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Gerund

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lesson type: Grammar
Topic: the gerund
Category: high school and university students/ learners of English as a foreign language/ teacher-trainees
References: Practical English Grammar

Published in: Education, Technology
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Gerund

  1. 1. Presentation on the gerund Made by Imane Jaabouk Centre Régional des Métier d’Education et Formation Rabat, Salé, Zemour Zair
  2. 2. The outline  I- Verbs+ possessive adjective/ pronoun object+ gerund  II-the verb mind  III- the perfect gerund  IV- the passive gerund
  3. 3. I- verbs +possessive adjectives/ pronoun object+ gerund  A-If the verb or verb + preposition is followed directly by the gerund, the gerund refers to the subject of the verb:  Tom insisted on reading the letter  Meaning: Tom read it  If we put a possessive adjective or pronoun object before the gerund, the gerund refers to the person denoted by the possessive adjective or pronoun object:  He insisted on meme reading the letter  Meaning: I had to read it.
  4. 4. B-Useful expressions and verbs which can take either construction are : VerbsVerbs ExpressionsExpressions •Dislike •Involve •Mean •Mind •Propose •Resent •Stop •Suggest It’s no good/use of There is no point in What’s the point of
  5. 5. Examples  He disliked working late  He disliked me working late  I objected to paying twice for the same thing  I objected to his/him making private calls on the phone  He resented being passed over the promotion  He resented my / me being passed over the promotion
  6. 6. C- The gerund with excuse, forgive, pardonC- The gerund with excuse, forgive, pardon & prevent& prevent  The above mentioned verbs are not directly by a gerund but take either  possessive adjective or pronoun+ gerund  eg: Forgive me/my ringing up so early  you can’t prevent his/ him spending his own money oror  pronoun+preposition+gerund:  Forgive me for ringing up so early  You can’t prevent him from spending his own money  As for the verb ‘‘appreciate’’, it usually requires a possessive adjective or passive gerund:  I appreciate your giving me so much of your time  I appreciate being given this opportunity
  7. 7. II- The verb ‘‘mind’’II- The verb ‘‘mind’’  A-this verb is chiefly used in the interrogative and negatives:  Would you mind waiting a moment?  I don’t mind walking  B-it can be followed directly by a gerund:  I don’t mind living here  I live here and I don’t object to  oror by a noun / pronoun or possessive adjective+ gerund :  I don’t mind him living here  He lives here and I don’t object to his living here.
  8. 8. would you mind?  It is one of usual ways of making requests:  Would you mind not smoking? ( please don’t smoke)  Would you mind moving your car?  A change happens when a possessive adjective precedes the gerund:  Would you mind my moving you car?  would you object if I moved your car?  NBNB:  This is not a request but a polite query.  The verb “mind” can never be followed by an infinitive.
  9. 9. III- The perfect gerund  The form: having + p.p ( having worked)  It could be used instead of the present form of the gerund( working) when we are talking about past actions:  He was accused of kidnapping a girl  or  He was accused of having kidnapped a girl  The perfect gerund is fairly usual after “deny”:  He denied having been there.  Otherwise, the present form is much more usual.
  10. 10. IV- The passive gerund  The form:  Present: being written  Perfect: having been written  Eg:  He was punished by being sent to bed without any supper.  I remember being taken to Paris as a small child  The safe showed no signs of having been touched

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