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  1. 1. Motorcycle Safety Company Global Safety Day 2014 11-Jun-2014 Presented by: Eric Roberson, IT Infrastructure Operations
  2. 2. Audience Poll 2 By a show of hands. . . • Who already has a bike? • Who is interested in getting a bike?
  3. 3. Fact #1 • Motorcycle fatalities represent about 11% of all highway fatalities each year, yet comprise only three percent of all registered vehicles in the U.S. A Few Facts Fact #2 • Motorcycles lack protection in size, bulk, doors, seatbelts, and windshields, but make up for it in agility, maneuverability, ability to stop quick & swerve. Fact #3 • About 80% of motorcycle crashes result in injury or death compared to only 20% for automobiles. Fact #4 • Approximately 50% of motorcycle-vehicle collisions occur at intersections where vision is limited by shrubbery, other vehicles, or buildings. 3Company Global Safety Day 2014
  4. 4. Fact #5 • Motorcyclists are 30% more likely to die in a crash than passengers in a car according to the Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). A Few Facts Fact #6 • IIHS data shows that motorcycles equipped with ABS breaks were 37% less likely to be involved in a fatal crash. If possible, chose a bike with ABS. Fact #7 • In 2010, Alcohol consumption is a factor in 42% of motorcycle crashes and 48% of motorcycle fatalities involved excess speed. Fact #8 • Riders without a helmet are 40% more likely to suffer a fatal head injury and are three times more likely to suffer brain injuries in a crash. 4Company Global Safety Day 2014
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  6. 6. Where do crashes happen? Look twice: share the road Videos
  7. 7. A recent study by the University of South Florida’s Center for Urban Transportation Research found that in collisions involving a motorcycle and a car, car drivers were at fault 60% of the time. “There is nothing we could say or advise more than to go find a Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF) riding course in your area. That’s critical, absolutely critical.” - Jon Seidel, Honda Corporation
  8. 8. Causes of Crashes • Take an approved safety course • Get your motorcycle endorsement • Practice in parking lots and on quiet neighborhood streets • Ride to be seen, usually the left one third of your lane • Do the speed limit • Find a mentor or coach to help you learn to ride • Every bike is different, get to know it’s limits and characteristics before riding long distances Company Global Safety Day 2014 • Lack of basic riding skills • Failure to follow speed limits • Failure to appreciate the inherent operating characteristics • Failure to use defensive driving techniques • Lack of specific breaking and cornering skills What you can do
  9. 9. Top Texas Cities for Motorcycle Crashes
  10. 10. How Safe is a Motorcycle? 11 On one hand, a motorcycle suffers in crashworthiness characteristics compared to automobiles. While on the other, motorcycles are more agile, maneuverable, able to stop quickly, and able to swerve quickly when necessary. Therefore, a motorcycle is only as safe as the skill level of its operator.
  11. 11. Identifying Safe Helmets 17 Check for the following: • Thick Inner Liner • Sturdy Chin Strap & Rivets • Weight of the helmet (~ 3 lbs) • Design Style of Helmet • Labels • DOT Sticker • Snell or ANSI Label • Manufacturer's Labeling (inside showing name, model, size, month/year of manufacture) Replace helmets that have been damaged from being dropped or if more than 5 years old.
  12. 12. Rules for the Road 18 • Always wear a helmet, eye protection, and protective gear. • Don’t drink and ride: booze and bikes don’t mix. • Ride to be seen. Watch for inattentive drivers. • Be alert to changing road conditions. • Be aware of rider fatigue. • Perform regular pre-ride inspections: tires, breaks, chain, signals, and headlamp.
  13. 13. Rules for the Road 20 Always be alert to changing road conditions. Examples include: • Dew on the ground early morning • Gravel on road where hard pavement intersects a gravel driveway • Manhole covers or temporary iron grates • Debris in the roadway, like tire treads or rebar • Wind shear or gusts (eg. 610 North Loop / Hwy 225 / coast line / between skyscrapers) • Temperature fluctuation between day/night • Pedestrians on urban streets
  14. 14. Rules of the Road 21 • For every 35 mph in speed, there is a 17˚F wind chill factor when riding a motorcycle. • For curves, start on the outside, move toward the inside, then finish on the outside to maximize sight distance. • Ride to be seen. The left 1/3 of the lane is usually the best place. • Avoid rain and inclement weather; if you must ride in the rain, visibility is reduced and the most dangerous time is right after rain begins because oil residue rises to the road surface. • At night, prep for bumps or potholes by watching shifts in the bumper of the car in front of you.
