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PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 1 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 2 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 3 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 4 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 5 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 6 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 7 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 8 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 9 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 10 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 11 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 12 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 13 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 14 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 15 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 16 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 17 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 18 PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING Slide 19
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PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING

  1. 1. NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING BY: Mr. Dinabandhu Barad MSc Tutor, Department of Pediatric Nursing SNC, S’O’A DTU.
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION When it comes to choosing a colour for the child: IT’S ALWAYS A BLUE FOR BOYS & PINK FOR GIRLS. But when it comes to Nutrition for a child,these differences fade away. There is no other time in life when the provision of appropriate nutrition is of greater importance than during infancy andchildhood. Thus understanding the importance of Pediatric Nutrition and implementing correct nutritional guidelines at the right agebecomes very essential.
  3. 3. NUTRITION DURING DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS INFANTS  The first year of life is a period of rapid growth and development.  Adequate Nutrition is essential for lifelong health and well being.  It is also essential to achieve optimal growth, development and health.  Thus it is essential to identify and correct any nutritional problems to avoid it to carryinnextyearof life.
  4. 4. Infants should be exclusively breast fed for the first six months (wherever possible). Breast milk is a sufficient source of calories for the first six months for the infant. Also provides right amount of other nutrients which are easily digestible. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR INFANTS
  5. 5. Contains various antibodies which help to build the infant’s immune system. Commentary foods has to be gradually introduced after 6 months along with breast feeding. Single grain cereals (mashed and in porridge form, malted form), pureed vegetables and fruits, dal water are advisable. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR INFANTS
  6. 6. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR INFANTS  Adding sugar, jaggery, oil or ghee will increase the calorific value of food.  Once the child starts eating well, food items like khichadi, upma, daliya, kheer, idli, curd, milk can be introduced.  Never overfeed or force the child to eat  Careful hygienic practices and storage of Complementary food is very essential to prevent contamination and infection.
  7. 7.  Several developmental changes in brain, body and organ occur at this time.  Best time for Visual development.  Vitamins and minerals are very important for bone health, brain development and to strengthen the immune system. TODDLERS AND PRESCHOOLERS (1-6 YEARS )
  8. 8. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR TODDLERS  Introduce new foods at regular intervals to increase acceptance of new food.  Provide a variety of food using the Food Guide Pyramid for children.  Provide them with small frequent meals rather than three large meals.  Provide adequate green leafy vegetable, other vegetables and fruits for goods sources of vitamins, minerals (specially Iron) and fibre.
  9. 9. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR TODDLERS  Provide enough dairy sources for calcium intake.  Provide food in a colourful and appealing way.  Encourage the child to play actively each day.  Don't force to eat or bribe the child with sweets or treats.  Limit television watching to 1 to 2 hours a day
  10. 10. SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN (6-12 YEARS ) It is a growth spurt time where nutritional needs are high but fairly small appetite. Important for good development for cognitive skills,bone mineralization and life long eating patterns.
  11. 11. SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN (6-12 YEARS ) According to the “National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau of India”, over 50% of apparently healthy looking children have sub-clinical or biochemical deficiencies of vitamin A, vitamins B2, B6, folate and vitamin C. Food choices largely depends a lot on family food choices, peer groups, media.
  12. 12. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN  Provide variety in meals. Avoid Monotony.  Encourage healthier options for snacks rather than fried and unhealthy snacks like crisps, fries etc.  School meals and packed lunches are very important part of daily nutritional intake.  Balance food with physical activity.
  13. 13. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN  Set good examples for healthy eating habit.  Provide plenty of grains, fruits and vegetable, low fat dairy products.  Moderate sugars and salt.  Involve the child in making food choices.
  14. 14.  Encourage the child to eat with family at the dining table.  Never skip breakfast.  Don't serve food in front of TV  Avoid foods rich in saturated fats and cholesterol. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN
  15. 15. ADOLESCENTS (12 TO 18 YEARS)  WHO states: It is a time of intense physical, psychosocial, and cognitive development.  Increased nutritional needs at this juncture relate to the fact that adolescents gain up to 50% of their adult weight, more than 20% of their adult height, and 50% of their adult skeletal mass during this period.
  16. 16. ADOLESCENTS (12 TO 18 YEARS)  Thus it is important to take care and fuel it with nutritious food so that it may develop to its potential.  Important for prevention of health problems such as obesity, dental caries, iron deficiency, and osteoporosis.  Peers influence easily so harder to make healthy choices.
  17. 17. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR ADOLESCENTS  Consume balanced and small frequent meals with lot of variety in them.  Teach adequate portion sizes of foods from all food groups.  Choosing the diet with plenty of grains, vegetables, pulses, dairy products.  Choosing the diet low in salt, sugar, fat (saturated fats).
  18. 18. NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR ADOLESCENTS  Provide with readily available healthy food choices even while eating outside food.  Involve the adolescent in making good choices as well as preparations oh healthy food.  Drink less of sugar-sweetened beverages (e.g., soft drinks, sport drinks, fruit drinks, etc.)
  19. 19. THANK YOU

PEDIATRIC NUTRITIONAL COUNSELLING

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