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Understanding Surah saff

This slide program explains meaning and message of Surah Saff of Quran 361

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Understanding Surah saff

  1. 1. Understanding Surah Saff MEANING AND MESSAGE
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • Revealed in Madina after the battle of Uhud in Shawwal, AH 3. • Meaning of the word ‘Saff’- The Row. • This is 61st Surah of the Quran • It has 14 verses and 2 sections • It is one of the group of Surahs called Musabbahaat • Musabbahaat is the group of Surahs which begin with the glorification of Allah with the word : Sabbaha or Yusabbihu.
  3. 3. Subject Be the helpers of Allah Allah is Aziz and Hakim Allah's love depends on Jihad Do'nt disobey the prophet Islam will prevail Trade with Allah Be Ansar ullah
  4. 4. Everything glorifies Allah • َ ْ‫ال‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ت‬‫ا‬ َ‫او‬َ‫م‬َّ‫س‬‫ال‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ َ َّ َ‫ّلِل‬ َ‫ح‬َّ‫ب‬َ‫س‬ۖ َ‫ض‬ ْ‫ر‬ُ‫م‬‫ي‬َ‫ك‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫يز‬ َ‫ز‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬ َ‫و‬- 61:1 • Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth exalts Allah, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise. • Allah is glorified and praised by everything. We may not realize their glorification. • Allah is most mighty and needs no one to help him. • Allah is most wise so his actions are based upon wisdom and we may not understand that wisdom
  5. 5. Conflict between claim and action is deplorable. • َ‫ون‬ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ َ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫آ‬ َ‫ين‬َ‫ذ‬َّ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ون‬َُُ‫ع‬َْْ‫ت‬ ََ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬-61:2 • O you who have believed, why do you say what you do not do? • َ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫ق‬َ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ِ ‫ه‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫د‬‫ن‬ِ‫ع‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ت‬ْ‫ق‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ر‬ُ‫ب‬َ‫ك‬َ‫ون‬َََُُْْ‫ت‬-61:3 • Great is hatred in the sight of Allah that you say what you do not do
  6. 6. 4 Signs of hypocrisy or NIFAQ Abdullah Ibn Umar (RA) reported that the Prophet (SAW) said, “There are four signs that make someone pure hypocrite and whoever has them has characteristic of hypocrisy until he abandons it:  When he speaks, he lies  When he is trusted with something, he is treacherous When he makes a promise, he breaks it  When he argues, he is wicked Bukhari, Kitabul-Iman 34 Muslim, Kitabul- Iman 58
  7. 7. Characteristics of struggle for the cause of Allah (SWT) • َ‫إ‬َُ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬َ‫س‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ون‬َُُ‫ت‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ُ‫ي‬ َ‫ين‬َ‫ذ‬َّ‫ال‬ ُُّّ َ‫ح‬ُ‫ي‬ َ َّ‫اّلِل‬ َّ‫ن‬ٌ‫و‬َُ ْ‫ر‬َّ‫م‬ ‫ان‬َ‫ي‬ْ‫ن‬ُ‫ب‬ ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َّ‫ن‬َََ‫ك‬ ‫ا‬‫ا‬ََْ َ‫ه‬-61:4 • Indeed, Allah loves those who fight in His cause in a row as though they are a [single] structure joined firmly. • Fi-Sabeelillah means struggle with sincerity and only for the sake of Allah • Saff means their struggle is well planned and organized • Bunyanum Marsoos means their struggle is done with perfect unity and steadfastness • RESULT OF THIS STRUGGLE- Love of Allah and station of being friend and ally of Allah (SWT)
  8. 8. When does a Jamaah become ‘Bunyanum Marsoos’  When there is unity about common creed and ultimate goal  High moral character of the members of the Jamaah  Love for the ultimate goal  Strong resolve to achieve the goal
  9. 9. Warning to Muslims not to follow the path of Bani-Israel • َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ْ‫ذ‬َ‫إ‬ َ‫و‬‫ى‬َ‫س‬‫و‬ُ‫م‬ُ‫ذ‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ت‬ َ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ َ‫ه‬َ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬َُْ‫ع‬َّ‫ت‬ ‫د‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ن‬‫و‬ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ ۖ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫إ‬ َ َّ‫اّلِل‬ُ‫ق‬ ُ َّ‫اّلِل‬ َ‫غ‬‫ا‬َ‫ز‬َ‫أ‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫غ‬‫ا‬َ‫ز‬ ‫ا‬َّ‫م‬ََُ‫ف‬ۚ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ب‬‫و‬ُُْ‫و‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ال‬ ‫ي‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ه‬َ‫ي‬ ََ ُ َّ‫اّلِل‬ َ‫و‬َ‫م‬ َ‫ين‬َ‫ق‬َ‫س‬‫ا‬َْْ‫ال‬-61:5 • And [mention, O Muhammad], when Moses said to his people, "O my people, why do you harm me while you certainly know that I am the messenger of Allah to you?" And when they deviated, Allah caused their hearts to deviate. And Allah does not guide the defiantly disobedient people.
