• The expression of ideas and emotions, with the creation of certain
aesthetic qualities, in a two-dimensional visual language.
• An artist’s decision to use a particular medium, such
as tempera, fresco, oil, acrylic, watercolour or other water-based
paints, ink, gouache, encaustic, or casein
• The pigment may be in a wet form, such as paint, or a dry form, such
• Painting can also be a verb, the action of creating such an artwork.
Need to Know:
• Pigment: Nearly all paint colors come from nature. Dirt, rock, plants,
etc. are the raw material, which is ground down into what is called a
• Acrylic Paint: A thick shiny paint made by mixing pigment with water
and an acrylic base. Dries within a few hours.
• Poster Paint: A solid water-based paint that dries to a matt finish.
• Fresco: The word is Italian for "fresh". The technique involves painting
with dry pigment on wet plaster. Fresco a secco involves painting on
• Oil Paint: A thick, shiny paint made by mixing pigment with oil (usually
linseed). Takes several days to dry.
• Tempera: A water-based paint that may or may not be mixed with egg
yolks (egg tempera).
•Watercolor: A soft and see-through (transparent) paint made from
pigment, water and gum Arabic.
• Artistic paintings were introduced to the Filipinos in the 16th century
when the Spaniards arrived in the Philippines.
• the Spaniards used paintings as religious propaganda to spread
Catholicism throughout the Philippines. These paintings, appearing
mostly on church walls, featured religious figures appearing in
• In the early 19th century, wealthier, educated Filipinos introduced
more secular Filipino art, causing art in the Philippines to deviate
from religious motifs.
• The elements of painting are the basic components or building
blocks of a painting (and art generally). In Western art they are
generally considered to be:
• Tone (or value)
• Line (a narrow mark made by a brush, or a line created where two
• Shape (2D, can be positive or negative) and Form (3D)
• Space (or volume)
• Texture (or pattern)
• is the most basic element of a painting. Every color has three aspects to
it: hue or name, value or tone, and intensity.
• Hue – Pure Color (Red, Blue…..).
• Value – Amount of Black or White in color.
• Intensity – Degree of Purity of color.
• refers to the degree of lightness or darkness of an area.
• Tone varies from the bright white of a light source through shades of
gray to the deepest black shadows.
• Is used to control our eye, create unity and balance. Help
• Line can be described as a moving dot. Line is perhaps the
most basic element of drawing.
• an element of art that is a two-dimensional area that is defined in
some way. A shape may have an outline around it or you may
recognize it by its area.
• Geometric shapes - precise shapes that can be described using
mathematical formulas. Ex. Circle, square, triangle, oval, rectangle,
parallelogram, trapezoid, pentagon, pentagram, hexagon, and
• Freeform Shapes - also called organic shapes, are irregular and
uneven shapes. Their outlines may be curved, angular, or a
combination of both
• Form - an element of art, means objects that have three
dimensions. I like to think of form as a 3-D shape
• Is the area around, above, and within an object. With consideration
to drawings and paintings, our goal is to create the illusion of space.
Six (6) ways an artist can create the
illusion of space on a 2-Dimensional
• Overlapping - occurs
when objects that are
closer to the viewer
prevent the view of
objects that are behind
• Placement on the paper -
Objects placed higher within
the picture plane will appear
• Size - Objects that are smaller
will appear further away from
• Detail - Objects that are further
away should have less detail than
objects that are closer to the
• Color and Value - Objects that are
further away are lighter in value, while
objects that are closer are typically
darker in value.
• Perspective - Linear
perspective is a drawing
method that uses lines to
create the illusion of space
on a flat surface.
• Implied – suggested roughness or smoothness of objects in the composition.
• Real – what it would feel like if you touch it.
• Abstract Art
• Conceptual Art
• refers to a style of painting that does not use figurative reality as a
• the artist alludes to his or her subject and reduces it to a simplified
4 Types of Abstract Art
• Abstract Expressionism - Abstract
expressionism paintings are
emotionally intense and
spontaneously created by the
No. 5, 1948 Jackson
• Color Field - Color field
paintings are characterized by
large, solid colors on a flat
plane. The colors are the
subjects themselves, and they
are normally painted on large
No. 61 (Rust and
Blue), 1953 Mark Rothko
• Lyrical Abstraction -
refers to abstract
paintings that are
softer and more
romantic in nature.
Side of St. George, 1968,
• Cubism - Cubism is
geometric figures. Cubist
painters analyze the
subject and break it up
into a geometric abstract
Three Musicians, 1921
• The images in these
paintings are often illogical
and have a dream-like
quality about them.
Joan Miró, The Tilled
• Is a modern art style where
the artist believes that
concept is more important
than artwork itself.
Marcel Duchamp, No. 2
Nude Descending a
• occurred as a reaction to
abstract expressionism, which
mid-1950s British artists believed
was art that was far-removed
from daily life.
Three Flags, 1958 Jasper Johns
• one that looks as realistic as a
photograph. This is done by
taking a picture of the subject
and then painting it.
• Phoenix, (Oil in Canvas).
Glennray Tutor 2005
• Is an advancement of the
photorealism art movement.
Artists use high-resolution
cameras to take photographs
and paint them on canvas.
Richard Estes "Flughafen
• Minimalism is an art movement that
is, as expected, characterized by
simplicity. Minimalist paintings strip
down the subject to its very
• Onement 1, 1948 Barnett Newman
• Concerns itself with subjects
like the technology, speed,
violence, and the future of
the world. It concerns itself
with the depiction of man’s
triumph over nature.
• David Burliuk, Revolution
• It is characterized by thin
brushstrokes and an
emphasis on the depiction
of light. It is often painted
outdoors to capture
sunlight and color of their
• Claude Monet, Sunrise 1872
• Is an art movement that
occurred sometime after
Paintings focus on strong
color. Artists employing this
style have wild brush strokes
and highly simplified
• The Drying Sails, André
• (May 30, 1892 – April 24, 1972) is one
of the most important artists in the
history of painting in the Philippines.
• Amorsolo is best known for his
illuminated landscapes, which often
portrayed traditional Filipino customs,
culture, fiestas and occupations.
• The Rape of Manila
• The Bombing of the
• (January 22, 1910 - August 22, 1981)
was a Filipino cubist painter
• Manansala's canvases were described
as masterpieces that brought the
cultures of the barrio and the city
• (October 23, 1857 –
December 7, 1899) was
a Filipino painter, sculptor
and a political activist of the
Philippine Revolution during
the late 19th century. He
became one of the first
recognized Philippine artists.
Felix R. Ressurection
• (February 21, 1855 - March 13, 1913).
• One of the great Filipino painters of
the late 19th century, and is
significant in Philippine history for
having been an acquaintance and
inspiration for members of
the Philippine reform movement.
Hernando R. Ocampo
• (April 28, 1911 – December 28,
1978) was a Filipino National
Artist in the visual arts.
• Hernando Ruiz Ocampo was a
leading radical modernist artist in