Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Upcoming SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Next

Share

Lahore Resolution..

Detailed Notes on Lahore Resolution ..with introduction ,importance, name of Pakistan and Conclusion...

Lahore Resolution..

  1. 1. LAHORERESOLUTION/PAKISTAN RESOLUTION... INTRODUCTION: On 23rd March 1940, the famous resolution which came to be known as “Pakistan Resolution” was moved and passed unanimously on 24th March, 1940. The resolution was moved by the Bengal Chief Minister Maulvi Fazal-ul-Haq, known “Sher-e-Bengal” and seconded byChaudhary Khaliq-uz-Zaman and others. The resolution stated that: “No constitutional plan would be workable in this country or acceptable to the Muslims unless it is designed on the following basic principles, namely that the geographically contagious units demarcated into regions, which should be so constituted with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary that the areas in which the Muslims are in a majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituents units shall be autonomous and sovereign. Adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards should be specifically provided in their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights.” Background of the Resolution: Ever since after the war of independence 1857, Muslim leaders like Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, had begun to think that Muslim were a nation in the sub-continent and they had only a few common interest with the Hindus. As far as the division of was concerned, this too has been suggested long before the Lahore Resolution of the Muslim league. John Brightened recommended that India should be divided into a number of provinces. He said: “You would teach the people of these presidencies to consider themselves, as generation passed on as the subjects and people of that state. When the
  2. 2. power of England is withdrawnfrom India, then each of these states would be able to sustain itself as a compact, as a self-governing community. You would have five or six great states there, as you have five or six great states in Europe.” Allama Iqbal Address: A clear conception was given by Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal in his presidential address at the Allahabad sessionof the All-India Muslim League In December, 1930. He explained that: “The Muslim demand for the creation of Muslim India within India is, therefore, perfectly justified. The resolution of the All-Parties Muslim conference at Delhi, is to my mind, wholly inspired by this noble idea of a harmonious whole which instead of stifling the receptive individualities of its component wholes, affords them chances of fully working out the possibilities that may be latent in endorse the Muslim demands embodied in it” Quaid-e-Azam Address: The Quaid in his two hours presidential address in English narrated the events that took place in the pastfew months and concluded, “Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs and literature. They neither inter-marry nor inter-dine together, and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations that are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their concepts on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Muslims derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes and different episodes. Very often the hero of one is a foe of the other, and likewise, their victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destructionof any fabric that may be so built up for the government of such a state.”
  3. 3. During his speech the Quaid quoted the letter written by Lala Lajpat Rai in 1924 to C.R. Das in which he clearly mentioned that the Hindus and the Muslims were two separate and distict nationas which could never be merged into a single nation. When Malik Barkat Ali claimed that Lala Lajpat Rai was a “Nationalist Hindu leader”, Quaid responded, “No Hindu can be a nationalist. Every Hindu is a Hindu first and last.” Name of Pakistan: Mr. Rehmat Ali and his colleague did valuable spadework by publishing and widely circulating literature to expound and popularize the idea of Pakistan. About the word ‘Pakistan’ Mr. Rehmat Ali wrote later. “Pakistan is both a Persian and an Urdu word. It is composed of letters, taken from the names of all our homelands---‘India’ and ‘Asian’. That is Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir, Iran, Sindh, Tukharistan, Afghanistan and Balochistan. It means the land of Paks the spiritually Pure and Clear.” The Importance of Lahore Resolution: The All India Muslim League Resolution of March 1940, commonly known as the Pakistan Resolution, is undoubtedly the most important event that changed the courseof Indian history and left deep marks on the world history. With the passage of this Resolution, the Muslims of the