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Surah lahab

This slide program explains and meaning and message of Surah lahab

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Surah lahab

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING SURAH LAHAB OR SURAH MASAD Its meaning and message
  2. 2. SURAH LAHAB OR SURAH MASAD • 1. Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he! • 2. His wealth and his children will not benefit him! • 3. He will enter a Fire full of flames! • 4. And his wife too, who carries wood. • 5. In her neck is a twisted rope of Masad.
  3. 3. BACKGROUND FOR REVELATION OF SURAH Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn `Abbas that the Prophet went out to the valley of Al-Batha and he ascended the mountain. Then he cried out, ‫اه‬َ‫ح‬‫ا‬َ‫ب‬َ‫ص‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ O people, come at once! So the Quraysh gathered around him. Then he said, ُ‫ك‬ُ‫ح‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ص‬ُ‫م‬ َّ‫ُو‬‫د‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ث‬َّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬َ‫أ‬ُُِ‫د‬َ‫ص‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ُْْ‫ك‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬‫ي‬َِِّ‫م‬ُ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫م‬‫ي‬ِْ‫و‬ If I told you all that the enemy was going to attack you in the morning, or in the evening, would you all believe me) They replied, "Yes.'' Then he said, ِ‫د‬َ‫ش‬ ٍ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ع‬ ْ‫َي‬‫د‬َ‫ي‬ َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬ ٌ‫ير‬ِ‫ذ‬َْ ‫ي‬ِِْ‫إ‬َ‫ف‬‫يد‬ Verily, I am a warner (sent) to you all before the coming of a severe torment.) Then Abu Lahab said, "Have you gathered us for this May you perish!'' Thus, Allah revealed, ﴿﴾ َّ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬َ‫و‬ ٍٍ۬‫ب‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ ‫ى‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ٓ‫ا‬َ‫د‬َ‫ي‬ ۡ‫ت‬َّ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬
  4. 4. PROPHECY FULFILLED. A MIRACLE OF QURAN We know that these verses were revealed in Mecca It was announced that Abu Lahab and his wife will roast in the fire of Hell, i.e. they will not believe in the Truth. Finally, many pagans of Mecca believed, indeed, and some only apparently believed Of those who believed neither truly nor apparently were these two people. This is one of the predictions of the Holy Qur’an which came true.
  5. 5. MIRACLE OF QURAN • Part of the miracles in the Quran is the prophesies of the quran • The Quran says rome will dominate in ten years, and this happened • In this surah Allah says Abu Lahab will be destroyed. • Abu Lahab could have said La ilaha ilallah • If he had said that, even if it was sarcastically, he could say ‘your book is saying I’m burning in hell but here I am taking Shahadah and it’s supposed to protect me against the hell fire. So your book must be wrong. • He had many years to take this opportunity. He never did. • This is part of the miracles of the Quran
  6. 6. KINSHIP WITHOUT FAITH IS OF NO BENEFIT Relationship even with the holy Prophet (S), can be of no benefit when the person lacks in Faith. Believers show no closeness toward those who go astray and never follow them in their wrong way, even when they are their close relatives. Abu Lahab was Prophet’s (S) uncle but, when he opposed Islam, he was warned of Allah’s punishment as other disbelievers. Those who came from different races and languages, when believed and practiced Islam became closer to the Prophet (S). According to a Hadith, the Prophet (S) said about Salman Farsi, "Salman is of our Ahlul-Bait".
  7. 7. WHO WAS ABU-LAHAB? This man Abu Lahab was one of the uncles of the Messenger of Allah (S). His name was `Abdul-`Uzza bin Abdul- Muttalib. His surname was Abu `Utaybah He was only called Abu Lahab because of the brightness of his face. He used to often cause harm to the Messenger of Allah. He hated and scorned him and his religion.
  8. 8. HE WAS RICH BUT SELFISH AND STINGY Abu Lahab was a stingy, materialistic man. He was one of the four richest men of the Quraysh, who owned one qintar (about 260 oz) of gold each. His love of wealth can be judged from the fact that for the battle of Badr when all the Quraysh chiefs went to fight, he did not go. He sent `As bin Hisham to fight on his own behalf. This was in lieu of the debt of four thousand dirhams that he owed to him. Thus, he contrived a plan to realize his debt, for ‘As’ had become bankrupt and there was no hope to recover debt from him.
  9. 9. HE HAD DEEP HATRED AGAINST THE PROHET Throw filth into the house of the Prophet whenever the Prophet read Quran Sometimes when food was being cooked in the courtyard, they would throw filth at the cooking pot. The Holy Prophet would come out and say: "O Bani Abdi Manaf, what kind of neighborliness is it? When Prophet's son, Qasim, passed away, Abu Lahab came out of his house screaming dancing and saying ‘Batara Muhammadun’(Muhammed had his cut off. Two of the Holy Prophet's daughters were married to two of Abu Lahab's sons, Utbah and When the Holy Prophet began to invite the people to Islam, Abu Lahab said to both his sons:"I would forbid myself seeing and meeting you until you divorced the daughters of Muhammad
  10. 10. HOW DID ABU LAHAB WORK AGAINST THE PROPHET (SAW) Rabi`ah bin `Abbad (RA)said "I saw the Prophet in the market of Dhul-Majaz and he was saying, ‫وا‬ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ق‬ ، ُ‫اس‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬:‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫َل‬ُ‫ح‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ف‬ُ‫ت‬ ُ‫هللا‬ َّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫ه‬‫وا‬ O people! Say there is no god worthy of worship except Allah and you will be successful. The people were gathered around him. Abu-Lahab was there saying, "Verily, he is an apostate (from our religion) and a liar!‘’ Abu-Lahab was following him (the Prophet) around wherever he went. So, I asked who was he and they (the people) said, "This is his uncle, Abu Lahab.''
