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UNDERSTANDING
SURAH
TAKATHUR
MEANING AND
MESSAGE
SURAH TAKATHUR
1-Competition in [worldly] increase diverts you
2-Until you visit the graveyards.
3-No! You are going to kn...
Period of Revelation
.Abu Hayyan, Imam Suyuti and Shaukani say that this Surah, according to all commentators, is Makki.
,...
Subject Matter
People are warned of evil of running after this material
world
They spend their lives in acquiring more a...
Subject Matter
Warning is given that everyone is going to Akhirah and will
certainly see Hellfire.
So, there should be m...
Distractions of this world
Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah al-Munafiqun Ayah 9,
ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫د‬ َ‫َل‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫َل‬َ...
Distractions of this world
Our wealth and children should be considered a blessing drawing us
closer to Allah and not be ...
ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ث‬‫ا‬َ‫ك‬َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬–
Competition in [worldly] increase diverts you102:1
Alhakum is from lahv...
What are some worldly distractions?
1- The desire of having a lot – For example, I want more money, a better car, a bigger...
These distract you from what?
1. AL-Haq-The truth
2. ALLAH-The One who sent the truth. Your worldly affairs kept you away ...
Greed for money
َ‫ف‬ َ‫أل‬ْ‫م‬َ‫ي‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ل‬َ‫و‬ ،ِ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ُون‬‫ك‬َ‫ي‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َّ‫ب‬َ‫ح‬َ‫أ‬ ٍ‫ب‬َ‫...
More Ahadith
«ٌ‫د‬ ِ‫اح‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ع‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ث‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ع‬ ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬ ،ٌ‫ة‬َ‫ث‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ث‬ َ‫ت‬...
َ‫ر‬ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ز‬ ٰ‫ى‬َّ‫ت‬َ‫ح‬-102:2
Until you reach the graves
Ziyara is to go meet someone. In...
َ‫ك‬ََ ُْ‫م‬َََْْ‫ت‬ ََ ََْْ َّ‫اَّل‬-ََْْ َّ‫اَّل‬َ‫ك‬ َّ‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ََ ُْ‫م‬َََْْ‫ت‬ ََ:
No! You are going to know. 102,3,4
A...
Why verse 4 is just repetition?
Kalla – usually translated as no – implies all that you have been concerned yourself with ...
Why verse 4 is a repetition?
3) A third opinion says that the first verse is applicable to when one will see the homes of ...
ِ‫ين‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫م‬َِْ‫ع‬ ََ ُْ‫م‬َََْْ‫ت‬ َْْ‫ل‬ َّ‫اَّل‬َ‫ك‬-102:5
No! If you only knew with knowledge of
certainty....
َ‫يم‬ ِ‫ح‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ال‬ ََّ  ُ‫و‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬-102:6
You will surely see the
Hellfire.
This ayah has two different commentaries...
Relationship Between Verse 5 & 6
There are three popular opinions on this:
1) The first opinion is the popular opinion whi...
Relationship Between Verse 5 & 6
2) Kallā is related to the previous two verses, and the continuation of the next two vers...
ِ‫ين‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫و‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬ َّ‫م‬ُ‫ث‬-102:7
Then you will surely see it with the eye of c...
Relationship Between Knowledge (‘Ilm) and
Certainty (Yaqīn)
3) There are three ways humans gain knowledge and we need to i...
What Are ‘Ilm and Yaqīn Related To
Knowledge (‘ilm) always needs an object (ma’lūm) – that which is known. There are three...
ِ‫يم‬ِ‫ع‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ِ‫َن‬‫ع‬ ٍ‫ذ‬ِ‫ئ‬َ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ي‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬ َّ‫م‬ُ‫ث‬-102:8
Then you will surely be asked ...
What Are Al-Na’īm?
There are three opinions amongst scholars on what al-na’īm in this verse refers to:
1) Some scholars ha...
Some Ahadith
Jabir bin `Abdullah says: "The Holy Prophet (SAW) once visited us
and we served him with fresh dates and gave...
More Ahadith
Abu Hurairah has reported that the Holy Prophet once asked Abu Bakr and `Umar to accompany him to
the place o...
Lessons from these Ahadith
These Ahadith make it explicit that not only the disbelievers but the righteous believers
too w...
