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B28_Provide_Stone_Therapy_new

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B28_Provide_Stone_Therapy_new

  1. 1. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment Organisational and legal requirements – OUTCOME 4 a. What are your responsibilities under the Health & Safety at Work Act? My requirements under current health and safety legislation standards and guidance under the health and safety at work act being aware of rules and legislations whilst working. These can be the following; using electrical machinery, wearing personal protective equipment i.e. gloves/apron when needed, keeping yourself and others safe as it is the law to secure your own and others health and safety. Provide a safe: work place; systems and equipment; storage and transport of substances and materials; access of the premises exits and practises in the work place. b. What are your responsibilities under local authority licensing regulations for yourself and your premises? As a beauty therapist/salon owner you require licensing by the local authority and permission to practise, it is likely the premises will be inspected before either of the two can be granted to you. The inspection is simply to ensure your premises abides by their expectations along the lines of the health and safety legislation and any other specific legislation’s. If there was any altercations or improvements to be made you will be notified and given a time limit to carry out necessary work. Once altercations are made another inspection will take place to ensure the local authority is happy with the changes made. Any big changed in the premises must be cleared through the local authority in order to be inspected and passed. c. Why is it important to check current insurance guidelines for the delivery of stone therapy treatments? Because you may not be insured for the treatment as it is a new treatment in the industry. d. Why is it important not to discriminate against clients with illnesses and disabilities? Discrimination can ruin a business quicker than you would expect. It is against the laws and extremely disrespectful. Clients will spread the word and the salon will become unpopular loosing clients and money every day. Discrimination towards a client can be taken to court and result in legal actions. No one wants to be judged, beauty salons are meant to make a client feel beautiful and relaxed. Everyone must be treated equally. This could endanger your career as there is a Disability Discrimination Act 1995 as amended by Disability Discrimination Act 2005 and Equality Act 2010. e. At what age is an individual classed as a minor and how does this differ nationally? The age of an individual classed as a minor in the England, Wales and Northern Ireland is under the age is 18, but in Scotland it is under the age of 16. f. Why is it important to have a parent or guardian present when treating minors under 16 years of age? Having a parent or career present when treating a minor under the age of 16 is vital as it is under the legislation act and child protection act. If there was a contra-action and there was no parental consent you as the therapist can be sued for causing the contra-action from the treatment g. Why should minors not be given services without informed and signed parental or guardian consent? If you as a therapist were to treat a minor without any consent from a parent of career you and the salon are breaking the law and could be at risk of being sued. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  2. 2. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment h. What is the legal significance of gaining signed, informed client consent to the services? The legal significance of gained signed, informed client consent to the services is so that the therapist and the salon are backed up and have written and signed proof to go through with the treatment. If a parent or career would want to complain that a minor got the treatment without consent from them or want to sue due to a contra-action they cannot. It is also advised by the law to get signed consent. i. Complete the table below: What are your responsibilities for maintaining your own personal hygiene, protection and appearance according to accepted industry and organisation requirements? What are the reasons for maintaining your own personal hygiene, protection and appearance according to accepted industry and organisation requirements? • hygiene is fresh and lightly fragranced • Hair up, manageable and clean • Minimal jewellery • Fresh face and tidy eyebrows • Short unvarnished nails • Clean and fresh overalls • Shoes are safe, closed in and sensible for working in • Do not attend work if you have an infectious illness • Cover open cuts with waterproof plasters • Wash hands before and after treatments between and after using the toilet • Keep hands washed antibacterial gel near your work area for regular use. • To ensure the client is getting a clean and professional treatment in a professional environment. • To avoid scaring of the client • Minimal jewellery as they can contain germs and can hurt the client, it is also a dangerous around mechanical equipment as metal is a good indicator of electric. • Covering open cuts and avoiding going to work with an infectious illness is to prevent cross-infection • Tying hair back keep you looking professional and stops it getting in the way of treatment • Fresh face and tidy eyebrows so you can sell what you preach, ensuring the client will get a good and successful treatment leaving the client feeling fresh and tidy. • Smelling fresh and light fragranced is to ensure the client you take care of yourself and are professional, this will give the client some confidence in you as a therapist making them feel relaxed around you Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  3. 3. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment j. Briefly describe the requirements for waste disposal according to: Manufacturers The requirements of disposing waste is to follow the manufacturer’s rules such as disposing broken glass into either a yellow box or a broken glass bin Organisation (work area) The requirements of disposing waste according to the organisation of work area are to use a waste bin or sealed bin. k. What is the importance of the correct storage of client records in relation to the Data Protection Act? The storage of client data in relation to the Data Protection Act is that it is a legal requirement and promotes client confidentiality; it does not allow people to access data or information of clients as its access restricted. l. i) How would you complete the client record cards used in your salon? For client record cards to be complete you must sit down and fill in a consultation form with the client visually and manually whilst asking questions. Then store them orderly and categorised on a pc with backup ii) Why is it important to keep these records of treatments and gained client Signatures? If clients want to sue it is important to have these records and gained signatures, the signatures prove they agreed to the treatment and the therapist has followed rules and regulations as well as treatment plan. m. How would you meet your organisation’s requirements for client preparation? To meet the organisation’s requirements for client preparation you should follow the code of practise. The code of practise for body massage is to set out the bed and have a big empty box for clients to put their belongings inside as well as having a small bowl lined with tissue to put client’s jewellery preventing them to get lost. n. i) Investigate the following within your salon for stone therapy treatments: Treatment Service time Full body Stone Therapy massage 1hr full body + 15mins if face included Back neck & shoulder Stone Therapy massage 30mins Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  4. 4. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment ii) Why is it important to complete treatments within a commercially viable time? It is important to stick to the commercial times as it keeps the client relaxed and has paid for services. This will help with the present and future reputations of the salon. o. Why should you keep your nails short, clean, well manicured and free of polish for massage treatments? The reason for this is to ensure you do not scratch the client and hurt them and to prevent cross-infection, to look professional and maintaining your hygiene. If you have long nails you need to cut them short and keep them clean and manicured regular with no polish for massage treatments. p. How would you follow your organisation’s and manufacturers’ requirements for treatment area, equipment maintenance and equipment cleaning regimes? To follow organisations and manufacturer’s requirements for treatment areas, equipment maintenance and equipment cleaning regimes you need to follow your organisations code of practice. For example follow rules for setting up for treatment; allow the client their own closed and personal private space; clean and tidy work place; using a spatula to get creams out of tub and washing bowls correctly and storing them away correctly. How to work safely and effectively when providing stone therapy treatments – OUTCOME 5 a. How would you set up the work area for body stone therapy treatments? Place a hand towel in the bottom of the stone heater on the trolley, and fill 2/3 full with water. This should be enough water to cover the stones completely, so they are heated thoroughly and evenly. Arrange the stones in the heater so you can access them easily. I put my large working stones in the front left, my medium working stones along the back, my small stones in the middle, and placement stones to the right. Next, plug the heater in, cover with a lid, and set to 58-70 degrees, or “low.” Use a thermometer in the water to confirm the water temperature. The heater dial setting indicates the temperature of the heater’s element, not the temperature of the water inside the heater. Check the water temperature using a thermometer. It should be between 58 and 70 degrees. Place another hand towel on a smaller trolley along with the slotted spoon ready to take stones out of the machine onto the towel to cool down for use. Have a bowl of massage oil or essential oil ready for use on the smaller trolley for easy access. Have a sheet on the bed with 2 large towels layered over the top neatly covering the sheet. Place a blanket over the towels evenly and neatly and have a head cushion or folded towel ready to cushion the head. Have a large towel, hand towel and head band ready for the client on the bed and an empty box for them to put their belongings. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  5. 5. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment b. i). Complete the table below for body massage treatments: Environmental conditions Lighting Dim so the client can relax but not to dark that the therapist cannot see Heating On if needed ensuring the client is not too cold General Comfort Needs to be good so the client can relax and receive the best results from the treatment Ventilation Needs to have air or may get too humid and clients collapse (Air conditioning) Sound No loud talking and can have slight calm music in the background to ensure the client is relaxed to the fullest and has the best results of their treatment. ii). Why is it important to have the correct environmental conditions for stone therapy treatments? Having the correct environment al conditions for Hot stone massage treatments ensure that the client can be relaxed and calm to get the best results throughout their treatment and experience the treatment to its fullest. c. i). State the importance and reasons for disinfecting your hands? The importance of disinfecting our hands is highly necessary and is done for our own health. If we were not to wash our hands dirt, germs and bacteria will build up causing us to be ill as well as the people around us. So washing your hands is to prevent cross infection. ii). How do you effectively disinfect your hands? Wash your hands with warm soapy water or use sanitizer or anti-bacterial hand wash to effectively disinfect your hands. d. i) Give a brief explanation of contact dermatitis Contact dermatitis is a type of eczema that can cause red, itchy and scaly skin, and sometimes burning and stinging. It leads to your skin becoming blistered, dry and cracked. It can affect any part of the body but most commonly affects the hands. Contact dermatitis can be caused by: •an irritant (a substance that damages the skin physically), or •an allergen (a substance that causes the immune system to respond in a way that affects the skin) Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  6. 6. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment ii) How can the therapist avoid developing it whilst carrying out stone therapy treatments? Keep hands dry and use E45 cream e. i) Why is it important to disinfect stones after each treatment? To avoid cross infection ii) How is it done effectively? Wash with hot soapy water. f. Complete the following: How to position yourself for stone therapy treatments How to position the client for stone therapy treatments taking into account individual physical characteristics Put bed on correct height to avoid bending. Ensure they are comfortable and warm. Relaxed position. g. i). What is repetitive strain injury (RSI)? Repetitive strain injury is the use of the same muscles and limbs causing strained prolonger swelling in those areas. This is injury of the musculoskeletal and nervous system. ii). How is RSI caused? Massaging too long and using your muscles and limbs repeatedly with forceful exertions, vibrations, mechanical compression and awkward positioning is what causes repetitive strain injury. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  7. 7. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment iii). How can you avoid developing it when delivering massage treatments? Avoiding using hands so much and using the stones for massage during as well as exercising your muscles and warming up your hands before a long treatment will help you to avoid developing repetitive strain injury when delivering a massage treatment. h. Briefly describe the advantages to the therapist of using stone therapy to avoid RSI Relieve the hands from using pressure, giving you a brake whilst still using pressure. i. Why is it important to use the correct sized stones for the therapists own hands and the client’s physical characteristics? So you do not drop any stones and they are comfortable to hold and use. j. What is the importance of adopting the correct posture throughout the treatment and the impact this may have on yourself and the outcome of the treatment? The importance of adapting to the correct posture throughout the treatment is to avoid getting repetitive strain injury or any other injury during massage treatment. This will have a positive income to you and the treatment as you can cover a wide range whilst you take breaks using different types of mechanical equipment. k. Why is it important to maintain client’s modesty, privacy and comfort during the treatment? a. To avoid therapists embarrassment b. So that the client can not see the treatment being performed c. So that the client is comfortable and avoid embarrassment l. i). Why is it important to maintain standards of hygiene? Maintenance of standard hygiene under the code of practice and health and safety act legislation is important. This is to keep a clean and professional image for the therapist and organisation. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  8. 8. