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Social Media Ethics Chapter 10


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Social media ethics group project

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Social Media Ethics Chapter 10

  1. 1. Chapter Ten: Social Media Ethics Fantastic Five (Group 3) Yaquelin Garcia, Bre’yanie Pearson, Caela Stewart, Khavir Hussain, and Nikki Chewning
  2. 2. Ethics Ethical Issues can be perceived as anonymous The lack of response and Transparency may cause social media triggers You need to be professional Media transparency (or transparent media) is the concept of determining how and why information is conveyed through various means. As used in the humanities, the topic of media transparency implies openness and accountability.
  3. 3. Ethics Cont. Social Media practices are beginning to mature Advertisers, PR professionals and etc must be able to adjust to these new practices Websites like Twitter make it hard to separate fact from fiction You have to try to keep everyone happy
  4. 4. Ethics Cont. People fail to show interest which is a big problem with social media today Many now are being monitored on there social media presence There are PR firms that take over the Facebook of a company CEOs are being called upon to show innovation and build relationships in social media Provide a human face to the company
  5. 5. Common Questions Many CEOs have common question about using social media due to the fact a lot are from an older generation Can my contacts be kept private? Yes they can Do I have to add/follow everyone that is suggested? No When should I connect with people? Whenever growing a business 24/7
  6. 6. Ethics Cont. Verifying information is very important Being fair is a lot more challenging to due to subjectiveness It brings up a lot of concerns of morality, justice, virtue and safety Need to be careful on what you say on social media Social media should not alter fundamental value But you must have different views when viewing social media
  7. 7. Theories and Philosophies - Theorist Rotzoll and Fackler used something called a “Potter Box” - Potter’s Box was a systematic process towards what should be thought of morality - Potter’s Box moved a person through 4 stages - 1). Definition - 2). Values - 3). Principles - 4). Loyalties
  8. 8. Ethical Principles In media there are variety of ethical principles which include sayings and theories from ancient philosophers: 1). Aristotle’s Golden Mean -lies between two extremes 2). Kant’s Categorical Imperative -moral law is unconditionally binding 3). Mill’s Principle of Utility is that -happiness was the sole end of human action
  9. 9. Media Ethics - Have advanced thinking - Is now global and digital in its context - Open media ethics - Open media ethics are a matter of meaningful participation & significant influence on whatever is being addressed
  10. 10. Media Ethics - Ward and Wasserman - on a global scale describe media ethics as “peer-to-peer ethics” - Peer accountability is usually in the form of comments or blog posts, twitter responses, exchanges like journalist posts, and numerous misrepresentations and inaccuracies by fellow commentators - Suggested ethical processes only as reasoning towards an ideal mode of inclusive and equal discourse. - That only on a global context may the journalism suffer - Ex. during times of sensitivity, trauma, and grief - Media Credibility is related to role conceptions or professional journalist
  11. 11. Idealism and Relativism Ethical Idealism has been altered by digital media realities Ideal Principles and emerging values, include a lot more transparency Now it is down to whether you strive for independent views or philosophicals views Because of the internet we have too many dilemmas due to more false beliefs, facts, and post-facts by allowing us to see what other people think “When anyone can say anything, we can’t even pretend most of us agree on the truth of most assertions any more” pg. 189
  12. 12. Relativism The power to gauge the tension that social media interactions create, will bring about a different kind of storytelling. As journalist share their opinions on their Twitters, Instagrams, and Facebooks they have to account for the “clap backs” of their followers Some of that info will in return corrupt the real storytelling
  13. 13. Human Dignity Frameworks -In 2006, Edelman PR created a fake blog, a “flog” for Walmart. “Deliberately concealing sponsorship, astroturfing, and flogging are practices that violate the moral duty communicators have to society to be universally honest, to communicate with dignity and respect, and act with good will”
  14. 14. Practical Social Media Ethics -Because of the development of social media in recent years, traditional media organizations have adapted to the new interaction with audience members. -National Public Radio has offered its journalists specific rules of engagement.
  15. 15. NPR Social Media Guidelines ● Treating people with fairness, honesty and respect. ● Verify all information before passing it along ● Spell out how the information was checked and why the sources are considered credible. ● Clarify and confirm information gotten online over the phone and in- person interviews. ● Start with the assumption that all images or videos are not authentic. ● Avoid political partisanship.
  16. 16. NPR Guidelines continued ● Don’t behave any differently online than you would in any other public setting. ● Consider legal implications. And they end with... ● “Social Media are excellent tools when handled correctly”
  17. 17. Equality & Fairness Lack of disclosure to public Non transparent sponsorship violates ethics Being transparent: Paid speech identified
  18. 18. Natural Law & Harm Follow principle to do no harm Identity privacy Ownership and authorship Credibility Participation “Good Play”
  19. 19. Good Play Technical literacy and technology availability Cognitive and moral factors Online and offline peer cultures Presence or absence of ethical supports *Media Literacy
  20. 20. Reconsidering Community Respect for others Freedom
  21. 21. Moral Development The science of morality. Principles, rules, codes, and processes. Emergence of fluid community narratives. Guide media professionals, including those engaged in social media communication. “Distinctions between minimal expectations and ideal standards.”
  22. 22. Moral Development Continued Code of ethics are useful for training. Codes reflect values. “Universalism” (i.e., “tolerating”) “Benevolence” (i.e., “enhancing the welfare”) Organizations focus on tradition, security and conformity. Interdependent relationships between media, society, and the environment.
  23. 23. Trust and Transparency Transparency builds trust. Conflict between individual and social values. Fairness, avoiding deception, dignity, and respect, eschewing secrecy, reversibility, viewpoint identification, rationality, clarity, disclosure, verification responsibility, intention, community good and consistency. Social media may replace traditional media communication. Social media behavior. Social media communication spaces.
  24. 24. Trust and Transparency Continued Social media communication raises ethical issues of human dignity. Anonymous conversation vs. Identified conversation.