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A more responsible taxation in a more sustainable world


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Let-us invent and experiment together a more responsible taxation in a more sustainable world

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A more responsible taxation in a more sustainable world

  1. 1. Let-us invent a more responsible taxation for a more sustainable world Paris, 20 November 2020 “ We can not solve our problems with the same level of thinking that created them.” Albert Einstein We all are concerned by: economic development, social justice, ecological transition. Let's work together for a more responsible taxation In a more sustainable world! project sustained by: Linkedin Group: Contacts : ; ; ; Tel : +331 4633 7476 ; +336 8546 1982 ; + 336 6357 5005 ; +336 2424 6023 Look at this coffre grinder, kids, it can be our first step toward a happy sobriety and USB stick? where is the electrical outlet ? Which brand? Does it pick up wifi?
  2. 2. Let-us invent a more responsible taxation for a more sustainable world Taxation is a powerful lever in the economic and social world Distribution Financing Orientation of wealth of public policies of private investments Since 1954, The world has changed, Is taxation still appropriate ? In 1954, Maurice Lauré A French guy, invented VAT In 2020, so many changes have occurred in terms of population, geopolitics, air traffic, international trade, digital economy, global warming climatique, …
  3. 3. The world has become unequal unsustainable and unstable • Reducing inequalities goes hand in hand with enhanced economic stability and more sustainable growth (1) • However, the richest 3% share 67% of world heritage • The raid on natural resources is accelerating (2) Forests and oceans absorb only half of the CO² emitted. Evolution des consommations d’énergie Ostrom's recommendations for managing common goods and planet earth (1) Cf. Rawls (1971), Stiglitz, Ch. Lagarde (2) Source : rapport Meadows (3) Source : Nicolas Stern (4) préconisations d’Ostrom (5) Grandjean-Jancovici The world has become unequal in terms of income, heritage, pollution and human development humain (HDI) It is possible to live better by reducing emissions. (3) Natural resources are common goods to be managed in the general interest (4) > Voices are being raised everywhere to take externalities into account in economic choices The price of raw materials is volatile, due to the financial markets International organizations seek to regulate markets without succeeding The concept of GDP does not take into account limited resources, the environment and social cohesion The speculative economy hinders the real economy and the ecological transition (5)
  4. 4. Taxation must make it possible to reconcile economy, ecology and social In the spirit of the sustainable development goals, taxation should promote: Ecological investments to preserve our common planet; Access for all to a life of dignity, including for future generations; A more equitable distribution of goods We need : Awareness and new thinking mechanisms Effective instruments that are consistent with the targeted strategy.
  5. 5. Let us invent a taxation which reconcile economy, ecology and social Good initiatives remain limited: Carbon taxes increasing taxation have been rejected Initiatives such as the citizens' “Carbon card” remain marginal The carbon market and its European version of emission quotas (ETS) remains ineffective Maybe they were aiming too high? Of course, we do not know how to properly measure the carbon footprint and CSR, but technologies have made progress (IoT, Big data, IA ...) and there are many labels Maybe they were aiming too low? The three ecological, economic and social objectives are important To forget only one demotivates part of the population Maybe they were aiming close? By prioritizing ecology at the cost of an economic collapse? By privileging the rich to the detriment of the poor and the small? By privileging the world to the detriment of France? By prioritizing growth to the detriment of quality of life? Taxation is not just a specialist matter, it concerns everyone.
  6. 6. Reforms are possible: 1) modulating VAT Many countries apply reduced rates are to VAT to take into account the impact environmental (eg heat from renewable energies) and social (eg books, social housing, certain shows), but the standard rate, which is largely the majority, penalizes added value, which goes against public policies aimed at creating value and therefore, wealth and employment. It seems possible to go to the end of the logic aimed at modulating VAT by: an increased rate for products and services with negative externalities (e.g. proven pollution) a reduced rate for positive externalities (e.g. jobs created nationally) a standard rate for “neutral” products and services, such as financial transactions, which are currently low tax VAT is a tax on consumption. Modulating it by externalities would make it a more economical tax by favoring, for example, national and local productions over imported productions
  7. 7. Reforms are possible: 2) Tax asset grabbing Today some companies are as powerful as states and a handful of people have taken over half of the world's heritage. Development aid partly compensates for this legitimate need, but it is provided by states on a voluntary basis. Would it be possible to recognize the debt that arises from history and geography? Developing countries want the same opportunities as developed countries, by having the right to access wealth and common goods (water, energy, rare metals, etc.). Homeowners pay property taxes and housing taxes Having realized that we are all linked on the fate of our common home, can we imagine the equivalent of a property tax on a global scale? As Greenpeace suggests a green wealth tax, would it be possible to tax asset grabbing to the detriment of those who have little and towards future generations?
  8. 8. New methods have proven their efficiency When the stakes are high and the communities of interest are multiple, it is unthinkable to obtain a consensus on a solution Actors like Adam Kahane have successfully used the scenario method, inviting opposing actors to jointly build four alternative scenarios. Traditional decision-making methods (position of the problem, call for expert, decision and implementation) do not apply well to societal problems from which minorities are excluded Les méthodes classiques de décision (position du problème, appel à expert, décision et mise en œuvre) s’appliquent mal aux problèmes sociétaux dont les minorités sont exclues The usual methods of innovation lend themselves well to complicated problems and poorly to complex problems at work in living organisms New approaches to innovation, such as the U theory or the C-K method have been proven to solve complex problems
  9. 9. Engineers at the service of taxation There is a strong expectation from civil society for a more equitable and sustainable world; Tax professiona need accurate data in order to base the tax base and set the tax rate; Engineering techniques open up new possibilities for measuring and labeling the ecological footprint and the positive and negative externalities products and services. Dynameans engineers offer to work with tax specialists and key players in civil society to mobilize our respective skills (Collective Intelligence, Internet of Things, Data Mining, Artificial Intelligence, etc.) with a view to associating each product and service with a sustainable development inde capable of serving as a basis for more responsible taxation for a more sustainable world Linkedin Group: responsible Contacts : ; ; ; Tel : +331 4633 7476 ; +336 8546 1982 ; + 336 6357 5005 ; +336 2424 6023