Accountability for blessings of Allah
The blessings that a man acquires with his own labor and skill, he will have to answ...
Surah takathur
Surah takathur
Surah takathur
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Surah takathur

This slide program explains Surah Takathur, its meaning and message.

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Surah takathur

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING SURAH TAKATHUR MEANING AND MESSAGE
  2. 2. SURAH TAKATHUR 1-Competition in [worldly] increase diverts you 2-Until you visit the graveyards. 3-No! You are going to know. 4-Then no! You are going to know 5-No! If you only knew with knowledge of certainty. 6-You will surely see the Hellfire. 7-Then you will surely see it with the eye of certainty. 8-Then you will surely be asked that Day about pleasure
  3. 3. Period of Revelation .Abu Hayyan, Imam Suyuti and Shaukani say that this Surah, according to all commentators, is Makki. , Some scholars think it is Madani Surah. We reviewed their arguments and believe these are not sound arguments. 1- Imam Bukhari and Ibn Jarir have cited this view of Ubayy bin Ka'ab: "We took the Holy Prophet saying: “If the son of Adam had two valleys full of wealth, he would long for a third valley; the son of Adam's belly cannot be filled but by earth, to be from the Quran until Alhakum at takathur was sent down.” . This Hadith has been regarded as an argument for Surah At-Takathur to be a Madani Surah on the ground that Ubayy had become a Muslim in Madinah , It can also mean that when the Companions who entered Islam in Madinah, heard this Surah for the first time from the Holy Prophet, they thought that it had been revealed just then 2- Ibn Jarir Tirmidhi, Ibn al Mundhir and other traditionists have related this view of Ali: "We were in doubt about the torment of the grave until Alhakum at takathur was sent down." This view has been regarded as an argument for Surah At-Takathur to be Madani on the ground that the torment of the grave was first mentioned at Madinah. But the torment of the grave has been mentioned in many Makki Surahs so clearly that there can be no doubt; for example, see Al- An'am: 93, An-Nahl: 28, Al-Muminun: 99-100, Al-Mu'min: 45-46, which are all
  4. 4. Subject Matter People are warned of evil of running after this material world They spend their lives in acquiring more and more of worldly wealth, material benefits and pleasures, and position and power, till death They engage in vying with one another and bragging and boasting about their acquisitions. This one pursuit has so occupied them that they are left with no time or opportunity for pursuing the higher things in life.
  5. 5. Subject Matter Warning is given that everyone is going to Akhirah and will certainly see Hellfire. So, there should be more concern for saving our neck from hellfire and we must prepare for it. These blessings which you are amassing and enjoying thoughtlessly, are not mere blessings but are also a means of your trial. For each one of these blessings and comforts you will surely be called to account in the Hereafter.
  6. 6. Distractions of this world Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala says in Surah al-Munafiqun Ayah 9, ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫د‬ َ‫َل‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ْ‫م‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ِ‫ه‬ْ‫ل‬ُ‫ت‬ َ‫َل‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫آ‬ َ‫ين‬ِ‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ُ‫أ‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬ََٰ‫ذ‬ ْ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫ي‬ ‫ن‬َ‫م‬َ‫و‬ ۚ ِ َّ‫اَّلل‬ ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ك‬ِ‫ذ‬ ‫َن‬‫ع‬ََٰ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ئ‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ر‬ِ‫س‬‫ا‬َ‫خ‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬-63:9 “O you believe! Do not let your wealth and children divert you from the remembrance of Allah.” meaning that our wealth and children should be considered a blessing drawing us closer to Allah and not be a source of distraction which distances us from Him.
  7. 7. Distractions of this world Our wealth and children should be considered a blessing drawing us closer to Allah and not be a source of distraction which distances us from Him. Alhakum at-takathur would mean, ‘greed for more and more has occupied you so much that its pursuit has made you heedless of every higher thing in life’. This applies to all the gains and benefits, pleasures and comforts, power and authority, etc.
  8. 8. ُ‫ر‬ُ‫ث‬‫ا‬َ‫ك‬َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬– Competition in [worldly] increase diverts you102:1 Alhakum is from lahv which originally means heedlessness It means that man has become so obsessed with something ( material world) that he has lost sight of everything more important than it. Takathur is from kathrat, which has three meanings: (1) That man should strive to gain more and more of everything; (2) That the people should vie with one another for gaining more and more; and (3) That they should brag and boast of possessing greater abundance of things than others.
