Teaching is not considered as merely
transmitting knowledge and information such
as facts, concepts and principles but rather
as providing students with relevant
experiences from which they can construct
their own meaning.
Constructivism is anchored on the assumption
that “the absorption or assimilation of
knowledge is somewhat personal and
therefore no two learners can build up the
same meaning out of one situation”.
The teacher’s role is to facilitate learning by
providing opportunities for a stimulating
dialogue so that meanings could evolve and
be constructed. She guides the students
through skillful questioning and appropriate
The instructional materials include learning
activities and events rather than fixed
documents (laws, principles) that almost
always are learned unquestioned and simply
Lessons are activity-centered in order for
them to experience or gain personal
knowledge through active involvement.
Participation with understanding enables
them to “live through” a learning episode.
Teaching should have lessons
where “hands on”
solving, logical reasoning, and
authentic learning are
Teachers should generally
behave in an interactive
manner mediating the
environment for students
where student questions are
Teachers should seek the
student’s point of view in order
to understand student learning
for use in subsequent lessons.
Strength and Weakness
In a situation where
conformity is essential
divergent thinking &
action may cause problem.
The goal is to train
learners to do a task the
same way to enable
-Imagine the fun revenue
Canada would have it
every person decided to
report their taxes in
their own way, although,
there probably are some
approaches used w/n the
system we have
-Logging onto & off of a
workplace computer is the
same for all employee; it
may be important to an
exact routine to avoid
Experimentation: students individually perform an
experiment and then come together as a class to
discuss the results.
Research projects: students research a topic and
can present their findings to the class.
Field trips. This allows students to put the concepts
and ideas discussed in class in a real-world context.
Field trips would often be followed by class
Films. These provide visual context and thus
bring another sense into the learning
Class discussions. This technique is used in all
of the methods described above. It is one of
the most important distinctions of
constructivist teaching methods.