1 Have you seen the one who
denies the Day of Judgment?
2 That is he who repulses the
3 And urges not on the feeding of Al-
Miskin (the poor),
4 So woe unto those performers of
Salat (prayers) (hypocrites),
5 Those who delay their Salat
(prayer from their stated fixed
6 Those who do good deeds only to
be seen (by others)
7 And prevent Al-Ma’oon (small acts
RELATIONSHIP WITH THE PREVIOUS
• In Surah Quraysh, it is told that we must worship the Master of
this house (the Ka'bah) in order to be thankful to Him.
• In Surah Al-Maun, Allah tells us how people are disobeying
• This presents a contrast between what they should be doing,
and what they are doing at present.
• We can assess ourselves in the same perspective too.
Circumstances of revelation
• Allah SWT revealed various Quranic verses in relation to some of the
events that were unfolding at that time.
• But it does not mean that it was only those events that the Quran
came to enlighten.
• The universal message of the Quran is for all the times to come
• Some commentators said that this was revealed about Abu-Sufyan
• He used to slaughter two big camels every day from which he and
his men ate.
• One day it happened that an orphan came to his door and asked for
• Abu-Sufyan beat him with his stick and repulsed him.
• Timeless lessons from this Surah are as applicable today as they
were at that time
ِينِالدِب ُبِذَكُي يِذَّال َْتيَأَرَأ–107:1
Have you seen the one who denies the Day of
• The word ‘Araayata’ mentioned in the Ayah means seeing with
the eyes as well as knowing, understanding
• So the verse questions, “Do you know the kind of person
who belies the Judgment?”
• The purpose is not to ask whether someone has physically
seen such a person
• It is to invite the listener to consider as to what kind of character
developed in a person who denies the judgment of the
• It urges the listener to understands the moral significance of
belief in the Hereafter.
َيمِتَيْال ُّعُدَي يِذَّال َكِلََٰذَف-107:2
That is he who repulses the orphan
• ‘Fa’ in the beginning of the sentence expresses the meaning,
“If you do not know, then know that it is indeed he who….
• ‘yadu’ul yateem’ has several meanings:
• 1. Depriving the orphan of his rights and evicting him from
his father’s heritage.
• 2. Repelling the orphan when he asks for help showing no
compassion towards him; and if he still persists in his entreaties
in the hope for mercy, he drives him away and out of sight.
• 3. Ill-treating the orphan
Virtues of helping the orphans
• Prophet(SAW) said: “The one who looks after a widow or a needy
person is like a Mujâhid (fighter) who fights for Allah’s Cause, or like
him who performs prayers all the night and fasts all day.” [Narrated
• “Among the Muslims, the best house is one where an orphan is
being well treated.”
• A man once came to the Prophet (SAW) and complained that he
feels the hardness in his heart. The Prophet (SAW) said, “Would you
like that your heart becomes soft and that you acquire what you
need? Be merciful with the orphan, pat his head and feed him from
what you eat.
• “I and the person who looks after an orphan and provides for
him, will be in Paradise like this”, putting his index and middle
ِينِكْسِمْال ِامَعَط َٰىَلَع ُّضُحَي ََل َو-107:3
And urges not on feeding of Al-Miskin (the
• Here ‘Yahuddu’ means that the person neither persuades his own
self nor tells the people of his household to provide the poor man
with his food.
• Ta`am-il-miskin (food of the poor and not it’am-il-miskin( feeding the
• The food given to the poor man is not the food of the giver, but of
the poor man himself
• It is his right which is enjoined on the giver
• The giver is not doing him any favor but rendering him his right.
• This same thing had been said in Surah Adh-Dhariyat : "And in their
possessions is a due share of him who asks and of him who is
needy." (v. 19)
َينِلَصُمْلِل ٌلْي َوَف-107:4
So woe unto those performers of Salat. Those who delay
• “Musallin" means "the people of salat", i.e. of those included
• They are negligent about their salah.
• This is a severe warning indicating that not everyone who
appears to be obedient and stands alongside the worshippers is
actually an obedient person whose works are accepted.
Negligence towards salah
• This is of three types:
• 1- Mindless in Salah-
They are those people who pray and adhere to the prayer,
yet they are mindless of it.
