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What is NFC? (DP/LLCP/SNEP/HO/PHDC)

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To help understanding of NFC( Near Field Communication)

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What is NFC? (DP/LLCP/SNEP/HO/PHDC)

  1. 1. NFC (DP/LLCP/SNEP/HO/PHDC)
  2. 2. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. What is NFC?
  3. 3. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved.  Based on RFID technology at 13,56 MHz  Two-way communication between endpoints including RFID standards (ISO 14443) and FeliCa  Founded in 2004 by Philips, Nokia and bSony  Active and passive NFC mode at different transfer speeds from 106 to 424 kbps  The reading distance is within 10cm NFC (Near Field Communication)
  4. 4. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC Positioning NFC (Near Field Communication)
  5. 5. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC (Near Field Communication) 3 different operation mode
  6. 6. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC SE Architectures in Mobile
  7. 7. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC Application
  8. 8. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC Forum Specifications
  9. 9. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC Forum Specifications
  10. 10. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. ISO14443 (Type A, Type B) Proximity Card : Memory Card, CPU Card ISO15693 Vicinity Card : Memory Card ISO18092 (NFC-A, NFC-B, NFC-F) : NFC Devices -> Memory Card/Tag, Reader, etc. NFC Forum Tags (Type 1/2/3/4) : NFC Tags. (Mifare UL, TOPAZ, Kovio, FeliCa, ISO14443) ISO18000-3 (Mode 1, Mode 2) : Tag (Mode1 = ISO15693, Mode2 = PJM) ISO Standard_13.56MHz (1)
  11. 11. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. ISO18092 NFC Device NFC Forum LLCP, SNEP, HO, PHDC ISO Standard_13.56MHz (2) ISO18000-3 Memory Tag Mode 1/2 NFC Barcode UID Tag ISO15693 Reader, Memory Tag ISO14443 Type B Reader, Card NFC Type 4B Tag ISO14443 Type A Reader, Card NFC Type 1/4A Tag FeliCa Reader, Card NFC Type 3 Tag
  12. 12. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. ISO Standard_13.56MHz (3) FeliCa ISO7816 ISO14443 Type B ISO14443-3 Type B ISO14443-2 Type B ISO7816-1 ISO7816-2 ISO7816-3 APDUs Transport Protocol, Activation, Anticollision Bit Transmission, Power Contacts Physical Properties NFC Forum ISO14443 Type A ISO14443-3 Type A ISO14443-2 Type A FeliCa OS FeliCa FeliCa ISO7816-4 ISO14443-4 ISO14443-1 (Card Shape) ISO18092 ISO15693 Digital Protocol Type 1 Tag Type 2 Tag Type 3 Tag Type 4 Tag SNEP/HO/PHDC
  13. 13. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. RF Layer ISO18092 + ISO14443 + FeliCa + ISO15693 Card Emulation Mode (T2T/T3T/T4T) Logical Link Control Protocol (LLCP) Type 1/2/3/4 Tags NDEF & RTD Simple NDEF Exchange Protocol (SNEP) Connection Handover PHDC Card Mode Peer-to-Peer Mode Reader Mode NFC Forum Protocols Architecture
  14. 14. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC APPLICATIONS
  15. 15. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. 1. KSX6928 mobile eWallet (ETRI, BC Card, DUALi) NFC Application
  16. 16. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. Project Period: 2012. 9 ~ 2013. 1 NFC card & mobile app users: 55,000 persons NFC reader: iTOUCH_191pcs NFC Cafeteria System Before the project (Paper ticket) 2. Hyundai Heavy Industry NFC Application After the project (NFC mobile application)
  17. 17. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. Admin 4. 로열티관련 정보의 관리 및 조회서비스 실시 NFC reader Door 1. NFC mobile App login 2. Place the mobile on the NFC reader Place an NFC mobile(APP) on NFC device to use university public PC 3. University NFC Access control system NFC Application
  18. 18. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. 4. Green Car System 1.Book a car in advance using NFC mobile APP. 2.Place a NFC card or mobile App on NFC reader attached on the car window. NFC Application
