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-Edward Said
Edward Said: 
 Edward Wadie Said born in 
Jerusalem to Palestinian 
parents. 
 Preeminent scholar and an 
important figu...
Orientalism: 
 Orientalism means the study of Near and Far 
Eastern societies and cultures, languages, and 
peoples by We...
Crisis ( In Orientalism): 
• Edward Said in his essay “ Crisis “ describes the 
dissimilarity between reality and what tex...
 Two situations that favor a textual attitude: One is,when a 
human being confronts at close quarters something 
unknown ...
 For the Orientalists the Orient, was something to be 
encountered and dealt with to a certain extent. 
 This happened b...
 Said next move is “ preposterous transition” – Orientalists 
overrode the Orient. 
 This transition comes down to Weste...
 Orientalism is grounded in text. It is then a textual and 
mental colonization of the Orient. This makes the 
Orientalis...
 One important thing that Said points out is that the 
modern Orientalists stands apart from the Orient, yet still 
shape...
 Said brings out that, a white middle-class Westerner 
believes that it is human prerogative not only to manage 
the non-...
CONCLUSION: 
 Said finishes his essay describing his and the Orient’s 
crisis. 
 “ The present crisis dramatizes the dis...
Crisis [in orientalism] ppt
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Crisis [in orientalism] ppt

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Crisis [in orientalism] ppt

  1. 1. -Edward Said
  2. 2. Edward Said:  Edward Wadie Said born in Jerusalem to Palestinian parents.  Preeminent scholar and an important figure in postcolonial studies.  Well known as an activist in Middle Eastern politics  A cultural critic best known for the 1978 book Orientalism.
  3. 3. Orientalism:  Orientalism means the study of Near and Far Eastern societies and cultures, languages, and peoples by Western scholars.  Orientalism by Edward Said is a cononical text of cultural studies in which he challenges the concept of orientalism or the difference between east and west.
  4. 4. Crisis ( In Orientalism): • Edward Said in his essay “ Crisis “ describes the dissimilarity between reality and what texts say about reality, using what Orientalists say about the orients in text. • “ What seems unexceptionable good sense to these writers is that it is a fallacy to assume that the swarming, unpredictable and problematic mess in which human beings live can be understood on the basis of what books-texts say; to apply what one learns out of book to reality is to risk folly or ruin.”
  5. 5.  Two situations that favor a textual attitude: One is,when a human being confronts at close quarters something unknown and threatening and previously distant, one has to recourse not only to one’s previous experience but also to what one has read about it. For Example : travel books and guide books.  Second is appearance of success.  Said sets this up to describe the Orientalist- a group of intellectuals from the west .
  6. 6.  For the Orientalists the Orient, was something to be encountered and dealt with to a certain extent.  This happened because of the mysteriousness of the Orient to the Westerners.It was the text of the Orientalists, from the West, that shaped the image and reality of the Orient.  They held a textual attitude towards the Orient.
  7. 7.  Said next move is “ preposterous transition” – Orientalists overrode the Orient.  This transition comes down to Westerners wanting to control the Orient, to dehumanize them in a way to make the Orient their own, their slave.  Thus, Said relates Orientalism to Colonization.  “ to colonize meant at first the identification – indeed, the creation of interests; these could be commercial, communicational, military, religious, cultural.”
  8. 8.  Orientalism is grounded in text. It is then a textual and mental colonization of the Orient. This makes the Orientalists to control the Orient.  Said says ,“ It is as if ,on the one hand, a bin called ‘ Oriental’ existed into which all the authoritative, anonymous and traditional Western attitude to the East were dumped. On the other, true to the trsdition of storytelling, one could nevertheless tell of experiences with or in the Orient.”
  9. 9.  One important thing that Said points out is that the modern Orientalists stands apart from the Orient, yet still shapes that image and forms a textual opinion of something so far from reality.  His Orient is not the Orient as it is, but the Orient as it has been Orientalized.  By the end of World War I both Africa and Orient formed not so much an intellectual spectacle for the West. The scope of Orientalism matched the scope of empire that provoked crisis in history of western thought about Orient.
  10. 10.  Said brings out that, a white middle-class Westerner believes that it is human prerogative not only to manage the non-white world but also to own it, just because by definition ’it’ is not quite as human as ‘we’ are.  It is this dehumanization that Said connotes with Orientalism.
  11. 11. CONCLUSION:  Said finishes his essay describing his and the Orient’s crisis.  “ The present crisis dramatizes the disparity between texts and reality.”  He not only exposes the source of Orientalism’s views but also to reflect on its importance, for the contemporary intellectual feels that to ignore a part of the world is to avoid reality.  So this avoiding of reality is the crisis.

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