  9. 9. What are some worldly distractions? 1- The desire of having a lot – For example, I want more money, a better car, a bigger house. 2. Competing with others in getting a lot – For example, competing in wanting to get a better job than someone else. Even in petty things like competing in wanting a better chair than a friend at school or colleague at workplace, getting a bigger slice of cake. 3. Taking pride in the fact that you have more – For example, getting a brand-new car every year, moving to a bigger house and showing it off to friends with statements like “I got it before you did.” 4. Wanting more and more. No one desires frugal living. The one thing that unites humans is the fact that we always want MORE.
  10. 10. These distract you from what? 1. AL-Haq-The truth 2. ALLAH-The One who sent the truth. Your worldly affairs kept you away from Allah.- 3. SELF-MUHASIBA-Looking into yourself: "What am I doing in life? What is my purpose?" 4. PURPOSE OF LIFE- You wasted your life in worldly pursuits, forgetting what your real purpose is.- 5. MESSAGE OF ALLAH-Paying Attention to this Message: 6. GUIDANCE OF ALLAH- You were supposed to get guidance in this life.- 7. This distraction distracted you from Judgment Day: preparing for it
  11. 11. Greed for money َ‫ف‬ َ‫أل‬ْ‫م‬َ‫ي‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ل‬َ‫و‬ ،ِ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ُون‬‫ك‬َ‫ي‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َّ‫ب‬َ‫ح‬َ‫أ‬ ٍ‫ب‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ذ‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ي‬ِ‫د‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬ َ‫م‬َ‫د‬‫آ‬ ِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ِ‫َل‬ َّ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ ،ُ‫اب‬َ‫ر‬ُّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ َّ‫َل‬ِِ ُُ‫ا‬َ‫اب‬َ‫ت‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ ُ َّ‫اَّلل‬ ُ‫وب‬ُ‫ت‬" . Allah's Messenger(SAW) said, "If Adam's son had a valley full of gold, he would like to have two valleys, for nothing fills his mouth except dust. And Allah forgives him who repents to Him."(Ahmad) (َ‫م‬َ‫د‬‫آ‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ق‬َ‫ي‬:ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ،َ‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬‫ـ‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ف‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫ك‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َّ‫َل‬ِِ َ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬ ْ‫ل‬َ‫ه‬َ‫و‬ ،‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ض‬ْ‫م‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ت‬ْ‫َّق‬‫د‬َ‫ص‬َ‫ت‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬ ،َ‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ت‬ْ‫س‬ِ‫ب‬َ‫ل‬‫؟‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬» The Son of Adam says, "My wealth, my wealth.'' But do you get anything (of benefit) from your wealth except for that which you ate and you finished it, or that which you clothed yourself with and you wore it out, or that which you gave as charity and you have spent it)'' Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i
  12. 12. More Ahadith «ٌ‫د‬ ِ‫اح‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫ه‬َ‫ع‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ان‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ث‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ع‬ ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬ ،ٌ‫ة‬َ‫ث‬ َ‫َل‬َ‫ث‬ َ‫ت‬ِ‫ي‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫ي‬:ْ‫ه‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ع‬ ِ‫ج‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬ ،ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬َ‫م‬َ‫ع‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬ْ‫ه‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫ي‬‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬َ‫م‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ ،ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ل‬» (Three things follow the deceased person, and two of them return while one remains behind with him. The things which follow him are his family, his wealth and his deeds. His family and his wealth return while his deeds remain.) This Hadith has also been recorded by Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa'i. Imam Ahmad recorded from Anas that the Prophet said, «ِ‫ان‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ن‬ْ‫ث‬‫ا‬ ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ َ‫ق‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ َ‫م‬َ‫د‬‫آ‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬‫ا‬ ُ‫م‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ه‬َ‫ي‬:‫ل‬َ‫م‬َ ْ‫اْل‬َ‫و‬ ُ‫ص‬ْ‫ر‬ ِ‫ح‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬“ The Son of Adam becomes old with senility, but yet two things remain with him: greed and hope.) Both of them (Al- Bukhari and Muslim) recorded this Hadith in the Two Sahihs.
