Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
1
The Living Photograph
&
The Charge of the Light Brigade
Prepared by: Puan Azalina Mohd Yusoff
SM Sains Tengku Muhammad F...
2
The Living Photograph
by Jackie Kay
The poet’s background
Jackie Kay was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1961 to a Scotti...
3
2 straight-back, white broderie anglaise shirt,
3 pleated skirt, flat shoes, grey bun,
Her physical appearance
(straight...
4
THEMES:
➢ Family love
➢ Appreciation
➢ Loving memories
MORAL VALUES:
➢ Love & care
➢ Appreciation
➢ Kindness
➢ Thoughtfu...
5
1. How old was the persona when the photograph was taken?
__________________________________________________________
2. ...
6
by Alfred, Lord Tennyson
(1809-1892)
The poet’s background
This poem was written to memorialize a suicidal charge by lig...
7
Volleyed& thundered;
Stormed at with shot and shell,
Boldly they rode and well,
Into the jaws of Death,
Into the mouth o...
8
not feel discouraged at all. They were
ready to do their job, even though the order
might be crazy (to meet their death)...
9
THEMES:
➢ Bravery / Courage
➢ Honour
➢ War and conflict
➢ Death and destruction
MORAL VALUES:
➢ Bravery / Courage
➢ Loya...
10
1. Describe the scene of the battlefield.
__________________________________________________________________
2. What “V...
11
History
⦁ A major conflict of the 19th century, the Crimean War claimed at least 750,000 lives, more than
even the Amer...
12
⦁ Nonetheless, the British and French defeated the Russians in their first run-in near the Alma
River, causing a panick...
13
once). The first man to fall was Raglan’s aide-de-camp. Another soldier then had “his head clean
carried off by a round...
14
Cannon to right of them,
Cannon to left of them,
Cannon behind them
Volley'd and thunder'd;
Storm'd at with shot and sh...
15
ANSWERS
The Living Photograph
PRACTICE 1
STANZA 1
16
1. Give three descriptions of the persona’s grandmother’s appearance.
(a) tall
(b) straight-back
(c) has a kind old smi...
17
Because she is still well/healthy even though she is already old [2 marks]
2. Based on stanza 1, describe how the perso...
18
3. What was the order?
To attack the enemies/to move forward/to go into battle
4. “Into the valley of Death”
What would...
19
country.
(c) We should have a special ‘Hero Day’ to honour them [1 mark]
(d) We should give them a special award for th...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

of

The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 1 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 2 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 3 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 4 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 5 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 6 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 7 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 8 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 9 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 10 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 11 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 12 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 13 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 14 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 15 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 16 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 17 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 18 The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade. Slide 19
Upcoming SlideShare
The Charge of the Light Brigade Form 4 2015 pdf
Next
Download to read offline and view in fullscreen.

67 Likes

Share

Download to read offline

The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade.

Download to read offline

English Literature Form 4 2016

Related Audiobooks

Free with a 30 day trial from Scribd

See all

The Living Photograph & The Charge Of The Light Brigade.

