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Critical reading


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Critical reading

  2. 2. WHAT IS CRITICAL READING?  Critical reading is the process of reading that goes beyond just understanding a text.
  3. 3. WHAT DOES IT INVOLVE?  Carefully considering and evaluating the reading  Identifying the reading's strengths and implications  Identifying the reading's weaknesses and flaws  Looking at the 'big picture' and deciding how the reading fits into the greater academic context (the understandings presented in other books and articles on this topic)
  4. 4. CRITICAL READING  In brief, you are actively responding to the reading.  Critical reading is useful at all stages of academic study, but is particularly important when writing an article critique or a literature review.
  5. 5. CRITICAL READING  Critical reading often involves asking questions about the reading. In particular, you are examining the strengths and weaknesses of the reading's argument.
  6. 6. HOWTO EXAMINE STRENGHT AND WEAKNESS OR ARGUMENTS IN READING? CONSIDER: The background Purpose and overall conclusion Evidence used in reading Logical connections between the claim and the evidence Its limitations How it relates to other sources and research If the reading is based on research, how this research was conducted
  7. 7. BACKGROUND Author? • Academic expert • From university, industry Source? • Journal, books,Wikipedia Audience? • Academician, industry, public When written? • 5, 10, 15 years ago
  8. 8. PURPOSE Main claim? •Clear conclusion Implications? •Practical, useful?
  9. 9. METHODOLOGY (Ifresearch) Quantitative or qualitative? Sample size? Methodology?
  10. 10. LOGIC Terms defined • Terms properly defined Logic flows • Follow from last point Flaws in reasoning • Logically sound
  11. 11. BALANCE Questions not answered? Missing details? Biased?Other perspectives? Counter argument? Any?
  12. 12. THE END  Let’s start with a skill called Distinguishing between FACT or OPINION