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Surah Ma'oon

This slide program explains the meaning and message of Surah Ma'oon from Al-Quraan

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Surah Ma'oon

  2. 2. 1 Have you seen the one who denies the Day of Judgment? 2 That is he who repulses the orphan (harshly), 3 And urges not on the feeding of Al- Miskin (the poor), 4 So woe unto those performers of Salat (prayers) (hypocrites), 5 Those who delay their Salat (prayer from their stated fixed times). 6 Those who do good deeds only to be seen (by others) 7 And prevent Al-Ma’oon (small acts of kindness).
  3. 3. RELATIONSHIP WITH THE PREVIOUS SURAH • In Surah Quraysh, it is told that we must worship the Master of this house (the Ka'bah) in order to be thankful to Him. • In Surah Al-Maun, Allah tells us how people are disobeying Allah. • This presents a contrast between what they should be doing, and what they are doing at present. • We can assess ourselves in the same perspective too.
  4. 4. Circumstances of revelation • Allah SWT revealed various Quranic verses in relation to some of the events that were unfolding at that time. • But it does not mean that it was only those events that the Quran came to enlighten. • The universal message of the Quran is for all the times to come • Some commentators said that this was revealed about Abu-Sufyan • He used to slaughter two big camels every day from which he and his men ate. • One day it happened that an orphan came to his door and asked for some • help. • Abu-Sufyan beat him with his stick and repulsed him. • Timeless lessons from this Surah are as applicable today as they were at that time
  5. 5. ِ‫ين‬ِ‫الد‬ِ‫ب‬ ُ‫ب‬ِ‫ذ‬َ‫ك‬ُ‫ي‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ذ‬َّ‫ال‬ َ‫ْت‬‫ي‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ر‬َ‫أ‬–107:1 Have you seen the one who denies the Day of Judgment? • The word ‘Araayata’ mentioned in the Ayah means seeing with the eyes as well as knowing, understanding • So the verse questions, “Do you know the kind of person who belies the Judgment?” • The purpose is not to ask whether someone has physically seen such a person • It is to invite the listener to consider as to what kind of character is developed in a person who denies the judgment of the Hereafter. • It urges the listener to understands the moral significance of belief in the Hereafter.
  6. 6. َ‫يم‬ِ‫ت‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ال‬ ُّ‫ع‬ُ‫د‬َ‫ي‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ذ‬َّ‫ال‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬ََٰ‫ذ‬َ‫ف‬-107:2 That is he who repulses the orphan (harshly) • ‘Fa’ in the beginning of the sentence expresses the meaning, “If you do not know, then know that it is indeed he who…. • ‘yadu’ul yateem’ has several meanings: • 1. Depriving the orphan of his rights and evicting him from his father’s heritage. • 2. Repelling the orphan when he asks for help showing no compassion towards him; and if he still persists in his entreaties in the hope for mercy, he drives him away and out of sight. • 3. Ill-treating the orphan
  7. 7. Virtues of helping the orphans • Prophet(SAW) said: “The one who looks after a widow or a needy person is like a Mujâhid (fighter) who fights for Allah’s Cause, or like him who performs prayers all the night and fasts all day.” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari] • “Among the Muslims, the best house is one where an orphan is being well treated.” • A man once came to the Prophet (SAW) and complained that he feels the hardness in his heart. The Prophet (SAW) said, “Would you like that your heart becomes soft and that you acquire what you need? Be merciful with the orphan, pat his head and feed him from what you eat. • “I and the person who looks after an orphan and provides for him, will be in Paradise like this”, putting his index and middle
  8. 8. ِ‫ين‬ِ‫ك‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ ِ‫ام‬َ‫ع‬َ‫ط‬ َٰ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُّ‫ض‬ُ‫ح‬َ‫ي‬ َ‫َل‬ َ‫و‬-107:3 And urges not on feeding of Al-Miskin (the poor) • Here ‘Yahuddu’ means that the person neither persuades his own self nor tells the people of his household to provide the poor man with his food. • Ta`am-il-miskin (food of the poor and not it’am-il-miskin( feeding the poor). • The food given to the poor man is not the food of the giver, but of the poor man himself • It is his right which is enjoined on the giver • The giver is not doing him any favor but rendering him his right. • This same thing had been said in Surah Adh-Dhariyat : "And in their possessions is a due share of him who asks and of him who is needy." (v. 19)
  9. 9. َ‫ين‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬ِ‫ل‬ ٌ‫ل‬ْ‫ي‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ف‬-107:4 So woe unto those performers of Salat. Those who delay their Salat. • “Musallin" means "the people of salat", i.e. of those included among Muslims. • They are negligent about their salah. • This is a severe warning indicating that not everyone who appears to be obedient and stands alongside the worshippers is actually an obedient person whose works are accepted.