  10. 10. Example of Isa (Jesus son of Mary) • ‫و‬َ‫ن‬َ‫إ‬ َ‫ل‬‫ي‬َ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫س‬َ‫إ‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬ َ‫م‬َ‫ي‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ ُ‫ْن‬‫ب‬‫ا‬ ‫ى‬َ‫س‬‫ي‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ْ‫ذ‬َ‫إ‬ ََ‫ا‬ً‫ق‬َ‫د‬ََُّ‫م‬ ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫إ‬ َ َّ‫اّلِل‬ ُ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬َ‫ر‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ْن‬‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ل‬ ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ت‬ََْ‫ي‬ ٍ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ر‬َ‫ش‬َ‫ب‬ُ‫م‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ة‬‫ا‬َ‫ر‬ ْ‫و‬َّ‫ت‬‫ال‬ َ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ َّ‫ي‬َ‫د‬َ‫ي‬ۖ ُ‫د‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ه‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫س‬‫ا‬ ‫ي‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ع‬َ‫ب‬‫م‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫ء‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ ‫ا‬َّ‫م‬ََُ‫ف‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫ت‬‫َا‬‫ن‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ال‬َ‫ب‬‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ه‬‫ين‬َ‫ب‬ُّ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫س‬-61:6 • And [mention] when Jesus, the son of Mary, said, "O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad." But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, "This is obvious magic."
  11. 11. Warning to Muslims • Do not hurt Prophet Mohammad (SAW) by disobeying him the way it was done by Bani-Israel • They knew that Musa (AS) was a Messanger of Allah and had seen his extra-ordinary miracles yet they disobeyed him • They also rejected Prophet Isa (Jesus the son of Mary). • He told them he was a messanger of Allah and predicted the coming of the last Prophet Ahmad (SAW). • They called it clear sorcery.
  12. 12. Allah’s law of granting guidance • Allah (SWT) does not guide blatant evil doers who: • Show stubborn rejection of truth when there are clear signs • Reject the truth knowingly • Alter the truth for paltry price • Reject the truth due to a prejudice of race, ethnicity, color, material wealth etc.
  13. 13. Who is most unjust person? • ِ‫ن‬‫ه‬‫م‬ِ‫م‬ ُ‫م‬َُْ‫ظ‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬َ‫و‬‫ى‬َ‫ر‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫اف‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ ‫ه‬‫اَّلل‬ ‫ى‬ََُ‫ع‬َ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬َ‫و‬ َ‫ب‬ِ‫ذ‬‫َى‬‫ع‬ْ‫د‬ُ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫س‬ِْ‫اْل‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ۚ ِ‫م‬ َ‫ين‬ِ‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫ا‬‫ه‬‫ظ‬‫ال‬ َ‫م‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ق‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫د‬ْ‫ه‬َ‫ي‬ َ‫ل‬ ُ ‫ه‬‫اَّلل‬َ‫و‬-61:7 • And who is more unjust than one who invents about Allah untruth while he is being invited to Islam. And Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people • One who invents lies about Allah (SWT) • One who is invited to Islam and he rejects it • Allah (SWT) does not guide such transgressors.
  14. 14. Great news of victory for Islam • َ‫و‬ْ‫ف‬َََ‫ب‬ َ َّ‫اّلِل‬ َ‫ور‬ُ‫ن‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ئ‬َْْ‫ط‬ُ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ُون‬‫د‬‫ي‬ َ‫ر‬ُ‫ي‬َ‫و‬ َ‫ه‬ َ‫ور‬ُ‫ن‬ ُّ‫م‬َ‫ت‬ُ‫م‬ ُ َّ‫اّلِل‬ َ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ك‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ر‬َ‫ف‬‫ا‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ال‬-61:8 •They want to extinguish the light of Allah with their mouths, but Allah will perfect His light, although the disbelievers dislike it.