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment iii). State 3 ways of avoiding cross infection: • Wear Gloves • Have Short Nails • Wash Hands Regularly m. Which of the following would be an effective way of disposing and minimising of waste from treatments? a) Throwing all of your waste in one big bin b) Use minimal tools and products and follow the manufacturers’ instructions for the correct method of disposal whenever possible c) Use disposable tools and materials to avoid the need to tidy up after treatments d) Put your rubbish out with household rubbish to avoid paying extra n. Why is it important to check the client’s wellbeing at regular intervals during stone therapy treatments? Checking the client’s wellbeing during hot stone massage at regular intervals is important as if the stones are too hot or not hot enough the client will not be fully satisfied. If the treatment is too hot and the client does not inform you it can later result into dermatitis or burns. Client consultation – OUTCOME 6 a. How would you use effective consultation techniques when communicating with the following: Clients from different cultural & religious backgrounds Speak slowly and clearly, confirm understanding Clients at different ages Be respectful and not patronising Clients with disabilities Adapt to their needs Clients of different gender Adapt to the consultation and treatment b. Why is it important to encourage and allow time for clients to ask questions? Encouraging and Allowing time for the client to ask questions is extremely important as they need to be clear on what they have signed for or they can sue. This will also ensure they have a better understanding of the treatment. The client can also inform the therapist if there is anything they are not happy with and to confirm everything is clear and avoid any mishaps. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  9. 9. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment d. Why is it important to question clients to establish any contra-indications to stone therapy treatments? Ensure you ask the client questions before hot stone massage to establish if they have any contra- indications that will affect the treatment. If contra-indications are not identified they can lead to contra- actions which can be used against the therapist and salon as they did not spot it sooner and went ahead with the treatment. The treatment its self is meant to beneficial to the client but without establishing the contra-indications it could harm them instead. e. Why is it important to record client responses to questioning? It is important for a therapist to record client’s responses to questioning to know what the client’s needs are for future references. This information can be used to adjust the treatment and environment to meet the needs of the client. Recording information about questioning of contra-indications is important to it proves you asked the client before the treatment in case of any problems occur during or after the treatment. f. What is the legal significance of client questioning and recording the client’s responses The legal significance of recording client questioning concerning contra-indications so that it can be used as proof of questioning before the treatment in case of any problems during or after the treatment. The client must sign the consultation card to validate the questions was asked and the responses were accurate in case the client was to try and sue. The legal significance of recording client’s response to questioning is the same as for contra-indication as everything on the consultation card down to the process of treatment plan is vital inform both you and client about each other so things will run smoothly and if any contra-indications may occur during treatment the therapist is covered legally and the therapist can try to their best possible effort to fulfil the client’s needs. g. How can you give effective advice and recommendations to clients? For the client to get effective advice and recommendations you must give them after care advice once the treatment has been done, informing them of the food and drink they should encounter and how to maintain the treatment. This will help both the therapist and the client for future treatments. The therapist can do so by giving them leaflets and exercise sheets for after the massage as well as advising them to avoid stimulants and to drink plenty of fluid to wash out all of the toxics and rehydrate the body. h. How would you visually assess the client’s physical characteristics? Recognizing different physical characteristics can be done by visually analysing as well as touching parts of the client’s body to get a rough idea of what they are working with. You visually look at the client’s height, weight, posture, muscles tone, age and health structure. The skin condition, body posture, age and muscle tone are the first things you will notice. i. How would the therapist carry out and interpret thermal tests? Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  10. 10. