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Trends: Ethics, Privacy,
Transparency, Trust
Geography in Government, UK
December 2020
“
Its about seeing the disruption
coming, assessing how fast it
will get here, knowing what to
be concerned about and bein...
Trust
Responsibility
Ethics
Privacy
Transparency
Accountability
When does cool become creepy?
The IoT and mobile devices bring
amazing opportunities for new
tech to make our lives easier...
COVID-19
happened…..
Benchmark
• Supported by PlaceFund (part of the
Omidyar Network) and Ordnance Survey
• Complementary program in USA Ethica...
Objectives
• Thought leadership through events
• Real-world tools and services
through entrepreneurship program
• Create i...
Locus Charter
Our Vision
• A world where location data is utilized for the betterment of the world and
all species that live in it.
Who ...
Draft Principles (Dec 2020)
Principle One
• Understand impacts: Users of location data have the responsibility
fully to un...
Principle Three
• Protect rights: Location technologies support capabilities that can
enable users to undermine the autono...
Principle Five
• Address bias: Bias in the collection of location data can either remove
affected groups from mapping that...
Principle Seven
• Minimise data: Most business and mission applications do not require
the most invasive scale of location...
Principle Nine
• Prevent identification of individuals: As an individual’s mobile
location data is situated within more an...
Related initiatives
Activities Document Type Audience
Locus Charter (Benchmark Initiative & EthicalGEO) Strategic Global P...
Projects by IF
How to measure
representation in a location
data set and protect people’s
privacy
Case study – look at raci...
Clear your tracks
A web based mobile friendly education experience to teach general
public about how location data is coll...
Gather
Based on international sanitation
data Gather will create a publicly
accessible online tool aimed at
government, fu...
What should you do?
• Get informed – read the draft Locus Charter
• Be a change in your organisation - https://ethicalexpl...
Thank you
Denise McKenzie
denise.mckenzie@geovation.uk
2020 Geography in Government: Trends
2020 Geography in Government: Trends
2020 Geography in Government: Trends
2020 Geography in Government: Trends
2020 Geography in Government: Trends
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Trends: Ethics, Privacy, Transparency, Trust

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2020 Geography in Government: Trends

  1. 1. Trends: Ethics, Privacy, Transparency, Trust Geography in Government, UK December 2020
  2. 2. “ Its about seeing the disruption coming, assessing how fast it will get here, knowing what to be concerned about and being ready for the change it brings. @spatialred
  3. 3. Trust Responsibility Ethics Privacy Transparency Accountability
  4. 4. When does cool become creepy? The IoT and mobile devices bring amazing opportunities for new tech to make our lives easier. But at what point does it do from innovation to creepy intrusion? denise-mckenzie.com
  5. 5. COVID-19 happened…..
  6. 6. Benchmark • Supported by PlaceFund (part of the Omidyar Network) and Ordnance Survey • Complementary program in USA EthicalGeo
  7. 7. Objectives • Thought leadership through events • Real-world tools and services through entrepreneurship program • Create interaction between data ethics and geospatial fields • Explore what responsible and ethical practice looks like for location data use
  8. 8. Locus Charter
  9. 9. Our Vision • A world where location data is utilized for the betterment of the world and all species that live in it. Who we are • An international collaboration of governments, organisations and individual practitioners seeking to ensure the ethical & responsible use of location data throughout the world. Audience • The Charter is written for individuals and organisations who use location data or have responsibility for activities that create, collect, analyze and store location data.
  10. 10. Draft Principles (Dec 2020) Principle One • Understand impacts: Users of location data have the responsibility fully to understand the potential impacts of their uses of data, including who (individuals and groups) and what could be affected, and how. The understanding of specific capabilities and risks relating to location data should be employed to support informed and proportionate decisions, and to minimise harms. Principle Two • Do no harm: Physical proximity amplifies the potential harms that can befall people, flora and fauna, therefore users should ensure that the individual or collective location data pertaining to all species should not be used to discriminate, exploit or harm.
  11. 11. Principle Three • Protect rights: Location technologies support capabilities that can enable users to undermine the autonomy of individuals and groups, making it all the more important that rights established in the physical world must be protected in digital contexts and interactions. Principle Four • Protect the vulnerable: Give that vulnerable people and places can disproportionately harmed by the misuse of location data, and may lack the capacity to protect themselves, when using location data relating to vulnerable people and places, users should take additional care to balance the benefits being sought with the potential for harms, and to act positively to minimise harms.
  12. 12. Principle Five • Address bias: Bias in the collection of location data can either remove affected groups from mapping that conveys rights or services, or amplify negative impacts of inclusion in a dataset, therefore care should be taken to understand bias in the location data that is collected, and to act to minimise negative impacts. Principle Six • Minimise intrusion: Given the intimate and personal nature of location data, users should avoid undue intrusions into people’s lives and the locales where they dwell.
  13. 13. Principle Seven • Minimise data: Most business and mission applications do not require the most invasive scale of location tracking in order to provide the intended level of service; therefore all organizations should comply with good location data practices that adhere to the data minimization principle, including abstracting location data to the least invasive scale feasible for the application. Principle Eight • Protect privacy: Tracking individual’s movements through space and time gives insights into the most intimate aspects of their lives, therefore in the rare cases when aggregated and anonymized location data will not meet some acute business or mission need, location data that identifies individuals should be respected, protected, and used with informed consent where possible.
  14. 14. Principle Nine • Prevent identification of individuals: As an individual’s mobile location data is situated within more and more geospatial context data, its anonymity erodes, therefore measures should be put in place to prevent subsequent use of the data resulting in identification of individuals or their location. Principle Ten • Be accountable: Where feasible, people should be able to access when location data is collected about them, what data, by whom, and for what purposes.
  15. 15. Related initiatives Activities Document Type Audience Locus Charter (Benchmark Initiative & EthicalGEO) Strategic Global Principles Organisations (private & public) primarily, but can also be endorsed by individuals ODI Data Ethics Canvas GEO – Data Working Group Ethics best practice (in discussion) Geonovum – Ethical Framework OGC – GeoEthics adhoc (proposed working group) Frameworks / Best Practices Organisations W3C SDWWG – Responsible Use Guide Godan – Ethical Code Toolkit SDSN TReNDS – Contracts for Data Collaboration Omidyar Network - Ethics Explorer DevGRG – Development Research Ethical Guidelines Gather principles Guides / Guidelines / Templates Practitioners implementing on a daily basis URISA / GISCI (USA) SSSI (Australia & NZ) RICS (UK) ASPRS (USA) Codes of Ethics Individuals, Professionals
  16. 16. Projects by IF How to measure representation in a location data set and protect people’s privacy Case study – look at racial access to and use of micro-mobility Open Source Tool in Jupyter Notebook and Github https://benchmarkinitiative.com/ blog/PBIF_Summary
  17. 17. Clear your tracks A web based mobile friendly education experience to teach general public about how location data is collected and used from mobile use. https://www.clearyourtracks.org/
  18. 18. Gather Based on international sanitation data Gather will create a publicly accessible online tool aimed at government, funders and civil society organisations. Using the ODI Data Ethics Canvas and regardless of data literacy skills, the tool will enable any user to better understand availability, access and accuracy of the location data available https://benchmark.gatherhub.org/
  19. 19. What should you do? • Get informed – read the draft Locus Charter • Be a change in your organisation - https://ethicalexplorer.org/ • Ask questions – especially the difficult and challenging ones • Contribute to the conversation • Embrace the culture change
  20. 20. Thank you Denise McKenzie denise.mckenzie@geovation.uk

Trends: Ethics, Privacy, Transparency, Trust

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