Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Transformative Solutions: Cities for People

735 views

Published on

Presentation by Ani Dasgupta at the German Habitat Forum.

Published in: Environment
  • You have to choose carefully. ⇒ www.HelpWriting.net ⇐ offers a professional writing service. I highly recommend them. The papers are delivered on time and customers are their first priority. This is their website: ⇒ www.HelpWriting.net ⇐
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • ⇒ www.WritePaper.info ⇐ is a good website if you’re looking to get your essay written for you. You can also request things like research papers or dissertations. It’s really convenient and helpful.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • D0WNL0AD FULL ▶ ▶ ▶ ▶ http://1lite.top/dE9Yv ◀ ◀ ◀ ◀
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Transformative Solutions: Cities for People

  1. 1. TRANSFORMATIVE SOLUTIONS: CITIES FOR PEOPLE PHOTO: JESS KRAFT/SHUTTERSTOCK ANI DASGUPTA | GLOBAL DIRECTOR, WRI ROSS CENTER FOR SUSTAINABLE CITIES May 24, 2016
  2. 2. 2 Photo by Stephen Bugno/Flickr. GDP per capita: $1,110 (2014) Population : 5.02 million Poverty Rate: 25% KOLKATA, INDIA
  3. 3. 3 Photo by: VnGrijl/Flickr KOLKATA HAS BEEN MAKING STREETS WIDER TO ACCOMMODATE GROWING NUMBER OF CARS
  4. 4. 4 Photo by: VnGrijl/Flickr NARROW SIDEWALKS FORCE PEOPLE ONTO STREETS, SLOWING TRAFFIC FURTHER
  5. 5. 5 CYCLING BANNED TO MAKE ROOM FOR CARS ON MAIN STREETS
  6. 6. 6 Photo by Nicolas Mirguet/Flickr ONLY 8% PEOPLE IN KOLKATA DRIVE CARS 25% WALK OR CYCLE
  7. 7. 7 CHOICES TODAY CREATE PATH DEPENDENCIES FOR DECADES TO COME Source: IIHS,2011,hp://iihs.co.in/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/IUC-Book.pdf
  8. 8. 8 LOW DENSITY SPRAWL AT THE URBAN FRINGE Selected findings, Kolkata urban fringe, 1990-2014: • Share of residential area in atomistic housing: 92.1±7.4%; • Share of the built-up area in roads and boulevards: 8.4±2.2%; and • Share of roads less than 4m. wide: 66.7±13.3% Residential development on the urban fringe of Kolkata, India1(1990-2014) Source: Sholomo Angel
  9. 9. THE FUTURE IS MORE LIKE KOLKATA THAN BERLIN – PROJECTED URBAN GROWTH 2030 Note: 1692 urban agglomerations. Source: World Resources Report Data Source: World Urbanization Prospects 2014; World Bank country classification.
  10. 10. (N=769 cities) WITH GROWTH MOSTLY IN AFRICA AND SOUTH ASIA 2015-2030 Source: World Resources Report Data Source: Oxford Economics
  11. 11. CITIES ARE GROWING MOST RAPIDLY IN LOWER- AND MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES Note: 1692 urban agglomerations Source: World Resources Report Data Sources: World Urbanization Prospects 2014; World Bank country classification 11
  12. 12. COMPARISON OF CITY POPULATION AND BUDGET PER CAPITA IN CITIES IN GLOBAL SOUTH AND NORTH Source: World Resources Report 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000 16000 City population (1000s) Budget per capita (USD)
  13. 13. HOW WE BUILD CITIES MATTERS Source: LSE research, drawing on data from Atlanta Regional Commission (2014), Autoritat del Transport Metropolita (Area de Barcelona) (2013), GenCat (2013), UCSB (2014), D’Onofrio (2014), based on latest data. Atlanta’s built-up area Barcelona’s built-up area Population: 5.26 million Total area: 16,605 km2 Urban area: 7692 km2 Transport emissions: 6.9 tonnes CO2 p.c. Traffic fatalities: 564 per year Population: 5 million Total area: 3263 km2 Urban area: 648 km2 Transport emissions: 1.2 tonnes CO2 p.c. Traffic fatalities: 31 per year ATLANTA BARCELONA
  14. 14. WHAT STRATEGIES WILL AVOID LOCK-IN? Source: World Bank Short-Term Capital Stock Long-Term Capital Stock Infrastructure Land Use and Urban Form 10-15 years 15-40 years 30-75+ years 100+ years 14
  15. 15. 15 SO, HOW DO WE TRANSFORM FROM HERE… Photo: Mexico City
  16. 16. 16 …TO HERE? Photo: Andreas/Flickr 16
  17. 17. GROWING CONSENSUS IS ON COMPACT AND CONNECTED CITIES
  18. 18. SCALING UP INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS IS POSSIBLE IN CITIES Source: Dalkmann, WRI
  19. 19. STRATEGIES WE CHOOSE HAVE TO MAKE CITIES MORE: PRODUCTIVE GREEN EQUAL
