State of Origin and Years Fishing Gender and Fish Representation Years Fishing and Regulation Concerns State of Origin and Regulation Concerns -0.18205 -0.0533 -0.02876 -0.25533 Results Continued Alpha .05/95% Confidence
  8. 8. Qualitative Results Reoccurring Beliefs and Practices: • Sympathetic Magic • Ladies on the Vessel • Rainy Days and Salmon • First Catch Sacrifice
  9. 9. Results Continued Environmental Policies: Kudos and Complaints Kudos • Maintains Fish Stocks • Reprimands Over-harvest • Maintains Local Economies • Maximizes Fishermen Livelihood Complaints • Political (Permit Stacking) • Unfair to Alaska Natives • Marine Mammal Protection/Violence • Not Well Understood
  10. 10. Ethnoichthyological Conclusions Syncretic Ecological Knowledge and Cooperative Management Fish are "out there", seemingly apart from local commercial fishermen- as reflected in sociocultural phenomena Gender representation and identity, both dynamic, seemingly in flux
  11. 11. What Makes for Good Fishing?
  12. 12. "A Lot of Things." - Every Fisherman. Ever.
  13. 13. Acknowledgements Dr. Erica Hill, The URECA Committee, Kim Stewart Greinier, the Kimmel Family for hosting me in Sitka, Nathan Bodenstadt, Point Abercrombie Park Staff, Dr. Brian Vandernaald, the Alutiiq Museum in Kodiak and Brian Fraley, and my informants during the study
  14. 14. Thanks for listening! Any Questions?