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Resin Bonded Fixed
Partial Denture
Deepak K. Gupta (Final Year)
Department of Prosthodontics
Institute of Dental Education...
Why resin-bonded FPD ?
• Conventional FPD’s requires
abutment preparation which
leads to destruction of
adjacent teeth.
• ...
Development of Acid etching of
enamel
• Buonocore in 1955
• Less destructive means
of attaching FPD’s
• Ibsen - attachment...
Classification of RBFPD
• Classified on the basis progression of
development:
– Rochette bridge
– Maryland bridge
– Cast M...
Rochette bridge
• wing-like retainers,
• with funnel-shaped
perforations through
them to enhance resin
retention
• combine...
Disadvantage
• Weakening of the metal
retainer by the
perforations
• Limited adhesion of the
metal provided by the
perfora...
Maryland Bridge
• etched-metal prosthesis
• Done in either two step process
or one step process – equally
retentive.
• adv...
Two-step process
• Livaditis and Thompson
• electrochemical pit corroding technique
• 1st step
– 3.5 % Nitric acid at 250 ...
1-step
• McLaughlin
• faster technique
• combined solution of sulfuric and hydrochloric
acids placed in an activated ultra...
Disadvantage
• Technique sensitive
• Lab dependent
• Varies with metal type
• Prone to contamination
• Cannot be done with...
Chemical Etching
• Livaditis
• a non electrolytic technique for etching a
nickel-chromium beryllium alloy
• Placed in an e...
Modification
• Retainers coated with pyrolized silane
(Silicoater, Kulzer,Irvine,CA) – more retentive
– 47% to 104% : only...
Cast Mesh FPD
• Non etching method after
casting
• Produce roughness before the
alloy is cast, or use a.
• net-like nylon ...
Cast Mesh FPD
• Advantage
– Use of noble-metal alloys
• Disadvantage
• stiff, making it somewhat
difficult to adapt to det...
Virginia bridge
• lost salt technique
• particle-roughened
retainers by
incorporating salt
crystals into the
retainer patt...
Virginia bridge
• Sieved cubic salt crystals (NaCl) - sprinkled over
the outlined area sparing 0.5-1.0 mm wide crystal
fre...
Air abrasion
• Air abrasion with aluminum oxide in
conjunction with above technique improves
retention
• Co-Cr castings - ...
Tin Plating
• Done on noble metal alloys
• Requires particle abrasion of the alloy surface
• Uses a tin amide solution
fac...
Resin cements
• Unfilled resin - polymethyl methacrylate :
Rochette
• Unfilled/filled composite resins: perforated
retaine...
Advantage
• Reduced cost
– not as significant as was first thought when little
or no preparation was involved
• No anesthe...
Disadvantages
• Irreversible
• Uncertain Longevity : some concern about the
longevity of this type of prosthesis
• No Spac...
Indications
• Replacement of missing
anterior teeth in
children and
adolescents
• Caries free abutment
teeth or unrestored...
• Maxillary incisor
replacement
• Periodontal splints
• Post orthodontic
stabilisation
• Prolonged placement of
interim pr...
• Prolonged placement of
interim prosthesis
• Single posterior tooth
replacement
• Significant clinical crown
length
• Exc...
Contraindications
• Parafunctional habits
• Long edentulous span
• Extensive caries
• Restored or damaged abutments
facebo...
• Compromised enamel
• Nickel sensitivity
• Deep vertical overbite
• Incisors with thin faciolingual dimensions
facebook.c...
Resin retained fixed partial denture
Advantage Disadvantage Indication Contraindication
•Minimal tooth
preparation
•Minima...
Refrences
• T. Shillinburg. Fundamentals of Fixed
Prosthodontics, III edition
• T. Shillinburg. Fundamentals of Fixed
Pros...