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment j. Briefly describe how you would assess posture and skeletal conditions and how you would adapt and change the routine: Physical characteristics Adaptation of sequence, depth and pressure Weight If weight is heavy you need to use deep pressure ensure client is comfortable by the support and use towels and make sure that the bed is in a comfortable and accessible height for the client to get on and off, if they are bigger ensure more pressure is put on the fatty area’s and if slimmer and be aware not to use a lot of pressure in the more bonnier areas. Height If client is tall then therapist will need to move around to cover the whole body and ensure the bed is adjusted correctly for the client when getting on and off the bed. Posture Certain pressure movements to relieve stiff muscle and more support can be given by the towels they lay on. Muscle Tone Nourish the muscle that requires toning and put more pressure on the bigger areas. Age If client is old then ensure that not to use too much pressure with stones during massage. Tempo of the massage will be slower and not too much pressure with petrissage and effleurage. However if they were younger pressure and more strength can be put into the massage. Health If health is not good then massage will be adapted with light pressure and more stimulating movements to release toxins Skin condition If skin is dry use more oil as it soaks in the skin and be aware of areas that skin may be more sensitive k. How would you recognise different skin types and conditions? Recognizing different skin types can be done by visually and manually checking as well as asking the client in addition to asking the client questions and acknowledge their reply. It is also recommended to touch and visually examine the client’s skin. l. Why is it important to encourage clients with contra-indications to seek medical advice? Encouraging clients with contra-indications to seek medical advice is important as you as a therapist are not a doctor and cannot diagnose the client. This is beneficial to the client as they could have a serious condition and carrying on with a treatment could cause it to get worse. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  11. 11. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment m. Why is it important and for what reason would you not name specific contra-indications when encouraging clients to seek medical advice? As a therapist it is important you do not specify the contra-indication when encouraging clients to seek medical advice as you could wrongly diagnose the client and cause them to get scared and paranoid when it could be something minor. Beauty therapists are not trained in medical care therefore should just advice the client to seek medical advice. n. Why is it important to maintain the client’s modesty privacy and comfort? a. To avoid therapist embarrassment b. So that the client cannot see the treatment being performed c. So that the client is comfortable and avoid embarrassment o. Briefly describe the relationship between lifestyle patterns and effectiveness of treatment. The effectiveness of treatment and lifestyle patterns relationship is very important as it will affect the client’s lifestyle itself. The client must drink plenty of water consistently to flush out the toxins as well as exercising and stretching regularly to help with aches and strains. These will help with clients health and appearance in addition to avoiding stimulates and cutting down smoking not only after body massage but completely or even stop smoking. p. Briefly describe how changes to the following can benefit the client: Healthy eating & Fluid Intake Feel fresh, help skin, more healthy in general and can help flush toxins out. Eating healthy will also help with diet. Exercise habits Keep you motivated, releases happy toxins, good for your health, good for a stable routine and good for dieting Smoking habits Keeps your skin fresh, less risk of cancer and wrinkles, good for your health and better hygiene, smell and a higher appetite rate plus saves money Sleep patterns Helps you sleep better, feeling better in mornings and having a better routine, looking more healthy and being more healthy Hobbies & Interests May boost your energy to do more things and give you the energy to do more things. Means of Relaxation Because everything will be a routine you would have finished everything you need to do and have the time to relax, plus it is more worth it to relax after knowing you have done something to deserve it. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  12. 12. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment Preparation for treatment – OUTCOME 7 a. Why is it important to give clients clear instructions on the removal of relevant clothing, accessories and general preparation for the treatment? Being clear on clients removing relevant clothing and jewellery is important so that the clients clothes and jewellery does not get in the way or get damaged from products used during the treatment. b. Why is it important to reassure clients during the preparation process whilst also maintaining the clients’ modesty and privacy? It is important the client feels comfortable whilst preparing for the treatment and clear on what is going on during the treatment so they don’t feel as if they are being touched by a stranger. You can do this by explaining what is going to happen throughout the treatment and ensuring they are comfortable throughout the treatment protecting their modesty and privacy. c. How would you select the appropriate oil for the