  10. 10. Negligence towards salah • This is of three types: • 1- Mindless in Salah- They are those people who pray and adhere to the prayer, yet they are mindless of it. Allah SWT says : ِ‫إ‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ع‬ِ‫د‬‫َا‬‫خ‬ َ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ َ‫و‬ َ َّ‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ع‬ِ‫د‬‫َا‬‫خ‬ُ‫ي‬ َ‫ين‬ِ‫ق‬ِ‫ف‬‫َا‬‫ن‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ر‬ُ‫ي‬ َٰ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫س‬ُ‫ك‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ِ‫ة‬ َ‫َل‬َّ‫ص‬‫ال‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫اس‬َ‫َل‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ا‬‫يَل‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ق‬ َّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ َ َّ‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ذ‬َ‫ي‬-4:142 And when they stand up with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but little. (4:142)
  11. 11. Heedless towards Salah َ‫و‬ َّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ق‬ِ‫ف‬‫ن‬ُ‫ي‬ َ‫َل‬ َ‫و‬ َٰ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫س‬ُ‫ك‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َ‫و‬ َّ‫َل‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫ة‬ َ‫َل‬َّ‫ص‬‫ال‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫أ‬َ‫ي‬ َ‫َل‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ون‬ُ‫ه‬ ِ‫ار‬َ‫ك‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬- 9:54 "They come to offer their Prayer but reluctantly, and they spend in Allah’s way with unwilling hearts." (At-Taubah:54) When they rise up for the Prayer, they rise up with an unwilling heart, as if it were a calamity imposed on them. • They play with their garments, yawn and betray the absence of every trace of Allah's remembrance in their hearts. • In the Prayer they do not know what they are reciting; • Their minds wander and they pay no attention to the prayer • They somehow perform a semblance of the Prayer and try to get rid of it as soon as, possible.
  12. 12. 2-Those who delay their prayers • The word used here is Sahoon which means ‘to neglect something by purpose’ or ‘neglecting something by giving preference to other stuff over it’. • The Prophet (SAW) has said: "This is the Prayer of the hypocrite; this is the Prayer of the hypocrite; this is the Prayer of the hypocrite! He watches the sun at the `Asr time until when it reaches between the two horns of Satan (i.e. when the time of sunset 'approaches), he gets up and performs the Prayer carelessly, in which he remembers Allah but little." (Bukhari, Muslim, Musnad Ahmad)
  13. 13. 3- Skipping Salah • Many people would perform the Prayer only when they must, otherwise, the Prayer has no place in their lives. • The Prayer time comes but they show no concern that it is the Prayer time; • They hear the call to the Prayer but do not understand what the caller is calling to, whom he is calling and for what purpose. • These, in fact, are the signs of the absence of faith in the Hereafter. • They may claim to be Muslims but they do not believe that they would be rewarded for performing the Prayer or would be punished for not performing it
  14. 14. َ‫ون‬ُ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ر‬ُ‫ي‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َ‫ين‬ِ‫ذ‬َّ‫ال‬-107:6 Those who do good deeds only to be seen (by others) • They do not perform any act of goodness with a pure intention for the sake of God • Whatever they do, they do to be seen of others so that they are praised, are considered righteous, their good act is publicized, and its advantage and benefit accrues to them here in the world. • This is a serious spiritual illness that can destroy the heart like cyanide destroys the body • Ibn `Abbas R.A. says: "It implies the hypocrites who prayed to be seen. They performed the Prayer if there was somebody to see them. They did not perform it if there was nobody to see them.”
  15. 15. َ‫ون‬ُ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ع‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫م‬َ‫ي‬ َ‫و‬– 107:7 And prevent Al-Ma'un (small acts of kindness) • Ma`un refers to a small, little thing useful to the people. It can have various forms: • 1-Zakat and sadaqat are also ma'un, for they are a little amount out of much wealth • 2-All those small things which the neighbors usually ask each other for, and asking for these is not in any way blameworthy, for the rich and the poor, all stand in need of these at one time or another • 3-It also refer to small acts of kindness which do not need a major effort to perform.
  16. 16. Importance of Maun as small acts of kindness: • When people are treated with kindness, they will often convey that same kindness towards others and before you know it, you've impacted quite a few people. • No act of kindness is menial or unimportant; • Kindness is about putting other people ahead of ourselves. • So next time we see an elderly person crossing the road, let’s stop and help them. • When we see a poor man on the street, let’s give them some food and shake hands with them. • When we see a poor child looking at toys or clothes displayed at the shop-fronts, let us buy them something. • When we see a sad person, let us cheer them up. • Let us thank and appreciate people more often. • Pat on someone’s back every day. • Let us smile more often and • Make this world a better place with whatever maun we can contribute with.