  1. 1. 1 The Living Photograph & The Charge of the Light Brigade Prepared by: Puan Azalina Mohd Yusoff SM Sains Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra Literature Component: POEMS (Form 4)
  2. 2. 2 The Living Photograph by Jackie Kay The poet’s background Jackie Kay was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1961 to a Scottish mother and a Nigerian father. She was adopted by a white couple at birth and was brought up in Glasgow, studying at the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama and Stirling University where she majored in English. The experience of being adopted by and growing up within a white family inspired her first collection of poetry, The Adoption Papers (1991). The poems deal with an adopted child's search for a cultural identity. The Living Photograph My small grandmother is tall there, straight-back, white broderie anglaise shirt, pleated skirt, flat shoes, grey bun, a kind, old smile round her eyes. Her big hand holds mine, white hand in black hand. Her sharp blue eyes look her own death in the eye. It was true after all that look. My tall grandmother became small. Her back round and hunched. Her soup forgot to boil. She went to the awful place grandmothers go. Somewhere unknown, unthinkable. But there she is still, in the photo with me at three, the crinkled smile is still living, breathing. Stanza One Line no. Line Interpretation 1 My small grandmother is tall there, The persona is describing her grandmother in the photograph (tall : healthy & well)
  3. 3. 3 2 straight-back, white broderie anglaise shirt, 3 pleated skirt, flat shoes, grey bun, Her physical appearance (straight-back) & what she wears (very neat & proper) Note: broderie anglaise is French for ‘English embroidery’ 4 a kind, old smile round her eyes. Her smile shows that she is kind & gentle 5 Her big hand holds mine, Her grandmother is loving & caring 6 white hand in black hand. The white hand belongs to her grandmother & the black hand is the persona’s (togetherness) 7 Her sharp blue eyes look her own death in the eye. Her grandmother’s vision is still good but she is actually dying Stanza Two Line no. Line Interpretation 1 It was true after all; that look. ‘that look’ refers to the look of someone dying 2 My tall grandmother became small. 3 Her back round and hunched. Her grandmother’s condition got worse when she was sick and dying 4 Her soup forgot to boil. She was too ill to take care of herself 5 She went to the awful place grandmothers go. She died 6 Somewhere unknown, unthinkable. The place her grandmother was sent to(afterlife) - was a mystery to the persona Stanza Three Line no. Line Interpretation 1 But there she is still, 2 in the photo with me at three, The persona is looking at the photograph of her grandmother and her when she was three years old 3 the crinkled smile is still living, breathing. To her, the memory of her old grandmother is still new and fresh TIME>>> STANZA 1 : Present (Looking at the photograph) STANZA 2 : Past (Remembering what happened) STANZA 3 : Present (Looking at the photograph again) “Without love, life isn’t worth living.” Jackie Kay
  4. 4. 4 THEMES: ➢ Family love ➢ Appreciation ➢ Loving memories MORAL VALUES: ➢ Love & care ➢ Appreciation ➢ Kindness ➢ Thoughtfulness ➢ Gratitude MORAL LESSONS: ➢ We must try our best to have a good and strong relationship with our grandparents ➢ We should love and appreciate our elders especially in our family ➢ We should spend as much time as we can with our loved ones before they die ➢ We should take photographs with our loved ones and keep them ➢ We must not forget those who have died ➢ We must learn to move on and accept life and death as part of life cycle PRACTICE 1 STANZA 1 1. Give three descriptions of the persona’s grandmother’s appearance. (a) _______________________________________________________ (b) _______________________________________________________ (c) _______________________________________________________ 2. Based on Stanza 1, describe the grandmother’s personality. (a) _______________________________________________________ (b) _______________________________________________________ 3. What does line 7 tell you about the grandmother? __________________________________________________________ STANZA 2 1. Describe the grandmother when she was old and sick. (a) _______________________________________________________ (b) _______________________________________________________ 2. Why did she forget to boil her soup? __________________________________________________________ 3. What happened to the grandmother in the end? __________________________________________________________ STANZA 3