  13. 13. َ‫ر‬ِ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ ْ‫ر‬ُ‫ز‬ ٰ‫ى‬َّ‫ت‬َ‫ح‬-102:2 Until you reach the graves Ziyara is to go meet someone. In ancient Arabic it also means to go hug someone Also the zurto is temporary ie not going to be forever. Therefore your going to greet the graves. Soon you will realize that it was a stupendous error in which you remained involved throughout your life "Soon" may mean the Hereafter or it can also mean death Death is not very far away from any man, and Soon after death man will come to know whether the occupations which engaged him throughout life were a means of good fortune and success for him, or of misfortune and failure.
  14. 14. َ‫ك‬ََ ُْ‫م‬َََْْ‫ت‬ ََ ََْْ َّ‫اَّل‬-ََْْ َّ‫اَّل‬َ‫ك‬ َّ‫م‬ُ‫ث‬ََ ُْ‫م‬َََْْ‫ت‬ ََ: No! You are going to know. 102,3,4 A group of commentators have considered these two verses as a repetition and emphasis on one matter. Some have related the first verse to the chastisement in the graves and purgatory after the death that Man is faced with, and the second to the punishment in the Hereafter. Soon after death man will come to know whether the occupations which engaged him throughout life were a means of good fortune and success for him, or of misfortune and failure.
  15. 15. Why verse 4 is just repetition? Kalla – usually translated as no – implies all that you have been concerned yourself with was a waste of time, so do not engage in it. There are four major opinions on why verse 4 is essentially a repetition of verse 3: 1) The first view is based on a very common understanding of repetition and that is emphasis. Imam Zamakhsharī points this out in his commentary. In English, it would be tantamount to saying something along the lines of, “I am telling you not do to sleep, I repeat, do not sleep.” 2) First verse is speaking about the knowledge of the affairs of this world, while the second verse refers to the what humans will come to learn of in the Hereafter. Word thumma indicates sequence. A similar view has also been mentioned by Ṭabrisī in Majma’ al-Bayān, but it says that the first verse refers to knowledge one will gain in the grave, and the second is a reference to the Hereafter.
  16. 16. Why verse 4 is a repetition? 3) A third opinion says that the first verse is applicable to when one will see the homes of the transgressors, and the second verse is applicable to when one will see the homes of the righteous ones. The proponent of this interpretation has made a very vague remark and in fact the interpretation is almost nonsensical. 4) A fourth opinion says that the third verse is addressing the believers, while the fourth verse is addressing the disbelievers. While this interpretation is within the realm of possibility, the proponent has not demonstrated how they arrived at this conclusion.
  17. 17. ِ‫ين‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫م‬َِْ‫ع‬ ََ ُْ‫م‬َََْْ‫ت‬ َْْ‫ل‬ َّ‫اَّل‬َ‫ك‬-102:5 No! If you only knew with knowledge of certainty. Certitude (yaqin) has degrees which are referred to in the verses of the Surah under discussion and in Surah Waqi'ah, No. 56, verse 95: "Verily, this is the very truth and certainty". Certainty of knowledge (yaqin) has been described as having three stages: 1. Certitude of knowledge or certainty of mind ('Ilm-ul-yaqin) which is the Faith that a person obtains by various means such as the one who sees smoke and believes there is fire there. 2 Certainty of Sight (‘Ain-ul-yaqin) which is what one sees with one's eyes; for instance, one sees the fire, himself. 3. The absolute truth of assured certainty (Haqq-ul-yaqin) which means the 'realization' or the 'knowledge proper' and is the personal experience as when the one who arrives in the fire oneself and feels the heat of it and takes the attributes of fire into his entity. This very state is the highest degree of 'yaqin'.
