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Adhd powerpoint

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Adhd powerpoint

  1. 1. ADHD <br />Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder <br />
  2. 2. What is adhd?<br />The DSM-IV-TR defines ADHD as a “persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequently displayed and more severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development”<br />?? What does this mean??<br />
  3. 3. What is adhd? (cont.)<br />a disorder that appears in early childhood*<br />signs and symptoms of ADHD typically appear before the age of 7**<br />it can be difficult to distinguish between ADHD and normal “kid behavior.” ***<br />
  4. 4. Specific culture, age, gender features<br />ADHD is known to occur in various cultures, with variations in reported prevalence among Western countries probably arising from different diagnostic practices than from differences in clinical presentation<br />
  5. 5. Specific culture, age, gender features (cont.)<br />Symptoms of ADHD are typically at their most prominent during the elementary grades.*<br />
  6. 6. prevalence<br />3% - 7% in school age children*<br />
  7. 7. Familial pattern<br />ADHD has been found to be more common in the first-degree biological relatives of children with ADHD than in the general population.* <br />
  8. 8. Subtypes*<br />Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Combined Type<br />This subtype should be used if six (or more) symptoms of inattention and six (or more) symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity have persisted for at least 6 months. Most children and adolescents with the disorder have the Combined Type. <br />
  9. 9. Subtypes (cont.)<br />Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Predominantly Inattentive Type<br />This subtype should be used if six (or more) symptoms of inattention (but fewer than six symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity) have persisted for at least 6 months.<br />
  10. 10. Subtypes (cont.)<br />Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity, Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type<br />This subtype should be used if six (or more) symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity (but fewer than six symptoms of inattention) have persisted for at least 6 months. <br />
  11. 11. Diagnostic criteria<br />
  12. 12. Diagnostic criteria<br />6 or more of the following symptoms of INATTENTION have persisted for at least 6 months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level :<br />
  13. 13. Diagnostic criteria-Inattention<br />Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities<br />Difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities<br />Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly<br />Does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish school-work, chores, or duties in the workplace<br />Difficulty organizing tasks and activities<br />Avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort<br />Loses things necessary for tasks or activities<br />Distracted by extraneous stimuli<br />Forgetful in daily activities <br />
  14. 14. Diagnostic criteria<br />6 or more of the following symptoms of HYPERACTIVITY-IMPULSIVITY have persisted for at least 6 months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level:<br />
  15. 15. Diagnostic criteria-hyperactivity-impulsivity<br />Hyperactivity<br />Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat<br />Leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected<br />Runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate<br />Often has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly<br />Is often “on the go” or often acts if “driven by a motor”<br />Talks excessively<br />
  16. 16. Diagnostic criteria-hyperactivity-impulsivity (cont.)<br />Impulsivity<br />Blurts out answers before questions have been completed<br />Has difficulty awaiting turn<br />Interrupts or intrudes on others <br />
  17. 17. Conclusion <br />In early childhood, it may be difficult to distinguish symptoms of ADHD from age-appropriate behaviors in active children (e.g., running around or being noisy)<br />Inattention in the classroom may also occur when children with high intelligence are placed in academically understimulating environments.<br />
  18. 18. Questions??<br />

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