Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Multi-modal and Inter-modal transportation planning

The presentation discusses the fundamentals of Intermodal and Multimodal transportation in the context of urban areas. In the era of an epic need for mass transportation facilities, the supportive system also requires its place around. It was delivered during an expert talk on 7th October 2016 at BMCET, Surat.

  • Be the first to comment

Multi-modal and Inter-modal transportation planning

  1. 1. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning Prof. BhaskerV. Bhatt Assistant Professor & PG incharge (ME-TCP) Faculty of Civil Engineering, Sarvajanik College of Engineering &Technology, Surat Presentation for a lecture during a One-day seminar On “Current Scenario of public transportation in Surat: Problems and remedies” Friday, 7th October 2016 at Bhagwan Mahavir College of Engineering & Technology,Surat 07-Oct-16 Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 1 We have many facilities and resources, we miss what is known as
  2. 2. About theme of seminar  Public transportation in Surat: Not Problems, but the opportunities – manifold. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 2
  3. 3. Introduction  Transport has significant role to play in accelerating urban mobility.  Urban mobility has different dimensions i.e.  Mobility for to work;  Education;  Social needs;  Healthcare and others;  Mobility by public, private and personalized modes; and  Mobility through facilitation of various transport infrastructure & services provided by the authorities concerned. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 3
  4. 4. Introduction  PublicTransport modes have vast impact on movement patterns but the same cannot be achieved -without modal integration -conjunction with some motorized and non- motorized modes such as two-wheelers, auto rickshaws, pedestrians and bicycles.  Hence, there is a need to evolve multi modal transport system particularly through proper planning of existing modes and design of physical infrastructures. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 4
  5. 5. Concept Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 5
  6. 6. Concept Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 6
  7. 7. Multi Modal Transport provides multiple choices to enable a trip to be performed by commuters. The critical requirement of the whole system is integration. Integration needs better planning, design and operation of various modes to provide utility and services for -safe, rapid, convenient and environmentally compatible movement of commuters …………………….. This combination is known as Multi Modal Transport System. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 7
  8. 8. Public Transport and Other Modes inSelected Metropolitan Cities in India in 2007 (values in %) Source: WSA + MoUD, GOI (2007). Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 8
  9. 9. PTShare in some cities 43 45 54 31 35 35 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Modal Share of Public Transport(%) Delhi Mumbai Kolkata Chennai Bangalore Hyderabad CitiesSource: WSA + MoUD, GOI (2007). Share of the same should be 75-80% To enhance the ridership of public transport, integration of various modes with mass rapid transit is required. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 9
  10. 10. MMTS Personalized Mode + PublicTransport = MMTS  Now-a-days, there has been rise in the number of middle class population owning personalized modes.  Further, automobile companies have also been coming up with new models of cars such as NANO/ Driver-less cars by TESLA and others at reasonable low cost. Hence, personalized vehicles are increasing.  It is important to synchronize rail, bus, BRTS, personalized modes, and such to evolve multi modal transport system. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 10
  11. 11. NMT + Public Transport = MMTS Integration of pedestrians, bicycle and cycle rickshaws with metro to enhance share of non-motorized transport is also desirable. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 11
  12. 12. MMTS MEthodology Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 12
  13. 13. Case studies Singapore  Singapore PublicTransport Service includes - Bus, - Mass RapidTransit (MRT), - Light RailTransit (LRT) and -Taxi.  The amalgamation MRTS with other modes is a good example of multi modal transport system .  Integration Approach -Adoption of common ticketing system so that fare card can be used on both MRTS and buses. -Availability of proper guidance and information system at both the bus and MRTS stations. -Restructuring of bus routes to reduce duplicity of services between bus and MRTS. -New link ways from station entrances to bus shelters, interchanges has been developed. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 13
  14. 14. Case studies Stuttgart Stuttgart PassengerTransport System is a good example of an efficient MMTS.  Modes: - Regional RapidTransit System (S- Bahn) - Metro System ( U- Bahn) - Bus -Taxi Integration Approach - Unified ticket system, - co-ordianted time-tables, - efficient design at transit to minimize transfer penalty. - Stuttgart city is divided into different kernels (zones) for ticketing purpose. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 14
  15. 15. What is Intermodal Transportation?  “Inter” comes from the Latin language and means “between”  Involving more than one mode of transportation Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 15
  16. 16. Intermodal Transportation Intermodal CargoTransportation Intermodal Passenger Transportation Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 16
  17. 17. What is Intermodal Transportation?  Intermodal passenger transport, also called mixed- mode commuting.  The goal of mixed-mode commuting is often to combine the strengths of various transportation options.  A major goal of modern intermodal passenger transport is to reduce dependence on the automobile as the major mode of ground transportation and increase use of public transport. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 17
  18. 18. Intermodal Transportation  To assist and encourage such trips, Intermodal Journey planning software - in the form of online web applications or mobile device apps - is often available for travelers to plan and schedule their journey. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 18
  19. 19. WHY Intermodal Transportation •Very Common, but need dedicated planning efforts •Very Efficient •More Economical •Cuts down in travel time and costs •Coordination better then in the past possible •Less handling of goods •Results in less damage and loss of goods Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 19
  20. 20. Logistics managers are looking for the best way to move shipments and these often attempt to take advantage of multiple modes of transportation, each of which has certain useful characteristics.Intermodal Cargo Transportation Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 20