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Resin bonded fixed partial denture

Resin bonded fixed partial denture

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Resin bonded fixed partial denture

  1. 1. Resin Bonded Fixed Partial Denture Deepak K. Gupta (Final Year) Department of Prosthodontics Institute of Dental Education and Advance Studies, Gwalior facebook.com/notesdental
  2. 2. Why resin-bonded FPD ? • Conventional FPD’s requires abutment preparation which leads to destruction of adjacent teeth. • Various solution tried for this problem but not of much result oriented – Inlay retainer – Cantilever FPD – loss of PDL support of abutment teeth – Unilateral RPD – lack of retention, stablity and risk of aspirated if dislodged facebook.com/notesdental
  3. 3. Development of Acid etching of enamel • Buonocore in 1955 • Less destructive means of attaching FPD’s • Ibsen - attachment of an acrylic resin pontic to an unprepared tooth using a composite bonding resin facebook.com/notesdental
  4. 4. Classification of RBFPD • Classified on the basis progression of development: – Rochette bridge – Maryland bridge – Cast Mesh – Virginia bridges facebook.com/notesdental
  5. 5. Rochette bridge • wing-like retainers, • with funnel-shaped perforations through them to enhance resin retention • combined mechanical retention with a silane coupling agent to produce adhesion to the metal facebook.com/notesdental
  6. 6. Disadvantage • Weakening of the metal retainer by the perforations • Limited adhesion of the metal provided by the perforations • Wear of composite resin • Thick lingual retainers • Plaque accumlation • 50% fail in about 110 months facebook.com/notesdental
  7. 7. Maryland Bridge • etched-metal prosthesis • Done in either two step process or one step process – equally retentive. • advantages over the caste perforated restorations – resin-to-etched metal bond can be substantially stronger than the resin-to-etched enamel – The retainers can be thinner and still resist flexing – oral surface of the cast retainers is highly polished and resists plaque accumulation facebook.com/notesdental
  8. 8. Two-step process • Livaditis and Thompson • electrochemical pit corroding technique • 1st step – 3.5 % Nitric acid at 250 mA/sq cm (current) for 5 min – non-beryllium-containing nickel-chromium alloy – 10% sulfuric acid at 300 mA/cm2 (current) for 5 min - beryllium nickel-chromium alloy • 2nd step : 18% HCl for 10 minutes in an ultrasonic cleaner bath facebook.com/notesdental
  9. 9. 1-step • McLaughlin • faster technique • combined solution of sulfuric and hydrochloric acids placed in an activated ultrasonic cleaner for 99 seconds passing electrical current. facebook.com/notesdental
  10. 10. Disadvantage • Technique sensitive • Lab dependent • Varies with metal type • Prone to contamination • Cannot be done with noble metal alloys facebook.com/notesdental
  11. 11. Chemical Etching • Livaditis • a non electrolytic technique for etching a nickel-chromium beryllium alloy • Placed in an etching solution for one hour in a water bath at 70 degrees centigrade • Doukoudakis proposed the use of a stable aqua regia gel • Advantage – no special equipment facebook.com/notesdental
  12. 12. Modification • Retainers coated with pyrolized silane (Silicoater, Kulzer,Irvine,CA) – more retentive – 47% to 104% : only etching – 23% to 124% : composite-to-metal bonding systems • Air abrading metal with 250-μm abrasive increases bonding strength remarkably when used in conjunction with silane. facebook.com/notesdental
  13. 13. Cast Mesh FPD • Non etching method after casting • Produce roughness before the alloy is cast, or use a. • net-like nylon mesh – lingual surfaces of the abutment teeth on the working cast • Covered by and incorporated into the retainer wax pattern • mesh-like surface when the retainer is cast • Eliminates the need for etching facebook.com/notesdental
  14. 14. Cast Mesh FPD • Advantage – Use of noble-metal alloys • Disadvantage • stiff, making it somewhat difficult to adapt to detail of the abutment tooth • Wax runs too freely into mesh – blocks undercut compromising retentivity. facebook.com/notesdental