  5. 5. 5 1. How old was the persona when the photograph was taken? __________________________________________________________ 2. Describe the persona’s feelings when she looks at the photograph. __________________________________________________________ 3. Quote the phrase that describes the grandmother as being old. __________________________________________________________ PRACTICE 2 (HOTS Questions) 1. In stanza 1, why does the grandmother look tall in the photograph? _____________________________________________________________[2 marks] 2. Based on stanza 1, describe how the persona feels about her grandmother. _____________________________________________________________[2 marks] 3. Why do you think the persona describes the afterlife as awful, unknown and unthinkable? _____________________________________________________________[2 marks] 4. Is it good to keep photographs of your loved ones? Give two reasons. (a) __________________________________________________________[1 mark] (b) __________________________________________________________[1 mark] 5. Do you consider the grandmother as courageous? Give your evidence from the poem. _____________________________________________________________[2 marks] 6. In your own words, describe the relationship between the persona and her grandmother. _____________________________________________________________[2 marks] PRACTICE 3 (VOCABULARY) No. Word Meaning No. Word Meaning 1 pleated 4 unknown 2 hunched 5 unthinkable 3 awful 6 crinkled The Charge Of The Light Brigade
  6. 6. 6 by Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) The poet’s background This poem was written to memorialize a suicidal charge by light cavalry over open terrain by British forces in the Battle of Balaclava (Ukraine) in the Crimean War (1854-56). 247 men of the 637 in the charge were killed or wounded. Britain entered the war, which was fought by Russia against Turkey, Britain and France, because Russia sought to control the Dardanelles. Russian control of the Dardanelles threatened British sea routes. The poem was written in the same year. The Charge Of The Light Brigade Half a league, half a league, Half a league onward, All in the valley of Death Rode the six hundred. 'Forward, the Light Brigade! Charge for the guns!' he said. Into the valley of Death Rode the six hundred. 'Forward, the Light Brigade!' Was there a man dismayed? Not though the soldier knew Some one had blundered. Theirs not to make reply, Theirs not to reason why, Theirs but to do & die. Into the valley of Death Rode the six hundred. Cannon to right of them, Cannon to left of them, Cannon in front of them
  7. 7. 7 Volleyed& thundered; Stormed at with shot and shell, Boldly they rode and well, Into the jaws of Death, Into the mouth of Hell Rode the six hundred. Line no. STANZA 1 INTERPRETATION 1 Half a league, half a league, 2 Half a league onward, A league is an old way to measure distance, and it was equal to about 3 miles. So half a league is roughly a mile and a half– the brigade/battalion was charging forward in the battlefield 3 All in the valley of Death The place where many soldiers would die in the battle (very scary & uncertain) 4 Rode the six hundred. The exact number of soldiers was 600, riding horses 5 “Forward, the Light Brigade! The captain commanded the soldiers to move forward bravely Note: they are called "Light" to separate them from the "Heavy Brigade," another kind of cavalry unit at the time.Tennyson's poem is based on real events. In 1854, there was a Charge of the Light Brigade during the Crimean War. 6 Charge for the guns!” he said. The soldiers were ordered to attack 7 Into the valley of Death The soldiers moved to the battlefield, prepared to fight and to die fighting.The brigade was ordered into the valley, even though they knew that they were going to die. 8 Rode the six hundred. Emphasis on the small number of soldiers – few but brave soldiers riding on horseback Line no. STANZA 2 INTERPRETATION 1 “Forward, the Light Brigade!” Again, the captain commanded the soldiers to move forward 2 Was there a man dismayed? Was there any soldier who would lose his courage, be terrified or sad? 3 Not though the soldier knew Of course the Light Brigade was too tough and loyal to feel dismayed. These men did