  15. 15. Promise of Allah • Allah (SWT) declares that the plans of the opponents of Islam are futile. • These plans are like blowing at a shining ‘light’ ( of Islam) by Allah and will never succeed • Allah (SWT) is promising that light of Islam will be perfected (and will prevail) no matter how much polytheist dislike it
  16. 16. Mission of the Prophet Mohammad (SAW) and this Ummah • ُ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬ َ‫ر‬ َ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ذ‬َّ‫ال‬ َ‫و‬ُ‫ه‬‫ى‬َ‫د‬ُ‫ه‬ْ‫ال‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ظ‬ُ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫ق‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬ َ‫ين‬َ‫د‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ه‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ك‬ ْ‫و‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ه‬َُُ‫ك‬ َ‫ين‬َ‫الد‬ ‫ى‬ََُ‫ع‬ ُ‫ه‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ه‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ك‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫ش‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ال‬-61:9 • It is He who sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religion, although those who associate others with Allah dislike it. • Prophet Mohammad (SAW) is sent not to compromise with the polytheists and opponents of Islam • His mission (and now the mission of this Ummah) is to struggle and make Al-Islam the prevalent way of life.
  17. 17. Trade with Allah (SWT) • ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ُّ‫ُل‬‫د‬َ‫أ‬ ْ‫ل‬َ‫ه‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫آ‬ َ‫ين‬َ‫ذ‬َّ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬‫ى‬ََُ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ ٍُّ ‫ا‬َ‫ذ‬َ‫ع‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬‫ي‬ َ‫نج‬ُ‫ت‬ ٍ‫ة‬َ‫ار‬َ‫ج‬ٍ‫يم‬- 61:10 • O you who have believed, shall I guide you to a transaction that will save you from a painful punishment? • Allah (SWT) has no need for any trade. • This is a loving way of Allah (SWT) to show the way of real success by presenting example of trade.
  18. 18. Our obligation in this trade deal َ‫ب‬َ‫س‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬ َ‫ُون‬‫د‬َ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫ج‬ُ‫ت‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ه‬َ‫ل‬‫و‬ُ‫س‬َ‫ر‬ َ‫و‬ َ َّ‫اّلِل‬َ‫ب‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫س‬ُْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ َ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫و‬ْ‫م‬َََ‫ب‬ َ َّ‫اّلِل‬ َ‫ل‬‫ي‬ْۚ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ذ‬‫ْر‬‫ي‬َ‫خ‬ َ‫ون‬ُ‫م‬َُْ‫ع‬َ‫ت‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ت‬‫ن‬ُ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬َ‫إ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َّ‫ل‬-61:11 [It is that] you believe in Allah and His Messenger and strive in the cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives. That is best for you, if you should know Our part of this bargain includes: 1. Iman upon Allah 2. Iman upon Rasool of Allah 3- Jihad with belongings 4- Jihad with ourself
  19. 19. Allah’s reward in this bargain • َ‫ي‬ٍ‫ت‬‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬ُْ َ‫خ‬ْ‫د‬ُ‫ي‬ َ‫و‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ب‬‫و‬ُ‫ن‬ُ‫ذ‬ ْ‫م‬ُ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬ ْ‫ر‬َْْ‫غ‬َ‫م‬ َ‫و‬ ُ‫ار‬َ‫ه‬ْ‫ن‬َ ْ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ح‬َ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ ‫ي‬ َ‫ر‬ْ‫ج‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫س‬ ۚ ٍ‫ن‬ْ‫د‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫ت‬‫ا‬َّ‫ن‬َ‫ج‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬ ً‫ة‬َ‫ب‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ط‬َ‫ك‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ذ‬ْ‫ال‬ ُ‫ز‬ ْ‫و‬َْْ‫ال‬ُ‫م‬‫ي‬َ‫ظ‬َ‫ع‬-61:12 • He will forgive for you your sins and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence. That is the great attainment. ‫ى‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫خ‬ُ‫أ‬َ‫و‬ۖ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ن‬‫و‬ُّ‫ب‬ ِ‫ح‬ُ‫ت‬ْ‫ت‬َ‫ف‬َ‫و‬ ِ ‫ه‬‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ ٌ‫ر‬ْ‫ص‬َ‫ن‬ٌ‫يب‬ ِ‫ر‬ََ ٌ‫ح‬‫ي‬ِ‫ن‬ِ‫م‬ْ‫ؤ‬ُ‫م‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ِ‫ر‬ِ‫ش‬َ‫ب‬َ‫و‬َ‫ن‬– 61:13 And [you will obtain] another [favor] that you love - victory from Allah and an imminent conquest; and give good tidings to the believers.
