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Czm In Belize


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Czm In Belize

  1. 1. Coastal Zone Management in Belize
  2. 3. Early Management Efforts and Concerns <ul><li>Early Fisheries legislation - species specific </li></ul><ul><li>Marine reserves - habitat related </li></ul><ul><li>First reserve in 1987 - Hol Chan </li></ul><ul><li>Concern about future of reserves - within an unmanaged system </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns about impacts on reef - increase in macro-algae </li></ul>
  3. 4. 1989 CZM Workshop <ul><li>Introduction of ICZM Concept - assistance from experts </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations for CZM Advisory Board and CZM Planning Unit under Fisheries Dept. </li></ul><ul><li>Need for inter-ministerial committee and for coastal zone management plan </li></ul>
  4. 5. Preliminary Actions <ul><li>In 1990, CZM Unit </li></ul><ul><li>CZM Technical Committee in 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with other departments </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for marine reserves </li></ul>
  5. 6. Some Major Issues <ul><li>Increasing population </li></ul><ul><li>- 3/5 living along coast and cayes </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>- sugar, citrus and bananas </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing tourism </li></ul><ul><li>- visitors increased from 77,970 in 1991 to 206,422 in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Expanding aquaculture </li></ul>
  6. 7. Shrimp Farm
  7. 8. Concerns <ul><li>Uncontrolled exploitation of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Dredging, land reclamation, and mangrove clearance </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal subdivisions and tourism developments </li></ul><ul><li>Waste disposal/pollution – sewage, solid waste, industrial effluents, run-off of chemicals and sediment </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change – bleaching, sea level rise, storms </li></ul>
  8. 9. Evolving more Autonomy <ul><li>Concept paper (1990) on CZM Authority </li></ul><ul><li>GEF/UNDP CZM Project in 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>CZM Committee retained; Steering Committee formed </li></ul><ul><li>Study on institutional arrangements in 1995 - Statutory Body chosen </li></ul>
  9. 10. CZM Act - CZM Authority & Institute <ul><li>CZM Act passed in April 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>CZM Authority & Institute established in Jan. 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Advisory Council appointed </li></ul><ul><li>Provision for CZM Plan/Policy Framework </li></ul><ul><li>GEF Phase II Project in May 1999 </li></ul>
  10. 11. GEF/UNDP Project Objectives <ul><li>Capacity to effectively integrate biodiversity conservation concerns into a CZM Policy Framework is consolidated </li></ul><ul><li>Belize Barrier Reef MPA Network is established and fully functional. </li></ul><ul><li>Caye development plan are integrated with marine biodiversity concerns through a demonstration project. </li></ul>
  11. 12. Objectives <ul><li>4) Sustainable financing mechanism for marine biodiversity conservation are established and operational. </li></ul><ul><li>5) Legal & regulatory capacities for facilitating agreements are in place. </li></ul><ul><li>6) Training, awareness-raising and information dissemination activities garner public support for biodiversity conservation through coastal zone management and the barrier reef MPA network. </li></ul>
  12. 13. CZM Programmes <ul><li>Water quality monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Coral reef monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Manatee research </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal planning </li></ul><ul><li>Data management </li></ul><ul><li>Public awareness & environmental education </li></ul>
  13. 14. Water Quality Monitoring
  14. 15. Coral Reef Monitoring
  15. 16. Manatee Research
  16. 17. Coastal Planning
  17. 18. Data Management
  18. 19. Public Awareness & Environmental Education
  19. 20. Conclusion <ul><li>Species-specific management </li></ul><ul><li>Habitat protection through marine reserves </li></ul><ul><li>Over past 10 years, evolution to broader ecosystem-wide approach </li></ul><ul><li>Need to expand ICZM regionally through the Mesoamerican Reef Initiative </li></ul>