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The Yuan’s Rise as an International Currency

China’s share of total payments processed on the Swift network continues to edge up. As of February 2015, the yuan accounted for 1.8 percent of total payments, up from 1.4 percent a year earlier. That makes the yuan the seventh most used global currency, fractionally behind the Canadian dollar and the Swiss franc. The jump to overtake the Japanese yen, which accounts for 2.8 percent of global payments, may take a while longer.

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The Yuan’s Rise as an International Currency

  1. 1. Yuan usability achievements since 2010 Currency Usage In Global Money Transfers US Dollar 43.1% 29.0% Euro British Pound W 8.6% M 2.8% Japanese Yen Swiss Franc 1 .9% 1.8% Canadian Dollar 1.8°/ o Chinese Yuan Iiflfl Australian Dollar 1.8°/ o 1 .8°/ o Hong Kong Dollar Thai Baht 1.8°/ o Swedish Krona 0.9% The yuan is the seventh most used currency in global money transfers with 1.81 percent of world payments as of February, according to the Society for Worldwide International Financial Telecommunications. 2010 2015 The proportion of China’s trade that is settled in yuan has risen to about 20 percent from 7 percent 5 years ago More than 30 central banks are believed to have started investing in Chinese onshore bonds, with even more central banks involved in offshore RMB bond investments, according to a Standard Chartered report last year. Publicly-known PBOC quota holders include the central banks of Australia, Austria, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan and South Africa as well as the World Bank. The People's Bank of China had established CNY-denominated swap arrangements with 24 central banks totaling 2.6 trillian yuan ($424 billion) as of May, according to Asifma. Offshore yuan trading has been expanded from Hong Kong to financial centers across the world - including Macao, Seoul, Singapore, Sydney and Taipei in Asia-Pacific; Frankfurt, London, Luxembourg, Moscow and Paris in Europe; and Toronto in North America. More are in the works. 0' Foreign investors can trade Shanghai-listed stocks through Hong Kong’s exchange, and overseas funds have greater access to Chinese stocks and bonds. Offshore RMB bonds are issues by a wide range of multinational companies, no longer a niche market primarily used by Chinese corporations. Yuan convertability is being Shanghai free trade zone. Bloomberg Source: Bloomberg Intelligence