  19. 19. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. 5. App Card for payment Only one time card number for NFC payment. For the additional payment, the user has to request the one time card number again. NFC Application
  20. 20. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. 6. Smart Key System Open the car using NFC mobile Setting preferences such as seat and mirror adjustments using NFC Synch all the info on the handset, with the cars on-board entertainment presenting a selection of personal music choices, movies and setting up hands free calling NFC Application
  21. 21. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. After blood sugar measurement, 1.Place ‘Gluco Navii’ on the NFC mobile 2.‘Gluco Navii app’ will be run automatically 3.The measurement result will be sent to the mobile automatically 4.Voice message is possible/ the user can send the result to other 7. NFC Glucose meter NFC Application
  22. 22. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC M2M
  23. 23. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. 23 Embedded Application •OS / language -Android /Java •API -Open API for Android •Reference/example -Many kind of ~ •Developer -A lot of ~ NFC Phone Market •OS / Language -None / Not defined •API -None / vender specified •Reference/example -No reference •Developer -In house developers Embedded Market Embedded Market Analysis
  24. 24. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. 24 •Health care -NFC Glucose meter -Insulin Pump •Home appliances -Microwave -Electronic rice cooker -Speaker (LG BT speaker) •Etc -Factory automation -Distribution Application •SIMPLE API -Stand_by() -Connect()/Disconnect() -Send() / Receive() •module / on board / Chip -RS 232 supportive module -On board type -NFC Chip •Portability -Various OS supportive -Various language supportive -Various user inquiries supportive NEEDS Embedded Market Needs & Application
  25. 25. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. 25 Chip/ Firmware Linux Middleware JNI Android API Android Application Open NFC API Chip/ Firmware Embedded Stack Without OS I/F(API, 232..) Embedded Application - Chip control Task - Open NFC support Task - NFC mode control task - NFC protocol support - SE support -Open NFC API java interface NFC Phone Embedded Device - Variable I/F requirement -Task is not supportive -NFC forum protocol -Tag emulation essential -NFC mode control -NFC chip control -ISO14443 -ISO18092 -Active/Passive -ISO15693 NFC M2M (Phone & Embedded)
  26. 26. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC in healthcare
  27. 27. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. Health Scale Blood Pressure Monitor Insulin Pump Body composition monitor Pedometer thermometer Glucose meter Activity Monitor Fitness Machines Healthcare NFC Device
  28. 28. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. Continua Health Alliance Architecture
  29. 29. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC Tags Tag Emulation ICs NFC RF-Front IC NFC Controller Full duplex Passive Tag IC Protocol Converter SONY, AMS, TI, SiC … Passive Tag Memory type without security NXP, Broadcomm, TI, SiC, SONY … Digital I/F + RF Analog Part Passive Tag, Reader, P2P NXP, Inside Secure, AMS, ST, TI… MPU + NFC RF-Front IC Passive Tag, Reader, P2P NXP, Broadcomm, Marvell … One-chip Solution Using CPU & memory in NFC Controller Passive Tag, Reader, P2P, Host I/F NXP, Broadcomm, Marvell, CSR, Qualcomm NFC Solution for Healthcare
  30. 30. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. MISO MOSI CLK MPU (NFC Stack) VCC RF IC TXD RXD GND MPU VCC Tag IC TXD RXD GND MPU VCC NFC Controller (Stack) 1. NFC Enabler (Tag emulation chip) 2. NFC RF Front-end IC 3. NFC Controller IC Easy to modify contents in the tag Minimum power consumption using passive communication. Not support between same devices Support all features defined by NFC Forum Flexibility to various environment Support Device-to-Device communication Support all features defined by NFC Forum Less flexibility to various environment Support Device-to-Device communication Support all features defined by NFC Forum Flexibility to various environment Support Device-to-Device communication Limitation on internal resources like memory, ports MPU + NFC RF IC (NFC Stack) 4. One-chip Solution Embedded NFC Configurations by DUALi
