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Plague is a bacterial infection, which Yersinia pestis is the
etiological agent of this disease, and mostly affects (lung...
Bubo is a Greek word which is termed for swollen lymph
glandes. It is the acute inflammation and painful
swellings of the...
Is the another type of plague , which arises from infection
of the lungs. It causes coughing and sneezing.
Pneumonic pla...
 When the bacteria enter the bloodstream directly and
multiply there, it’s known as septicemic plague. When
they’re left ...
 Yersinia Pestis is a gram negative and noncapsulated,
facultative anaerobic microorganism (family enterobacteriaceae)
 ...
Two important anti-phagocytic antigens, named F1 (Fraction 1)
and V antigen, which both are important for virulence.
Furt...
 The YopO, YopH, YopM, YopT, YopJ, YopE are injected
into the cytoplasm of host cells by T3SS into the pore
created in pa...
o Vector borne transmission : carried by insects or other animals.
o Air droplet : coughing or sneezing on another person
...
When a flea bites a human and contaminates the wound with
regurgitated blood, the plague carrying bacteria are passed
into...
1. A blood test can reveal if you have septicemic plague.
3. To check for pneumonic plague, fluid will be extracted from
y...
If diagnosed in time ,the various forms of plague are usually
highly responsive to antibiotic therapy. The antibiotics oft...
 The (USAMRIID) have found that an experimental F1/V
antigen-based vaccine protects crab-eating macaques but
fails to pro...
 In a new study , researchers tested three vaccines that were
designed to protect people against infection from the bacte...
www.nature.com /articles/npjvaccines201620
www.livescience.com/56483-vaccines-plague-bacteria.html
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pu...
Thanks for your
attention
Plague disease
Plague disease
Plague disease
Plague disease
Plague disease
Plague disease
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Plague disease

one of the best power point about plague(black death) , its easy for understand and prepared with a good quality which will be useful for all students and doctors that want w prepare a presentation

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Plague disease

  1. 1. Plague is a bacterial infection, which Yersinia pestis is the etiological agent of this disease, and mostly affects (lungs and lymph nodes and blood vessels ). Plague is a fatal disease , which approximately more than 200 million people have been dead by this disease. The word of plague is believed to come from the Latin word plāga ("blow, wound")
  2. 2. Bubo is a Greek word which is termed for swollen lymph glandes. It is the acute inflammation and painful swellings of the lymph nodes , it also is the most common type of Plague. The Bacteria will spread through the lymphatic vessels of the infected human until it reaches a lymph node, where it stimulates the inflammation that causes the lymph nodes to expand. The expansion of lymph nodes is the cause of the characteristic lymphadenopathy "bubo"  It will occur when an infected rodent or flea bites you.
  3. 3. Is the another type of plague , which arises from infection of the lungs. It causes coughing and sneezing. Pneumonic plague is the only form of plague that can be transmitted from person to person. The course of the disease is rapid, unless diagnosed and treated soon enough, typically within a few hours . Death may follow in one to six days.
  4. 4.  When the bacteria enter the bloodstream directly and multiply there, it’s known as septicemic plague. When they’re left untreated, both bubonic and pneumonic plague can lead to septicemic plague.  Septicemic plague is the least common of there form with a mortality rate close to one hundred percent .
  5. 5.  Yersinia Pestis is a gram negative and noncapsulated, facultative anaerobic microorganism (family enterobacteriaceae)  It can infect humans and animals via the oriental rat flea which called (Xenopsylla Cheopis).  It can reproduce inside cells, so even if phagocytosed they can still survive, because it produces an anti-phagocytic slime layer.  Yersinia pestis was discovered in 1894 by Alexandre yersin .
  6. 6. Two important anti-phagocytic antigens, named F1 (Fraction 1) and V antigen, which both are important for virulence. Furthermore , Y. pestis survives and produces F1 and V antigens while it is residing within WBC such as monocytes, but not in neutrophils .  In addition, the Type-III Secretion System (T3SS) allows Y. pestis to inject proteins into macrophages and other immune cells.
  7. 7.  The YopO, YopH, YopM, YopT, YopJ, YopE are injected into the cytoplasm of host cells by T3SS into the pore created in part by YopB and YopD. The injected YopS limit phagocytosis and cell signaling pathways important in the innate immune system.  These T3SS-injected proteins are called Yersinia Outer Proteins (Yops).  The Yops form pores in the host cell membrane and have been linked to cytolysis
  8. 8. o Vector borne transmission : carried by insects or other animals. o Air droplet : coughing or sneezing on another person o Direct physical contact : touching an infected person, including sexual contact . o Indirect contact : usually by touching contaminated soil or a contaminated surface o Fecal-oral transmission : usually from contaminated food or water sources
  9. 9. When a flea bites a human and contaminates the wound with regurgitated blood, the plague carrying bacteria are passed into the tissue. Once in the body, the bacteria can enter the lymphatic system.
  10. 10. 1. A blood test can reveal if you have septicemic plague. 3. To check for pneumonic plague, fluid will be extracted from your airways by a tube that is inserted down your nose or mouth and down your throat. This is called an endoscopy. 2. To check for bubonic plague, use a needle to take a sample of the fluid in swollen lymph nodes. 4. By using X-ray .
  11. 11. If diagnosed in time ,the various forms of plague are usually highly responsive to antibiotic therapy. The antibiotics often used are Streptomycin, Chloramphenicol and Tetracycline. the newer generation of antibiotics are Gentamicin and Doxycycline have proven to use against this bacteria.
  12. 12.  The (USAMRIID) have found that an experimental F1/V antigen-based vaccine protects crab-eating macaques but fails to protect African green monkey species , but then it was solved by changing more genes.  Natural or induced immunity is achieved by the production of specific antibodies against F1 and V antigens; antibodies against F1 and V induce phagocytosis by neutrophils.
  13. 13.  In a new study , researchers tested three vaccines that were designed to protect people against infection from the bacteria that cause plague , to create this vaccine researchers modified several genes of bacteria so that they couldn’t cause disease , specifically the vaccines were designed to protect people against pneumonic plague.
  14. 14. www.nature.com /articles/npjvaccines201620 www.livescience.com/56483-vaccines-plague-bacteria.html www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11457543 www.en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/plague_(disease) www.healthline.com/health/plague#overview1 www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs267/en www.dictionary.com/browse/plague www.medicinenet.com/script/main/mobileart.asp?articlekey=2544 www.en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/bubonic_plague
  15. 15. Thanks for your attention

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one of the best power point about plague(black death) , its easy for understand and prepared with a good quality which will be useful for all students and doctors that want w prepare a presentation

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