  20. 20. ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY Photo: Benoit Colin/WRI
  21. 21. CITIES ARE ENGINES OF GROWTH AND PROSPERITY SOURCE: McKinsey Global Institute, Population Division of the United Nations; Angus Maddison via Timetrics; Global Insight; Census reports of England and Wales; Honda in Steckel & Floud,1997; Bairoch, 1975 65% global GDP growth in major cities
  22. 22. TRAFFIC CONGESTION HURTS PRODUCTIVITY Sources: IBM Institute for Business Value, Smarter cities for smarter growth. Li-Zeng Mao, Hong-Ge Zhu, and Li-Ren Duan (2012) The Social Cost of Traffic Congestion and Countermeasures in Beijing. Sustainable Transportation Systems: pp. 68-76.
  23. 23. HIGH QUALITY PUBLIC TRANSPORT AFFECTS CITY COMPETIVENESS Note: * Determined by composite rankings against a range of indicators. Based on ranking of 24 international cities with #24 being the top rank. For more information on these see PwC Cities of Opportunity available at http://www.pwc.com/us/en/cities-of-opportunity/
  24. 24. HIGH QUALITY PUBLIC TRANSPORT AFFECTS CITY PRODUCTIVITY Note: * Determined by composite rankings against a range of indicators. Based on ranking of 24 international cities with #24 being the top rank. For more information on these see PwC Cities of Opportunity available at http://www.pwc.com/us/en/cities-of-opportunity/
  25. 25. CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENT Photo: Benoit Colin/WRI
  26. 26. 26 Photo: Flickr/PauloFehlauer; Sources: UN-Habitat, UNFCCC, WHO 23% of global GHG emissions are from transport GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE TARGETS ARE NOT POSSIBLE WITHOUT THE TRANSFORMATION OF CITIES 26 70% of GHG emissions come from cities
  27. 27. TRANSPORT AND BUILDINGS PROVIDE KEY OPPORTUNITIES Photo: Jacek/Flickr Source: IPCC
  28. 28. 28 Total stock of motor cars, projections up to 2050 TRACKER Total number of cars in thousands 1 Footnote SOURCE: Fulton/IEA 2008 In1,000
  29. 29. CLIMATE GOALS CANNOT BE REACHED ON THE CURRENT TREND TOWARD MOTORIZATION Hidalgo and Duduta (2013)
  30. 30. 60% OF THE 2030 GLOBAL BUILDING STOCK IS YET TO BE BUILT Source: NASA Image. UN World Population Prospects. 2009. UNFCCC
  31. 31. A MORE EQUAL CITY: HIGH QUALITY OF LIFE FOR ALL Photo: Benoit Colin/WRI
  32. 32. RISE OF MOTORIZATION RESULTS IN UNHEALTHY, UNSAFE CITIES • 1.3MM deaths globally from traffic incidents • 90% of the world’s road traffic deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries • Air pollution linked to 6.7% of deaths worldwide Source: WHO
  33. 33. NONE OF THE WORLD’S TOP 50 CITIES BY POPULATION MEET WHO AIR QUALITY STANDARDS SOURCE: Mortality data from World Health Organisation: http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.wrapper.ENVHEALTH3
  34. 34. INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS ARE GROWING Source: UN (2014). *CAR: Central African republic, STP: Sao Tome and Principe, DRC: Democratic Republic of Congo, Non-SSA (av) average in rest of the countries.
  35. 35. CITIES ARE DISCONNECTED Source: UNEP and FIA Foundation 2013 Most people must walk to work
  36. 36. EMERGING GAPS IN QUALITY OF LIFE Source: World Development Indicators, World Bank, Figures for 2010
  37. 37. COSTLY FOR WORKERS Source: Kumar and Barrett (2008)
  38. 38. HIGH QUALITY PUBLIC TRANSPORT AFFECTS QUALITY OF LIFE Note: * Determined by composite rankings against a range of indicators. Based on ranking of 24 international cities with #24 being the top rank. For more information on these see PwC Cities of Opportunity available at http://www.pwc.com/us/en/cities-of-opportunity/
  39. 39. COMPACT, CONNECTED GROWTH PRODUCES INTERCONNECTED OUTCOMES
  40. 40. THIS SHIFT IS POSSIBLE IN THE GLOBAL NORTH Source: TfL
  41. 41. THIS SHIFT IS POSSIBLE IN THE GLOBAL SOUTH Source: Bogota Como Vamos, Encuesta de Percepción Ciudadana
  42. 42. WE NEED TO SPEND DIFFERENTLY, NOT JUST MORE Transport spending across the world today, WRI study
  43. 43. MAJORITY OF CITIES HAVE NOT MADE THIS SHIFT
  44. 44. THE NEW URBAN AGENDA ? • Build on consensus, focus on solutions for more equal cities • Prioritize actions for cities • Transition from technical solutions to political campaigns Photo: Benoit Colin/WRI

×