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Stakeholder dynamics in Jatropha feedstock production 22 Jan 2015

This Power point presentation is about the Stakeholder Dynamics (Risk and Benefits) with different Models, studied time to time and targeting the situation of Stakeholders in Chhattisgarh State of India.

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Stakeholder dynamics in Jatropha feedstock production 22 Jan 2015

  1. 1. STAKEHOLDER DYNAMICS IN BIOENERGY FEEDSTOCK PRODUCTION; THE CASE OF JATROPHA CURCAS L. FOR BIOFUEL IN CHHATTISGARH STATE, INDIA J A T I N K U M A R R E N E W A B L E E N E R G Y S Y S T E M S ( M . S C . ) , D E P T . O F M E C H A N I C A L E N G G . T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S , G R E E C E
  2. 2. CONTENT  Introduction to Jatropha Curcus L.  Methodologies  Technical  Socio-Economical (along with Chhattisgarh Case Study)  Environmental  Discussions T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S
  3. 3. TECHNICAL  The J. curcas Linnaeus plant originated from Mexico and was spread to Asia and Africa by Portuguese traders  Jatropha derives from the Greek jatros (doctor), trophe (food), which implies medicinal uses  Seeds of the Jatropha contain 30 - 40% oil & 2500 kg seeds per hectare under Indian conditions  Oil extraction done by pressing in Oil Milling and conversion to Bio-diesel by Transesterification process T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S
  4. 4. CASE STUDY, CHHATTISGARH STATE, INDIA 2.14 million ha (15.84% of the State) have been classified as wastelands that could be applied towards the cultivation of Jatropha Stakeholder is a person or group of persons who are investing their resources into a common goal T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S Who owns the land? Who has rights to purchase the produce? What was the previous land use? Who gets access to by- products? Who funds establishment? Who sets the purchase price? Who makes plantation management decisions? What livelihood benefits are available to poor/landless? Who manages the trees/crops? Who carries the risk if projected yields/prices are not realised? Who funds management activities? Is there possibility for vertical integration? Who has feedstock harvesting rights? What ecosystem services are gained or lost? The questions forming the basis for the semistructured and informal interviews
  5. 5. CATEGORIES OF STAKEHOLDERS Primary stakeholders (includes minority and vulnerable groups) Secondary stakeholders (includes NGOs, civil society, the private sector, technical and professional bodies indirectly affected) Governments or private sectors raising or borrowing money to finance the project Money lenders and private investor T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S
  6. 6. JATROPHA PRODUCTION MODELS USED IN CHHATTISGARH Classified according to i) land size and ownership; and ii) market end use and scale These 5 models is distinguished based on whether the feedstock production takes place on Government or privately owned land T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S
  7. 7. SOCIO-ECONOMIC APPROACH Projection of Jatropha plantations in Chhattisgarh, 2 million tons of biodiesel; value INR 60 billion Employment generation; value INR 18 billion Carbon trading potential; value INR 4.5 billion 400 MW power through gasification and manure; value INR 8 billion Energy security and environmental improvement T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S
  8. 8. STAKEHOLDERS MATRIX Based on stakeholder Power (i) and Risk (ii) T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S
  9. 9. ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACH Saving of 1.5 kg of CO2 equivalent per kWh electricity T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S
  10. 10. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS Land for Jatropha cultivation is having a conflict as most of the poorest population in India is using that land for cattle husbandry Not easy for the Governments to acquire these lands and transfer to the agencies through coercion Even though, Chhattisgarh state has overcome somewhat with its attractive policies for each level of stakeholder Technically, blending of biodiesel with diesel fuel increases engine efficiency. Jatropha requires more research for its credibility and ecological aspects to become the highest grown energy crop in the near future. T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S
  11. 11. Thank you!!! T E I O F W E S T E R N G R E E C E , P A T R A S

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