treatment? You select oil which will suit the individual client’s needs and will meet the needs of the client’s choice of effect. For example; relaxing and detoxing. You will establish what the client’s needs are in relation to oils during the consultation before the treatment. d. How would you cleanse the following area’s in preparation for the treatment. i) Face- Remove all make up, cleanse and tone face. ii) Feet- Use foot hygiene spray to cleanse the feet. ii) What are the functions of cells? Red blood cells- To carry oxygen (Large surface area, for oxygen to pass through Contains haemoglobin, which joins with oxygen) Nerve cells- To carry nerve impulses to different parts of the body (Long, Connections at each end Can carry electrical signals) Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  13. 13. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment iii) Briefly describe the structure & functions of the following tissues: Tissue Structure Function Epithelial Epithelial tissue covers the whole surface of the body. It is made up of cells closely packed and ranged in one or more layers. Protection, Sensation, Secretion, Absorption, Excretion, Diffusion, Cleaning and Reduces Friction Connective Connective tissue are a few cells which are widely separated from each other, These living cells are responsible for secreting the large amounts of matrix which can be solid, semi liquid or liquid. Connective tissues function to support the body and to connect together all types of tissue. This also provides a mechanical framework (the skeleton). Muscular Rod-shaped cells packed full of thinner fibres called myofibrils. Slide against each other when a muscle contracts. Nervous The basic unit of structure of nervous tissue is the neuron. There are three types of neurons: sensory neurons, motor neurons, and interneurons. Nervous tissue carries living tissue, irritability, highly specialized to receive and transmit internal as well as external stimuli. a. i). Label the diagram of voluntary muscle ii) Label the diagram of involuntary muscle Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010 Muscle FiberMyofibrils Smooth Muscle Fiber Nuclear
  14. 14. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment iii) What are the functions of muscles? The functions of the muscles are to make the body capable of Extraction, Contraction, Extension, Elasticity and movement. b. i) Label the diagram of the skeleton: Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010 Skull Mandible Cervical Vertebrae Thoracic Vertebra Lumbar Vertebrae Pelvis Sacrum Coccyx Clavicle Scapula Sternum Ribs Humerus Radiu Ulna Carpals Metacarpal s Phalanges Femur Patella Tibia Fibula Calcaneus Metatarsal s Phalanges Tarsals
  15. 15. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment c. Briefly describe how you would recognise following types of postural and skeletal faults and conditions : Lordosis This is an abnormal curve in the lower back; it is common for woman with pregnancy as they have to lean back to compensate for the extra weight on the front. It can cause the lower back muscles to tighten which leads to discomfort and lower backache. For this type of posture you will be lighter on the upper shoulders. Scoliosis This abnormal curve pulls the spine to the left or the right to create a ‘C’ shape and if pulled to both the left and right makes an ‘S’ shape. People carrying uneven loads may develop this condition; It can alter the waistline, which will affect the length of the legs. To adapt to this posture during the treatment you will give light pressure towards the spine. Osteoporosis This is a disease of the bones which can lead to an increase risk of fracture. The amount and variety of proteins in the bone are altered and is more common for women who have hip menopause. To alter your treatment for this posture is to simply be lighter on the client Spondylitis This is a flat back and your routine does not need to change for this type of posture. Stone therapy equipment – OUTCOME 10 a. Briefly describe the type of purpose-built stone heating equipment, how it is used and positioned for safety. Use a professional ready-made electrical heater either digital or accompanied with a thermometer. Positional safely onto a flat surface in easy reach but no at risk of causing a hazard. b. What are the insurance implications of using non-professional stone heating Equipment? Ensure hot stones are covered in the insurance as it is a fairly new treatment. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  16. 16. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment e. Briefly describe the therapist select the correct size and shape of stone for the Size/type of stone Use Area of the body Extra large stone Massaging large area’s such as thighs (keep more heat) or can be used instead of Chakra stones Used for massage Or used as replacement Chakra stones Toe stone Placed in-between the toes giving off warmth and relaxation. Toes Trigger stones Placed on nodules for comfort and relaxation Nodules Chakra stones Channel energy through the body showing effects of various elements/healing powers. Placed on the back matching the correct colour to the correct pert of the back. f. Explain how to dry and store different types of stone in a way that will effectively energise them. Wash the stones with warm soupy water after use and store in a cool dry place to dry naturally. Place a precious stone with the drying stones to energise them. g. Name two types of material that can be used to protect the clients skin against extremes of temperature during a stone therapy treatment • Towels • Sheets h. What are the operating temperatures for hot and cold stones? The operating temperature for hot stones is 58’ Degrees and for cold stones they must be cold to touch but not freezing. j. Which types of oil are suitable for stone therapy treatments and what are their purpose? Any oils can be used as long as they are meeting the client’s needs and requests. