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Surah nasar

This slide program explains meaning and message of Surah Asr.

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Surah nasar

  2. 2. 1-When the HELP of Allah has come and the VICTORY, 2-And you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in multitudes, 3-Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance
  3. 3. INTRODUCING Sūrat an- Naṣr ( ‫ﺳ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ر‬‫ة‬‫ا‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺮ‬ ) Divine Support • It is the 110th sura of the Qur’an with 3 ayat. • An-Nasr means both “the victory” and “the help or assistance”. • It is the third shortest Surah after Al-Asr and Al- Kawthar by number of ayah. • According to Tafsir ibn Kathir, this sura, like Surat Al-Ikhlas, is an equivalent to ‘one fourth of the entire Qur’an’. • This Surah was revealed a few months before the Prophet’s (saw) death • It was the last revealed Surah.
  4. 4. Prophet (SAW) used to do Istighfar frequently Aisha (r.a) said that the Messenger of Allah (saw) used to repeat very frequently, towards the end of his life: ‘Exaltations and praises be to Allah, whose forgiveness I ask; I repent of my sins.’ He also said, ‘My Lord told me I would see a sign in my nation. He ordered me to praise Him, the Forgiving, and ask His pardon when I see this sign. Indeed, I have. When the victory granted by Allah and the Conquest (of Makkah) came … (Ahmad)
  5. 5. Victory and entrance of people in Islam • The Conquest’ (it is stated by most commentators) is a reference to the conquest of Makkah. • The Arab tribes were waiting forMuslims, before accepting Islam to enter Islam • They said, ‘If Muhammad (s.a.w), prevails over his people, he would indeed be a prophet.’ • Consequently, when that was accomplished, they accepted Islam in large numbers. • Not two years were to pass after the conquest of Makkah when the whole Arabian Peninsula was dominated by Islam. • Thanks to Allah, every Arab tribe had declared its belief in Islam.
  6. 6. After revelation of this Surah, Prophet told about his death • Ibn ‘Abbas (r.a) said: • When this surah was first revealed, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) called Fatimah (r.a) and said, ‘My death has been announced to me.’ • She was seen to start crying, then she smiled. • She explained later, ‘I cried when he told me of his approaching death. • But he said to me, ‘Be restrained, because you will be the first of my family to join me’, so I smiled. (Baihaqi)
  7. 7. Ibn Abbas explains about Surah Nasr in an assembly of Umar(RA) • Ibn Abbas says: " Umar used to invite me to sit in his assembly along with some of the important elderly Companions who had fought at Badr” • Once, Umar(RA) asked the Companions of Badr: "What do you say about Idha jaa nasrullahi wal- fath?" • Some said: "In it we have been enjoined to praise Allah and ask for His forgiveness when His help come, and we attain victory.” • Umar(RA) asked me: "What is your view? "I submitted that it implied the last hour of Allah's Messenger (SAW). • He was informed that when Allah's succor came and victory was attained, it would be a sign that his hour had come; therefore, he should praise Allah and ask for His forgiveness.” (Bukhari, Musnad Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Jarir, Ibn Marduyah, Baghawi, Baihaqi, Ibn al-Mundhir)
  8. 8. TIME OF REVELATION • Abdullah bin Abbas (ra) states that this is the last Surah of the Quran to be revealed, i. e. no complete Surah was sent down to the Holy Prophet after it. (Muslim Nasai, Tabarani, Ibn Abi Shaibah, Ibn Marduyah). • Abdullah bin Umar (ra), this Surah was sent down on the occasion of the Farewell Pilgrimage in the middle of the Tashriq Days at Mina, and after it the Holy Prophet rode his she camel and gave his well-known Sermon. (Tirmidhi, Bazzar, Baihaqi) • If both these traditions are read together, it appears that there was an interval of three months and some days between the revelation of Surah An-Nasr and the Holy Prophet's death
