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What You Must Know About Fire For Prevention & Survival!

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Fire can be dangerous or save our life. We need to be prepared either way. The odds are you will experience a house fire during your lifetime. Actually more than one. Are you ready? Are you prepared to make a free in a survival situation?

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What You Must Know About Fire For Prevention & Survival!

  1. 1. Fire can save your life. It can also take your life. What you need to know for survival and safety.
  2. 2. We rely on fire for heat, for cooking, for signaling. The ability to make fire is one of the essentials of human survival. The ability to put out a fire is of more immediate importance in our homes and work.
  3. 3. Fire is your friend in a survival situation. I know we’d all like to use that bow and stick, but for emergencies, a lighter is much easier. The plasma lighter on the left is also a flashlight and rechargeable. I pack several lighters both electric and gas . Windproof. Stormproof matches in a waterproof container. Click on images below. Lighters and Matches
  4. 4. Since I list a rechargeable lighter on the previous page, power becomes an issue. I used to focus on using batteries for power, because rechargeable requires, well, charging. However, I’ve become a fan of solar, which allows a renewable power source from nature. The small solar power bank on the left is light and in my bag. The more powerful one on the right is heavier. It’s attacked by velcro to my Jeep dashboard facing the windshield. Power
  5. 5. Starting a Fire The keys to starting a fire is to gather proper flammables in 3 piles: -Tinder: dry, flammable material that needs only a few sparks to ignite. Wood shavings. Thin, fibrous plant material. Fine steel wool. -Kindling: slightly larger to initially feed the fire. Dry wood chips. Twigs. Dry strips of bark. Paper -Firewood: thicker branches and logs.
  6. 6. Field Expedient Fire Starting If you don’t have your lighters, matches or magnesium fire starter: Hand drill: labor intensive. Mirror/Glass: requires sunlight and parabolic mirror or lens.
  7. 7. Field Expedient Fire Starting Hand drill: This field expedient way to build a fire is also the most labor intensive. Use a piece of hardwood as the fireboard. Make a notch in it with a knife or pointed rock. You need a two-foot-long stick whose tip fits into the notch. Surround the notch with tinder. Roll the stick between your palms (wear gloves if you have them), causing friction. Enough friction causes heat. It will start smoking and ignite the kindling. Slowly add kindling to build the fire.
  8. 8. Field Expedient Fire Starting Mirror/Glass: This requires two items. Sunlight and a parabolic mirror or lens. The reflector of a flashlight, or the clean inside of a soda can cut open are possibilities in a pinch. A clear bottle filled with water can also work. Anything that can focus the rays of the sun. Direct the focus sunlight on the kindling.
  9. 9. Field Expedient Fire Starting Sustaining a long term fire: keep the flames going. If a fire burns down to embers, you use the core of that to restart the fire, using the same flow as starting a new fire: tinder, kindling, firewood. Tossing firewood on embers could disperse the embers and cause you to start over again.
  10. 10. Field Expedient Fire Starting The most field expedient is to be prepared. Have your storm proof lighters, matches and magnesium fire starter.
  11. 11. The Danger of Fire
  12. 12. In Case of Fire If your clothes are on fire: stop-drop-roll. If escaping a fire, close doors behind you as you exit. If you touch a door handle and it’s hot, or the door itself is hot, don’t open the door. If you have to escape through smoke, stay low.
  13. 13. In Case of Fire Once out of the house, don’t go back in. Meet at your IRP. If trapped in the house, stay in a room with doors closed. Place a wet towel under the door opening. Call 911. If you have a window, open it and signal.
  14. 14. Immediate Rally Point The IRP is a place far enough away from the house to not be affected by the first, but easily recognizable in the dark where everyone will meet.
  15. 15. Fire
  16. 16. Using a Fire Extinguisher Buy dry chemical extinguishers, rather than water-based. Chemical are effective with grease or electrical fires. NEVER use a water-based with those types of fire. USE PASS when employing a fire extinguisher: Pull the pin and hold facing away from you. Aim low. Aim at the base of the fire. Squeeze the handle. Sweep the extinguisher from side to side.
  17. 17. Evacuating Take a look out of all your windows. Can you get out and to the ground safely? My wife looked out the master bedroom in one house we were renting and while it was on the main floor from the front, it was three stories up from the rear. We bought an emergency three-story ladder that you can throw out the window. First Alert 2-Story Escape Ladder: https://amzn.to/2V65M4Z First Alert 3-Story Escape Ladder: https://amzn.to/2SdhatX
  18. 18. Wildfires This is a subject I deal with separately with its slideshow and in the Survival Guide. That slideshow is HERE.
  19. 19. More Free Information I constantly update free, downloadable slideshows like this on my web site for preparation and survival and other topics. www.bobmayer.com/workshops Also, I conduct Area Study workshops for those interested in properly preparing for their specific circumstances.
  20. 20. The guide on the left is the complete preparation and survival guide. The one on the right is a pocket-size manual with just the survival portion. Useful in your Grab- n-Go bag, car and kitchen drawer. SURVIVAL GUIDES
  21. 21. New York Times bestselling author, is a graduate of West Point and former Green Beret. He’s had over 80 books published, including the #1 bestselling series Green Berets, Time Patrol, Area 51, and Atlantis. He’s sold over 5 million books. He was born in the Bronx and has traveled the world. He’s lived on an island off the east coast, an island off the west coast, in the Rocky Mountains, the Smoky Mountains and other places, including time in East Asia studying martial arts. He was an instructor and course developer/writer for years at the JFK Special Warfare Center and School which trains Green Berets and also runs the SERE school: Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape. www.bobmayer.com

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