  11. 11. MISERABLE DEATH OF ABU LAHAB News of the defeat in the battle of Badar reached Makkah, Abu-Lahab was so shocked that he could not survive for more than seven days. He became afflicted with malignant pustule and the people of his house left him to himself, fearing contagion. No one came near his body for three days After his death his body decomposed and began to stink.
  12. 12. ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫د‬َ‫ي‬ ْ‫َّت‬‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ٍ‫ب‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ ‫ي‬ َّ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬ PERISH THE TWO HANDS OF ABU LAHAB • Tabb is past tense verb of Tabba • The past is associated with certainty • Other meanings of Tabat: 1-Tabat = Halakat (die violently) 2-Tabat = Khasirat (To suffer loss) 3-Tabat = Khaabat (To go bad) 4-Tabat = Dhalat (To go to waste) 5-Tabat = Safarat min kuli Khair (To be completely void of any good)
  13. 13. PERISHING OF HIS HANDS MEANS COMPLETE FAILURE OF HIS PLANS It does not imply physical breaking of his hands. It means he failed in his plans for which he has exerted his utmost. Abu Lahab plan was to stop spreading the message of Islam. Quraysh were defeated in the Battle of Badr. Islam was accepted by his own children. This is how Abu Lahab ‘perished’
  14. 14. HIS WEALTH AND HIS CHILDREN (KASAB) WILL NOT BENEFIT HIM! • Ibn `Abbas(RA) and others have said: “Kasab means his children.‘’ • Some commentators have taken ‘kasab’ in the meaning of the earning. • Ibn Mas`ud(RA) said,that when the Messenger of Allah called his people to faith, Abu Lahab said: • "Even if what my nephew says is true, I will ransom myself from the painful torment on the Day of Judgment with my wealth and my children.'' ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ ٰ‫َى‬‫ن‬ْ‫غ‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ب‬َ‫س‬َ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ‫و‬
  15. 15. ‫َا‬‫ن‬ ٰ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ص‬َ‫ي‬َ‫س‬َ‫ات‬َ‫ذ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ر‬ ٍ‫ب‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ HE WILL ENTER A FIRE FULL OF FLAMES! • The ayah speaks about the future dreadful consequence for Abu-Lahab • When the past tense is used it means, something that will happen very soon (or something that will happen in this world/dunya) • Maeaning of Verse: Very soon he will be cast into a flame which has the quality of red flame or flickr. • This is an attack against him – you like to be called by flames? Then that’s what you’ll get. • The letter ‘soon’ is used here as a threat and warning
  16. 16. THE WIFE OF ABU LAHAB “UMMI- JAMEEL” His wife was among the leading women of the Quraysh She was known as Umm Jamil. Her name was `Arwah bint Harb bin Umayyah She was the sister of Abu Sufyan. She was supportive of her husband in his disbelief, rejection and obstinacy. Therefore, she will be helping to administer his punishment in the fire of Hell on the Day of Judgment. Thus, Allah says, ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ت‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬ ۡ‫ٱم‬َ‫و‬‫ۥ‬َ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َّ‫م‬َ‫ح‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ح‬ۡ‫ٱل‬•‫ى‬ِ‫ف‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫د‬‫ي‬ ِ‫ج‬َ‫ح‬ٌٌٍ۬۬ۡ‫ب‬‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ِ‫د‬ََِّّ‫م‬ Who carries wood. In her neck is a twisted rope of Masad. She will carry the firewood and throw it upon her husband to increase his torment in hell
  17. 17. THE WORD IMRA’AH There are two words for wife in the Quran. Imra’ah and Zawj Functions of marriage are: one to increase good in society/decrease evil, and two have children. When any of theses things is missing Allah uses Imra’ah. And when they’re both there he uses Zawj. In this situation, they have harmony and children but were source of evil They didn’t increase good in society so Allah uses the word Imra’ah Because the word Wamra’atuhu is marfoo’ This means the ayah is saying: He will be cast into a flame and so will his wife َ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َّ‫م‬َ‫ح‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ت‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬َ‫و‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬
  18. 18. THE WORD HAMALATA The word is mansoob (has fatha) There are 16 reasons why a word can have a fatha on it One of the reasons is shatm – condemnation/curse/anger This is a way of Allah mentioning her in disgust and the disgust is captured in the fatha Allah uses hamaalah instead of hamilah to indicate that she will keep on carry it It’s also used to indicate one’s profession The slave girls who use to bring in the wood were called hamaalat al-hadab. Umm Jamil use to think of her self as being way over them. Allah degrades her and brings her down as if to say I don’t care of your status in society. If you mess with the Prophet then you don’t deserve anything like that ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َّ‫م‬َ‫ح‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ح‬
  19. 19. َّ‫م‬َ‫ح‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ت‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ام‬ َ‫و‬‫ب‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ة‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬ AND HIS THE CARRIER OF FIREWOOD ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ___ • It literally means the carrier of wood. The commentators have given several meanings to it:  She used to place thorns at the Prophet’s door in the night; therefore, described as carrier of the wood. She used to carry evil tales and slander from one person to another in order to create hatred between them; therefore, she has been called the bearer of wood idiomatically. Sa`id bin Jubair says, the one who is loading himself with the burden of sin She will do this in the Hereafter, i.e. she will bring and supply wood to the fire in which Abu Lahab would be burning.
