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Medicinal Plants against Chronic Diseases

Indigenous Knowledge of Herbal Products - AEJ 5240

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Medicinal Plants against Chronic Diseases

  1. 1. Your Logo MEDICINAL PLANTS AGAINST CHRONIC DISEASES Hashani Amarasinghe 512260181 Open University Of Sri Lanka Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  2. 2. Your Logo Contents 1 What are Chronic Diseases? 2 What are Medicinal Plants? 3 Arthritis and Medicinal Plants 4 CVDs and Medicinal Plants 5 Cancer and Medicinal Plants 6 Diabetes and Medicinal Plants 7 Asthma and Medicinal Plants 8 Conclusion 9 References Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  3. 3. Your Logo Objectives To provide a knowledge on: The use of MEDICINAL PLNATS to control CHRONIC DISEASES Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  4. 4. Your Logo Chronic Diseases? Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  5. 5. Your Logo • Chronic Disease is a long-lasting condition that can be controlled but not cured[1] • In general chronic diseases cannot be prevented by vaccines or cured by medication, nor do they just disappear Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture 20_zps727e5395.png.html
  6. 6. Your Logo Medicinal Plants? Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  7. 7. Your Logo • Plants which have been used for medicinal purposes • Any plant which provides health promoting characteristics, temporary relief or remedy for a symptomatic problem Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  8. 8. Your Logo Common Chronic Diseases 1. Arthritis 2. Cardiovascular diseases – Heart attacks / Strokes 3. Cancer – Breast cancer, Colon cancer 4. Diabetes 5. Asthma Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  9. 9. Your Logo Arthritis • Typically, pain, aching, stiffness and swelling in and around one or more joints characterize rheumatic conditions[2] Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture • Arthritis most commonly affects the neck, lower back, hips, knees, feet, and hands
  10. 10. Your Logo Medicinal Plants against Arthritis? Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  11. 11. Your Logo Aloe Vera • Common Name: Komarika / Aloevera • Botanical Name: Aloe vera • Family: ALOACEAE Soothe achy joints Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture vera-to-cure-various-diseases/
  12. 12. Your Logo Ginger • Common Name: Inguru / Ginger • Botanical Name: Zingiber officinale • Family: ZINGIBERACEAE Reducing joint swelling Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture tea-you-probably-dont-know.html
  13. 13. Your Logo Turmeric • Common Name: Kaha / Turmeric • Botanical Name: Curcuma longa • Family: ZINGIBERACEAE Effective pain reliever Slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  14. 14. Your Logo Black Pepper • Common Name: Gammiris / Black pepper • Botanical Name: Piper nigrum • Family: PIPERACEAE Can be made into an oil to apply to arthritic joints It is a gentle analgesic and stimulant Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture tml
  15. 15. Your Logo Cardiovascular diseases – Heart attacks / Strokes • Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and they include, heart attacks and strokes[3] • Heart attacks and strokes are mainly caused by a blockage that prevents blood from flowing to the heart or brain. • Common symptoms are pain or discomfort in the centre of the chest; pain or discomfort in the arms, the left shoulder, elbows, jaw, or back. diseases/cardiovascular-disease/attachment/how- to-diet-to-prevent-heart-disease/ Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  16. 16. Your Logo Medicinal Plants against Cardiovascular diseases ? Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  17. 17. Your Logo Garlic • Common Name: Garlic / Sudu loonu • Botanical Name: Allium sativum • Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE Lowering of blood pressure lowering of cholesterol and triglyceride levels Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  18. 18. Your Logo Goraka • Common Name: Goraka / Ela goraka • Botanical Name: Garcinia zeylanica / Garcinia Cambogia • Family: CLUSIACEAE  Lower elevated levels of cholesterol and triglycerides Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  19. 19. Your Logo Curry leaf • Common Name: Karapincha / Curry leaf • Botanical Name: Murraya koenigii • Family: RUTACEAE Effective treatment for hypertension and high cholesterol Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture =604
  20. 20. Your Logo Cancer • Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells • There are more than 100 types of cancer, including breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer etc. Symptoms vary depending on the type Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture suffer-for-it/ • Cancer treatment may include chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery [4]
  21. 21. Your Logo Medicinal Plants against Cancer? Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  22. 22. Your Logo Mint • Common Name: Mint / Mentha / Minchi • Botanical Name: Mentha spicata / Mentha longifolia • Family: LAMIACEAE Cut off the blood supply to cancer tumors Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture garden-herbs.html