Allah SWT says :
ِإ واُماَق اَذِإ َو ْمُهُعِدَاخ َوُه َو َ َّاَّلل َونُعِدَاخُي َينِقِفَانُمْال َّنِإَّنال َونُءاَرُي َٰىَلاَسُك واُماَق ِة ََلَّصال ىَلَاسََل َو
ايَلِلَق ََّلِإ َ َّاَّلل َونُرُكْذَي-4:142
And when they stand up with laziness and to be seen of men,
and they do not remember Allah but little. (4:142)
Heedless towards Salah
َو ََّلِإ َونُقِفنُي ََل َو َٰىَلاَسُك ْمُه َو ََّلِإ َة ََلَّصال َونُتْأَي ََل َوَونُه ِارَك ْمُه- 9:54
"They come to offer their Prayer but reluctantly, and they spend in
Allah’s way with unwilling hearts." (At-Taubah:54)
When they rise up for the Prayer, they rise up with an unwilling heart,
as if it were a calamity imposed on them.
• They play with their garments, yawn and betray the absence of
every trace of Allah's remembrance in their hearts.
• In the Prayer they do not know what they are reciting;
• Their minds wander and they pay no attention to the prayer
• They somehow perform a semblance of the Prayer and try to get rid
of it as soon as, possible.
2-Those who delay their prayers
• The word used here is Sahoon which means ‘to neglect
something by purpose’ or ‘neglecting something by giving
preference to other stuff over it’.
• The Prophet (SAW) has said: "This is the Prayer of the
hypocrite; this is the Prayer of the hypocrite; this is the Prayer of
the hypocrite! He watches the sun at the `Asr time until when it
reaches between the two horns of Satan (i.e. when the time of
sunset 'approaches), he gets up and performs the Prayer
carelessly, in which he remembers Allah but little." (Bukhari,
Muslim, Musnad Ahmad)
3- Skipping Salah
• Many people would perform the Prayer only when they must,
otherwise, the Prayer has no place in their lives.
• The Prayer time comes but they show no concern that it is the
• They hear the call to the Prayer but do not understand what the
caller is calling to, whom he is calling and for what purpose.
• These, in fact, are the signs of the absence of faith in the Hereafter.
• They may claim to be Muslims but they do not believe that they
would be rewarded for performing the Prayer or would be punished
for not performing it
َونُءاَرُي ْمُه َينِذَّال-107:6
Those who do good deeds only to be seen (by others)
• They do not perform any act of goodness with a pure intention
for the sake of God
• Whatever they do, they do to be seen of others so that they
are praised, are considered righteous, their good act is
publicized, and its advantage and benefit accrues to them here
in the world.
• This is a serious spiritual illness that can destroy the
heart like cyanide destroys the body
• Ibn `Abbas R.A. says: "It implies the hypocrites who prayed to
be seen. They performed the Prayer if there was somebody to
see them. They did not perform it if there was nobody to see
َونُعاَمْال َونُعَنْمَي َو– 107:7
And prevent Al-Ma'un (small acts of kindness)
• Ma`un refers to a small, little thing useful to the people. It can
have various forms:
• 1-Zakat and sadaqat are also ma'un, for they are a little amount
out of much wealth
• 2-All those small things which the neighbors usually ask each
other for, and asking for these is not in any way blameworthy,
for the rich and the poor, all stand in need of these at one time
• 3-It also refer to small acts of kindness which do not need a
major effort to perform.
Importance of Maun as small acts of
• When people are treated with kindness, they will often convey that same kindness
towards others and before you know it, you've impacted quite a few people.
• No act of kindness is menial or unimportant;
• Kindness is about putting other people ahead of ourselves.
• So next time we see an elderly person crossing the road, let’s stop and help them.
• When we see a poor man on the street, let’s give them some food and shake hands with
• When we see a poor child looking at toys or clothes displayed at the shop-fronts, let
us buy them something.
• When we see a sad person, let us cheer them up.
• Let us thank and appreciate people more often.
• Pat on someone’s back every day.
• Let us smile more often and
• Make this world a better place with whatever maun we can contribute with.