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India size and location

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This presentation is related to the first chapter of Geography class 9th. (India: Size and Location)

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India size and location

  1. 1. GEOGRAPHY CLASS: 9TH
  2. 2. (CHAPTER 1) : INDIA-SIZE AND LOCATION
  3. 3. INDIA
  4. 4. KASHMIR
  5. 5. Parallels of latitudesMeridians of Longitudes GRID
  6. 6. Earth takes four minutes to rotate from one longitude to another
  7. 7. Equator Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Antarctic Circle Arctic Circle 0 ̊ 66 ̊30̕ N 23 ̊30̕ N 23 ̊30̕ S 66 ̊30̕ S North Pole South Pole Torrid Zone Temperate Zone Temperate Zone Frigid Zone Frigid Zone
  8. 8. Northern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere Equator
  9. 9. 0 ̊ 10 ̊E 20 ̊ E10 ̊W 30 ̊ E20 ̊W30 ̊ W EASTERN HEMISPHERE WESTERN HEMISPHERE PRIME MERIDIAN
  10. 10. The International Date Line (IDL) is an imaginary line of longitude on the Earth's surface located at about 180 degrees east (or west) of the Greenwich Meridian. The International Date Line (IDL) is an imaginary line of navigation on the surface of the Earth that runs from the north pole to the south pole and demarcates the change of one calendar day to the next. It passes through the middle of the Pacific Ocean, roughly following the180° line of longitude but deviating to pass around some territories and island groups.
  11. 11. In eastern hemisphere there are 180 longitudes and in western hemisphere there are also 180 longitudes. Therefore the total number of longitudes are 360. Earth takes four minutes to rotate from one longitude to another. 360 Longitudes × 4 Minutes 1440 minutes 1440/60=24 Hours In this way earth takes 24 hrs to complete one rotation.
  12. 12. LOCATION OF INDIA 37 ̊6̕ N 8 ̊4̕ N 23 ̊30̕ N 6 ̊45̕N 68 ̊7̕ E 82 ̊30̕ E 97 ̊25̕ E
  13. 13. Size of India The land mass of India has an area of 3.28 million square km. India’s total area accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of the world. Area: total: 510.072 million sq km land: 148.94 million sq km water: 361.132 million sq km note: 70.9% of the world's surface is water, 29.1% is land.
  14. 14. Land boundary of India 15,200 KM Length of coastline of India 7516.6 KM
  15. 15. 22 ̊ North Latitude From this latitude India begins to taper towards north and south Bay of Bengal and Andaman & Nicobar Islands are situated in south eastern direction Arabian sea and Lakshadweep are situated in south western direction
  16. 16. India and The World
  17. 17. The Indian landmass has a central location between the East and the West Asia. India is a southward extension of the Asian Continent. The trans Indian Ocean routes which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia provide a strategic central location to India. Note that the Deccan Peninsula protrudes into the Indian Ocean, thus helping India to establish close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and with Southeast and East Asia from the eastern coast. No other country has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean as India has and indeed, it is India’s eminent position in the Indian Ocean which justifies the naming of an Ocean after it. India’s contacts with the World have continued through the ages but her relationships through the land routes are much older than her maritime contacts. The various passes across the mountains in the north have provided passages to the ancient travelers, while the oceans restricted such interaction for a long time. These routes have contributed in the exchange of ideas and commodities since ancient times. The ideas of the Upanishads and the Ramayana, the stories of Panchtantra, the Indian numerals and the decimal system thus could reach many parts of the world. The spices, muslin and other merchandise were taken from India to different countries. On the other hand, the influence of Greek sculpture, and the architectural styles of dome and minarets from West Asia can be seen in different parts of our country.
  18. 18. India’s Neighbours
  19. 19. India occupies an important strategic position in South Asia. India has 29 states and 7 Union Territories. India shares its land boundaries with Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest, China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan in the north and Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east. Our southern neighbours across the sea consist of the two island countries, namely Sri Lanka and Maldives. Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar while Maldives Islands are situated to the south of the Lakshadweep Islands.
  20. 20. THANKS PRESENTATION PREPARED BY: SHABIR AHMAD DAR DPS SRINAGAR M.SC GEOGRAPHY PHD, M.SC ZOOLOGY B.Ed

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