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  17. 17. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment Principles of stone therapy treatments – OUTCOME 11 a. Briefly describe the historical and cultural background to stone therapy Chinese used heated stones more than 2,000 years ago as a means of improving the function of internal organs. Similarly there are records of stones used in folklore and religious ceremonies, with the intention to heal ailments in regions as diverse as the Americas, Africa, Europe, Egypt and India. As well as practices resembling modern stone massage, which involved laying stones at specific points on the body, there were other applications of stone, including the wearing of stones as ornaments which ensured health and protection. As a contemporary therapy, stone massage was introduced to the world of Spa treatments by Mary Nelson in 1993. b. What are the five elements of stone therapy? • Fire- summer- red • Wood- spring- green • Water- winter- blue • Metal- autumn- white • Earth- Late summer- yellow c. i) Complete the following: Chakra Element Aspect of the person Third eye Pituitary Imagination Crown Pineal gland Higher self Throat Vocal chords, Thyroid and voice Communication Heart Thymus Compassion and love Solar plexus Spleen Liver, Gall Bladder Personal Power- Self Control Sacral Gonads Giving and Trust Root Adrenals Sexuality ii) Why are the chakras significant to the stone therapy treatment? Because you work on the area placing the stones in the correct position according to the chakras Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  18. 18. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment d. Briefly describe how the therapist would place stones on the seven major chakra’s to maximise client comfort and their benefit and purpose of this Place the stones on the 7 chakra’s and adjust to a position comfortable for the client, ensure the stones are placed before the client gets on the bed so you can adjust to suit the client when s/he is on the bed. e. Briefly describe how the therapist would place stones underneath the body to maximise client comfort and their benefit and purpose of this Place the stones on the 7 chakra’s and adjust to a position comfortable for the client, ensure the stones are placed before the client gets on the bed so you can adjust to suit the client when s/he is on the bed. This is done to ensure the client is comfortable and relax as well as ensuring you are using the chankras correctly. f. i) How are the stones introduced to the clients body during the treatment? The stones are first introduced on the towel and then onto the back and stomach. ii )Why is it important to do this in a careful, safe and considerate way? This is done carefully, safely and considerately as the stones may be overly hot for the client therefore if you are careful and ask the client if it is comfortable there should not be any problem or possibility of dropping the stones. Ensuring things are done safely is vital as there are various possible ways to create an injury which should be avoided at all costs. Slowly introducing the stones to the client’s body is to prevent the clients panic if they have never had the treatment before and may be nervous. It is also much more intense and relaxing. g. What is the importance of temperature and time management of the stones during the treatment and how can the therapist carry this out? The temperature and time management is vital as you do not want to burn the client or use overly cold stones. The timing for the treatment must be stuck to as they client is paying for a specific time period for the treatment as well as other clients whom may be waiting for a treatment they have booked, so you do not want to run into the next clients treatment time period as it sets everyone back. You manage the temperature by selecting the chosen temperature on the digital machine or using a thermometer to measure the temperature until you have reached your chosen temperature. You can use a timer or just simply watch the clock to ensure you are keeping to your time limit. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  19. 19. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment h. Briefly describe how to safely handle the stones to avoid excessive noise and disturbance during the treatment You must check the temperature ensuring it is the correct heat and then removing with the ladle/wooden spoon, and place on the towel to cool before use. Try to avoid banging the stones whilst doing the treatment as it is distracting and ruins the atmosphere for the client. i. How would you recognise erythema and hyperaemia and its causes? You notice erythema and hyperaemia by redness and increase in temperature. They are caused by increase in temperature, dryness and burning. J: Why is it important to maintain correct posture during stone therapy treatment? a. To prevent strain and fatigue b. So that the therapist isn’t too close to the client c. To stop the therapist’s uniform from getting oily d. So that a deeper pressure movement can be performed k. Explain the correct use and application of stone therapy techniques to meet a variety of treatment objectives. Rotation of the stones, Alternation of hot and cold stones, Use of hot stones only, Use of cold stones only and Combination of stone types and sizes are the variety choice of action in the treatment which can be chosen to suit the client’s needs and what they want to achieve from the treatment such as Relaxing , Sense of Wellbeing, Uplifting, and Balancing or Local decongestion. l. Why is it important to evaluate the effectiveness of stone therapy treatment? It is important to evaluate the effectiveness of stone therapy treatment so you can ensure the client was satisfied and encourage them to come back for future treatments. m. Explain the correct use and application of stone therapy techniques to meet a variety of treatment objectives. Rotation of the stones, Alternation of hot and cold stones, Use of hot stones only, Use of cold stones only and Combination of stone types and sizes are the variety choice of action in the treatment which can be chosen to suit the client’s needs and what they want to achieve from the treatment such as Relaxing , Sense of Wellbeing, Uplifting, and Balancing or Local decongestion. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  20. 20. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment n. Summarise the benefits and effects of using hot and cold stones, either in isolation or combining the two temperatures during a treatment. The benefits from using heated or cold stones can vary from the following; Relaxing , Sense of Wellbeing, Uplifting, and Balancing, Local decongestion, Relieve tension and Increase blood flow. p. What would be the adaptations to the stone therapy treatment for male and female clients? Only do the treatment on the back of men but use more pressure however with women do full body treatment with less pressure. q. Explain the areas of the body and body characteristics needing particular care when undertaking stone therapy treatments. Back, spine, neck and back of knee need particular care as they do a big part for the body and take a lot of pressure so will be tenser and need relieving. r. What are the advantages of the stone therapy treatments? The treatment is better for the therapist as it relieves the hands from applying a lot of pressure as the stones do that for them and it is better for the client as it is more relaxing and soothing. s. How and why would support and cushioning be used during the treatment? Support the neck and ankles with cushions or roller up towels. This is to ensure the client is comfortable and relaxed. t. i) Briefly describe how you would safely reposition the client during treatment Direct the client into the position they are needed ensuring the are comfortable and do not fall off the bed when repositioning. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  21. 21. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment ii) What type of assistance should the therapist provide? When repositioning the client if they are young allow them to reposition themselves, help the middle aged and take more care helping the elderly. V: What is the recommended recovery time for the client after a stone therapy treatment and why is this important? Clients must give themselves at least 3hrs recovery time after the treatment, this is to enhance the treatment effects. W: How should the recovery timing for the stone therapy treatment be adapted to meet clients individual needs and physical characteristics? 30mins- Men (just back) 30mins- Just back women 1hr- Full body Women +15mins if face included Aftercare and advice for clients A: Evaluate the lifestyle factors and changes that may be required to improve the effectiveness of the treatment (e.g. healthy eating, fluid intake and regular exercise) Eat healthier food such as fruit and have small but regular meals. Drink plenty of water to wash out fluids and exercise regular to keep fit and improve body condition which will improve clients attitude and energy levels throughout the day. B: Explain activities which should be avoided post-treatment Heavy exercise should be avoided after the treatment. C: Explain products for home use that will benefit and protect the client and those to avoid and why? Massage oil and/or body cream are the recommended products to use at home. Avoid using strong chemical containing products. D: Recommended further treatments Have treatment once every week if frequently stressed or twice a month. Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010
  22. 22. B28 Provide Stone Therapy Treatments Knowledge & Understanding Assignment Level 3 Beauty Therapy © Therapy Learning Centre May 2010

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