sub-continent changed their demand from “Separate Electorates” to a “Separate State.” This Resolution rejected the idea of a United India and the creation of an independent Muslim state was set as their ultimate goal. It gave new energy and courage to the Muslims of the region who gathered around Quaid-e-Azam from the platform of the Muslim League to struggle for their freedom. The dynamic leadership of the Quaid and the commitment and devotion of the followers made it possible for them to achieve an independent state within seven years of their struggle, and that too when the odds were against them. The British also realized that Muslims and Hindus are both separate nation. Therefore any cooperation between them could not be developed. The Muslim community now looked more determined for their new state and they realized the rights.
  4. 4. Controversies: The name Pakistan was not used in the resolution and the official name of the resolution was Lahore Resolution. It was the Hindu newspapers including Partap, Bande Matram, Milap, Tribune etc., who ironically coined the name Pakistan Resolution. However, the idea was appreciated by the Muslim masses and the Resolution is more known as Pakistan Resolution. Secondly, the Government and people of Pakistan wrongly celebrate March 23 as a national day in Pakistan. The actual day when the resolution was passed was March 24. It was only presented on March 23. Lastly, it the word “states” and not “state” was mentioned in the Resolution. A Resolution passed at the 1941 Madras session of the League stated, “Everyone should clearly understand that we are striving for one independent and sovereign Muslim State.” In all the speeches that Quaid delivered, he also used the word “an independent homeland” or “an independent Muslim state” Hindu Reaction: The Hindu reaction was, of course, quick, bitter and malicious. They called the “Pakistan” demand “anti-national.” They characterized it as “vivisection; above all, they denounced it as imperialist – inspired to obstructIndia’s march to freedom.” In denouncing the demand outright, they, however, missed the central fact ofthe Indian political situation; the astonishingly tremendous response of the Pakistan demand had elicited from the Muslim masses. They also failed to take cognizance of the fact that a hundred million Muslims were now supremely conscious of their distinct nationhood and were prepared to stake everything to actualize their self-perceived destiny – the creation of an independent Muslim state in the sub-continent. British Reaction: The British were equally hostile to the Muslim demand for at least two important reasons. First, they had long considered themselves as the architects of the unity of India and of an Indian nation. Second, they had long regarded the super-imposed unity under tax Britannica as their greatest achievement and lasting contribution in history. And the Pakistan demand threatened to undo these presumed achievements
  5. 5. on which the British had long prided. However, despite the Hindu denunciation and the British alarm, the course of Muslim, indeed Indian, politics was from now on firmly set towards Pakistan. Conclusion: The All India Muslim League Resolution of March 1940, commonly known as the Pakistan Resolution, is undoubtedly the most important event that changed the course of Indian history and left deep marks on the world history. With the passage of this Resolution, the Muslims of the sub-continent changed their demand from “Separate Electorates” to a “Separate State.” This Resolution rejected the idea of a United India and the creation of an independent Muslim state was set as their ultimate goal. It gave new energy and courage to the Muslims of the region who gathered around Quaid-e-Azam from the platform ofthe Muslim League to struggle for their freedom. The dynamic leadership of the Quaid and the commitment and devotion of the followers made it possible for them to achieve an independent state within seven years of their struggle, and that too when the odds were against them.
  • AlFahad17

    Oct. 2, 2021
  • AqiCharlie

    Sep. 15, 2021
  • NiMrAShAhZaDi2

    Aug. 26, 2021
  • NawazishAliKhan1

    Aug. 14, 2021
  • FayazAli63

    Jul. 8, 2021
  • MdKamruzzaman134

    Mar. 27, 2021
  • inamullahkhanwazir

    Sep. 1, 2020
  • SYEDNAQVI163

    Jun. 24, 2020
  • AmnaNawazish1

    May. 29, 2020
  • NoshidAli

    Nov. 14, 2019
  • anishassan10

    Aug. 14, 2019
  • AbdulTunio

    Mar. 22, 2019
  • MasabAmin

    Dec. 17, 2018
  • ssuseref0bb5

    Oct. 9, 2018
  • AqeelaRafique1

    Jan. 21, 2018
  • ShefaIdrees

    Oct. 21, 2017

Detailed Notes on Lahore Resolution ..with introduction ,importance, name of Pakistan and Conclusion...

Views

Total views

16,726

On Slideshare

0

From embeds

0

Number of embeds

15

Actions

Downloads

23

Shares

0

Comments

0

Likes

16

×