  8. 8. 8 not feel discouraged at all. They were ready to do their job, even though the order might be crazy (to meet their death). 4 Some one had blundered. The soldiers knew that this charge was not a good idea, that someone had made a mistake. 5 Theirs not to make reply, The soldiers were loyal and obedient – they did not talk back to their commander 6 Theirs not to reason why, Or to figure out the point of the attack 7 Theirs but to do and die. All they could do was to ride and fight and possibly die 8 Into the valley of Death 9 Rode the six hundred. Repetition of stanza 1 – to emphasize courage/bravery, loyalty, commitment, duty Line no. STANZA 3 INTERPRETATION 1 Cannon to right of them, 2 Cannon to left of them, 3 Cannon in front of them The soldiers were surrounded by enemy cannon on their left, right and front. Bad news for the Light Brigade – they were actually surrounded by enemies. 4 Volleyed and thundered; So the huge walls of cannon all around them were firing and making a sound like thunder 5 Stormed at with shot and shell, The soldiers in the Light Brigade were being shot at with bullets and big explosives fired from the cannon - a violent, noisy, destructive force that sounded like a storm. 6 Boldly they rode and well, These soldiers were not scared of the gunfire. They rode bravely, confidently and with determination. It shows us how heroic these men were. 7 Into the jaws of Death, They were ready/willing to die of honour 8 Into the mouth of Hell ‘Hell’ – suffering and torture but the soldiers were brave 9 Rode the six hundred. 600 brave/courageous soldiers – men of honour
  9. 9. 9 THEMES: ➢ Bravery / Courage ➢ Honour ➢ War and conflict ➢ Death and destruction MORAL VALUES: ➢ Bravery / Courage ➢ Loyalty ➢ Determination ➢ Confidence ➢ Honour ➢ Sacrifice MORAL LESSONS: ➢ We must struggle for peace, not war. ➢ We must be loyal to our superiors. ➢ Discipline is important in life. ➢ Always be brave in facing challenges in life. PRACTICE 1 STANZA 1 1. What does the “Light Brigade” refer to? _________________________________________________________________ 2. Who said “Forward, the Light Brigade!”? _________________________________________________________________ 3. What was the order? _________________________________________________________________ 4. “Into the valley of Death” What would happen to the men? _________________________________________________________________ STANZA 2 1. Based on this stanza, describe the personality of the soldiers. (a) ________________________________________ (b) ________________________________________ (c) ________________________________________ 2. The word “Theirs” refers to ____________________________________________ 3. What is the meaning of “blundered”? __________________________________________________________________ STANZA 3
  10. 10. 10 1. Describe the scene of the battlefield. __________________________________________________________________ 2. What “Volleyed and thundered”? __________________________________________________________________ 3. What do you think happened at the end of the poem? __________________________________________________________________ PRACTICE 2 (HOTS Questions) 1. In your own words, describe how the soldiers felt when they went into the battlefield. _____________________________________________________________[2 marks] 2. In your opinion, was it the right thing to do for the soldiers to follow the captain’s command? Give a reason. _____________________________________________________________[2 marks] 3. What do you think of the captain’s command? _____________________________________________________________[2 marks] 4. Give two suggestions on how we should show our appreciations to those who defend our country. (a) __________________________________________________________[1 mark] (b) __________________________________________________________[1 mark] PRACTICE 3 (VOCABULARY) No. Word Meaning No. Word Meaning 1 league 5 volleyed 2 valley 6 shell 3 dismayed 7 boldly 4 blundered 8 jaws
  11. 11. 11 History ⦁ A major conflict of the 19th century, the Crimean War claimed at least 750,000 lives, more than even the American Civil War, and had a profound impact on such renowned personalities as British nurse Florence Nightingale and Russian author Leo Tolstoy. It got its start in and around Jerusalem, then part of the Ottoman Empire, where Orthodox Christian and Catholic monks had been engaging in fierce, sometimes deadly brawls for years over who would control various holy sites. Following one such violent squabble in 1852, Czar Nicholas I of Russia, a self-proclaimed defender of Orthodox Christianity, demanded the right to exercise protection over the Ottoman Empire’s millions of Christian subjects. Upon