  18. 18. َ‫يم‬ ِ‫ح‬َ‫ج‬ْ‫ال‬ ََّ ُ‫و‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬-102:6 You will surely see the Hellfire. This ayah has two different commentaries. 1. The first is the observation of Hell in the Hereafter, by disbelievers, or generally for all humans and Jinn. 2. The second meaning is its observation by spiritual intuition in this very world. In this case the phrase is the answer to the conditional proposition. It says: “...Were you to know with the knowledge of certainty, (you would beware)”. “You shall certainly see the blazing fire"
  19. 19. Relationship Between Verse 5 & 6 There are three popular opinions on this: 1) The first opinion is the popular opinion which says that law is a hypothetical counter-factual particle (al-ḥarf al- imtinā’) and it is being used in this meaning as well. The response to the statement “if you had the knowledge of certainty” is essentially “you would have stayed away from those things which are vain.” La-tara-wunna al-jaḥīm, therefore, is the beginning of a new sentence and is not connected to verse 5. It instead is a response to an oath which has been omitted, in which case the verse should be understood as, “I swear” innakum la- tara-wunna al-jaḥīm. According to this opinion, there is no relationship between verse 5 and 6 as far as the grammatical structure of the sentences is concerned. Proponents also bring an alibi for their claim and say that the letter lām used in la-tarawunna is the lām used to indicate the contents of an oath, and the letter nūn with a tashdīd used at the end of the verb is another indicator to show that this is an oath.
  20. 20. Relationship Between Verse 5 & 6 2) Kallā is related to the previous two verses, and the continuation of the next two verses should be understood as: if you had the knowledge of certainty that you will see al-jaḥīm in the future, you would have stayed away from vain acts. This interpretation is very beautiful and reasonable, and the only critique one can really do on it is if they say that the prima-facie of these two verses simply does not signify this. In other words, it will become a discussion of what the prima-facie indicates. 3) Some scholars have said that law is not indicating a hypothetical situation, rather it is being used to denote a conditional statement, like the preposition idhā. Meaning: if you attained the knowledge of certainty, then you will see al-jaḥīm.
  21. 21. ِ‫ين‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ُ‫و‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬ َّ‫م‬ُ‫ث‬-102:7 Then you will surely see it with the eye of certainty Relationship Between Knowledge (‘Ilm) and Certainty (Yaqīn) Four different analysis exist in the words of scholars: 1) The combination is nothing complicated, it is an elucidative annexation (al-iḍafah al- bayānīyyah) which is very common in the Arabic language. ‘Ilm and Yaqīn mean the same thing and they are combined together here to further emphasis on their concept for emphasis. 2) Yaqīn is not the same as ‘ilm linguistically. Yaqīn is a psychological state, a state of contentment; whereas ‘ilm is cognition. In other words, ‘ilm al-yaqīn is a causal annexation (al- iḍafah al-manshaīyyah), where cognition of something which results or causes contentment.
  22. 22. Relationship Between Knowledge (‘Ilm) and Certainty (Yaqīn) 3) There are three ways humans gain knowledge and we need to identify and differentiate between these three modes. In technical terms these three modes are called: ‘ilm al-yaqīn, ‘ayn al-yaqīn and ḥaqq al-yaqīn. We can give an example of a person who sees smoke from a distance. He deduces there must be fire there. This is Ilmal-yaqin. Getting close, he now not only sees the smoke, but he actually sees the fire with his own eyes. This is Ainal-yaqin. For whatever reason if he jumps into the fire, his whole existence would be feeling and sensing the reality of fire. This would be an instance of ḥaqq al-yaqīn. 4) A fourth opinion says that yaqīn does not mean certainty or knowledge, rather it means death. ُ‫ين‬ِ‫ق‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫ك‬َ‫ي‬ِ‫ت‬ْ‫أ‬َ‫ي‬ َٰ َّ‫ت‬َ‫ح‬ َ‫ك‬َّ‫ب‬َ‫ر‬ ْ‫د‬ُ‫ب‬ْ‫ع‬‫ا‬َ‫و‬-15:99 in the Qurān it says [15:99] And worship your Lord until there comes to you the certainty (death).
  23. 23. What Are ‘Ilm and Yaqīn Related To Knowledge (‘ilm) always needs an object (ma’lūm) – that which is known. There are three opinions: 1) Hell: if you attain knowledge of certainty with regards to hellfire, you will stay away from vain acts. [I swear], you will see al-jahīm. 2) Allah: some scholars have said the verse means, if you attain knowledge of certainty with regards to Allah (swt), you will stay away from vain acts. 3) Some scholars say the Qurān has left it vague for a reason and that is because it does not intend on pointing towards anything specific. It is simply trying to allude that if you knew the reality of affairs – whatever that maybe – you will stay away from vain acts.
