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Tragedies [autosaved]

This presentation explains the reason for tragedies happening in life and how to deal with the tragedies.

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Tragedies [autosaved]

  1. 1. TRAGEDIES WHY AND HOW TO DEAL WITH THEM? ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE
  2. 2. AN EVENT CAUSING GREAT SUFFERING, DESTRUCTION, AND DISTRESS, SUCH AS A SERIOUS ACCIDENT, CRIME, OR NATURAL CATASTROPHE. DEFINITION
  3. 3. SURAH ANKABOOT
  4. 4. “DO PEOPLE THINK THEY WILL BE LEFT ALONE SAYING: ‘WE BELIEVE’, AND NOT BE TRIED? AND CERTAINLY WE TRIED THOSE BEFORE THEM SO ALLAH WILL CERTAINLY KNOW WHO ARE TRUE AND HE WILL CERTAINLY KNOW THE LIARS.” (29:2-3) TRIALS ARE PROMISED FOR BELIEVERS
  5. 5. َ‫و‬َْ‫ب‬‫نَق‬ِ‫َم‬ٍ‫م‬‫م‬ ُ ‫َأ‬ ٰ‫ى‬‫ل‬ِ‫اَإ‬‫ن‬ْ‫ل‬‫س‬ْ‫ر‬‫َأ‬ْ‫د‬‫ق‬‫ل‬َ‫م‬ُ‫اه‬‫ن‬ْ‫ذ‬‫خ‬‫أ‬‫َف‬‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬ َ‫ت‬‫َي‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ل‬‫ع‬‫َل‬ِ‫ء‬‫ا‬َّ‫ر‬َّ‫الض‬‫َو‬ِ‫ء‬‫ا‬‫س‬ْ‫أ‬‫ب‬ْ‫ال‬ِ‫ب‬ََ ‫ن‬َُُّ‫ر‬‫ض‬-6:42 َ‫ناَو‬َُُّ‫ر‬‫ض‬‫اَت‬‫ن‬ ُ‫س‬ْ‫أ‬‫مَب‬ُ‫ه‬‫اء‬‫َج‬ْ‫ذ‬ِ‫َإ‬‫َل‬ْ‫ن‬‫ل‬‫ف‬َ ْ‫ت‬‫س‬‫نَق‬ِ‫ك‬ٰ‫ل‬ َ‫َم‬ َُ ‫ا‬‫ط‬ْ‫ي‬ َّ‫َالش‬ُ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬‫َل‬‫ن‬َّ‫ي‬‫ز‬‫َو‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬ُ‫ب‬‫ن‬ُ‫ل‬ُ‫ق‬ََ ‫ن‬ُ‫ل‬‫م‬ْ‫ع‬‫ناَي‬ُ‫ن‬‫ا‬‫اَك‬- 6:43 “Verily, We sent (Messengers) to many nations before you (O Muhammad). And We seized them with extreme poverty (or loss in wealth) and loss in health (with calamities) so that they might humble themselves (believe with humility). When Our Torment reached them, why then did they not humble themselves (believe with humility)? But their hearts became hardened, and Shaytan (Satan) made fair-seeming to them that which they used to do.” [al-An’am 6:42]
  6. 6. REASONS FOR CALAMITIES 1 – Disasters and calamities are a test of the believer’s patience. 2 – This is a sign of man's weakness and his need for his Lord, and shows that he cannot succeed unless he realizes his need for his Lord and starts beseeching Him. 3 – Calamities are a means of expiation of sin and raising one's status 4 – One of the reasons for calamities is so that people will not feel content only with this world. If the world were free of calamities, man would love it more and feel content with it, and would forget about the Hereafter.
  7. 7. 5 – Calamities come to warn against falling short in some matters, so that man can make up for the areas in which he has fallen short 6 – Worship at times of hardship and tribulation has a special flavor and a special reward. It was narrated from Ma’qil ibn Yasar that the Prophet (saw) said: “Worshipping at times of tribulation and confusion is like migrating to join me.” Narrated by Muslim, 2948 REASONS FOR CALAMITIES
  8. 8. • AS PART OF OUR ISLAMIC FAITH, WE BELIEVE THAT ALL MATTERS ARE IN THE HANDS OF ALLAH. HOWEVER, FOR SOME OF US OUR FAITH CAN GET SHAKEN DURING TIMES OF TRIALS AND HARDSHIPS. IT IS DURING THOSE TIMES THOUGH THAT WE SHOULD REMIND OURSELVES THAT A BELIEVER’S POSITION AND RANK IS RAISED IN FRONT OF ALLAH AND SUCH A HARDSHIP MAY VERY WELL BE A SIGN OF ALLAH’S LOVE FOR THE BELIEVER. THIS CAN HELP US IN MAINTAINING AND EVEN STRENGTHENING OUR FAITH. All matters are in the hands of Allah
  9. 9. IT WAS NARRATED FROM ANAS IBN MALIK THAT THE PROPHET (S) SAID: “GREAT REWARD COMES WITH GREAT TRIALS. WHEN ALLAH LOVES A PEOPLE, HE TESTS THEM, AND WHOEVER ACCEPTS IT ATTAINS HIS PLEASURE, WHEREAS WHOEVER SHOWS DISCONTENT WITH IT INCURS HIS WRATH.” NARRATED AND CLASSED AS HASAN BY AT-TIRMIDHI (2396); CLASSED AS SAHEEH BY AL-ALBAANI IN AS-SILSILAH AS-SAHEEHAH, NO. 146 Great rewards come from great trials.