  20. 20. B-Allah’s part of the bargain includes: 1- Forgiveness of sins 2- Entry into Jannah 3- Elegant mansions in the Jannah 4- Help of Allah in this world 5- Victory soon in this world
  21. 21. Islamic concept of great success • In worldly terms, success means financial well being • Some people define success as possessing 5 C’s 1-Cash 2- Car 3- Credit 4- Condominium 5- Country club membership • In Quran success is defined as salvation from hellfire and entry into Jannah with the Mercy of Allah. • Hadith: Abdullah bin Amar bin Aas reported that the Prophet (SAW) said: “ Successful is the one who enters into Islam and is provided sufficient sustenance for his daily needs and Allah makes him contented what He bestowed upon him. (Muslim)
  22. 22. O BELIEVERS! BE ANSARULLAH. • َ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ ‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ك‬ َ َّ‫اّلِل‬ َ‫ار‬ََ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ن‬‫و‬ُ‫ك‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫آ‬ َ‫َين‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ه‬ُّ‫ي‬َ‫أ‬ ‫ا‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ين‬َ‫ي‬ َ‫ار‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ح‬َُْ‫ل‬ َ‫م‬َ‫ي‬ ْ‫ر‬َ‫م‬ ُ‫ْن‬‫ب‬‫ا‬ ‫ى‬َ‫س‬‫ي‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬ ۖ َ َّ‫اّلِل‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫إ‬ ‫ي‬ َ‫ار‬ََ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ال‬َ‫ق‬ ۖ َ َّ‫اّلِل‬ ُ‫ار‬ََ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ ُ‫ن‬ْ‫َح‬‫ن‬ َ‫ُّون‬‫ي‬ َ‫ار‬ َ‫و‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ال‬َ‫م‬ ‫ة‬ََْ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َّ‫ط‬ ‫َت‬‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫آ‬َ‫ف‬ََْ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َّ‫ط‬ ‫ت‬َ‫ر‬ََْ‫ك‬ َ‫و‬ َ‫ل‬‫ي‬َ‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫س‬َ‫إ‬ ‫ي‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ب‬ ‫ن‬ۖ ‫ة‬‫َا‬‫ن‬ْ‫د‬َّ‫ي‬َََ‫ف‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫آ‬ َ‫َين‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ال‬‫ى‬ََُ‫ع‬َ‫ين‬ َ‫ر‬َ‫ه‬‫ا‬َ‫ظ‬ ‫وا‬ُ‫ح‬َ‫ب‬ََََْ‫ف‬ ْ‫م‬َ‫ه‬َ‫ُو‬‫د‬َ‫ع‬-61:14 • O’you who have believed, be supporters of Allah, as when Jesus, the son of Mary, said to the disciples, "Who are my supporters for Allah ?" The disciples said, "We are supporters of Allah ." And a faction of the Children of Israel believed and a faction disbelieved. So We supported those who believed against their enemy, and they became dominant.
  23. 23. WHO ARE ANSARULLAH! • The meaning of the word ‘ansar’ is helpers, supporters.� • When Isa (AS) called out to his nation asking, “who are my helpers for Allah?” some of them responded by saying, “We are helpers of Allah.” [As- Saff 61:14] • They showed their servitude to Allah by offering themselves as “helpers of Allah” (Ansarullah). • In another place in the Quran Allah says, “O you who believe, if you help Allah, He will help you and make your feet firm.” [Muhammad 47:7] • Allah has done so not because He is incapable but to reward humans who offer themselves to be His helpers. • Those who offer themselves as helpers of Allah to establish the Divine guidance among humans are given the station of Ansarullah.

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