  23. 23. Your Logo Tea / Green Tea • Common Name: Tea • Botanical Name: Camellia sinensis • Family: THEACEAE Boost immune system and fight cancer Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  24. 24. Your Logo Cassava • Common Name: Manioc • Botanical Name: Manihot esculenta • Family: EUPHORBIACEAE Anti-cancer activity of cassava leaves against colon cancer cells Cassava root as possible cure for prostate and bladder cancer Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture for-healthy-skin.html
  25. 25. Your Logo Diabetes • Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar levels are too high[5] • This disease occurs when the body does not make enough insulin or does not use it the way it should Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture antibiotic-use/39376
  26. 26. Your Logo Medicinal Plants against Diabetes? Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  27. 27. Your Logo Cinnamon • Common Name: Kurundu / Cinnamon • Botanical Name: Salacia reticulata • Family: HIPPOCRATEACEAE Lowering and moderating blood sugar Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  28. 28. Your Logo Kothala-himbutu • Common Name: Kothala himbutu / Karanti • Botanical Name: Salacia reticulata • Family: HIPPOCRATEACEAE Inhibitate activation of intestinal glucose and glucose level Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture http://herbalplantslanka.blogspot.c om/2013/03/kothala- himbutusalacia-reticulata- wight.html
  29. 29. Your Logo Masbedda • Common Name: Gurmar / Masbedda • Botanical Name: Gymnema sylvestre • Family: ASCLEPIADACEAE Treatment for diabetes Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture ants/plants_detail.php?i=183&s=Famil y_name
  30. 30. Your Logo Asthma • Asthma is a disease affecting the airways that carry air to and from your lungs[6] • This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  31. 31. Your Logo Medicinal Plants against Asthma? Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  32. 32. Your Logo Adathoda • Common Name: Adathoda / Agaladara / Wanepala / Wetahera / Malabar Nut • Botanical Name: Justicia adhathoda • Family: ACANTHACEAE •  Works as a bronchodilator and mild expectorant  Decreasing the viscosity of mucous to assist with expectoration Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture Adathoda.aspx
  33. 33. Your Logo Cocoa • Common Name: Cocoa • Botanical Name: Theobroma cacao • Family: MALVACEAE  Promotes bronchodilation Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture beans/33106
  34. 34. Your Logo Conclusion • Chronic Disease is a long-lasting condition that can be controlled but not cured. To control most of these diseases daily intake of medications is a must. Taking chemical medicine daily might be a risk for well being and cause side effects • Medicinal plants or herbal medicines are natural and do not cause any side effect • Therefore using medicinal plants or herbal medicine and practicing good health habits can control chronic diseases with less harmful effects to the human body Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  35. 35. Your Logo References 1. National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. 2015. Chronic Disease Overview. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 12 June 15]. 2. MediLexicon International Limited. 2015. Arthritis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 12 June 15]. 3. World Health Organization. 2015. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 12 June 15]. 4. WebMD. 2015. Cancer Health Center. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 12 June 15]. 5. Medicine Plus. 2014. Diabetes. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 12 June 15]. 6. MNT. 2015. All about Asthma. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 12 June 15]. 7. DIG HERBS. 2015. Arthritis Pain. [ONLINE] Available at: pain.html. [Accessed 13 June 15]. 8. Healthline Networks. 2015. 9 Herbs to Fight Arthritis Pain. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 13 June 15]. Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  36. 36. Your Logo References 9. Richard Walden and Brian Tomlinson.. 2011. Chapter 16 Cardiovascular Disease. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 12 June 15]. 10. Daily News. 2015. LANKAN RESEARCH SHOWS, MANIOC COMBATS COLON CANCER, HEART ATTACK . [ONLINE] Available at: shows-manioc-combats-colon-cancer-heart-attack. [Accessed 12 June 15]. 11. CARE2.COM. 2015. 5 Cancer-Fighting Garden Herbs. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 12 June 15]. 12. Cancer Research UK. 2015. Green tea (Chinese tea). [ONLINE] Available at: general/treatment/complementary-alternative/therapies/green-tea. [Accessed 12 June 15]. 13. Herbal plants of Sri Lanka. 2015. Kothala Himbutu. [ONLINE] Available at: wight.html. [Accessed 12 June 15]. 14. EDTERCHELLE SORIANO. 2014. HERBAL PLANTS FOR TREATING BRONCHIAL ASTHMA. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 12 June 15]. Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture
  37. 37. Your Logo THANK YOU! Hashani Amarasinghe 512260181 Open University Of Sri Lanka Hashani Amarasinghe BIS Agriculture the-emotional-response-to-your-microbiome/ Holy Hormones Journal