  15. 15. Ride to be Seen The third left of any lane is usually the most visible.
  16. 16. Carrying Passengers 23 Legal Considerations: • Some states have specific equipment requirements, such as passenger footrests, a seat with separate seating for a passenger, and that passengers be able to reach the footrests. • Decisions to carry a child assuming all safety and legal factors are in place is left to parents and guardians. • Children should be mature enough to ride, able to hold onto you or passenger hand holds, and wear a properly fitted helmet and safety gear.
  17. 17. Carrying Passengers 24 Operator Preparation: • Passengers affect the handling characteristics of a motorcycle due to extra weight, so starting and stopping will take more throttle and clutch finesse. • Greater breaking pressure will be required, but the rear break will become more useful due to weight. • Passengers ten to move forward in quick stops and bump into your helmet. • Extra caution is called for in a corner, and cornering clearances will be affected. • More time and space will be needed for passing. • The effects of wind, especially side wind, will be more pronounced.
  18. 18. Carrying Passengers 25 Passenger Preparation: • Passengers must be tall enough to reach the footrests and responsible enough to hold on. • Passengers should wear proper protective gear and a helmet. • Provide a safety briefing to new passengers, regardless of whether they have ridden before. • Allow passengers to adjust to the sense of speed and sensation of leaning; avoid dramatic lean angles. • Keep speeds conservatively safe and reasonable until a passenger acclimates to proper riding techniques. • Allow more time for passing and stopping.
  19. 19. Carrying Passengers 26 Passenger Safety Briefing: 1. Hold the operator’s waist, hips, or hand-holds even when stopped. 2. Keep feet on footrests (pegs) at all times, even when stopped. 3. Look over the operator’s shoulder in the direction of the turn when in a turn, and minimize leaning. 4. Avoid turning around or making sudden moves. 5. Do not get on or off the bike until asked to do so. 6. Tuck shoe laces in if the bike is chain-driven and the passenger is wearing laced up shoes
  20. 20. Check Your Cycle Savvy 27 Question Answer Driving a car is much more tiring than riding a motorcycle? True / False A helmet that meets federal safety standards is your best protection for head injury in the event of a crash. True / False Because motorcycles are smaller than automobiles, they are more difficult to see and their speed is more difficult to judge. True / False
  21. 21. Check Your Cycle Savvy 28 Question Answer Alcohol and excess speed are factors in >40% of motorcycle crashes. True / False All states require a motorcycle endorsement or special motorcycle license to operate a motorcycle on the highway. True / False Head injury is the leading cause of death in motorcycle crashes. True / False
  22. 22. Check Your Cycle Savvy 29 Question Answer An oversized helmet that doesn’t crush your hair is as effective as a snuggly fitting helmet in preventing or lessening head injuries. True / False Riding a motorcycle in a safe, responsible manner is an exhilarating experience. True / False Riding a motorcycle is the same as driving a car. True / False
  23. 23. Pre-ride Inspections 30 1. Check the tire pressure and tread depth. 2. Check front (hand) and back (foot) breaks. 3. Check under the cycle for any fluids that may have leaked. 4. Check the headlamp, break lamp, and turn signals. 5. Check chain-driven cycles to make sure chain is not loose. 6. Secure and balance cargo to be carried. 7. Brief your passenger if someone is ridding with you.
  24. 24. Safety Courses Insurance companies often offer discounts for completing a motorcycle safety course (MSC). The Texas Dept. of Motor Vehicles waives the requirement for the riding portion of a motorcycle endorsement for applicants who completed MSCs. For information, please visit the TXDPS website or MSF website at
  25. 25. Thank you for attending! 32
  26. 26. Works Cited 33 “Cruisin’ Without Brusin’. “ U.S. DOT. And NHTSA. Sep 2004. Print. “How to Identify Unsafe Motorcycle Helmets.” U.S. DOT and NHTSA. Sep 2004. Print. “It’s a fact: Alcohol Affects Your Riding Skills.” U.S. DOT and NHTSA. Aug 2010. Print. “Motorcycle Safety.” U.S. DOT and NHTSA. Dec. 2007. Print. “Quick Tips: Guidelines for Riding With a Passenger.” Motorcycle Safety Foundation. Jul 2012. Web. <> “Share the Road.” Texas Department of Transportation. May 2014. Web. <>