  15. 15. Virginia bridge • lost salt technique • particle-roughened retainers by incorporating salt crystals into the retainer patterns to produce roughness on the inner surfaces facebook.com/notesdental
  16. 16. Virginia bridge • Sieved cubic salt crystals (NaCl) - sprinkled over the outlined area sparing 0.5-1.0 mm wide crystal free margin • retainer patterns were fabricated from resin • removed from the cast- resin was polymerized • cleaned with a solvent, • placed in water in an ultrasonic cleaner to dissolve the salt crystals • left cubic voids in the surface facebook.com/notesdental
  17. 17. Air abrasion • Air abrasion with aluminum oxide in conjunction with above technique improves retention • Co-Cr castings - with 4-methacryloxyethyl trimellitate anhydride (4-MET A) resin • Ni-Cr alloys - oxidation with a dilute solution of sulfuric acid and potassium manganate prior to air abrassion facebook.com/notesdental
  18. 18. Tin Plating • Done on noble metal alloys • Requires particle abrasion of the alloy surface • Uses a tin amide solution facebook.com/notesdental
  19. 19. Resin cements • Unfilled resin - polymethyl methacrylate : Rochette • Unfilled/filled composite resins: perforated retainers • Modified unfilled/filled composite resin with a thin film thickness - electrolytic etching • chemically active - 4-MET A – Chemically react with surface of – not on microretention in the surface of the metal for bond strength facebook.com/notesdental
  20. 20. Advantage • Reduced cost – not as significant as was first thought when little or no preparation was involved • No anesthetic needed • Supragingival margins • Rebonding Possible • Minimal tooth preparation – More conservative and less likely to create problems in unblemished abutment teeth facebook.com/notesdental
  21. 21. Disadvantages • Irreversible • Uncertain Longevity : some concern about the longevity of this type of prosthesis • No Space Correction: edentulous space is significantly wider than the mesiodistal width of the tooth that would normally occupy the space • No Alignment Correction • Difficult Temporlzation facebook.com/notesdental
  22. 22. Indications • Replacement of missing anterior teeth in children and adolescents • Caries free abutment teeth or unrestored abutments • Mandibular incisor replacement facebook.com/notesdental
  23. 23. • Maxillary incisor replacement • Periodontal splints • Post orthodontic stabilisation • Prolonged placement of interim prosthesis facebook.com/notesdental
  24. 24. • Prolonged placement of interim prosthesis • Single posterior tooth replacement • Significant clinical crown length • Excellent moisture control facebook.com/notesdental
  25. 25. Contraindications • Parafunctional habits • Long edentulous span • Extensive caries • Restored or damaged abutments facebook.com/notesdental
  26. 26. • Compromised enamel • Nickel sensitivity • Deep vertical overbite • Incisors with thin faciolingual dimensions facebook.com/notesdental
  27. 27. Resin retained fixed partial denture Advantage Disadvantage Indication Contraindication •Minimal tooth preparation •Minimal potential for pulpal trauma •Anaesthesia not required •Supragingival margin •Easy impression •Provisional required •Reduced chair time •Reduced patient expense •Rebinding possible •Reduced longevity •Enamel modification required •Space correction is difficult •Good alignment of abutment teeth is required •Esthetic is compromised on posterior teeth •Replacement of missing anterior teeth in children and adolescents •Short span •Unrestored abutments •Single posterior teeth •Significant crown length •Excellent moisture control •Parafunctional habits •Long edentulous spans •Restored or damaged abutments •Compromised enamel •Significant pontic width disprepancy •Deep vertical overlap •Nickel allergy facebook.com/notesdental
  28. 28. Refrences • T. Shillinburg. Fundamentals of Fixed Prosthodontics, III edition • T. Shillinburg. Fundamentals of Fixed Prosthodontics, IV edition • Rosenstiel, Land, Fujimoto. Contemperory Fixed Prosthodontics, III edition facebook.com/notesdental

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