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Exploring the Educational Potential of the Internet of Things (Internet of Things in Education)

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The Internet of Things (IoT) has huge disruptive potential for many aspects of life, including education. This presentation, presented at the ALT-C conference 2015, looks at some of the key IoT technologies and how they might be used in an educational context.

Published in: Education

Exploring the Educational Potential of the Internet of Things (Internet of Things in Education)

  1. 1. Exploring the Educational Potential of the Internet of Things Farzana Latif, TEL Manager, University of Sheffield Dr. Ian Glover, Senior Lecturer in TEL, Sheffield Hallam University @farzanalatif & @irglover
  2. 2. Session Overview ◇ What is the IoT (brief history) ◇ Why is it important? ◇ Current Examples ◇ Relevance to Education - Activities ◇ Next Steps - Steering Development #altc #IoT
  3. 3. What is it? The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to devices and sensors that are able to communicate directly with other devices using internet technologies. Data is transmitted between devices / sensors, processed and acted upon, usually resulting in changes to some (other) devices, often without human intervention.#altc #IoT
  4. 4. Background ◇ Terms: Internet of Everything, Network of Everything, Machine to Machine (M2M) communication, Mesh Networks ◇ Represents ideas that have existed since the start of the web. ◇ Technology Advances: ■ Closed to Open Systems ■ New Protocols (TCP/IPv6, Bluetooth LE) ■ Cheaper hardware & sensors ○ Increasingly electronic devices are being developed with multiple sensors in them.#altc #IoT
  5. 5. Why is it important?
  6. 6. A Growing Trend ◇ UK Government’s 2015 Budget ◇ 2015 NMC Horizon Report ◇ Specialist degree courses ■ Staffordshire University (with HP) ■ Waterford Institute of Technology ◇ Growth of the ‘Maker’ and ‘Maker Movement’ ◇ In five years all Samsung hardware will be IoT-ready (Samsung, 2015) #altc #IoT
  7. 7. Huge Disruptive Potential ◇ Changing how we interact with devices ◇ Altering our environment algorithmically ◇ Represents a move from all-purpose devices, to single purpose ones with integration software ◇ >26 Billion connected devices by 2020 (Gartner, 2014) #altc #IoT
  8. 8. IoT in Everyday Life ◇ Fitness/Smart Wear ◇ Health care ◇ Cars - wireless control systems ■ In five years, there will be 250 million connected cars on the road as the Internet of Things grows to include 25 billion devices (Davidson, 2015) ◇ Weather monitoring - Smart Citizen ◇ Smart homes - Nest thermostat ◇ Smart cities - smart road signs #altc #IoT
  9. 9. Some IoT Technologies
  10. 10. Connected Appliances Connected Appliances are consumer devices that are able to communicate their status when requested by other devices, and/or can have their settings modified by others. Potential Use: A control hub in a classroom uses infrared sensors to identify the type and location of activity in the room and adjusts the lights and temperature accordingly.#altc #IoT
  11. 11. #altc #IoT Connected Appliances The (clichéd) Smart Fridge (e.g. LG’s Smart ThinQ)
  12. 12. Connected Appliances App-controlled kettle (e.g. iKettle) Mood Lighting (e.g. Philips’ Hue) App-controlled Boiler (e.g. British Gas’ Hive) Connected Buttons (e.g. Amazon’s Dash, bttn) #altc #IoT
  13. 13. Connected Appliances Connected Teaching Spaces (e.g. The George Washington Uni ) Smart Universities (University of Warwick) #altc #IoT
  14. 14. Connected Appliances ◇ Fitness/Personal Analytics (Quantified Self) Wearables + IoT = powerful #altc #IoT
  15. 15. Self Automation ◇ Self-automation - IFTTT, Zapier #altc #IoT
  16. 16. NFC/RFID tags Passive chips containing small amounts of data, read by tapping with a smartphone or dedicated reader device. Potential Use: Interactive objects - tags attached to objects allow learners to launch an app to interact with relevant resources by tapping with a smartphone / tablet. #altc #IoT