  24. 24. ِ‫يم‬ِ‫ع‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ِ‫َن‬‫ع‬ ٍ‫ذ‬ِ‫ئ‬َ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ي‬ َّ‫ن‬ُ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫س‬ُ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬ َّ‫م‬ُ‫ث‬-102:8 Then you will surely be asked that Day about blessings Then you will be questioned about these comforts of life," Obviously, this questioning will be held at the time of accountability in the Divine Court. In several Ahadith it has been reported from the Holy Prophet (upon whom be peace) that the believers and the disbelievers, both will have to account for the blessings granted by Allah. However, the people who did not show ingratitude but spent their lives as grateful servants of Allah, will come out successful from the accountability Those who proved thankless to Allah for His blessings and committed ingratitude by word or by deed will emerge as failures
  25. 25. What Are Al-Na’īm? There are three opinions amongst scholars on what al-na’īm in this verse refers to: 1) Some scholars have said al-na’īm refers to the blessings and pleasures of heaven. One will regretfully say on that day, where is heaven and where am I? 2) Al-Na’īm is a reference to pleasures of both the world and hereafter. 3) The definite article of alif-lām is being used to denote a genus of the word al-na’īm. Meaning, any type of blessing, be it shelter, food, health, world, heaven, faith, ease in the Divine law, and so on. The last opinion is inclusive of all previous interpretations as well.
  26. 26. Some Ahadith Jabir bin `Abdullah says: "The Holy Prophet (SAW) once visited us and we served him with fresh dates and gave him cool water to drink. Thereupon he said: "These are of the blessings about which you will be questioned." (Musnad Ahmad, Nasa'i, Ibn Jarir, Ibn al-Mundhir, Ibn Marduyah, `Abd bin Humaid, Baihaqi in Ash-Shu `ab).
  27. 27. More Ahadith Abu Hurairah has reported that the Holy Prophet once asked Abu Bakr and `Umar to accompany him to the place of Abul-Haitham bin at-Tahan Ansari. Thus, he took them to the oasis of Ibn at-Tahan-The latter brought a bunch of dates and placed it before them. The Holy Prophet(SAW) said: "Why didn't you pluck the dates yourself? ` He said: "1 thought you would yourselves select and eat dates of your choice." So, they ate the dates and drank cool water. At the end, the Holy Prophet(SAW) said: "By Him in Whose hand is my life: this is of the blessings about which you will be questioned on the Resurrection Day: the cool shade, the cool dates, the cool water. (Muslim, Ibn Majah, Abu Da'ud, Tirmidhi, Nasa'i, Ibn Jarir)
  28. 28. Lessons from these Ahadith These Ahadith make it explicit that not only the disbelievers but the righteous believers too will be questioned. As for the blessings which Allah has bestowed on man, they are unlimited and countless. There are many blessings of which man is not even conscious. The Qur'an says: ۚ ُُ‫و‬ُ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬َ‫س‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ُل‬‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ‫ُم‬‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ت‬‫آ‬َ‫و‬ُ‫ص‬ْ‫ح‬ُ‫ت‬ َ‫َل‬ ِ َّ‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ت‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ع‬ِ‫ن‬ ‫ُّوا‬‫د‬ُ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬َِِ‫و‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫و‬ٌ‫ار‬َّ‫ف‬َ‫ك‬ ٌ‫م‬‫و‬ُ‫ل‬َ‫ظ‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ان‬َ‫س‬‫ن‬ِْ‫اْل‬ َّ‫ن‬ِِ-14:34 "If you try to count the blessings of Allah, you will not be able to calculate them." (Ibrahim : 34). Countless of them are the blessings which Allah has granted directly to man, and a large number of these are the blessings which man is granted through his own skill and endeavor.
  29. 29. Accountability for blessings of Allah The blessings that a man acquires with his own labor and skill, he will have to answer as to how he acquired them and in what ways he spent them. In respect of the blessings directly bestowed by Allah, he will have to give an account as to how he used them. And in respect of all the blessings, overall, he will have to tell whether he had acknowledged that those blessings had been granted by Allah and whether he had expressed gratitude for them to Allah with his heart, and by word and deed, or Did he think he had received all that accidentally, or as' a gift from many gods, or Did he believe that although those were the blessings of One God, many other beings also had a part, and for that very reason he had taken them as his gods and worshiped and thanked them as such.

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