Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

16 primitivism, nationalism, neoclassicism (oer)

1,905 views

Published on

This slideshow covers the influence of primitivism, nationalism and neoclassicism on composers of the early to mid 20th century.

Published in: Art & Photos
  • ⇒ www.HelpWriting.net ⇐ This service will write as best as they can. So you do not need to waste the time on rewritings.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Hello! I can recommend a site that has helped me. It's called ⇒ www.HelpWriting.net ⇐ They helped me for writing my quality research paper on diabetes, and of course by keeping my all other needs fulfilled.
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (Unlimited) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ACCESS WEBSITE for All Ebooks ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://tinyurl.com/yyxo9sk7 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

16 primitivism, nationalism, neoclassicism (oer)

  1. 1. Primitivism, Nationalism, and Neoclassicism
  2. 2. Primitivism • Began as a movement in the visual arts to depict nature, objects and people from a non-traditional, non-Western perspective • Emphasized so-called “primitive” cultures: indigenous or aboriginal societies • Musical primitivism emphasizes rhythm and percussion over melody • Irregular meters and harsh accents
  3. 3. Primitivism • Unlike the visual arts, there are few major works of music that exemplify primitivism • Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring is one of the preeminent works of primitivism and of the 20th century itself
  4. 4. Igor Stravinsky (1882 – 1971) • Born in Russia and achieved fame with three ballets: The Firebird, Petrushka, and The Rite of Spring • Moved to Switzerland then France due to conflict in Europe, eventually settling in the United States and becoming a citizen • His compositional style evolves over the course of his career
  5. 5. Stravinsky’s Stylistic Evolution • Russian Phase – Three famous ballets – Primitivism evident in Rite of Spring (1913) • Neoclassicism – Made use of traditional genres (symphony, concerto, etc.) – Referenced composers of earlier periods • 12-tone (serial) techniques in later works
  6. 6. Listening Example • Title: Rite of Spring, Part I • Composer: Igor Stravinsky • Genre: Ballet
  7. 7. Notes on Rite of Spring, Part I • Dominance of woodwind instruments • Dissonant melodies • Use of ostinatos (repeated patterns) • Irregular beats, meters, and accents
  8. 8. 20th Century Nationalism • Continued use of folk elements in music as means of expressing national identity • Greater emphasis on authenticity in folk traditions utilized by composers • Folk music as alternative to tonality • Recording and study of folk music: ethnomusicology • Bartok was a pioneer in this field
  9. 9. Béla Bartók (1881-1945) • He and Liszt are considered Hungary’s greatest composers • Extensive recording and study of Eastern European folk music • A pioneer in the field of ethnomusicology • Emigrated to US due to opposition to Nazi party and Hungary’s alliance w/Germany
  10. 10. Listening Example • Title: Concerto for Orchestra, Interrupted Intermezzo • Composer: Bela Bartok • Genre: Concerto
  11. 11. Notes on Concerto for Orch, Interrupted Intermezzo • Each section of instruments treated soloistically • Rondo-like form: ABA-interruption-BA • A section features short, folk-like solo passages for individual woodwinds • B section quotes lyrical Hungarian tune • C section features interrupted clarinet tune parodied from “The Merry Widow”
  12. 12. Aaron Copland (1900-1990) • Copland is the first American-born composer we study (Brooklyn) • Studied modern style in Europe but adopted an accessible style upon his return • The style was distinctly American and based on American folk themes • Best known for his three ballets in this accessible, “populist” style
  13. 13. Copland’s Ballets • Billy the Kid (1938) • Rodeo (1942) • Appalachian Spring (1944)
  14. 14. Listening Example • Title: Rodeo, Hoedown • Composer: Aaron Copland • Genre: Ballet
  15. 15. Notes on Rodeo, Hoedown • Famous opening theme based on American folk tune “Bonaparte’s Retreat” • Hoedown used in 1990’s beef council ad campaign (“Beef, it’s what’s for dinner”) • Clearly evokes cowboy dance – sounds like soundtrack to a Western movie • Very little dissonance relative to other modern works
  16. 16. Neoclassicism • Neoclassicism was a general trend rather than an organized musical movement • It stressed emotional restraint, traditional forms, reduced performance forces, and an avoidance of program music • A reaction against post-Romantic excesses • Neoclassicism was most relevant between WWI and WWII
  17. 17. Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975) • Soviet composer who achieved early fame but also suffered political persecution • Influenced by many styles, neoclassicism being prominent among them • Shostakovich was denounced twice by the communist party, the first time in 1936 at the beginning of “The Great Terror” • Regained favor with his 5th Symphony
  18. 18. Symphony No. 5, IV • Shostakovich composed this to obtain political rehabilitation, and possibly also as subtle commentary on the Great Terror • The Soviet doctrine of socialist realism demanded “heroic classicism” • The 4th mvmt. is in simplified sonata form – Starts with harsh march similar to 1st mvmt. – 2nd section provides a quiet contrast – Final section emphasizes brass fanfare

×