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The pre civil war south guided notes

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The pre civil war south guided notes

  1. 1. The Pre-Civil War South Guided Notes TN 8.51, 8.52, 8.71, 8.72 Bell Ringer: ___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Essential Question: _____________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Expansion to the Deep South 1. What states make up the Deep South? _______________________________________________________________________ 2. Contrast the difference between agriculture in the Upper South and the Deep South. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________
  2. 2. _______________________________________________________________________ Cotton is King 3. Explain how Europe influenced an increase in cotton production in the Deep South. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 4. Describe why plantation owners felt the need to use slave labor for cotton farming. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Eli Whitney and the Cotton Gin 5. What was the purpose of the cotton gin? _______________________________________________________________________ 6. What effect did the cotton gin have on the number of slaves in the South? _______________________________________________________________________ 7. Why did it have this effect?
  3. 3. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ The Domestic Slave Trade 8. Describe the domestic slave trade. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Industry in the South 9. List some reasons why industry never really caught on in the South. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________
  4. 4. _______________________________________________________________________ 10. What type of industry became successful in South Carolina and Georgia? _______________________________________________________________________ 11. What type of industry became successful in Alabama? _______________________________________________________________________ Southern Transportation 12. How were goods transported in the South? _______________________________________________________________________ 13. Why were towns located along natural waterways? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 14. What effect did the lack of railroads have on the South? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________
  5. 5. Memphis: The Cotton Capital of the South 15. Why was Memphis considered the “cotton capital of the South?” _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 16. Why did farmers send their cotton to Memphis? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Small Farmers and the Rural Poor 17. Most whites in the South were _____________________________________ farmers who owned small farms. 18. Explain the difference between small farming and plantation farming. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________
  6. 6. 19. Some whites were ________________________________________ farmers who worked on rented land. 20. Describe the rural poor of the South. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Plantation Owners 21. How did plantation owners measure wealth? _______________________________________________________________________ 22. What percentage of slave-owners owned 20 or more slaves in 1860? _______________________________________________________________________ 23. Why could changes in cotton prices result in the difference between a successful or unsuccessful year?
  7. 7. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 24. Some slaves did household chores, while others were _______________________________________________________________________ 25. Who was in charge of the day-to-day supervision of slave labor? _______________________________________________________________________ African-American Family Life 26. Why did slaves have their own marriage ceremonies? _______________________________________________________________________ 27. Why were extended family members important for enslaved African- Americans? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________
  8. 8. African-American Culture 28. Even though most slaves had been born in the U.S. (by 1860), they still tried to preserve _______________________________________________________________________ 29. What connection did African-American music have to slave labor? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ African-American Religion 30. Which two religions were followed by most slaves? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 31. How did slaves express religious beliefs and emotions? _______________________________________________________________________ Slave Codes 32. What were slave codes?
  9. 9. _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 33. What were some examples of slave codes? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Fighting Back 34. What happened during Nat Turner’s Rebellion? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 35. Why were slave revolts rare? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________
  10. 10. 36. How did slaves resist without rebelling? _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Southern Cities 37. Where did major cities develop in the South? _______________________________________________________________________ 38. Who made their home in these cities? _______________________________________________________________________ 39. How did Southerners feel about education? _______________________________________________________________________

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