  31. 31. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. DUALi NFC Solution
  32. 32. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC Certification
  33. 33. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. Mobile NFC stack layer HCI Application Stack RF-Front End Middle Ware DUALi NFC stack layer Application Middle Ware RF-Front End Stack Dependency On NXP Flexible, Expanded service NFC Forum certification – Desktop reader (dragon) , embedded module (DE-ABCM6) DUALi NFC/ Payment Solution DUALi NFC Stack on NXP PN512 Chip Experience in Payment solution with Card emulation P2P Service Content distribution Information access Smart advertising Intelligent advise Mobile payment E-Identification DUALi strength in P2P communication DUALi NFC Stack Using P2P communication, a variety of e-Payment (such as payment, e-Receipt, ads) service will be implemented. Application RF-Front end and stack can be controlled. Compatibility with RF Card + Expanded service Solutions
  34. 34. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC Tags, NDEF and LLCP Management Software Simple and easy UI - “Optimal choice for NFC starters/developers” Support all NFC Forum tags (T1T/T2T/T3T/T4T) Peer to Peer communication (LLCP/SNEP) PC/SC Mode Java / C++ Sample Source Code in SDK Tag Format/Auto-detection and Read NFC device Read/write (P2P) Support Text/URI/SmartPoster/vCard NFC Manager NFC SDK/ EDK (NFC Manager) Dragon contactless reader works with NFC Manager Support all NFC Forum tags (T1T/T2T/T3T/T4T) Peer to Peer communication (LLCP, SNEP) NFC T2T Emulation ISO 14443 A/B, Mifare, DESFire, ISO 18092 ISO 7816 – 1ea x SIM type (Optional) PC/SC Mode/Vendor Mode Dragon (Contactless reader)
  35. 35. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. DualCard which is designed for NFC/Contactless engineers with technology background Development Kit for NFC solutions. Includes SDK and R/W device (DE-620) and module (DE-ABCM6) Contents: Contactless reader (Dragon, USB interface) + SDK CD Features Support all NFC Forum tags (T1T/T2T/T3T/T4T) Peer to Peer communication (LLCP, SNEP) NFC T2T Emulation ISO 14443 A/B, Mifare, DESFire, ISO 18092 ISO 7816 – 1ea x SIM type (Optional) PC/SC Mode/Vendor Mode Special SDK for NFC System developer Dragon (Contactless reader) SDK Contents Test program : DualCard Example source: C++, C#, VB Documents and libraries Multi-ISO test software (DualCard)
  36. 36. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC Plugfest (Compatibility test) reader Main Features •NFC P2P FUNCTION TEST (4MODE) 1.Passive P2P – as Initiator 106/212/424bps and Target 2.Active P2P – as Initiator 106/212/424bps and Target 3.Reader Mode – Read/Write NDEF message/Tag Detect 4.Card Mode – T2T/T3T/T4TA Card emulation •NFC Debug test (USB interface) <DNW Program> <NFC PAD as plugfest mode> Applications •NFC Device compatibility test for NFC Chip/Handset manufacturers •NFC Payment/ Contactless payment •Any NFC Applications including Membership program
  37. 37. Copyright © by DUALi Inc. All rights reserved. NFC access control package Door opens for authorized staff/ID (Reader saves authorized staff data) Event data sends to System NFC Phone (Mobile App) RF Card Features •NFC PHONE & RF Card support access control system •Easy and convenient management of the system •Supports the network control of up to several devices •Synchronized configurations •Real-time monitoring (every events) for all registered terminal •DB: MSSQL/MySQL/Oracle & MDB for laptop INTEGREATED ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM together with iTOUCH pop

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