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Willingness to Pay for Mangrove Environmental Services

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Presented by Hoàng Tuấn Long on 9 November 2020 at "National workshop: Mangrove environmental services payments"

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Willingness to Pay for Mangrove Environmental Services

  1. 1. Willingness to pay for Mangrove environmental services Ho Chi Minh, 9 November 2020 Hoang Tuan Long, Nguyen Dinh Tien, Pham Thu Thuy
  2. 2. • Literature review • Interviews and HH surveys • Cases studied: both PES AND PES-LIKED, different scales + management regimes, different ecoregions, and state and non-state programs/projects Provinces Total key informants interviewed Thai Binh 292 Thanh Hoa 287 Quang Ninh 288 Da Nang 6 Hai Phong 224 Quang Nam 4 Ben Tre 14 Tra Vinh 25 Ca Mau 10 TOTAL 1,150 Methods
  3. 3. Willingness to pay depend on pay for what service
  4. 4. 0 20 40 60 80 100 Biodiversity Protecting dyke Carbon sequenstration Water and heavy metal… Landscape Soils Sedimentation Biodiversity Protecting dyke Carbon sequenstration Water and heavy metal… Landscape Soils Sedimentation TouristFishmen No idea Not important Important Very important 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Fishery sources Bee farming Protect sea-dike, prevent storm damage and soil… Air filter, water filter Landscape - tourism Firewood Foodand ingredient Improve biodiversity Prevention of salinity Willingness to pay for package of services CIFOR studies on services that local people willingness to pay for in Hai Phong FGD results on on services that local people willingness to pay for in Quang Ninh, Thai Binh, Thanh Hoa
  5. 5. Willingness to pay… limited studies! • Limited studies on willingness to pay • Focus on forest value • Willingess to pay studies normally focus on local people and 1 service
  6. 6. Willingness to pay of local people
  7. 7. Willingness to pay of seafood company
  8. 8. Willingness to pay of travel agency Province Willingness to pay Nha Trang 5,000 – 50,000 VND/ticket based on each services Hai Phong 450,000/year Ha Noi (have tour in Hai Phong) Only 1 per 20 interviewed company willingness to pay under 500,000/year
  9. 9. Are we missing something?
  10. 10. Factors influence willingness to pay  Direct involvement and affected by or not  Who benefits  Clarities of Legal framework, particular on M&E and transparency  Level of income  The boats size  Decision making process  Appropriate incentives and disincentives  Land tenure  Permanence
  11. 11. Key message  The mangrove has a lot of potential.  We are focusing on a small group with a small service  Willingness to pay does not depend on the value of the forest, but depends on many factors  The willingness to pay will vary in localities based on the value that forests bring, so only one level of payment is not reasonable  It is not possible to build a mechanism based on only one service, but it must be a package of many services
  12. 12. We acknowledge the support from: the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad), the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), the European Union (EU), the UK Government, USAID, the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and the CGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry (CRP-FTA) with financial support from the CGIAR Fund. & all research partners and individuals that have contributed to the GCS research Thank you

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