  10. 10. َ‫ي‬َِ‫خ‬‫أ‬‫َو‬‫ف‬ ُ‫نس‬ُ‫ي‬َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬َ‫نا‬ ُ‫س‬ َّ‫س‬‫ح‬‫ت‬‫ناَف‬ُ‫ب‬‫ه‬ْ‫ذ‬‫َا‬َّ‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬‫اَب‬َ‫َت‬‫َل‬‫َو‬ِ‫ه‬‫ي‬َِ‫ح‬ْ‫و‬َّ‫ر‬َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬َ‫نا‬ ُ‫س‬‫أ‬ْ‫ي‬ َْ‫َال‬ َّ‫َل‬ِ‫َإ‬ِ َّ‫َاَّلل‬ِ‫ح‬ْ‫و‬َّ‫ر‬َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬َ ُ‫س‬‫أ‬ْ‫ي‬‫َي‬‫ََل‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬ِ‫َۖإ‬َِ َّ‫اَّلل‬َْ‫ن‬‫ق‬ََ ‫و‬ُ‫ر‬ِ‫ف‬‫ا‬‫ك‬ْ‫َال‬ُ‫م‬-12:87 “…AND DESPAIR NOT OF ALLAH’S MERCY; SURELY NONE DESPAIRS OF ALLAH’S MERCY EXCEPT THE UNBELIEVERS.” (12:87) No place for despair. Keep hope alive with Mercy of Allah
  11. 11. OPEN YOURSELF TO THE MERCY OF ALLAH ENTRUST YOUR AFFAIRS WITH HIM INSTEAD OF SHROUDING YOURSELF IN INCREASING HOPELESSNESS, THEN YOU ARE MORE LIKELY TO FIND WHAT YOUR BEST HOPES – MERCY, HOPELESSNESS IS IN ESSENCE DENYING THE POSSIBILITY OF THAT MERCY AND LIMITING YOUR LIFE TO THE LIMITS OF YOUR OWN IMAGINATION. THROUGH DISAPPOINTMENTS, THE MYSTERY OF THE INTERPLAY BETWEEN FREE WILL AND DESTINY REVEALS ITSELF IN OUR LIVES. WE PLAN, BUT ALLAH IS THE BEST OF PLANNERS. YOUR DISAPPOINTMENT MAY JUST BE THE SEGUE INTO THE NEXT GREAT CHAPTER IN YOUR LIFE. Entrust your affairs with Allah
  12. 12. PATIENCE RAISES STATUS We should also realize that our patience when facing difficulties raises our status in front of Allah, and may lead to the forgiveness of our sins. He says in the Quran: …Only those who are patient shall receive their reward in full, without reckoning” Quran (SZumar-r:10)
  13. 13. PROPHET (SAW) SAID: َ‫َـَرضىَهللاَُنهاَـَز‬‫ة‬‫ش‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َََُّ ‫،َأ‬ِ‫ر‬ْ‫ي‬‫ب‬ُّ‫َالز‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬َُ‫ة‬‫و‬ْ‫ر‬َُُ‫َصلىَهللا‬ِ‫ي‬ِ‫ب‬َّ‫ن‬‫َال‬‫ج‬ْ‫و‬ ‫َصلىَهللاَُليهَوس‬ِ َّ‫َاَّلل‬ُ‫نل‬ ُ‫س‬‫َر‬‫ال‬‫َق‬ ْ‫ت‬‫ال‬‫ُليهَوسلمَق‬َ‫لم‬"َ ْ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬َ‫ا‬‫م‬ َِ‫ب‬َُ َّ‫َاَّلل‬‫ر‬َّ‫ف‬‫َك‬َّ‫َل‬ِ‫َإ‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬ ْ‫س‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫َال‬ُ‫يب‬ِ‫ص‬ُ‫ت‬ٍَ‫ة‬‫يب‬ِ‫ص‬ُ‫م‬َِ‫ة‬‫ك‬ْ‫ن‬ َّ‫ىَالش‬َّ‫ت‬‫،َح‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬َُ‫ا‬‫ه‬ َ‫ا‬‫ه‬ُ‫اك‬‫ش‬ُ‫ي‬" . “Nothing befalls a believer, a (prick of a) thorn or more than that, but Allah will raise him one degree in status there by, or erase a bad deed.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5641) and Muslim (2573)
  14. 14. ِ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ِ‫ي‬‫ب‬َّ‫الن‬‫صلى‬‫هللا‬‫عليه‬‫وس‬‫لم‬َِ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬" ِ‫ل‬َ‫ث‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ن‬‫م‬ْ‫ؤ‬‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ِ‫ة‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫خ‬ْ‫ال‬َ‫ك‬َِ‫ن‬‫م‬ِ‫ع‬ْ‫ر‬َّ‫الز‬ِ‫ئ‬‫ي‬َ‫ف‬‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ ِ‫يح‬‫الر‬،ً‫ة‬َّ‫ر‬َ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫ل‬‫د‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬َ‫و‬َِّ‫ر‬َ‫م‬،ً‫ة‬ِ‫ل‬َ‫ث‬َ‫م‬َ‫و‬ِ‫ق‬‫اف‬َ‫ن‬‫م‬ْ‫ال‬ ِ‫ة‬َ‫ز‬ْ‫ر‬َ‫األ‬َ‫ك‬َِ‫ل‬ِ‫ال‬َ‫ز‬َ‫ت‬‫ى‬َّ‫ت‬َ‫ح‬ِ‫ك‬َ‫ي‬َِ‫ون‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬‫اف‬َ‫ع‬‫ج‬ْ‫ن‬‫ا‬َِّ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ًِ‫ة‬ ًِ‫ة‬َ‫د‬‫اح‬َ‫و‬". Narrated Ka`b: The Prophet ‫ﷺ‬) )said, "The example of a believer is that of a fresh tender plant, which the wind bends lt sometimes and some other time it makes it straight. And the example of a hypocrite is that of a pine tree which keeps straight till once it is uprooted suddenly.
