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Urban Transportation system - mass transit system

Urban transportation system meaning ,travel demand functions with factors, design approaches & modeling , types of mass transit system with advantages -disadvantages or limitations , opportunities in mass transport , integrated approach for transit -transportation system

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Urban Transportation system - mass transit system

  1. 1. Bhagwan Mahavir College of Engineering and Technology PRESENTATION ON
  2. 2. Prepared by : Ankit Gangani 140060106055
  3. 3. Index  Introduction to Urban Mass Transportation System  Requirement of Mass transportation system  Concept of travel demand for modeling -Aspects in travel demand  Factors affecting travel demand  Sequential & Simultaneous models -Aggregate & Disaggregate approach  Types of Mass transit system  Advantages of Mass Transportation System  Opportunities in Mass Transportation System
  4. 4. Urban Mass Transportation Urbanization + Transport = Urban Mass Transportation Cities (Urban Areas) play a vital role in promoting economic growth and prosperity of a nation.  The development of cities largely depends upon their physical, social, and institutional infrastructure. Transport demand in most Indian cities has increased substantially, due to increases in population as a result of both natural increase and migration from rural areas and smaller towns.
  5. 5. Urbanization Trend : India Parameter 1951 2001 2011 Population (million) 361 1027 1210 Urban Population (million) (Level of Urbanisation) 62.4 (17.2%) 285 (27.7%) 377 (31.1%) Metropolitan Cities (Population in million) 5 (11.9) 35 (107.88) 53 (160.70) Metro Population (% of Total Population) 3.3% 10.5% 13.3% Metro Population (% of Urban Population) 18.8% 37.8% 42.6% Ave. Population / Metro 2.35 mill. 3.08 mill. 3.03 mill. Source: Census of India Report
  6. 6. Requirement of Mass transit system
  7. 7. 177 272 175 266 166 50 59 158 252 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 A hm edabad B angalore C hennai D elhi H yderabad K olkata M um bai P une S urat City Name Nos.ofVehicle/1000Population Vehicular Population: Ownership Profile
  8. 8. Transit Use by City Size 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% 50000 100000 500000 1000000 TransitTrips Population Captive Riders Choice Riders Source: VTPI, 2011
  9. 9. 9 360 moped or 300 Cars or 6 Buses or 1 Metro To solve the traffic congestion problem, the best method is encourage the use of public transport or mass transport. Travel Options???
  10. 10. Share of Public Transport
  11. 11. Planning Approach….Reversal Needed….
  12. 12. Concept of travel demand  Travel demand :- it refers to the amount and type of travel people would choose under specific conditions. considering factors such as the quality of transport option available and their prices.  Hidden demand:- it refers to decisions related to creation and management of transportation and traffic facilities.
  13. 13. Transportation demand :-It is concentrated at specific times that are related to the current activity pattern of the society for example social and recreational trips. also in such type of demand forecasts will be poor.
  14. 14. Major Aspects in travel demand Land use :- It refers to pattern of land usage in an area. Land use affects the transportation demand through generation and distribution of trips. Trip purpose:- It refers to purpose for which the trip is being undertaken. A trip is a movement from origin to destination, the distance between origin and destination is called trip length. and the time taken is known as trip time.
  15. 15. Factors affecting travel demand  Socio-economic factors  Location factors  Public transport accessibility factors
  16. 16. Socio-economic factors : Household income Occupation status Family size and composition of household Cultural aspects Number of cars per household
  17. 17. Location factors Population Residential density Distance of household from town center( central business district)
  18. 18.  Public transport accessibility factors Nearness of public transport facility Efficiency and reliability of public transport Fare structure, routing etc.  Factors affecting choice of travel mode  Purpose of trip  Distance traveled  Income of traveler  Occupational status of the traveler
  19. 19. Sequential and simultaneous models  It consists of four descriptors. Trip frequency Destination Mode Route and other choice
  20. 20. S E Q U E N T I A L M O D E L
  21. 21. Aggregate and disaggregate approaches  Aggregate approach:- This develops relationship between trip production and attraction with appropriate independent variable, at zone level, using regression analysis. It refers to grouped data & pattern but may vary from zone to zone.(simultaneous models)  Disaggregate approach :- This is based on development of equations describing independent variable on the trip making as a basic unit. Data required is based on household characteristics.(sequential models)
  22. 22. Urban mass transit system It is based on two types and they are as follows :- 1. Road based transit 2. Rail based transit
  23. 23. Road base transit involves  Buses and coach  City buses / commuter buses  BRTS
  24. 24. Rail based transit  Trains  Commuter rails & suburban rails  Metro trains  Mono rail  Light rail transit system  Sky rail
  25. 25. Metro Train • Rapid Rail Transit • Very High Capacity • Low Air Pollution • High Noise Pollution • 25 to 60 kmph • High Cost Mumbai Metro Train Ride
  26. 26. Mono Rail  It comprises of a single rail track with vehicle suspended from or straddling the guide way MONORAIL train in Sydney CBD, Ausralia World’s Longest Straddle- type Monorail in southwest China Chongqing Rail Transit,china "Electric Elevated Railway (Suspension Railway, Germany.
  27. 27. Light Rail Transit System  Lighter vehicles & lighter track  Exclusive ROW ,Underground or on embankments Vancouver city Columbia, Canada. Jakarta Light Rail Transit,Indonesia LRT in Surrey, south east of England
  28. 28. Sky Rail  It is modified version of LRT automatic.  Chances of accidents are reduced due to complete automation.  Capital cost is high jVAkUQjRwIBw& Kjrkoh4p8oqREzTRA&ust=1492618744987611
  29. 29. Advantages of mass transit system  Environmental impacts  Social impacts  Fuel saving  Economic impacts  Freight impacts  Reduces congestion  Save time  Cost effective Sustainable Social
  30. 30. Opportunities in Mass transit system
  31. 31. • Corridor Integration • Pedestrian Integration • Bicycle Integration • Other Public Transport Systems Integration • Para-Transit Or Intermediate Public Transport Integration • Park and Ride Integration What needs to be Integrated …………? Opportunities in Mass transit system
  32. 32. Opportunities in Mass transit system  Everyday lives are taken for granted in urban areas
  34. 34. Opportunities in Mass transit system
  35. 35. Opportunities in Mass transit system Public Awareness ……….Changing people’s choice of travel from private vehicles to public transport……??????
  36. 36. Opportunities in Mass transit system  Its setup is incredible expensive  Possibility of attacked or being robbed  Malfunctioning of equipment as well as service disruptions caused due to labor strikes  Passengers may be attacked by infectious diseases  Late night safety is not assured  Accident may cause large casualties  Change in time of certain buses may cause inconvenience to passengers
  37. 37. Refrence  Urban Transportation System –Atul Prakashan By Dr.R.P.Rethaliya    content/uploads/2015/07/RF-Working-Paper- Transport_edited_09062015_Final_reduced- size.pdf  DLVlyYmVId2s2a2M