being rejected, he then sent his army, the largest in the world, to occupy two Ottoman principalities in present-day Romania. The czar also purportedly had his eyes on Constantinople, the Ottoman capital, which if taken would give his navy unfettered access to the Mediterranean Sea. Unnerved by this expansionism, Britain and France sent their own warships to the area and vowed to defend Ottoman sovereignty. ⦁ Fighting officially broke out in October 1853, and the following month the Russians decimated the Ottoman fleet in a surprise attack. But although Nicholas referred to the declining Ottoman Empire as the “sick man of Europe,” his land forces made little progress in their push south, underscored by the failed siege of a fortress in present-day Bulgaria. Meanwhile, in March 1854, Britain and France declared war and immediately bombarded the then-Russian city of Odessa. With Austria likewise threatening to jump into the fray, Nicholas withdrew from Romania. Rather than declare victory, however, Britain and France decided to punitively target the Russian naval base in Sevastopol, located on the Crimean Peninsula. On September 13, 1854, a joint allied force of over 60,000 troops sailed into Kalamita Bay, about 33 miles north of their objective. Due to stormy weather, it took five days for them to fully disembark. Believing the conflict would be over quickly, they brought neither winter clothing nor medical supplies. They moreover lacked accurate maps, had little idea how many Russian troops opposed them and flouted the dietary restrictions of the Muslim Ottoman soldiers within their ranks. To make matters worse, a cholera outbreak erupted.
  12. 12. 12 ⦁ Nonetheless, the British and French defeated the Russians in their first run-in near the Alma River, causing a panicked retreat with the help of their long-range Minié rifles. They then commenced a roundabout march to Sevastopol, where they spent two-and-a-half weeks digging trenches and lugging artillery into position prior to initiating a bombardment of the city on October 17. By that time, however, the Russians had significantly strengthened their defenses. After holding out for eight days, they tried to break the siege with a dawn attack on Britain’s supply base in the nearby fishing village of Balaclava. That morning, having forced Ottoman troops to abandon four defensive redoubts, they were able to occupy the Causeway Heights just outside town. But they failed to progress any further thanks to a regiment of Scottish highlanders and the Heavy Brigade, each of which repelled a Russian advance. ⦁ With Balaclava now safe, Lord Fitzroy Somerset Raglan, the British commander-in-chief in Crimea, turned his attention back to the Causeway Heights, where he believed the Russians were attempting to make off with some of his artillery guns. He ordered the cavalry, consisting of both the Heavy and Light brigades, to advance with infantry support “and take advantage of any opportunity to recover” the lost ground. Lord Raglan expected the cavalrymen to move immediately, with the infantry to come later. But George Bingham, the earl of Lucan, who commanded the cavalry, thought he wanted them to attack together. As a result, Lucan’s men sat around for 45 minutes waiting for the infantry to arrive. At that point, Raglan issued a new order, telling the cavalry to “advance rapidly to the front … and try to prevent the enemy carrying away the guns.” From his vantage point, however, Lucan could not see any guns being removed. Confused, he asked Raglan’s aide-de-camp where to attack, but instead of pointing to the Causeway Heights, the aide allegedly waved his arm in the direction of a Russian artillery battery at the far end of an exposed valley. ⦁ Lucan next approached his brother-in-law James Brudenell, the earl of Cardigan, who commanded the Light Brigade. The two men loathed each other so much they were barely on speaking terms. And neither was apparently respected by the troops. One officer in the Light Brigade went so far as to call them both “fools.” Cardigan, he wrote in a letter home, “has as much brains as my boot. He is only equaled in want of intellect by his relation the earl of Lucan.” Though perturbed by Raglan’s order, Lucan and Cardigan obeyed it without first checking back in to make sure they understood it correctly. At their bidding, the roughly 670 members of the Light Brigade drew their sabres and lances and began their infamous mile-and-a-quarter-long charge with Russians shooting at them from three directions (though never from all three at