  20. 20. IN HER NECK IS A TWISTED ROPE OF MASAD • Al-Jawhari said, "Al-Masad refers to fibers, it is also a rope made from fibers or palm leaves. • It is also made from the skins of camels or their furs. • It is said (in Arabic) Masadtul-Habla and Amsaduhu Masadan, when you tightly fasten its twine. • Mujahid said, • ﴿ََِّّ‫م‬ ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ٌٌٍ۬۬ۡ‫ب‬َ‫ح‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ِ‫د‬‫ي‬ ِ‫ج‬ ‫ى‬ِ‫ف‬﴾ ِ‫د‬ • In her neck is a twisted rope of Masad.) "This means a collar of iron.'' Don't you see that the Arabs call a pulley cable a Masad • In Hell she would have a rope of palm fiber round her neck instead of that necklace upon which she used to take pride so arrogantly.
  21. 21. ABU LAHAB'S WIFE INTENDED TO HARM THE PROPHET (SAW) • Asma' bint Abi Bakr (RA)said, "When ﴿ٍٍ۬‫ب‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ ‫ى‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ ٓ‫ا‬َ‫د‬َ‫ي‬ ۡ‫ت‬َّ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ was revealed, the one- eyed Umm Jamil bint Harb came out wailing. • She had a stone in her hand. • She was saying, `He criticizes our father, and his religion is our scorn, and his command is to disobey us. • ' The Messenger of Allah was sitting in the Masjid (of the Ka`bah) and Abu Bakr was with him. • When Abu Bakr saw her he said, `O Messenger of Allah! She is coming and I fear that she will see you.’
  22. 22. INVISIBLE VEIL AROUND THE PROPHET (SAW) • The Messenger of Allah replied, • Verily, she will not see me. Then he recited some of the Qur’an: َّ‫ٱل‬ َ‫ن‬ۡ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫َك‬‫ن‬ۡ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ ‫َا‬‫ن‬ۡ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ج‬ َ‫ان‬َ‫ء‬ ۡ‫ر‬ُ‫ق‬ۡ‫ٱل‬ َ‫ت‬ۡ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ ِ‫ح‬ ِ َ‫ر‬ ِ‫ر‬َ ۡ‫َۡأ‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ۡ‫م‬ُ‫ي‬ َ‫َل‬ َ‫ِين‬‫ذ‬‫ا‬ ً۬‫ور‬ُ‫ت‬ۡ‫س‬َّ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ً۬‫ب‬ • And when you recite the Qur'an, We put between you and those who believe not in the Hereafter, an invisible veil.) (17:45) • So she advanced until she was standing in front of Abu Bakr and she did not see the Messenger of Allah. • She then said, `O Abu Bakr! Verily, I have been informed that your friend is making defamatory poetry about me.’ • Abu Bakr replied, `Nay! By the Lord of this House (the Ka`bah) he is not defaming you.’ • So she turned away saying, `Indeed the Quraysh know that I am the daughter of their leader.''' Al- Walid
  23. 23. LESSONS LEARNED 1. Enemies of Islam who unjustly accuse the Prophet (SAW) will be punished by Allah in this world and the Hereafter. 2- Kinship to a righteous person will not benefit if there are no faith and righteous deeds. 3- Wealth and children will be of no benefit to save from Allah’s chastisement for the hateful enemies of Islam 3. Married couple should be partners in good and virtue rather than sin and evil.
  24. 24. FOUR DIFFERENT KINDS OF DISBELIEVERS 1-A friendly disbeliever Mu’tem bin adiyy Abu Taleb • 2. A noble enemy He does show animosity, but if he had become Muslim, he would have been amazing • Abu Jahl • 3.Wretched enemy but nothing personal against the Prophet Utbah ibn Rabiah (the great debater) Waleed ibn Mugheerah (poet) • 4. Hates Islam and hates the Prophet- Abu Lahab
  25. 25. FOUR DOMESTIC SITUATIONS FOR WOMEN • 1. A wonderful woman with a wonderful wali (guardian) Maryam • 2. A wonderful woman with a terrible wali (guardian) • Asiyah – wife of Firown • 3. A terrible woman but a wonderful wali (guardian) • Wives of Lut and Nuh • 4. A terrible woman with a terrible wali (guardian) • Umm Jamil