  17. 17. NFC/RFID tags Embedded in Poster (access event info, staff details) University of Cordoba embedded NFC across the whole University Location Based Activities (e.g. museum) Attendance/Punctuality Checking Locate books in library Other Examples Contactless payment / keys Bluetooth music systems ePassports #altc #IoT
  18. 18. Beacons Actively broadcasts its existence to devices within range, generally using Bluetooth. Apps launch a feature or display content when within the proximity of a known beacon, or use to triangulate their location indoors. Easily added to an existing environment. Potential Use: Hyper-Situated Learning - short-range beacons launch materials to provide scenarios and hands-on materials for using a variety of specialist workstations (labs, museums).
  19. 19. Beacons Treasure hunts/learning labs (combine with AR) Attendance monitoring (Uni of Sheffield) Location-based messaging / announcements Recruitment events (Uni of Bradford) Other Examples Entertainment venue promotions Timetable information at bus stops Advertising products in shops Indoor positioning#altc #IoT
  20. 20. Activity ◇ In groups, think of a situation within an education context ◇ What would be the purpose of introducing IoT technologies? ◇ What data would you need? ◇ Share your discussions #altc #IoT Example Data Barometer, Blood pressure, Device status(es), Heart-rate, Human input, Humidity, Infrared, Light level, Location, Movement, NFC tag, Online data, RFID, Sound, Temperature, Time, Video data, Wind speed Try out some of the technologies.
  21. 21. Are there any other examples that you know and want to share? #altc #IoT
  22. 22. Uses in Education ◇ Passive Environmental Personalisation ■ Connected equipment can adapt automatically to activity and preferences (e.g. study efficiently) ◇ Hypersituated Learning ■ New ways to interact with and within spaces ○ e-World Cafes, NFC posters ■ ‘Classroom without walls.’ ◇ New Learning Experiences ■ Create interactions between objects ■ Draw upon many data sources and types#altc #IoT
  23. 23. #altc #IoT
  24. 24. Challenges/Concerns Ethical concerns ◇ Equity (socio-economic divides) ◇ Privacy and Trust ◇ Human redundancy ◇ Wider Knowledge vs Less Depth ◇ Empowerment vs Disempowerment Technical issues ◇ Security (cars, baby monitors) ◇ Need for standards ◇ Large-scale rollout(buildings, secure placement) ◇ Software updates Anything else: discuss in groups, tweet, etc.#altc #IoT
  25. 25. How can this community help ensure that the development of the IoT is useful for Education? #altc #IoT
  26. 26. Summary ◇ IoT has potential to transform the way technology works for us ■ including in Education ◇ The technology is already with us: ■ we need to start talking about how we can harness it ■ we need to think about the ethics and privacy issues around its use ■ we should try out the tech in our contexts #altc #IoT
  27. 27. Any questions? You can find us at: ● @farzanalatif & @irglover ● farzana.latif@sheffield.ac.uk & i.glover@shu.ac.uk Thanks! #altc #IoT
  28. 28. Useful Links Nesta: Design and the IoT http://www.nesta.org. uk/node/756 Internet of Things Consortium http://iofthings. org/ If This Then That http://www.ifttt.com Eddystone beacon info http://arstechnica. com/gadgets/2015/07/meet- googles-eddystone-a-flexible- open-source-ibeacon-fighter/ #altc #IoT
  29. 29. Useful Links Beacons Demystified [video] https://vimeo.com/99382488 European Research Cluster on IoT http://www.internet-of-things- research.eu Internet of School Things http://iotschool.org/ Windows 10 IoT edition for Raspberry Pi https://www.raspberrypi. org/blog/windows-10-for-iot/ Raspberry Pi iBeacon guide: https://learn.adafruit. com/downloads/pdf/pibeaco n-ibeacon-with-a-raspberry- pi.pdf #altc #IoT
  30. 30. Credits ● Presentation template by SlidesCarnival #altc #IoT

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