  13. 13. 13 once). The first man to fall was Raglan’s aide-de-camp. Another soldier then had “his head clean carried off by a round shot, yet for about 30 yards further the headless body kept in the saddle,” according to a survivor. Other survivors spoke of being splattered with horse blood, of watching their companions lose limbs, of seeing brains on the ground and of going through smoke so thick it was like “riding into the mouth of a volcano.” ⦁ The Heavy Brigade, which, its name notwithstanding, resembled the Light Brigade except with regard to uniform color, was supposed to follow in support but only went a short way down the valley before Lucan directed it to turn back. Somehow, the Light Brigade reached its destination anyway, crashing into the enemy lines with a vengeance. A few Russians even shot at their own comrades in a desperate bid to clear an escape route. The Light Brigade’s members didn’t hold the ground for long, though, before being forced to stagger back from whence they came. En route, Russian artillery pounded away again from the Causeway Heights—but not from the other two sides, as the Light Brigade had taken out one battery itself and the French had taken out another—while Russian cavalrymen attempted to entrap them. In the end, of the roughly 670 Light Brigade soldiers, about 110 were killed and 160 were wounded, a 40 percent casualty rate. They also lost approximately 375 horses. ⦁ Despite failing to overrun Balaclava, the Russians claimed victory in the battle, parading their captured artillery guns through Sevastopol. Yet they would surrender the city and naval base nearly a year later, after which they agreed to give up a small chunk of territory and to keep their warships out of the Black Sea in exchange for peace. Meanwhile, the Light Brigade’s exploits had already become legendary in Britain, thanks largely to Alfred Tennyson’s poem “The Charge of the Light Brigade.” Named poet laureate a few years earlier by Queen Victoria, he praised the bravery of the men as they rode into the “valley of death.” His poem “The Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaclava,” on the other hand, never quite captured the public’s imagination. Additional Information on the Poem : Stanzas 4, 5 & 6… Flash'd all their sabres bare, Flash'd as they turn'd in air Sabring the gunners there, Charging an army while All the world wonder'd: Plunged in the battery-smoke Right thro' the line they broke; Cossack & Russian Reel'd from the sabre-stroke, Shatter'd & sunder'd. Then they rode back, but not Not the six hundred.
  14. 14. 14 Cannon to right of them, Cannon to left of them, Cannon behind them Volley'd and thunder'd; Storm'd at with shot and shell, While horse & hero fell, They that had fought so well Came thro' the jaws of Death, Back from the mouth of Hell, All that was left of them, Left of six hundred. When can their glory fade? O the wild charge they made! All the world wonder'd. Honour the charge they made! Honour the Light Brigade, Noble six hundred! Remember & honour...
  15. 15. 15 ANSWERS The Living Photograph PRACTICE 1 STANZA 1
  16. 16. 16 1. Give three descriptions of the persona’s grandmother’s appearance. (a) tall (b) straight-back (c) has a kind old smile (Also accept : neat / properly dressed) 2. Based on Stanza 1, describe the grandmother’s personality. (a) kind (b) warm (Also accept : loving / caring / other suitable adjectives) 3. What does line 7 tell you about the grandmother? Still strong / determined / courageous / brave STANZA 2 1. Describe the grandmother when she was old and sick. (a) small (b) round and hunched 2. Why did she forget to boil her soup? She was too ill / sick 3. What happened to the grandmother in the end? She died STANZA 3 1. How old was the persona when the photograph was taken? Three 2. Describe the persona’s feelings when she looks at the photograph. Sad / nostalgic / other suitable adjectives 3. Quote the phrase that describes the grandmother as being old. (the) crinkled smile PRACTICE 2 (HOTS Questions) NOTE :The answers for HOTS questions can be varied & wide ranging but most importantly, they should be logical/reasonable and relevant to the question. Teachers are advised to use their own discretion. The answers given below are simply examples of acceptable ones. 1. In stanza 1, why does the grandmother look tall in the photograph?