  21. 21. Types of Intermodal Services Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 21
  22. 22. INCOTERMS for international business (Source: www.nfiindustries.com) Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 22
  23. 23. Intermodal Transportation Biggest disadvantage is that carriers are reluctant to participate. Cultural bias towards using only one mode, and this makes change more difficult. Certain types have been fairly well developed, such as rail/water, motor/water, rail/motor, and motor/air. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 23
  24. 24. Referred to as Container-on-Flat-Car (COFC); goods are placed in a large box, where they are untouched until they arrive at the consignee's unloading dock. Reduces theft, damage, multiple handling costs and intermodal transfer time. Changes materials handling from labor intensive to capital intensive and may reduce costs from 10 to 20%. IntermodalTransportation: Containerization Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 24
  25. 25. “Land bridge” concept may apply for international shipments where oceans are separated by a large land mass. For example, containers moving from Japan to Europe may dock at Long Beach, CA, transfer the containers to a railroad, and reload the containers onboard another ship in Norfolk,VA., continuing on to a European port. IntermodalTransportation: Containerization Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 25
  26. 26. Intermodal Transportation: RoadRailers  Newest concept referred to as a “RoadRailer”  Essentially a trailer that has been reinforced to ride on a rail bogey and be coupled together directly without first being placed on a rail flat car.  Saves weight and locomotive power and thus fuel for the railroad  Special lower rates  Motor competitive transit times Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 26
  27. 27. Intermodal Passenger Transportation Everyday lives are taken for granted in urban areas www.deccanchronicle.com Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 27
  28. 28. Forms of Passenger Transportation Walk Bus Planes Trains Cycle Cars Elevators Water Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 28
  29. 29. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 29
  30. 30. Summary on concept:  Combination of several modes of transportation to get from one place to another  Passengers do use Intermodal transportation  Efficient System ofTransportation is a need of an hour needs to be addressed Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 30
  31. 31. Automobile to public transport nodes  Automobiles are conventionally used as a single-mode form of transit, they also find use in a variety of mixed-mode scenarios.  2W can provide a short commute to BRTS, Bus stations, train stations, airports, and where all-day "park and ride/paid parking lots" lots are often available.  Taxicabs and Rental cars also play a major role in providing door-to- door service between airports or train stations and other points of travel throughout urban, suburban, and rural communities. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 31
  32. 32. Bike and Ride  All around the world bicycles are used to get to and from train and other public transportation stations.  This form of intermodal passenger transport is often called "Bike-and-Ride" (the "ride" here confusingly refers to the part of the trip on public transport).  Some train/ bus/ ferry systems allow commuters to take their bicycles on-board the trains/ buses/ ferries allowing cyclists to ride at both ends of the commute. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 32
  33. 33. Bicycle Sharing Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 33
  34. 34. Bicycle sharing at Gandhinagar Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 34
  35. 35. (Source: http://cdn.archinect.net/images/1200x/5e/5e81whqm0tpm7osz.jpg)Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 35
  36. 36. Contd… Intermodal Terminal  The main objective of a passenger intermodal terminal is the integrated and efficient transfer of passengers between various routes and different modes of transport. In order to ensure the effectiveness of this essential function, a terminal should provide:  Reliable and adequate level of service of the means involved in the operation of the terminal Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 36
  37. 37. Intermodal Terminal  Satisfactory level of facilities serving the transfer  Provision of low cost travel  Adequate accessibility of the site for all users (especially the differently-able)  Reduced travel time compared to that needed for the same trip without transfer  Direct access between two different platforms for almost all platforms of different modes of the terminal Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 37
  38. 38. Bus to public transport nodes Many large cities link their railway network to their bus network. This enables commuters to get to places that are not serviced directly by rail as they are often considered be too far for walking. Feeder buses are buses are a specific example of this; feeder buses service local neighborhoods by taking travelers from their homes to nearby train stations which is important if the distances are too far to comfortably walk; at the end of the working day the buses take the travelers home again. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 38
  39. 39. Disadvantages  The effectiveness of a mixed-mode commute can be measured in many ways: speed to destination, convenience, security, environmental impact, and proximity to mass transit are all factors.  The mixed-mode commutes rely on a certain degree of coordination, scheduling issues with mass transit can often be an issue. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 39
  40. 40. Disadvantages  For example, a sometimes-late train can be an annoyance, and an often-late train can make a commute impractical.  Weather can also be a factor.  Even when the use of an automobile is involved, the transition from one mode of transportation to another often exposes commuters to the elements. As a result, multi-mode commuters often travel prepared for inclement weather. Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 07-Oct-16 40
  41. 41. References  Various online sources as cited  Lecture notes of Dr. M. Parida, IIT-Roorkee during a QIP Short Term Course on UrbanTransportation System Planning (June 17 – June 21, 2013) 07-Oct-16 Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 41
  42. 42. We need to have an integration of all the modes to improve the current traffic scenario in our cities. THANKYOU. 07-Oct-16 Multimodal and Intermodal Transportation Planning by Bhasker V. Bhatt is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Free use of the document is allowed with appropriate citation. 42

×