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Copenhagen

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A detailed history of COPENHAGEN. Included in this presentation are famous landmarks and buildings and institutes of higher education.

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Copenhagen

  1. 1. Copenhagen
  2. 2. Overview • Copenhagen (Danish: København) is the capital and largest city of Denmark. • As of the July 2018 census, it has a population of 777,218 (616,098 in Copenhagen Municipality, 103,914 in Frederiksberg Municipality, 43,005 in Tårnby Municipality, and 14,201 in Dragør Municipality). • It makes up the center of the wider urban area of Copenhagen (population 1,627,705) and the Copenhagen metropolitan area (population 2,057,737). • Copenhagen is located on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand (Sjælland); another small part is located on Amager and is separated from Malmö, Sweden via the strait of Øresund; the Øresund Bridge links the two cities by rail and road.
  3. 3. Early history and Middle Ages • Copenhagen traces its history as far back as the early 10th century, when a small village existed on the site on which the present-day city currently stands. • In 1167, Bishop Absalon of Roskilde constructed a castle on an island off the coast and secured the town with fortifications and a trench. • In 1445, Copenhagen was proclaimed the capital of Denmark and the residence of the royal family.
  4. 4. Statue of Bishop Absalon
  5. 5. Map of Medieval Copenhagen
  6. 6. 16th and 17th centuries • The city was repeatedly destroyed during the civil and religious conflicts of the Protestant Reformation. • Throughout the end of the 16th century, the city’s trade began to prosper; Copenhagen therefore underwent expansion. • The new buildings that were inaugurated during this expansion included the Børsen (Exchange), the Holmens Church, Trinitatis Church, with the nearby famous Round Tower, and the castle of Rosenborg (now the museum of the royal family). • During the wars with Sweden (1658–60), Copenhagen was blockaded for two years.
  7. 7. 16th and 17th centuries (cont.): Copenhagen in the 16th century
  8. 8. 16th and 17th centuries (cont.): Copenhagen, 11 February 1659. Danish soldiers fire at their Swedish invaders.
  9. 9. 18th and 19th centuries • Fires in 1728 and 1795 demolished several houses and buildings. • In 1807, the city was attacked by the British (opposite). • The fortifications were retired in 1856; the city has expanded even more since and integrated many of the contiguous districts. • The heart of the city is the Rådhuspladsen (“Town Hall Square”). • From the square, an old curved shopping street leads northeast to the previous center of the city, Kongens Nytorv (“King’s New Square”), created in the 17th century; buildings there comprise the Thott Palace (now the French Embassy) and the Charlottenborg Palace (now the Royal Academy of Fine Arts), both built in the 17th century, and the Royal Theatre, built in 1874.
  10. 10. 18th and 19th centuries (cont.) Copenhagen Fire of 1728 Copenhagen Fire of 1795
  11. 11. Copenhagen in 1856
  12. 12. 20th century • Located on the island of Slotsholmen (“Castle Islet”) is Christiansborg Palace (opposite), built on the location of the former castle founded by Bishop Absalon in 1167. • Since 1928, the palace has been occupied by Parliament, the Supreme Court, and the Foreign Office. • Adjoining buildings contain other government offices. • Slotsholmen also contains the Bertel Thorvaldsen Museum, the Royal Arsenal Museum, the state archives, and the Royal Library. • The Black Diamond, an expansion of the library, opened in 1999; a modern edifice of steel and glass, it is situated on the waterfront.
  13. 13. 20th century (cont.): Black Diamond
  14. 14. 20th century (cont.) • Copenhagen boasts many other notable buildings, including the Prinsens Palace, now the National Museum (opposite); the Church of Our Lady; the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479; the Petri Church, used after 1585 as a parish church for the German residents of the city and carefully restored between 1994–2000; the 17th-century fortress; and the citadel of Amalienborg. • The vegetal gardens created in 1874 have an observatory with a monument of the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe. • A more contemporary attraction named after the 16th-century astronomer is the Tycho Brahe Planetarium, which opened in 1989. • There are numerous additional popular sites: the Tivoli amusement park and the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, with a first-rate assortment of traditional and modern art. • Located at Langelinie Pier is the Little Mermaid statue (1913), which is based on a story by Hans Christian Andersen; a Danish national icon, it is one of the city’s most visited tourist attractions.
  15. 15. 20th century (cont.) Church of Our Lady University of Copenhagen
  16. 16. 21st century • The old neighborhood of Christianshavn (opposite) is on the harbor to the south. • It contains the 17th-century Church of Our Saviour. • The western neighborhood comprises the Frederiksberg Park, with its palace and a zoological garden. • During much of the 20th century, Copenhagen and its nearby areas claimed most of Denmark’s manufacturing industry. • By 2000, however, the city’s economy was dominated by public and private services, trade, finance, and education.
  17. 17. 21st century (cont.) Church of Our Saviour Frederiksberg Palace
  18. 18. 21st century (cont.) • Numerous arterial streets transport traffic toward the center, across the harbor bridges. • There are electric railways (S-baner; opposite) for travelers and a system of city bus lines. • The last streetcars were withdrawn in 1972. • In the late 1990s, production started on a fully automated subway system in Copenhagen; the first line opened in 2002. • In 2000, the Øresund Link, a joint tunnel-and-bridge system linking Copenhagen with Malmö, Sweden, opened; it also serves Copenhagen Airport at Kastrup and upholds collaboration and regional growth on both sides of The Sound.
  19. 19. 21st century (cont.) City bus with free internet Øresund Bridge
  20. 20. Copenhagen Airport
  21. 21. Education • Apart from the University of Copenhagen, there are numerous other institutes of higher education. • These include the Technical University of Denmark (1829), the Engineering Academy of Denmark (1957), the Royal Danish Academy of Music (1867), the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural College (1856), and the Copenhagen School of Economics and Business Administration (1917).
  22. 22. Sources • https://www.britannica.com/place/Copenhagen • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copenhagen

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