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Loving Your Pet, Caring For Your Pond Fish

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If you've just bought your first pet fish for your aquarium or tank then take a look at this guide by GJW Titmuss, packed with detailed information on how to look after them properly.

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Loving Your Pet, Caring For Your Pond Fish

  1. 1. Loving Your Pet: Caring For Your Pond Fish Created By GJW Titmuss
  2. 2. Contents Your New Pond Fish Slide 3 Types of Fish Slide 4 Pond Setup Slide 5 Bringing Your Fish Home Slide 6 Moving Fish Into Your Pond Slide 7 Deterring Other Animals Slide 8 Safety Slide 9 Adding More Fish To Your Pond Slide 10 Pond Maintenance Slide 11 Diet and Food Slide 12 Diet and Food (Part 2) Slide 13 Supplements Slide 14 Winter Feeding Slide 15 Infections Slide 16 Social Details Slide 17 Image Sources Slide 18
  3. 3. Your New Pond Fish Fish are extremely enjoyable and relaxing to watch, however you must give them the care and attention they deserve so they live a sufficient and healthy life. Pond fish are unique pets in the sense that you won’t interact with them in the same way as a dog for example, but this is part of their charm. Remember - look after these amazing animals properly!
  4. 4. Types of Fish Here’s a quick look at some of the types of fish that are suitable for a pond and those more suited to a tank/aquarium environment: Fish suitable for a tank/aquarium Fish suitable for a pond Barbs – Gold, Rosy, Ruby and Purple. Avoid Tinfoil and Spanner due to size and also Tiger barbs as they can nip Goldfish – in British conditions they are more likely to grow to 20cm Rasboras – Harlequins and Scissortails Koi – 60-90cm when fully grown, so more suited to larger ponds with at least 3ft depth Rainbowfish – Neon, Celebes and Boesmans Tench – great for bottom feeders Minnows – White Cloud Mountain Sarasa Comets – similar to Goldfish with red patches Danios – Leopard, Pearl and Zebra. Avoid Giant Danios, as their name suggests they will become too large Shubunkins – similar to Goldfish with a mix of colours Catfish – Spotted Cory, Bandit, Bronze, Gold. Avoid Plecos as they can grow quite large Golden Orfe – can grow up to 40cm, should not be kept in small ponds without a pump
  5. 5. Pond Setup Make sure your pond is setup properly before your fish are brought back to their new home: • Does it include plants to help with the ecosystem? • Have you installed a filter so the water balance is constantly at the right level? • Is the pump installed for efficient circulation? • Have you cut back any overhanging branches to prevent the filter becoming clogged? • Is it large enough to house your new fish? • Do you have a thermometer available to monitor the temperature?
  6. 6. Brining Your Fish Home When bringing your pet fish back home for the first time: • Put them in a plastic bag and make sure there is no leakage before you begin your journey • Place a brown bag over the plastic bag to ensure the fish remains calm in darkness • Don’t keep them contained in the plastic bag for more than two hours as this could cause distress • Make sure the bag stays at a sufficient temperature on the journey home
  7. 7. Moving Fish Into Your Pond With your fish safely home, you now need to transfer them over to your pond with minimal distress. Follow these steps for a smooth transition: 1) Place the bag on the surface of the pond to allow the water temperatures to mix 2) Where possible, put the bag in a shaded area 3) Open the bag slightly and allow the fish to adapt to any differences in the quality of water 4) After around 20 minutes, you are then ready to release your fish into the water. Remember to avoid handling the fish where possible
  8. 8. Deterring Other Animals To keep predators at bay, you can add netting across the top of the water. This will deter cats from trying to reach in and will also keep rodents away. Another deterrent is to install a small to medium sized wire fence around the perimeter of the pond or alternatively, use animal repellent to ward off threats.
  9. 9. Safety Keep an eye on your pond and make sure that young children are supervised at all times. The netting you place over the top to deter pray can also be used to stop children putting their hands in the water. However, this won’t take the full weight of a fall, so the best way to ensure their safety is to watch them like a hawk! Tell children not to get too close to the water.
  10. 10. Adding More Fish To Your Pond Give your fish three weeks minimum to get used to their surroundings before adding any new fish. • Adding too many fish can lead to disease due to a reduction in water quality • A pond of 500 gallons or less should have no more than six small fish in it (3-4 inches fully grown) • For larger ponds, five to six fish will suffice (5-6 inches fully grown) Always account that for the fact that fish grow in size when you buy them
  11. 11. Pond Maintenance Look after the fishes’ living environment by carrying out the following: • Keep water levels sufficient • Ensure water circulation is working • Remove dead plants and weeds • Clean pond equipment during the spring • Increase shaded areas to reduce algae growth • Add a fountain to prevent mosquito larvae
  12. 12. Diet and Food Diet depends on a number of factors including: • The type of fish you own • Time of year • Water temperature Only feed fish as much as they can consume within two minutes - overfeeding can pollute the water. If your underwater friend is not eating properly, start to look for any signs of disease.
  13. 13. Diet and Food (Part 2) These animals will consume a range of foods including algae, plants, insects and supplements. Make sure that moisture doesn’t enter any feeding containers you’re using and store food in a dry place away from direct sunlight.
  14. 14. Supplements A decent pet fish diet should also include supplements such as: • Pond sticks • Mixed pond food • Flakes • Pellets • Winter food – wheatgerm sticks and pellets
  15. 15. Winter Feeding Dietary requirements will change during winter. If the temperature falls below four degrees Celsius, your fish do not require any food – the temperature controls their metabolism. When temperatures pick up again during early spring, you may wish to feed them wheatgerm as it’s easier to digest.
  16. 16. Infections Observe your pets closely to see if any common infections/diseases have been caught: Condition Symptoms Treatment Fungus White or grey fluffy patches on the body Anti-fungus treatment White spot Small round-shaped spots on the fish, common on fins. The spots are the parasites’ egg sacks Anti-white spot treatment Velvet disease A series of tiny white spots all over the fish – these are smaller than the above ‘white spot’ condition Anti-velvet disease treatment Fin, tail, mouth rot Pink and white patches which give the impression that the infected area is wearing away. Fish will appear lethargic and have a loss of appetite Anti-fin rot treatment Ulcers Red sores which appear on the fish Anti-ulcer treatment Dropsy Raised scales, loss of appetite and lethargic Anti-bacterial treatment Swim bladder Fish will display signs of not being able to swim properly or float near the surface Anti-bacterial or swim bladder treatments.
  17. 17. GJW Titmuss @GJWTitmuss/GJWtitmuss Contact us today: www.gjwtitmuss.co.uk As a leading online pet store, GJW Titmuss offer a wide range of pet food, products and accessories. Based in Lamer Lane, Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire, customers can view our website or visit our store directly. Web orders - 01582 839114 / store - 01582 833883 enquires@GJWTitmuss.co.uk Store opening hours: Monday-Friday 7.30am-5.00pm Saturday 9.00am-4.00pm Closed Sunday and bank holidays
  18. 18. Image Credits http://www.bigstockphoto.com/image-42652420/stock-photo- feeding-fish http://www.bigstockphoto.com/image-48250007/stock-photo-man- cleanse-his-garden-pond http://www.bigstockphoto.com/image-12763460/stock-photo-gold- fish-isolation-on-the-white http://www.bigstockphoto.com/image-33816674/stock-photo-cat http://www.bigstockphoto.com/image-58383464/stock-photo-fish- food http://www.gjwtitmuss.co.uk/

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