  9. 9. Theme and Subject Matter Allah in this Surah had informed His Messenger (SAW) that when Islam attained complete victory in Arabia and the people started entering Allah's religion in great numbers, it would mean that his mission was fulfilled. Prophet (SAW) was told to praise and glorify Allah by Whose bounty he had been able to accomplish such a great task, and should implore Him to forgive whatever failings he might have shown in the performance of the service Abdullah bin Masud(RA), when this Surah was revealed, the Messenger of Allah (SAW) frequently began to recite the words Subhanak-Allahumma wa bi-hamdika, Allahumm- aghfirli, subhanaka Rabbana wa bi-hamdika, Allahumm-aghfirli, innaka anta at- Tawwab al-Ghafur.(Ibn Jarir, Musnad Ahmad, Ibn Abi Hatim).
  10. 10. ‫إ‬ِ‫ذ‬َ‫ا‬‫ﺟ‬َ‫ﺎ‬‫ء‬َ‫ﻧ‬َ‫ﺼ‬ْ‫ﺮ‬ُ/‫ﱠ‬ِ‫و‬َ‫ا‬‫ﻟ‬ْ‫ﻔ‬َ‫ﺘ‬ْ‫ﺢ‬ُ-110:1 • This means decisive victory after which there remained no power in the land to resist and oppose Islam. • It became evident that Islam alone would hold sway in Arabia • Some commentators say it refers to the Conquest of Makkah. But the conquest of Makkah took place in A.H. 8, and this Surah was revealed towards the end of A.H.10 • The conquest of Makkah broke the power of the Arabian pagans, but they showed clear signs of resistance. • The battles of Ta'if and Hunain were fought after it • It took Islam about two years to attain complete control over Arabia.
  11. 11. ‫و‬َ‫ر‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ﯾ‬ْ‫ﺖ‬َ‫ا‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﺎ‬‫س‬َ‫ﯾ‬َ‫ﺪ‬ْ‫ﺧ‬ُ‫ﻠ‬ُ‫ﻮ‬‫ن‬َ‫ﻓ‬ِ‫ﻲ‬‫د‬ِ‫ﯾ‬‫ﻦ‬ِ:‫ﱠ‬ِ‫أ‬َ‫ﻓ‬ْ‫ﻮ‬َ‫ا‬‫ﺟ‬ً‫ﺎ‬-110:2 Crowds entering in Islam • This happened from the beginning of A.H. 9, because of which that year has been described as the year of deputations. • Deputations from every part of Arabia started coming before the Holy Messenger (SAW), entering Islam and taking the oath of allegiance to him • When he went for the Farewell Pilgrimage to Makkah, in A.H. 10, the whole of Arabia had become Muslim, and • Not a single polytheist remained anywhere in the country.
  12. 12. ‫ﻓ‬َ‫ﺴ‬َ‫ﺒ‬ِّ‫ﺢ‬ْ‫ﺑ‬ِ‫ﺤ‬َ‫ﻤ‬ْ‫ﺪ‬ِ‫ر‬َ‫ﺑ‬ِّ‫ﻚ‬َ ‫و‬َ‫ا‬‫ﺳ‬ْ‫ﺘ‬َ‫ﻐ‬ْ‫ﻔ‬ِ‫ﺮ‬ْ‫ه‬ُۚ‫إ‬ِ‫ﻧ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﮫ‬ُ ‫ﻛ‬َ‫ﺎ‬‫ن‬َ‫ﺗ‬َ‫ﻮ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ا‬‫ﺑ‬ً‫ﺎ‬- 110:3 • Tasbih means to regard Allah as pure and free from every blemish and weakness. • ‘Hamd’ implies praising and hallowing Allah Almighty as well as thanking and paying obeisance to Him • Hamd means that regarding his great victory no one should ever think that it was the result of any excellence of his own. • He should attribute it to Allah's favor and mercy, • Must thank Allah alone for it, and acknowledge with the heart and tongue that praise and gratitude for the victory and success belonged to Allah alone
  13. 13. Pray for forgiveness • A man might have performed the highest possible service to Islam, yet he should never think that he has fulfilled the right his Lord had on him wholly. • He should implore Allah, saying: "Lord, overlook and forgive whatever weakness I might have shown in rendering Your right, and accept the little service that I have been able to perform.“ • None in the world has struggled so hard in the cause of Allah as the Prophet (SAW) did. • How can another person regard his work as superb and think that he has fulfilled the right Allah had imposed on him? Seek forgiveness. • Allah's right, in fact, is so supreme that no creature can ever fulfill and render it truly and fully.
  14. 14. Allah in this command has taught Muslims an eternal lesson: • Do not regard any of your worship, devotion or religious service as something superb; • Even if you spent your entire life in the cause of Allah, you should always think that you could not do all that was required of you by your Lord. • Likewise, when you attain some victory, do not regard it due to some excellence in yourselves but as a result of only • Always think Allah's bounty and favor brought it to you. • Then bowing humbly before your Lord, you should praise and glorify Him, and should repent and beg for His forgiveness • Do not boast and brag of your success and victory.