One of the biggest slums in the world, Dharavi is located in West Mumbai region
Approximately seven million people in Mumbai
live in slums
Mumbai is one of the most populous cities
in the world with approximately 14 million
55% of the population of Mumbai lives in
Mumbai’s slums cover only 6-8% of the city’s
land with 55% of its people.
It is believed that 72% of this slum
population is literate.
• About 100 Printing presses.
• 111 restaurants.
• 85 Export Oriented Units
(including WHO approved
• surgical sutures).
• 3 to 4 Soap and detergent
• 25 Bakeries
There are 145 (Hazardous
chemical drums) recycling
units along residential
Adulteration and copying
(cold drinks to toothpaste).
722 Scrap and Recycling
(plastics, chemicals etc.) of
which only 359
ChorBazaar : Mumbai’s
biggest market for any kind
of Pirated goods.
REDEVELOPMENT OR NOT
The redevelopment would mean,
a cleaner hygienic Dharavi minus
the slums, encroachments and
People of Dharavi would live a
better life in terms of tangible
comforts like houses etc..
Paves way for 550 acres of prime
real estate in the most pivotal part
This plan dedicates plots to non
Dharavi always carried the slum
tag, and now will be ready to
become a part of the Skyline of
Relocating 57000 unwilling to
relocate families is a big thing.
The Idea of redevelopment was
least thought of 10 years back.
As industries are segregated, the
social activities which are
interrelated between industries
People in Dharavi although
uncomfortable, are happy,
happiness is omnipresent in
Redevelopment is just an excuse
given to make more money out of
the Real Estate gold mine that
Case studies all over the world have documented the inappropriateness of high-rise
resettlement projects in poor areas. The social and economic networks which
the poor rely on for subsistence can hardly be sustained in high-rise structures.
These high rise projects are not appropriate for home-based economic activities,
which play a major role in Dharavi.
A unique characteristic of Dharavi is its very close work-place relationship.
Productive activity takes place in nearly every home. As a result, Dharavi's
economic activity is decentralized, human scale, home-based, low-tech
This has created an organic and incrementally developing urban form with
mixed use, high density low-rise streetscapes. This is a model many
planners have been trying to recreate in cities across the world.
Amraiwadi is located in the eastern segment of the Ahmedabad city, which has historically
developed as an industrial area; since the beginning of the 20th century the cotton textile mills
were located there and later the new industrial estates housing small scale industries.
Gujarat state government has decided to adopt Mumbai's controversial Dharavi slum
redevelopment model as it embarks on an ambitious plan to upgrade the living quarters of
440,000 slum dwellers in the city.
Multi-Pronged Approach of Gujarat Housing Board
for slum redevelopment
The Ahmedabad project, called 'the Regulation for the Rehabilitation and Redevelopment of
the Slums 2010' and run by the state's Urban Development Department, will focus initially on
1,200 families who reside in the 'crime-prone' slum of Amraiwadi. Under the public-private
partnership (PPP) model, an Ahmedabad-based private contractor will develop 1,136 flats of 33
square metres each, in three-storey blocks, for allocation to slum dwellers currently living on
government land. The one-bedroom apartments will have drainage and drinking water systems,
and will also have a landscaped garden and school if all approvals go as planned.
As the project progresses, the government will need to keep as its focus the betterment of the
people living in the slums, rather than a 'beautification' of the city, which will ultimately lead to
an incongruence in goals for the players involved.
Under Ahmedabad's Slum Rehabilitation Policy, the builder can utilise the space left
after constructing houses for the slum-dwellers for commercial or other purposes. Also,
the floor space index (FSI) — the ratio of the total floor area of a building to the area of
its site — will be raised for builders who develop slums under the policy.
Mukhyamantri awas samriddhi yojana
This scheme aims to provide:
• Urban Infrastructure Facilities
• Social Infrastructure Facilities
• EWS/LIG Housing
• Provision for two rooms, kitchen, bathroom and water closet
• Inclusion of Private Sector for in-situ Development of Slums
• Releasing a bunch of incentives to catalyze the low-cost housing
sector in the State
Six slums in this Amraiwadi ward have been selected after looking at the available data from
the surveys and Focussed Group Discussions (FGDs) in each of the slum.
Typical Floor Plans
for the Proposed
One BHK Flats
Proposed plans by Gujarat Housing Board for slum redevelopment
• Space to be provided for Cattle, preferably common.
• Agricultural land to be legal maintenance purview.
• Zoning in terms of socio economic strata considerations –
farmers, businessmen etc.
• Proper sewerage and sanitary systems to be considered given
the severe problems that arise during monsoons
• Infrastructure for Health facilities to be considered.
• Aspirations of people to be kept in mind in terms of
cross-linkages between house holds
• Community and recreation areas would be of
• Respect for Nature.
We should acknowledge existing economic activities and the spatial
organization, and modify it wherever necessary in the process of
The involvement of the concerned population in the planning process is a
planning imperative if the redevelopment is to be successful from a human
and urban perspective.