  17. 17. 17 Because she is still well/healthy even though she is already old [2 marks] 2. Based on stanza 1, describe how the persona feels about her grandmother. She loves her grandmother very much and she is very close to her grandmother. [2 marks] 3. Why do you think the persona describes the afterlife as awful, unknown and unthinkable? Because she is still a child and to her, death is something that is very scary and mysterious.[2 marks] 4. Is it good to keep photographs of your loved ones? Give two reasons. (a) Yes, because we can always remember how they look like [1 mark] (b) Yes, because we can show the photographs to our children and grandchildren and tell them about their ancestors [1 mark] 5. Do you consider the grandmother as courageous? Give your evidence from the poem. Yes, she was very courageous based on the line ‘Her sharp blue eyes look her own death in the eye’ [2 marks] 6. In your own words, describe the relationship between the persona and her grandmother. They were very close and they loved each other very much. [2 marks] PRACTICE 3 (VOCABULARY) No. Word Meaning No. Word Meaning 1 pleated Folded sewn or pressed into the cloth 4 unknown Unfamiliar/mysterious 2 hunched Crouched 5 unthinkable Cannot be considered/imagined 3 awful Terrible/bad 6 crinkled Wrinkled The Charge Of The Light Brigade PRACTICE 1 STANZA 1 1. What does the “Light Brigade” refer to? Soldiers 2. Who said “Forward, the Light Brigade!”? The commander/captain/leader of the brigade
  18. 18. 18 3. What was the order? To attack the enemies/to move forward/to go into battle 4. “Into the valley of Death” What would happen to the men? They would die/they would not survive the battle STANZA 2 1. Based on this stanza, describe the personality of the soldiers. (a) loyal/obedient (b) brave/courageous (c) confident/determined 2. The word “Theirs” refers to the soldiers 3. What is the meaning of “blundered”? Made a mistake STANZA 3 1. Describe the scene of the battlefield. The soldiers were surrounded by the enemies / the soldiers were attacked with cannon and gunshots 2. What “Volleyed and thundered”? The cannon 3. What do you think happened at the end of the poem? Most of the soldiers died in the battle / the soldiers lost the war / other possible answers PRACTICE 2 (HOTS Questions) NOTE :The answers for HOTS questions can be varied & wide ranging but most importantly, they should be logical/reasonable and relevant to the question. Teachers are advised to use their own discretion. The answers given below are simply examples of acceptable ones. 1. In your own words, describe how the soldiers felt when they went into the battlefield. They felt very brave and determined to win the war even though they were a small a group of soldiers [2 marks] 2. In your opinion, was it the right thing to do for the soldiers to follow the captain’s command? Give a reason. Yes, because it was their duty to follow their leader OR No, because the captain’s command means that they would die in the battle [2 marks] 3. What do you think of the captain’s command? It was the right thing to do because all the soldiers were experienced OR It was a crazy thing to do because there were only 600 soldiers to fight against so many enemies. [2 marks] 4. Give two suggestions on how we should show our appreciations to those who defend our
  19. 19. 19 country. (c) We should have a special ‘Hero Day’ to honour them [1 mark] (d) We should give them a special award for their honorable deeds [1 mark] PRACTICE 3 (VOCABULARY) No. Word Meaning No. Word Meaning 1 league Short distance / way to measure distance (in the old days) 5 volleyed Hit/fired/shot 2 valley Low, flat land between hills/mountains / dale 6 shell Bullets from guns 3 dismayed Shocked/terrified/sad 7 boldly Bravely/courageously 4 blundered Made a serious mistake 8 jaws Lower part of your face
  • MinJie7

    Feb. 15, 2021
  • dharminibaskaran

    Dec. 6, 2020
  • AbUwaisAlMerwiy

    Nov. 27, 2020
  • sayalah2

    Oct. 30, 2020
  • felly77

    Oct. 17, 2020
  • RoseLily7

    Oct. 6, 2020
  • AlinaKhirruddin

    Sep. 1, 2020
  • StarFox1

    Aug. 26, 2020
  • khairilafni

    Aug. 18, 2020
  • suhanay1

    Aug. 17, 2020
  • ssuser4b6ac7

    Aug. 13, 2020
  • NishaAbdulGhani

    Apr. 26, 2020
  • HamisahRosdi

    Apr. 22, 2020
  • KhairulAkmalKhairulNizam

    Apr. 21, 2020
  • zillkola

    Apr. 10, 2020
  • ONGXIN

    Mar. 10, 2020
  • izzatisazale

    Mar. 3, 2020
  • lilimclean

    Feb. 25, 2020
  • DanialImranKhan

    Feb. 24, 2020
  • abdulrajakrahimah

    Feb. 16, 2020

English Literature Form 4 2016

Views

Total views

146,386

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

1,135

Actions

Downloads

1,274

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

67

×