  15. 15. PROPHET (SAW) SAID: “How wonderful is the affair of the believer, for his affairs are all good, and this applies to no one but the believer. If something good happens to him, he is thankful for it and that is good for him. If something bad happens to him, he bears it with patience and that is good for him.” (Narrated by Muslim, 2999).
  16. 16. ALLAH HASTENS HIS CHASTISEMENT WHEN HE WILLS GOOD We should also realize that when Allah puts His steadfast believers through trials and tribulations, that is a sign of His love for them. It was narrated that Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “If Allah wills good for His slave, He hastens his punishment in this world, and if He wills bad for His slave, He withholds from him (the punishment for) his sin, until He requites him for it on the Day of Resurrection.” Narrated and classed as hasan by at-Tirmidhi (2396); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh atrmidh- Tii.
  17. 17. HASAN AL BASRI (RA) SAID: Al-Hasan al-Basri (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “Do not resent the calamities that come and the disasters that occur, for perhaps in something that you dislike will be your salvation, and perhaps in something that you prefer will be your doom.”
  18. 18. FADL IBN SAHL SAID: Al-Fadl ibn Sahl said: “There is a blessing in calamity that the wise man should not ignore, for it erases sins, gives one the opportunity to attain the reward for patience, dispels negligence, reminds one of blessings at the time of health, calls one to repent and encourages one to give charity.”
  19. 19. CALAMITIES AND PROBLEMS – TRIALS OR PUNISHMENT? Scholars have said that “(as Allah knows a person beforehand), the sign of calamity by way of punishment shows as signs of impatience and ingratitude in a person when a calamity befalls Sign of calamity by way of expiation and erasing of sins shows as contentment, acceptance, and patience in accepting the will of Allah until relief comes.” Also, if the Muslim is a devoted worshipper, obedient and righteous, and there is nothing between him and Allah but true ‘uboodiyyah (servitude), gratitude, praise, repentance and submission to Him, may He be glorified, then it is most likely that this calamity is a kind of honor and raising in status, and people are the witnesses of Allah on earth
  20. 20. COMPARISON OF BELIEVERS AND OTHERS IN THE FACE OF CALAMITY Regarding difficulties, in the following verse Allah compares the situation of the one who is steadfast in his faith and facing difficulties with those who are evil doers and are in a similar situation: “… if you are suffering (hardships) then surely, they (too) are suffering (hardships) as you are suffering, but you have a hope from Allah (for the reward) that for which they hope not; and Allah is Ever All-Knowing, All-Wise” Quran (Surah An-Nisa:104).
  21. 21. GOOD NEWS FOR THE PATIENTS “… and give glad tidings to As-Sabirun (the patient).” Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.” They are those on whom are the Salawat (i.e. who are blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided ones. Quran (Surah Al- Baqara:155-157)
  22. 22. If Allah wills good for His slave, He hastens his punishment in this world, and if He wills bad for His slave, He withholds from him (the punishment for) his sin, until He requites him for it on the Day of Resurrection.” Narrated and classed as hasan by at-Tirmidhi (2396); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh at-Tirmidhi.

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